Sammy T. Hughes

From BR Bullpen

Samuel Thomas Hughes

Biographical Information[edit]

Hughessammyt.jpg

Sammy T. Hughes is one of several players presented as the top second baseman in Negro League history, along with Newt Allen, Martin Dihigo, Bill Monroe and light-hitting Bingo DeMoss.

Hughes began his career with the hometown Louisville White Sox. He hit .421 for the team in 1931, when they joined the Negro National League, but did not have enough at-bats to qualify for the league lead. In '32, he was with the Washington Pilots, then in 1933 the tall second baseman joined the Nashville Elite Giants. He remained with the Elite Giants through several franchise moves in the 30s.

In '36, Hughes went 13 for 26 in a 5-game exhibition series against a group of white players. The pitchers were Jim Winford, Mike Ryba, Bob Feller, Jim Weaver and Earl Caldwell. The white 2B that series was a retired Rogers Hornsby, who struggled, hitting just 2 for 19 as he was badly outplayed by the younger Hughes.

In 1939 Hughes led the NNL with 14 doubles. In the Cuban Winter League that year Hughes struggled, batting just .246. The next year Hughes struggled in the Negro Leagues, connecting for only a .235 clip. The 5-time player in the East-West Game was wearing down after less than a decade of success. No other player had made more East-West appearances, though.

In '41, Hughes was rejuvenated by his only season in the Mexican League. He hit .324/.388/.453 for the Torreon Cotton Dealers but the 30-year old failed to finish among the leaders in anything in the high-offense Liga.

The next season Hughes hit .309, best on an Elite Giants team that finished second on the NNL - he posted a better average than Roy Campanella or Wild Bill Wright. He again led the NNL in doubles, with 11. Along with Campanella, he was suspended in September for playing an exhibition game without the permission of Baltimore owner Tom Wilson. Campy went to Mexico for two years following this incident.

Hughes then was called up to military duty and spent the next three years in the armed forces.

He played one more year after the War then retired to work for Pillsbury.

Hughes dazzled in 7 years in the California Winter League during his career, hitting .384, 33 points better than Babe Herman and higher than Hall-of-Famers Oscar Charleston, Turkey Stearnes and Cool Papa Bell. He also was among the top 10 in homers in the CWL, with 17 in 294 AB.

Never a league leader in anything other than doubles, Hughes was known as a good contact hitter and great defensive 2B with some speed and some power.

Negro Leagues Career Statistics[edit]

Year Team League G AB R H 2B 3B HR RBI SB BB BA SLG
.
1930 Louisville White Caps independent 16 56 4 14 1 1 1 1 1 2 .250 .357
1931 Louisville White Caps independent 15 51 4 15 7 0 0 -- 0 2 .294 .431
1932 Washington Pilots EWL 27 89 14 28 2 2 1 13 1 3 .315 .416
1933 Nashville Elite Giants NNL 16 57 6 18 4 2 0 10 0 7 .316 .456
1934 Nashville Elite Giants NNL 29 103 14 27 4 0 0 -- 3 5 .262 .301
1935 Columbus Elite Giants NNL 19 84 22 21 5 3 0 -- 1 6 .250 .381
1936 Washington Elite Giants NNL 25 96 24 30 4 4 2 7 1 13 .313 .500
1937 Washington Elite Giants NNL 21 78 20 28 5 1 2 6 0 5 .359 .526
1938 Baltimore Elite Giants NNL 19 79 18 26 2 0 0 2 2 6 .329 .354
1939 Baltimore Elite Giants NNL 20 77 18 32 7 2 1 5 1 11 .416 .597
1940 Baltimore Elite Giants NNL 47 184 42 51 11 2 6 33 4 24 .277 .467
1941 inactive
1942 Baltimore Elite Giants NNL 38 148 30 44 9 1 1 22 0 11 .297 .392
1943-45 military service
1946 Baltimore Elite Giants NNL 24 82 17 23 4 1 2 14 3 13 .280 .427
.
Total 13 seasons 316 1184 233 357 65 20 16 113 17 108 .302 .431
per 162 g 1.95 162 607 119 183 33 10 8 73 9 55

Source: Committee on African-American Baseball