Luke Appling

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Lucius Benjamin Appling
(Old Aches and Pains or Luscious Luke or Perennial Luke)

Inducted into Hall of Fame in 1964

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Biographical Information[edit]


"I played with him and against him, and he was the finest shortstop I ever saw. In the field, he covered more ground than anyone in the league. As a hitting shortstop, there was no one in his class." - Eddie Lopat

"His constant stream of complaints might have become intolerable to his teammates if Appling had not developed a novel remedy. He simply took his misery out on opposing pitchers, rapping out 2,749 hits, all but 587 of them singles." - Robert McG. Thomas Jr, the New York Times

Luke Appling was a Hall of Fame shortstop who played his entire career with the Chicago White Sox.

Appling was born in High Point, NC, but moved to Atlanta with his family as a child. His father was on the Atlanta detective force until he went into the furniture business. Luke graduated from Fulton High School, where he played baseball. He attended Oglethorpe College, where he also played fullback on the football team, but left during his sophomore year when he was signed by the Southern League's Atlanta Crackers in 1930. He was a good hitter in his first year but committed 42 errors in 104 games. The Chicago Cubs showed some interest at first but decided not to sign him, and the White Sox ended up purchasing him from the Crackers for $20,000. He was signed by the husband-wife scouting team of Roy and Bessie Largent and made his major league debut on September 10, 1930. He seemed a poor pickup initially, as his hitting fell off and his fielding failed to improve, but in 1933 he stopped trying to be a power hitter and enjoyed his first of nine straight .300 seasons.

Appling was a good leadoff hitter who topped the .400 mark in OBP eight times (1933-1934, 1937, 1940, 1943, 1947) and drew over 100 walks three times (1935, 1939, 1949), though he often batted third due to a lack of offensive talent on the White Sox. Indeed, this lack of talent insured that Appling, who spent his entire 20-year career with the White Sox, never had a chance to play in a World Series. His best season was 1936, when he batted .388, knocked in 124 runs (his only 100 RBI season), scored 111 times, recorded 204 hits, and had a team-record 27-game hitting streak. His .388 average was good for the first batting title ever won by a shortstop and was the highest batting average recorded by a shortstop in the 20th century. Appling won another batting title in 1943 with a .328 average and led the league in OBP that year (.419). Appling was selected to seven All-Star teams (1936, 1939-1941, 1943, 1946-47).

Appling was famous among his teammates for complaining day in and day out about minor ailments such as a sore back, a weak shoulder, or shin splints. While much of this complaining was probably for show, it earned him the moniker "Old Aches and Pains". He did suffer one serious injury: a broken leg that cost him much of the 1938 season. He was also well known for his ability to foul off pitches, leading to the story that he once fouled off 10 pitches in a row on purpose when ownership refused to provide baseballs to autograph because they were too expensive; he was supposedly never refused a ball again.

Though Appling was 36, married with two children and originally classified 3A in the draft, on November 15, 1943, he was reclassified 1A and inducted in the Army at Fort Sheridan, IL. He was later stationed at Camp Lee, VA and at a reclamation center in Atlanta. He was discharged on August 29, 1945, and appeared in his first game back on September 2nd.

Appling remained a solid contributor into his forties, but ownership was dedicated to a youth movement and he retired after the 1950 season. At his retirement, Appling was the all-time leader for most games played and double plays by a major league shortstop, and the all-time leader for putouts and assists by an American League shortstop. These records were later broken by Luis Aparicio, who also spent the majority of his career with the White Sox.

Appling was a successful minor league manager after his playing days were over, winning pennants with Memphis in the Southern Association and Indianapolis of the American Association and being named minor league manager of the year in 1952. He was a coach for the Detroit Tigers in 1960, the Cleveland Indians in 1961, the Baltimore Orioles in 1963, the Kansas City Athletics from 1964 to 1966, the White Sox in 1970 and 1971 and the Atlanta Braves in 1981 and 1984. His only chance to manage at the major league level was as a late-season replacement for Alvin Dark as manager of the Kansas City Athletics in 1967, leaving his major league managerial record 10-30. At age 75, he shot back to fame for a brief time when he appeared in an old-timers game played at RFK Stadium in Washington, DC and hit a home run off Warren Spahn.

Appling was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1964. The ChiSox retired his number 4 during the 1975 season. Luke died in Cumming, GA, at the age of 83 in 1991.

Appling's brother, Horace Appling, was a minor league infielder. He is also related to minor league pitcher Kyle Hunter.

Notable Achievements[edit]

  • 7-time AL All-Star (1936, 1939-1941, 1943, 1946 & 1947)
  • 2-time AL Batting Average Leader (1936 & 1943)
  • AL On-Base Percentage Leader (1943)
  • 100 RBI Seasons: 1 (1936)
  • 100 Runs Scored Seasons: 1 (1936)
  • 200 Hits Seasons: 1 (1936)
  • Baseball Hall of Fame: Class of 1964

Preceded by
Alvin Dark
Kansas City Athletics Manager
Succeeded by
Bob Kennedy

Year-by-Year Managerial Record[edit]

Year Team League Record Finish Organization Playoffs Notes
1951 Memphis Chickasaws Southern Association 79-75 4th Chicago White Sox Lost in first round
1952 Memphis Chickasaws Southern Association 81-74 4th Chicago White Sox League Champs
1953 Memphis Chickasaws Southern Association 87-67 1st Chicago White Sox
1954 Richmond Virginians International League 60-94 7th none
1955 Richmond Virginians International League 58-95 8th none
1959 Memphis Chickasaws American Association 76-77 4th none
1962 Indianapolis Indians American Association 89-58 1st Chicago White Sox Lost in first round
1967 Kansas City Athletics American League 10-30 10th Kansas City Athletics replaced Alvin Dark (52-69) on August 21

Further Reading[edit]

  • Michael Clair: "The story behind 75-year-old Appling's home run: A once-in-a-lifetime moment",, February 20, 2022. [1]

Related Sites[edit]

Some or all content from this article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Luke Appling".