Samuel Harding Hairston
- Bats Right, Throws Right
- Height 5' 10½", Weight 187 lb.
- Debut July 21, 1951
- Final Game August 26, 1951
- Born January 20, 1920 in Crawford, MS USA
- Died October 31, 1997 in Birmingham, AL USA
Sammy Hairston, progenitor of a large baseball family, played 4 games in the major leagues for the Chicago White Sox in July and August of 1951, hitting .400 with a .571 on-base percentage. He was a 31-year-old catcher and one of the earlier black players in the major leagues. He and Minnie Minoso both played their initial season with the White Sox in 1951 (Minoso came from Cleveland, where he had first played in 1949). Hairston had been signed by the White Sox as a free agent in 1950. He had previously played seven seasons in the Negro Leagues with the Birmingham Black Barons and Indianapolis Clowns.
After Sam's minor league career ended in 1960, he became a scout for the White Sox. The team drafted Carlos May on his recommendation. Four other men became White Sox thanks to Sam: Jerry Hairston Sr., Lee Richard, Lamar Johnson, and Reggie Patterson. Sam was also a longtime instructor in minor-league spring training and served as Chisox bullpen coach in 1978. For the last 12 years of his life, he was a coach with the Birmingham Barons.