Stanley Frank Musial
(Stan the Man, The Donora Greyhound, Stash)
born as Stanisław Franciszek Musiał
- Bats Left, Throws Left
- Height 6' 0", Weight 175 lb.
- High School Donora High School
- Debut September 17, 1941
- Final Game September 29, 1963
- Born November 21, 1920 in Donora, PA USA
- Died January 19, 2013 in Ladue, MO USA
"I could always hit. It's not something I ever had to think too much about. A lot of guys are very scientific about it. It just seemed to come naturally, even when I was growing up." - Musial
"How good was Stan Musial? He was good enough to take your breath away." - Vin Scully
Outfielder/first baseman Stan Musial played 22 seasons in the majors, all with the St. Louis Cardinals, and won seven batting titles and three Most Valuable Player Awards. During his career, he had 3,630 hits, a National League record until broken by Pete Rose in 1981. In his best year, 1948, he led the NL in practically every important offensive category. He won three World Series crowns with St. Louis, and he was inducted into the Hall of Fame in 1969.
Musial was born in Donora, Pennsylvania, about 20 miles south of Pittsburgh (also the hometown of Ken Griffey, Sr. and Ken Griffey, Jr.; Musial and Griffey the younger also share birthdays). He was the first son and second youngest of six children to Lukasz Musial, a Polish immigrant and zinc mine worker, and Mary Lancos, who had Slovakian immigrant grandparents. Despite excelling in baseball and basketball in high school, his father wanted his son to attend college to avoid working in the mines or a steel mill. However, the youngster, a C- student, was intent on becoming a baseball player. After his father rejected a minor-league contract, Stan wept. His mother ultimately interceded and convinced her husband to allow their son a chance to pursue his goal.
Originally a pitcher, Musial was signed by St. Louis scout Andrew French in 1937 and began his pro career as a seventeen year-old with the Williamson Colts of the Mountain State League in 1938. After hitting .352 for the club the following year while putting up unspectacular pitching numbers, the Cardinals organization experimented with splitting him between the outfield and the mound. He was a success at the plate, and thanks to a sore arm and professional mentoring from manager Dickie Kerr, he moved to the outfield full time in 1941. With the Springfield Cardinals that year, he hit .379 and led the Western Association with 26 home runs in just 87 games. He was promoted to the Rochester Red Wings later that summer.
Major League Stardom
Musial was called up to the majors by St. Louis in September 1941 and found immediate success at the plate, hitting .426 in a dozen late-season contests. He became the club's regular leftfielder in 1942 and hit .315, and his team went on to win the World Series that fall. At age 22, he blossomed against the weakened war-time competition in 1943, hitting .357 and leading the Senior Circuit in hits, doubles, triples, and batting average, which allowed him to win league MVP Award. His average dipped slightly to .347 in 1944, but he still led the NL in doubles and hits once again. The Cardinals won another World Series crown that fall, and Musial led his team with 7 hits in the Series.
After missing the entire 1945 season while serving in the Navy during World War II, Musial was discharged in March 1946 and returned without missing a beat. He posted his greatest years at the plate following the war, winning five batting crowns in his first seven years back. In 1946, he led the NL in games, at bats, hits, doubles, triples, and average, and won his second MVP as St. Louis again won the World Series. He also earned his nickname "Stan the Man" that year, after sportwriter Bob Broeg wrote a column about Brooklyn Dodgers fans chanting "Here comes the man" whenever Musial came to bat at Ebbets Field.
Struggling with appendicitis and tonsilitis in 1947, Musial's numbers slipped slightly that summer, but he bounced back in 1948 to have one of the most historically dominant seasons in baseball history. He led the National League in every hitting category but home runs, which he missed by one. He almost had that one, too, except that what would have been his 40th home run was wiped out by a rain-shortened game, leaving him one behind Ralph Kiner and Johnny Mize. His batting average of .376 was more than 40 points higher than Richie Ashburn, the runner-up to the crown. He captured a third Most Valuable Player Award to cap that season.
Musial was second in National League MVP voting in each of the next three seasons. He had one of his best days at the plate on July 24, 1949, hitting for the cycle against the Dodgers, and he led the NL in hits and doubles that summer. He again won batting championships again in 1950 and 1951, also leading the circuit in triples in the latter season.
Musial Takes the Mound
Musial's only big league pitching appearance took place on September 28, 1952. Safely in first place in the batting race, he was called in to pitch for a single batter in the first inning. The opposing batter was Frank Baumholtz of the Chicago Cubs the runner-up in the batting race, who batted from the right side of the plate. Starter Harvey Haddix moved to right field and Hal Rice covered center while Musial pitched. After Baumholtz reached base, Haddix returned to the mound, Rice to left, and Musial to center for the remainder of the game. Later in life, Baumholtz recalled that the play was a hot smash to third that should have been counted as a hit. Nonetheless, Musial captured his sixth NL batting crown with a .336 average.
Later Playing Days
Musial hit .337 with a career-high 53 doubles in 1953, and even though he still struck fear into pitchers, "The Man" slowed a bit after that season. Facing the New York Giants on May 2, 1954, he hit five home runs in a doubleheader to set a record (later tied by Nate Colbert). He moved from the outfield to first base the following summer, and in that year's All-Star Game, he hit a game-winning home run in the 12th inning. He won his seventh batting title in 1957 and recorded his 3,000th big league hit during the following campaign.
In 1959, Musial slumped to a .255 average, the first time in his career he hit under .300, and he remained below that mark in each of the next two years. However, he was not done yet, hitting .330 in 1962 at age 41 to become the oldest modern-era player to record a .300 BA/.400 OPS/.500 SLG season. In the same year, he became the oldest ever to hit four consecutive home runs. After his average dipped to .255 again in 1963, he retired following the season with 25 years of service in the St. Louis Cardinals organization.
Upon retirement, Musial held the major league record with 6,134 total bases. At the time, he was the National League hit king with 3,630 and was only behind Ty Cobb on the major league list. He also held NL marks for Games Played (3,026), Plate Appearances (12,172), At Bats (10,972), Runs (1,949), Doubles (725), Long Hits (1,377), Extra Bases on Long Hits (2,504), Runs Batted In (1,951), and Times on Base (5,282). Overall, he retired with a .331 average and 475 home runs, and he was the first player to accumulate both 400 homers and 3,000 hits. He also was the first man to appear in 3,000 National League games.
Musial won 7 NL batting crowns (1943, '46, '48, '50, '51, '52, and '57), one short of the record shared by Honus Wagner and Tony Gwynn; Ty Cobb holds the major league record with 11. Musial also holds the All-Star Game record with six home runs during his career.
Honors and Awards
Musial was elected to the Hall of Fame in 1969, his first year of eligibility, with 93.2% of the vote. He was inducted into the Pennsylvania Hall of Fame, the Missouri Sports Hall of Fame, the St. Louis Hall of Fame, and finally the Missouri Hall of Fame on September 12, 2000. He was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2010 by President Barack Obama for his contributions to the American nation.
Musial is also widely honored within the Polish community. In 1972, he achieved the unique distinction of becoming the first foreigner to receive the Polish government's Merited Champions Medal, their highest sports award, and he was also awarded Poland's highest civilian honor, the Cavalier's Cross Order of Merit. He became the first inductee into the Polish-American Sports Hall of Fame in 1973 and is also in the Polish National Hall of Fame. Stan Musial Stadium in Kutno, Poland was dedicated in 2000.
The baseball Musial hit for his 3000th base hit is in the Smithsonian Institution. In June of 2013, the United States Congress voted to name a new bridge spanning the Mississippi River on I-70 in St. Louis the "Stan Musial Veterans Memorial Bridge".
Musial was the General Manager of the Cardinals in 1967, when they won the World Series, and worked in their front office through 1980. A beloved figure in St. Louis, he owned Stan & Biggie's restaurant there for many years (it has since closed). His hobbies include playing the harmonica: he has released a recording of his playing and had played at major events including Hall of Fame induction ceremonies.
Musial is an honorary member of the board of the NFL's St. Louis Rams, and he has acted as Director of the Professional Baseball Players of America. Civic endeavors have included chairing the President's Council on Physical Fitness under President Lyndon B. Johnson, and for twenty years, the Crippled Children's Society of St. Louis. He co-chaired the committee planning the papal visit to St. Louis and served on the Baseball Hall of Fame Committee on Veterans. He has also served on boards of directors of the U.S.O., the Urological Research Foundation, and Shelter the Children.
Musial passed away in his suburban St. Louis home on January 19, 2013. He was 92 and had been suffering from Alzheimer's disease for years. Fellow Hall of Famer Earl Weaver died on the same day. Musial was a tremendous icon in St. Louis, and his death triggered a very public tribute lasting more than a week, including a public visitation of his casket and a funeral broadcast on local television on January 26th. The following day, the National Hockey League' St. Louis Blues paid tribute by all wearing jerseys with Musial's number 6 and his name for their pre-game skate, taking inspiration from what the Montreal Canadiens had done in honor of Gary Carter a year earlier. The Cardinals paid him tribute before their home opener on April 8, 2013, unveiling a large sign on the outfield fence at Busch Stadium with his name and number 6.
Musial married Lillian Labash, also from Donora, on November 21, 1939 (his 19th birthday). They eventually had four children: son Richard and daughters Janet Musial Schwarze, Geraldine, and Jean, as well as 11 grandchildren and 7 great-grandchildren. His son was a track star at Notre Dame.
- 20-time NL All-Star (1943, 1944 & 1946-1963)
- 3-time NL MVP (1943, 1946 & 1948)
- 7-time NL Batting Average Leader (1943, 1946, 1948, 1950-1952 & 1957)
- 6-time NL On-Base Percentage Leader (1943, 1944, 1948, 1949, 1953 & 1957)
- 6-time NL Slugging Percentage Leader (1943, 1944, 1946, 1948, 1950 & 1952)
- 7-time NL OPS Leader (1943, 1944, 1946, 1948, 1950, 1952 & 1957)
- NL At Bats Leader (1946)
- 5-time NL Runs Scored Leader (1946, 1948, 1951, 1952 & 1954)
- 6-time NL Hits Leader (1943, 1944, 1946, 1948, 1949 & 1952)
- 6-time NL Total Bases Leader (1943, 1946, 1948, 1949, 1951 & 1952)
- NL Singles Leader (1946)
- 8-time NL Doubles Leader (1943, 1944, 1946, 1948, 1949 & 1952-1954)
- 5-time NL Triples Leader (1943, 1946, 1948, 1949 & 1951)
- 2-time NL RBI Leader (1948 & 1956)
- NL Bases on Balls Leader (1953)
- 20-Home Run Seasons: 10 (1948-1957)
- 30-Home Run Seasons: 6 (1948, 1949, 1951 & 1953-1955)
- 100 RBI Seasons: 10 (1946, 1948-1951 & 1953-1957)
- 100 Runs Scored Seasons: 11 (1943, 1944 & 1946-1954)
- 200 Hits Seasons: 6 (1943, 1946, 1948, 1949, 1951 & 1953)
- Won three World Series with the St. Louis Cardinals (1942, 1944 & 1946)
- Baseball Hall of Fame: Class of 1969
|Mort Cooper||Stan Musial||Marty Marion|
|Phil Cavarretta||Stan Musial||Bob Elliott|
|Bob Elliott||Stan Musial||Jackie Robinson|
|St. Louis Cardinals General Manager
Major League Records Held
- Total Bases - Left Handed Batter: 6134
- Home Runs - All Star Game: 6
- Home Runs - Doubleheader: 5 (tied)
- Doubles/Triples - Only player to record 50 Doubles and 20 Triples in same season
- Offensive Categories - All time League Leader in Different Offensive Categories: 16
- Most seasons to lead the league in Doubles: 8 (tied)
- Most seasons to lead the league in Extra Base Hits: 7 (tied)
- Most seasons to lead the league in both Doubles and Triples: 4
- Most combined times to lead the league in Doubles (8) and Triples (5): 13
- Most consecutive seasons (3.1 PA) with Batting Average .300+: 16
- Most seasons (3.1 PA) with Batting Average .300+: 17 (tied)
- Most consecutive seasons (3.1 PA) from first year in majors to record a .300+ BA: 16
- Most consecutive seasons (3.1 PA) to Slug .500+: 15
- Most seasons (3.1 PA) to record On Base Percentage of .400 or better 14 (tied)
- Most 5 Hit games in a season: 4 (tied)
- Most consecutive seasons (3.1 PA) to Strike Out 40 or fewer times: 16
- Most seasons to lead league in Runs Created: 9 (tied)
- Most consecutive seasons to lead NL in in Runs Created: 6
- Most consecutive seasons to lead ML in runs created: 4
- Most consecutive seasons to record 30+ Doubles: 16
- Most consecutive seasons to record double-digit Triples and Home Runs: 7 (tied)
- Most seasons (3.1 PA) to record .300+ BA / .400+ OBP / .500+ SLG: 14
- All-time highest Fielding Percentage - 2500+ games in the field: .989
- First player to record 300 HR / 3000 Hits
- First player to record 300 HR / 3000 Hits / .300 BA
- First player to accumulate 6000 Total Bases
- First player to record double-digit Home Runs for over 20 consecutive seasons
- First player to record double-digit Doubles for over 20 consecutive seasons
- First player to play 100+ Games for over 20 consecutive seasons
- First player to play 1000+ Games in both the infield and outfield
- First player to play a minimum of 10% of career Games at 4 different positions.
- Led the NL 66 times and the ML 46 times in MLB's major Hitting Categories
- Only 400 Home Run Club member (currently 50 members) to:
- Win 7 or more Batting titles
- Record more than 700 Doubles
- Record more than 170 Triples
- Strike Out fewer than 700 times (excludes active players)
- Only player to win 3 (or more) MVP Awards, each while starting at a different fielding position: RF/1B/CF
- Only player in over 75 years to record more than 425 Total Bases in a season
- Only player in over 80 years to register .300+ Batting Average for more than 16 seasons (3.1 PA)
- Only player in over 65 years to record more than 170 career Triples
- Highest career SLG (.559) and OPS (.976) of all members of 3000 Hit Club
- Oldest (age 41) player to hit a home run in 4 consecutive at-bats
- Oldest (age 41) modern day player to record .300 BA / .400 OBP / .500 SLG in a season (3.1 PA)
- Marty Friedrich: The Iron Men of Baseball, McFarland, Jefferson, NC, 2006
- James N. Giglio: Musial: From Stash to Stan the Man, Missouri Biographies, University of Missouri Press, 2001. ISBN 0826213367 
- James N. Giglio: Stan Musial Baseball Hero, Truman State University Press, Kirkville, MO, 2015. ISBN 9781612481517
- John Grabowski: Stan Musial, Baseball Legends, Chelsea House Publications, 1993. ASIN 0791011844;
- Jerry Lansche: Stan the Man Musial: Born to Be a Ballplayer, National Book Network, March 1, 1994. ASIN 0878338462
- Stan Musial as told to Bob Broeg: The Man, Stan: Musial, then and now, Bethany Press, 1977. ASIN 0827223129
- Ray Robinson: Stan Musial: Baseball's Durable 'Man', Putnam Publishing Group, 2000. ASIN 039960605X
- Gene Schoor: The Stan Musial Story, Amereon Ltd, 1955. ISBN 0848815858
Newspapers and Periodicals
- Les Biederman: "The Scoreboard: Musial, A Real Man", The Pittsburgh Press, March 12, 1969 , p. 75. 
- Stan Musial (as told to George Vass): "The Game I'll Never Forget", Baseball Digest, April 1973, pp. 70-72.