- Location: Charleston, WV
- League: Virginia Valley League 1910; Mountain States League 1911-1912; Ohio State League 1913-1916; Middle Atlantic League 1931-1942; Central League 1949-1951; American Association 1952-1960
- Affiliation: Detroit Tigers 1934-1938; Boston Braves 1939; Cleveland Indians 1940-1942; Cincinnati Reds 1949-1951; Chicago White Sox 1953-1954; Detroit Tigers 1956-1959; Washington Senators 1960
- Ballpark: Wehrle Park 1910-1916; Kanawha Park 1931-1942; Watt Powell Park 1949-1960
The first professional baseball team from Charleston, WV were the Charleston Senators. They played in the 1910 Virginia Valley League. When that league became the Mountain States League the next season, the Senators went along. In 1913, after the MSL folded, the Senators were one of two teams from that circuit who found refuge in the Ohio State League - but that league was gone after another four seasons. There would be no minor league team in Charleston for 14 years after that.
In 1931, the Middle Atlantic League expanded to 12 teams to become the largest minor league and the Senators were one of the new teams. They won two pennants, in 1932 and 1942 and featured batting champ and .400 hitter Barney McCosky in 1936.
World War II ended minor league ball in Charleston in 1943 and the Senators returned in 1949 in the Central League. Joe Nuxhall appeared for the team in two of their three Central League seasons and Wally Post briefly made an appearance.
The Central folded after '51. When the Toledo Mud Hens were struggling to get crowds in 1952, the team moved to Charleston on June 23 and took the Senators name. This marked the only mid-season franchise move in American Association history.
The team lost 107 of their 153 games in '52, setting a post-1927 AA record. They finished last each of the three years to follow. Luke Easter hit 30 home runs for the club in 1955 and in 1956 Jim Bunning went 9-11.
In 1958 the Senators finished first for the only time in the American Association. The team got excellent pitching from Jerry Davie (17-5, 2.45), Don Lee (14-7, 2.95), George Spencer (9-4, 2.01) and Herb Moford (6-0, 0.95) while Larry Osborne hit 19 homers and drove in 97 and Wayne Terwilliger led the AA in steals. The team drew the second-most fans in the league, though they lost to the Denver Bears in the playoffs.
|1912||18-22||--||Charles Stockton||none||Team disbanded July 1|
|1913||84-50||2nd||Henry "Buzz" Wetzel||none|
|1914||79-62||2nd||Henry "Buzz" Wetzel / Charles "Biddy" Beers||none League Champs|
|1916||24-34 (29-35 overall)||--||Watt Powell||League disbanded July 19||Team moved to Chillicothe July 13|
|1931||82-44||1st||Dick Hoblitzel||Lost League Finals|
|1932||70-54||1st (t)||Dan Boone||League Champs|
|1933||67-67||5th (t)||Dan Boone / Watt Powell|
|1935||49-65||7th||Russ Young / Val Picinich|
|1939||70-60||2nd||Edward Hall||Lost in 1st round|
|1940||64-62||2nd||Ed Hall||Lost in 1st round|
|1942||75-51||1st||Jack Knight||Lost in 1st round|
|1949||67-68||4th||Joe Beggs||Lost League Finals|
|1952||46-107 overall||8th||Rollie Hemsley||Toledo moved to Charleston June 23|
|1955||50-104||8th||Danny Murtaugh (31-64) / Vern Rapp (19-40)|
|1956||74-79||6th||Charlie Metro (5-17) / Frank Skaff (69-62)|
|1957||67-87||7th||Frank Skaff (34-46) / Don Griffin (1-2)/ Bill Norman (32-39)|
|1958||89-62||1st||Bill Norman (33-21) / Bill Adair (56-41)||Lost in 1st round|