Robert D. Manfred Jr.
- Born 1959
Rob Manfred became Commissioner of baseball on January 25, 2015. Before that, he had served as Executive Vice President of Major League Baseball, responsible for Labor Relations and Human Resources, starting in 1998. He is credited with helping to usher two decades of labor peace following the devastating 1994 strike, first as assistant to Bob DuPuy and later as chief negotiator beginning in 2011, and for implementing the toughest drug prevention program in North American professional sports. He was a major figure in dealing with the Biogenesis Laboratories scandal and the suspension of superstar Alex Rodriguez which ensued. In particular, he is the one who took the decision on behalf of MLB to spend $125,000 to buy incriminating documents from the sports clinic in order to further its investigation of players suspected of PED use. In 2013, he was promoted to Chief Operating Officer - in effect Commissioner Bud Selig's deputy.
In early August 2014, Manfred was identified as one of the three finalists to succeed Selig, along with Tim Brosnan and Tom Werner, at the end of a search process led by St. Louis Cardinals owner Bill DeWitt Jr.. He was considered the early favorite among the three. On August 14th he was elected as the 10th Commissioner of Major League Baseball, with a five-year contract. A number of rounds of voting were required to come to the decision, with Brosnan dropping out early in the process, but owners who were seeking changes giving their support to Werner. Two-thirds of the votes were required for election, and in the end, Manfred was elected unanimously, 30 votes to none. The choice was seen as one in favor of continuity, given how closely Manfred had worked with Selig over the years. MLBPA head Tony Clark also expressed support with Manfred's choice, adding that players had 15 years of positive experience in working with him.
One of the first issues on which Manfred established his own policy was that of domestic violence. In the wake of several cases in the NFL and NBA in which players guilty of violent attacks on their spouses and girlfriends were allowed to continue playing with no consequences, Manfred worked with the MLBPA to ensure there would be no such laxness in baseball. A policy on domestic violence was adopted at the end of 2015, and on March 1, 2016, New York Yankees closer Aroldis Chapman was the first player suspended because of such an incident. He received a thirty-game suspension for an incident the previous October 30th in which he fired a gun repeatedly after a dispute with his girlfriend; while police declined to file charges, Manfred found the incident sufficiently serious to warrant a suspension, which was worked out in cooperation with the Players' Association. A number of other high-profile cases soon followed, with Manfred always holding a firm line. Another issue on which he tried to achieve movement was that of the speed of play. He introduced a pitch clock in the minor leagues, and in mid-2016 expressed his intention to have the move extend to the majors, along with other radical rule changes such as banning or severely limiting defensive shifts and putting restraints on pitching changes and mound visits. In 2017 he introduced one of those changes, the pitchless intentional walk, flexing his muscles to impose it over reticence by the players' union who felt there was little to be gained by tinkering with a well-established practice and thus raising grumbles. It was the first sign of disharmony in what had until then been a flawless performance by the commissioner.
Manfred grew up in Rome, NY. Before joining MLB, Manfred was a partner in a large Washington, DC law firm, specializing in labor and employment law. The firm was hired by the major league owners to provide legal counsel starting with the 1990 strike.
- Paul Hagen: "Manfred to succeed Selig as next Commissioner", mlb.com, August 14, 2014. 
- Paul Hagen: "Opening Day: Manfred takes over as Commissioner", mlb.com, January 25, 2015. 
- Paul Hagen: "15 for '15: Manfred puts stamp on office: New Commissioner's first year highlighted by youth initiatives", mlb.com, January 1, 2016. 
- Richard Justice: "One year in, Manfred loves being Commissioner", mlb.com, January 25, 2016. 
- Bob Nightengale: "Manfred ready for the undertaking as the next MLB commissioner", USA Today Sports, August 14, 2014. 
- Bob Nightengale: "A quarter into season, MLB commissioner Rob Manfred shows own style", USA Today Sports, May 20, 2015. 
- Bob Nightengale: "Rob Manfred, MLB considering radical changes to game", USA Today Sports, August 18, 2016. 
- Bob Nightengale: "MLB veterans chafe at Rob Manfred's vision: Always 'some stupid new rule'", USA Today Sorts, February 22, 2017. 
- Paul White: "Commissioner Rob Manfred's top priorities entering office", USA Today Sports, August 14, 2014.