Fred Clifford Clarke
- Bats Left, Throws Right
- Height 5' 10½", Weight 165 lb.
- Debut June 30, 1894
- Final Game September 23, 1915
- Born October 3, 1872 in Winterset, IA USA
- Died August 14, 1960 in Winfield, KS USA
Hall of Famer Fred Clarke played 21 seasons in the majors, hitting .312 over his career. He also managed for 19 seasons, leading the Pittsburgh Pirates to 4 National League pennants and a World Series crown. He was considered a tough competitor, an aggressive baserunner, and a manager who communicated a positive attitude to his players.
Born and raised in Iowa, Clarke began his pro career as a 19-year-old and hit .311 in 54 games with the Savannah Modocs of the Southern Association in 1894. He was soon spotted and acquired by the Louisville Colonels of the National League. He made his major league debut on June 30th of that year, going 5-for-5 in a loss to the Philadelphia Phillies. In 76 games for Louisville he hit .274, and he would be a regular in the big leagues for nearly the next twenty years. In the middle of the 1897 season, Colonels owner Barney Dreyfuss named Clarke the team's manager at age 24. He hit .390 that summer, but the club finished 11th out of 12 teams in the NL.
"Are you going to take that?" - player-manager Fred Clarke to the young Honus Wagner, who had been knocked around on the basepaths by the 19th Century Baltimore Orioles, thus inducing Wagner the next time to blast right through fielders blocking his path
The National League downsized to 8 teams in 1900, and Louisville was one of the teams that did not survive. However, Dreyfuss purchased a stake in the Pittsburgh Pirates and took Clarke with him. With the addition of several other former Colonels players, including Honus Wagner, Deacon Phillippe, and Rube Waddell, Clarke led Pittsburgh to a second place finish in his first year there. The Pirates captured the National League pennant in 1902 and repeated as NL champs in 1903, a season in which Clarke hit .351 and led the league with 32 doubles. Despite losing star pitchers Jack Chesbro and Jesse Tannehill to the upstart American League in 1903, he led the club to a third straight National League title. However, they fell to the Boston Americans in that year's inaugural World Series in 8 games.
The Pirates continued to post winning records throughout the first decade of the 1900s, but Clarke's performance declined somewhat once he hit his 30s. He did hit .309 in 1906, while leading the NL with 13 triples. Pittsburgh again reached the World Series in 1909, facing Ty Cobb and the Detroit Tigers, and the Pirates came out victorious in seven games. Clarke hit .324 as a 38-year-old in 1911, but after that season, he played sparingly. He remained the Pirates skipper through the 1915 season, after which he retired. He later returned to the club as a coach in 1925 and 1926.
Although a worthy Hall of Famer, Clarke's career was overshadowed by that of Wagner, who was his teammate from 1897 until 1915. Clarke rarely led the league in offensive categories, partly because Wagner was doing it a lot. He never led the league in batting, but he was second twice, once behind Wagner, and once behind Willie Keeler. However, Clarke's 160 point score on the Gray Ink test shows that he was frequently in the top ten in the league. The most similar player to Clarke is George Van Haltren, not a Hall of Famer. However, 8 of the 10 most similar players are in the Hall, with the most similar Hall of Famer being his contemporary Jesse Burkett.
- NL Slugging Percentage Leader (1903)
- NL OPS Leader (1903)
- NL Doubles Leader (1903)
- NL Triples Leader (1906)
- NL Bases on Balls Leader (1909)
- 100 Runs Scored Seasons: 5 (1897-1899, 1901 & 1902)
- 200 Hits Seasons: 2 (1897 & 1899)
- 50 Stolen Bases Seasons: 1 (1897)
- Won a World Series with the Pittsburgh Pirates in 1909
- NL Pennants: 4 (1901-1903 & 1909)
- Managed one World Series Champion with the Pittsburgh Pirates in 1909
- 100 Wins Seasons as Manager: 2 (1902 & 1909)
- Baseball Hall of Fame: Class of 1945
|Louisville Colonels Manager
|Pittsburgh Pirates Manager
Year-By-Year Managerial Record
- Hits, in first game, 5, 6/30/1894
- Ronald T. Waldo: Fred Clarke: A Biography of the Baseball Hall of Fame Player-Manager, McFarland, 2011. ISBN 978-0-7864-5933-9