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Philip Joseph Cavarretta
- Bats Left, Throws Left
- Height 5' 11½", Weight 175 lb.
- High School Lane Tech High School
- Debut September 16, 1934
- Final Game May 8, 1955
- Born July 19, 1916 in Chicago, IL USA
- Died December 18, 2010 in Lilburn, GA USA
Nicknamed "Philliabuck", Phil Cavarretta reached the majors two months after his 18th birthday. Born in Chicago, IL, he played twenty years, mostly with the Chicago Cubs. He was National League MVP and led the league in hitting in 1945, the last time the Cubs reached the World Series. He was manager of the Cubs from 1951 to 1953, then moved across town to end his playing career with the Chicago White Sox.
He was the only player in the major leagues who was both active in 1934 when Babe Ruth was still playing for the New York Yankees, and also active in 1954 when Hank Aaron started. Oddly enough, he wasn't one of the five oldest players in the league when he played that season.
In his first full season with the Cubs in 1935, he played alongside the 36-year-old Kiki Cuyler and the 34-year-old Gabby Hartnett on a Cubs team that won the 1935 pennant with 100 victories. Eighteen years later, in his last year with the Cubs in 1953, he managed and also appeared in 27 games on a team that also featured the 22-year-old rookie Ernie Banks. When he finished out his career with the 1955 Chicago White Sox, his teammates included the 27-year-old Nellie Fox and the 32-year-old George Kell.
Cavarretta was later a coach with the Detroit Tigers from 1961 to 1963 and was a member of the New York Mets staff from 1975 to 1978. Starting in 1973, he had been the Mets' full-time hitting instructor, roving the minor leagues after finishing spring training with the major league club.
He was the last surviving member of the 1935 and 1938 Cubs World Series teams, and, along with Lennie Merullo and Andy Pafko, one of the last three surviving members of the Cubs' last World Series team in 1945.
His son, Philip Cavarretta, pitched in the minor leagues in 1977 and 1978.
- 4-time NL All-Star (1944-1947)
- NL MVP (1945)
- NL Batting Average Leader (1945)
- NL On-Base Percentage Leader (1945)
- NL Hits Leader (1944)
- NL Singles Leader (1944)
- 100 Runs Scored Seasons: 1 (1944)
Year-by-Year Managerial Record
|1951||Chicago Cubs||National League||27-47||8th||replaced Frankie Frisch (35-45)|
|1952||Chicago Cubs||National League||77-77||5th|
|1953||Chicago Cubs||National League||65-89||7th|
|1956||Buffalo Bisons||International League||64-87||8th|
|1957||Buffalo Bisons||International League||88-66||2nd||League Champs|
|1958||Buffalo Bisons||International League||69-83||7th|
|1960||Lancaster Red Roses||Eastern League||66-73||6th|
|1965||Salinas Indians||California League||67-72||4th|
|1966||Reno Silver Sox||California League||69-71||4th (t)|
|1967||Reno Silver Sox||California League||56-82||8th|
|1968||Waterbury Indians||Eastern League||19-38||--||--||replaced by Ray Mueller (33-50) on June 22|
|1970||Birmingham A's||Southern League||73-65||3rd|
|1971||Birmingham A's||Southern League||48-93||4th|
|1972||Birmingham A's||Southern League||49-90||4th|
|Marty Marion||Phil Cavarretta||Stan Musial|
|Chicago Cubs Manager
- Lawrence Baldassaro: "Phil Cavarretta", in Bill Nowlin, ed.: Van Lingle Mungo: The Man, The Song, The Players, SABR, Phoenix, AZ, 2014, pp. 140-144. ISBN 978-1-933599-76-2