Arley Wilbur Cooper
- Bats Right, Throws Left
- Height 5' 11", Weight 175 lb.
- Debut August 29, 1912
- Final Game July 21, 1926
- Born February 24, 1892 in Bearsville, WV USA
- Died August 7, 1973 in Encino, CA USA
"Beyond his wonderful marks he owned a color and a grace that in his period was matchless. He was just fretful enough to be 'good copy' and he owned the easiest and most graceful throwing motion of his time. He had wonderful control of his deliveries and he tossed a ball up to the plate with less effort than any hurler in the league... His gloved hand moved with the quickness of a cat's paw. He was one of the best fielding pitchers... Cooper brooked no sloppy stuff behind him. He was a master at his business and he expected the men behind him to match his efforts." - Harvey J. Boyle, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, February 25, 1933
Wilbur Cooper remains one of the all-time great pitchers in Pittsburgh Pirates history. Enjoying thirteen of his fifteen big league seasons in the Steel City, Wilbur finished with a career mark of 216-178 paired with a 2.89 ERA and 1,252 strikeouts in 3,480 innings.
Wilbur's career began in 1911 in Marion, OH. He popped up on the big league radar with his work for the Columbus Senators of the American Association in 1912. He took the ball 31 times, going 16-9 with 117 strikeouts in 219 innings. Debuting with the Pirates that August, his second appearance (and first start) was a shutout of the St. Louis Cardinals, winning 8-0 at Robison Field. He spun another shutout before the year was through, again of the Cardinals, but this time at Forbes Field, winning 4-0 and finishing the season with a 1.66 ERA. He was deployed as a swingman in 1913, going 5-3, 3.29, and spurned the Federal League prior to the 1914 season in a boon for the Bucs.
Taking the ball 40 times in 1914, Wilbur arrived as an important part of the Pirates plans, going 16-15 with a 2.13 ERA in 266 2/3 innings. He took a large step backward in 1915, finishing 5-16, 3.30 in 38 games, then returned to rule the roost in 1916, crafting a 12-11, 1.87 record as his offense forsook him, getting shut out in seven of his eleven losses. That year, Wilbur the workhorse began a streak of ten straight seasons in which he exceeded 200 innings. In 1917, Wilbur was now the Pirates' top paid player and came through with a 17-11, 2.36 record with a career high 7 shutouts. He led the NL in saves in 1918, logging 3 while putting together a 19-14, 2.11 record in 38 games. In 1919, he led the senior circuit with 27 complete games (out of 32 starts) in another 19-win season (19-13, 2.67, 35 games).
Cooper became a part of history in 1920, one unrelated to his rising stock as an ace of the game. On July 7th and August 21st, he began the turning of triple plays, the only hurler in big league history to do so. He won 24 games, a career best, in finishing 24-15, 2.39 with 327 innings pitched and career high 44 games. He made 38 starts the ensuing season, 1921, leading the league while tallying another 327 inning season (this time a league-leading tally) and finishing 22-14, 3.25 with 29 complete games, earning his lone pitcher wins crown. Wilbur won 20 again in 1922, this time 23 (23-14), leading the league a second time with 27 complete games while falling to only 294 2/3 innings pitched and a 3.25 ERA. At the plate, he had his best home run season, hitting .269/.307/.444 with 4 of his 6 career bombs and 15 RBI. He led the NL in losses, going 17-19 with a 3.57 ERA in a league-leading 38 starts. For the 1924 season, he eclipsed 20 wins for the final time (20-14, 3.28), pitching a league-leading 4 shutouts while picking off a record seven baserunners at third base.
Pittsburgh finished just three games off the pace of the pennant-winning New York Giants that season and felt they were just a piece or two away from bringing a title home. Unfortunately for Cooper, he would be leaving town before the club turned back the Washington Senators in 1925; on October 27, 1924, he was lead dog in a trade with the Chicago Cubs to bring in George Grantham, Vic Aldridge and Al Niehaus. Cooper had his final 200-plus innings season with the Cubs in 1925, surpassing Rube Marquard for most innings by an NL left-hander in the process, but finished 12-14, 4.28, a far cry from his early 1920s performance. He broke another Marquard record, most starts by an NL lefty, in 1926 and ended up finishing the year with the Detroit Tigers, going a combined 2-5, 5.77 in 16 games.
Wilbur is one of only two pitchers to toss 3,000 innings with a sub-3.00 ERA and not be enshrined in Cooperstown. He held a number of Pirate pitching records, several of which were bested by Bob Friend while his games pitched record fell to Babe Adams in 1926, while he was still active. Among his similarity scores match-ups, number one is Rube Marquard, who went sailing right in to the Hall of Fame after a colorful (and largely fictitious) recollection of his playing days for Lawrence Ritter's The Glory of Their Times. If only Wilbur had been chosen to be chronicled; another Hall of Fame pitcher on his list, Stan Coveleski, was also sought out by Ritter. Don Drysdale, the third HOFer on his list, was the most celebrated of these four men and did not need Ritter to hunt him down to drum up voting support.
In retirement, Cooper lived in Pittsburgh for a time before moving to California in the 1940s. A Pittsburgh poll in 1969 voted him the greatest pitcher in Pirate history. He died of a heart attack four years later in Encino, CA.
- NL Wins Leader (1921)
- NL Saves Leader (1918)
- NL Innings Pitched Leader (1921)
- NL Shutouts Leader (1924)
- 2-time NL Games Started Leader (1921 & 1923)
- 2-time NL Complete Games Leader (1919 & 1922)
- 15 Wins Seasons: 9 (1914 & 1917-1924)
- 20 Wins Seasons: 4 (1920-1922 & 1924)
- 200 Innings Pitched Seasons: 11 (1914 & 1916-1925)
- 300 Innings Pitched Seasons: 2 (1920 & 1921)
Year-by-Year Managerial Record
|1935||McKeesport Braves||Pennsylvania State Association||44-62||5th||Boston Braves|
|1936||Jeannette Little Pirates||Pennsylvania State Association||65-44||1st||Pittsburgh Pirates||League Champs|
|1937||Greensburg Green Sox||Pennsylvania State Association||54-45||2nd||Brooklyn Dodgers|