Rafael Palmeiro Corrales
- Bats Left, Throws Left
- Height 6' 0", Weight 188 lb.
- School Mississippi State University
- High School Miami Jackson High School
- Debut September 8, 1986
- Final Game August 30, 2005
- Born September 24, 1964 in Havana, Cuba
Rafael Palmeiro played 20 years in the majors and hit 569 home runs. After testifying to Congress that he had never used steroids, he tested positive in 2005 to performance-enhancing substances. Former teammate Jose Canseco published a book accusing Palmeiro of using steroids, an accusation which Palmeiro denied.
Rafael was born in Cuba in 1964 but attended high school in Florida. Palmeiro was signed as a 1st round pick in the 1985 amateur draft by the Chicago Cubs and scout Earl Winn. He played in the minors from 1985 to 1987, always hitting at least .295.
He broke in with the Cubs at the age of 21 in 1986 for 22 games, at a time when the best-known players on the team were Ryne Sandberg, Ron Cey and Rick Sutcliffe. In 1988, his third year with the Cubs, he hit .307, which was good enough to finish second in the National League in batting average. He then was traded to the Texas Rangers, while the Cubs went on to win the division in 1989 (Mitch Williams, the key player acquired by the Cubs in that trade, went on to save 36 games for the Cubs). Some Chicago sports radio on-air personalities have hinted and insinuated at some sort of relationship between Palmeiro and the wife of Ryne Sandberg when Palmeiro was with the Cubs, but there is no evidence to back up these rumors. They credit these rumors as the reason that Palmeiro was traded.
Palmeiro won three consecutive Gold Gloves for his play at first base from 1997-1999 although the last win was roundly criticized because he played only 28 games at the position that season, appearing primarily as a designated hitter.
Displaying little power in the late 1980s with the Cubs, Palmeiro gradually evolved to becoming a prolific home run hitter - four times hitting over 40, and missing the 40 mark by a small margin three other years. Palmeiro moved to the Baltimore Orioles for five seasons from 1994 to 1998, hitting at least 38 home runs in each of the last four of those seasons. Thereafter, he returned to Texas in 1999, where he continued to hit at least 38 home runs for each of five seasons. Returning to Baltimore a second time in 2004 at the age of 39 for two more seasons, his power dropped off. Asked to testify before Congress regarding the use of steroids by certain major league players, Palmeiro roundly denied that he had ever used steroids. The photo op resulting from his appearance was widely broadcast.
Yet, he was suspended 10 days for use of performance enhancing substances on August 1, 2005, shortly after collecting his 3,000th hit, which made him only the 4th player in major league history to collect over 500 home runs and 3,000 hits in his career. The probability of Palmeiro being inducted into the Hall of Fame was greatly reduced by the suspension. Shortly after returning from the suspension, he was hitless in 5 consecutive games and booed loudly. The Orioles told Palmeiro to go home shortly after the start of September and he did not play for the remainder of the season. He referred to a vitamin shot suggested by Miguel Tejada as a potential source of the positive test. He never played after that season.
In his first year of eligibility for the Hall of Fame in 2011, Palmeiro received only 11% of the vote, a clear sign after Mark McGwire's poor vote totals that voters would not be at all lenient towards known steroid users. That total rose slightly, to 12.6%, in 2012, but fell all the way to 8.8% in 2013, the year of the infamous "steroid ballot" and then to 4.4% in 2014, dropping him off the ballot altogether.
Palmeiro played 2,831 games, a record for a player born outside the USA until Omar Vizquel broke it in 2010.
He is a cousin of Orlando Palmeiro. His son, Patrick Palmeiro, was drafted in the 2008 amateur draft, but Patrick went on to Grayson County College, Howard College, and then University of Alabama at Birmingham before starting a professional career in 2012. Another son, Preston Palmeiro, was a 7th round draft choice by the Orioles in the 2016 amateur draft, out of North Carolina State University. Palmeiro's at-bat music was "California Love" by Tupac Shakur. He appeared in Viagra commercials.
Palmeiro holds the record for the most career home runs by a player who had a teammate with more. At the end of Palmeiro's career, he was on 569 HR, while his teammate Sammy Sosa was already on 588. They were the first teammates with 500+ HR while they were teammates.
Palmeiro also holds the record for playing in the most major league games without appearing in a World Series. His 2,831 games played easily passes runners-up Ken Griffey, Jr., who played in 2,671 games, and Andre Dawson, who played in 2,627.
- 4-time All-Star (1988, 1991, 1998 & 1999)
- 3-time AL Gold Glove Winner (1997/1B, 1998/1B & 1999/1B)
- 2-time AL Silver Slugger Award Winner (1998/1B & 1999/DH)
- AL Runs Scored Leader (1993)
- AL Hits Leader (1990)
- AL Singles Leader (1990)
- AL Doubles Leader (1991)
- 20-Home Run Seasons: 14 (1991-2004)
- 30-Home Run Seasons: 10 (1993 & 1995-2003)
- 40-Home Run Seasons: 4 (1998, 1999, 2001 & 2002)
- 100 RBI Seasons: 10 (1993 & 1995-2003)
- 100 Runs Scored Seasons: 4 (1991, 1993, 1996 & 2000)
- 200 Hits Seasons: 1 (1991)
- Bob Nightengale: "As voters soften on steroids, Rafael Palmeiro harbors Hall of Fame dreams", USA Today Sports, January 17, 2017.