Thomas Francis Holmes
- Bats Left, Throws Left
- Height 5' 10", Weight 180 lb.
- High School Brooklyn Technical High School
- Debut April 14, 1942
- Final Game September 28, 1952
- Born March 29, 1917 in Brooklyn, NY USA
- Died April 14, 2008 in Boca Raton, FL USA
"Look, there are three men in the outfield. Why should we hit it where they are?" - Paul Waner to the rookie Tommy Holmes, teaching him how to hit doubles, something Holmes later did successfully enough to lead the league in 1945 and finish in the top five on five other occasions
A Brooklyn native, outfielder Tommy Holmes was born exactly 50 years to the day after Cy Young was born. Tommy was the son of a boxer and boxed himself as a youngster. Following high school, he played semipro ball until he was signed by New York Yankees scout Paul Krichell in 1937.
Holmes began his pro career in 1937 with the Norfolk Tars, hitting .320 with 25 homers and 111 RBIs. The next summer, he hit .368 with the Binghamton Triplets to win the Eastern League batting crown. He then spent the next three seasons with the Newark Bears, hitting over .300 each year, but found his path to the majors blocked by a talent-laden Yankees outfield that included Joe DiMaggio, Tommy Henrich, Charlie Keller, and George Selkirk.
In 1945, Holmes had his finest year in the majors, leading the National League with 28 homers, 224 hits, and 47 doubles and finishing second in the circuit with a .352 average and 117 RBIs. Also, that summer, he put together a 37-game hitting streak which, at the time, was an NL record (later broken by Pete Rose in 1978). As of 2008, it is the ninth longest hitting streak in major league history. That season, Holmes was named NL Player of the Year by The Sporting News and was selected for the All-Star Game but finished second in Most Valuable Player voting to Phil Cavarretta of the Chicago Cubs.
Holmes hit .300 the next three seasons and had a 20-game hitting streak in 1946. In 1948, he was one of three Braves outfielders (along with Jeff Heath and Mike McCormick) to hit over .300, and he made the All-Star team again that summer. That year, Boston reached the World Series, but he struggled at the plate in the postseason, hitting just .192 in 6 games as the Braves lost to the Cleveland Indians.
For 1951, Holmes was offered a player/manager position with the minor league Hartford Chiefs. Midway through the season, after the Braves fired Billy Southworth, Holmes was brought up to manage the big league club. However, after a slow start in 1952, he was fired and replaced by Charlie Grimm.
In more than a decade in the majors, Holmes struck out only 122 times, and as of 2008, has the fifth best ratio of at-bats to strikeouts in history. On three separate times in his big league career, he broke up no-hitters: against Bill Fleming of the Chicago Cubs on June 13, 1942; Rip Sewell of the Pittsburgh Pirates on August 25th that same year; and Van Lingle Mungo of the New York Giants on August 28, 1943.
After appearing in a few games as a player for the Elmira Pioneers in 1954, Holmes went on to manage in the minors for several years. Beginning in 1958, he was a Los Angeles Dodgers scout, and he later was director of amateur baseball relations for the New York Mets for thirty years.
- 2-time NL All-Star (1945 & 1948)
- NL Slugging Percentage Leader (1945)
- NL OPS Leader (1945)
- NL At Bats Leader (1943)
- 2-time NL Hits Leader (1945 & 1947)
- NL Total Bases Leader (1945)
- NL Singles Leader (1947)
- NL Doubles Leader (1945)
- NL Home Runs Leader (1945)
- 20-Home Run Seasons: 1 (1945)
- 100 RBI Seasons: 1 (1945)
- 100 Runs Scored Seasons: 1 (1945)
- 200 Hits Seasons: 1 (1945)
|Boston Braves Manager
Year-By-Year Managerial Record
|1951||Hartford Chiefs||Eastern League||35-22||--||Boston Braves||replaced by Travis Jackson on June 25|
|Boston Braves||National League||48-47||4th||Boston Braves||replaced Billy Southworth (28-31) on June 20|
|1952||Boston Braves||National League||13-22||--||Boston Braves||replaced by Charlie Grimm on June 1|
|1953||Toledo Mud Hens||American Association||9-16||--||Boston Braves||replaced by George Selkirk on May 16|
|1954||Elmira Pioneers||Eastern League||77-63||2nd||Brooklyn Dodgers||Lost in 1st round|
|1955||Fort Worth Cats||Texas League||77-84||6th||Brooklyn Dodgers|
|1956||Portland Beavers||Pacific Coast League||44-48||--||Brooklyn Dodgers||replaced by Bill Sweeney on July 11|
|1957||Montreal Royals||International League||41-44||8th||Brooklyn Dodgers||replaced Greg Mulleavy (19-35), Al Campanis (6-5)|
and Al Ronning (2-2) on June 29