Most Valuable Player Award
(Redirected from MVP)
The Most Valuable Player Award (or MVP) in Major League Baseball is given to a player in each league who has contributed the most to the success of the player's team. It is awarded by the Baseball Writers Association of America. There have been three interations of MLB MVP awards. The first two were awarded in the 1910s and 1920s, however the award did not become an annual one until 1931.
The Award was officially named the "Kenesaw Mountain Landis Most Valuable Player Award", in honor of baseball's first Commissioner, although the full name was almost never used. In 2020, the BBWAA rescinded the name after an overwhelming vote, due to Landis's role in blocking integration of Major League Baseball. Proposals for alternative names have been floated, including naming it for Josh Gibson.
Chalmers Award (1911-1914)
The Chalmers Automobile Company sponsored the first Most Valuable Player Award, the Chalmers Award award in 1911. The creation of this award was due to the controversy in the American League from the previous year in which the company gave an automobile in to the batting champion in each league. It was the first attempt to recognize a player for overall contributions to his team's success — hence the designation "Most Valuable" rather than "player of the year." A Chalmers "36" car was awarded to the winners. An article in the Oakland Tribune just before the 1912 season said that Chalmers would also award a car to the most valuable player of the Pacific Coast League that season.
|American League||National League|
|Ty Cobb||Detroit Tigers||OF||Frank Schulte||Chicago Cubs||OF|
|Tris Speaker||Boston Red Sox||OF||Larry Doyle||New York Giants||2B|
|Walter Johnson||Washington Senators||P||Jake Daubert||Brooklyn Superbas||1B|
|Eddie Collins||Philadelphia Athletics||2B||Johnny Evers||Boston Braves||2B|
League Award (1922-1929)
In the 1920s the leagues awarded MVPs, called the League Award. However only one player per team was listed on the ballot causing there being no National League MVP in 1922 or 1923. The American League also allowed players to win the award only once. This caused Babe Ruth to be ineligible for the award in historic 1927 season.
|American League||National League|
|George Sisler||St. Louis Browns||1B||None awarded|
|Babe Ruth||New York Yankees||OF||None awarded|
|Walter Johnson||Washington Senators||P||Dazzy Vance||Brooklyn Robins||P|
|Roger Peckinpaugh||Washington Senators||SS||Rogers Hornsby||St. Louis Cardinals||2B|
|George Burns||Cleveland Indians||1B||Bob O'Farrell||St. Louis Cardinals||C|
|Lou Gehrig||New York Yankees||1B||Paul Waner||Pittsburgh Pirates||OF|
|Mickey Cochrane||Philadelphia Athletics||C||Jim Bottomley||St. Louis Cardinals||1B|
|None awarded||Rogers Hornsby||Chicago Cubs||2B|
BBWAA Award (1931-present)
In 1931, the Baseball Writers Association of America began awarding the Most Valuable Player Award to one player in each league. It is officially called the Baseball Writers Most Valuable Player Award.
After the Cy Young Award was created in 1956 to be given to the best pitcher in Major League Baseball, the belief arose that the Most Valuable Player should be awarded to a position player since pitchers had their own award. In the years since 1956, 11 pitchers have won the award; in the 26 years prior pitchers won 12 of the awards.
The award is voted on by 30 members of the BBWAA (one from each Major League city) and uses a weighted score system. Each ranks their top ten players in each league with points awarded from on a 14-9-8-7-6-5-4-3-2-1 basis. The players with the highest point total in each league wins the award.
- BOLD indicates unanimous selection
- Anthony Castrovince: "The best players to never win MVP", mlb.com, December 10, 2021. 
- Thomas Harrigan: "MLB's most valuable position is ... first base?", mlb.com, April 27, 2020. 
- Donald Honig: American League Most Valuable Players, Bantam Books, New York, NY, 1989. ISBN 0553279807
- Donald Honig: National League Most Valuable Players, Bantam Books, New York, NY, 1989. ISBN 0553280228
- Bill James: "Three Looks at the MVPs", Bill James Online, February 20, 2020. 
- Douglas Jordan: "Black Swans in Baseball: The Case of the Unexpected MVP Season", in Baseball Research Journal, SABR, Vol. 50, Nr. 1 (Spring 2021), pp. 48-54.
- Daniel Kramer: "The closest MVP votes in history", mlb.com, May 23, 2020. 
- Sarah Langs: "Does winning MVP, Cy clear path to Cooperstown?", mlb.com, June 16, 2020. 
- Jeremy Lehrman: Baseball's Most Baffling MVP Ballots, McFarland, Jefferson, NC, 2016. ISBN 978-1-4766-6675-4
- Bob Nightengale: "Renaming AL and NL MVP awards after Josh Gibson is the right thing to do", USA Today, November 9, 2020. 
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