- Bats Right, Throws Right
- Height 6' 0", Weight 250 lb.
- Both Johnson's birth and death dates are called into question by recent research
Heavy Johnson was a big player who put up some big numbers in a relatively short career in the Negro Leagues, hitting .350 overall and winning a Triple Crown. He was in the Twenty-Fifth Infantry Wreckers, and all-black military unit ("buffalo soldiers"), from at least 1915 through 1922, spending many of his prime years in the military. He was honorably discharged in March of 1919 but renlisted the next January. He was the catcher for the unit's famed baseball outfit which produced other Negro League stars such as Dobie Moore. He was stationed in Hawaii from 1915-1919.
According to research by Gary Ashwill, an April 20, 1895 birthday appears to be correct for Johnson. The family then apparently moved to Youngstown, OH. In 1913, Johnson apparently added three years to his age to enlist in the Army and kept this false birthdate the rest of his life. Additionally, Ashwill gives an October 9, 1960 deathdate as a possibility.
A Cameo Appearance in 1920
Did Johnson play professionally in 1920? Research undertaken 86 years later suggests so.
In 1920, when the army was having athletic competitions to prepare for the Olympic trials, Johnson's unit was stationed in St. Louis, MO and he played in one of the Twenty-Fifth Infantry Wreckers' games in the city at that time. The Chicago Defender reported that the St. Louis Giants signed a Johnson, "a catcher who is said to be the peer of them all", who appeared for two games in early July, batting fifth once and sixth once, going 2 for 8 with a triple, then vanishing from the roster. Gary Ashwill posits that this could well have been Heavy Johnson.
1922-1924: Powering Kansas City to their first pennants
Johnson joined the Kansas City Monarchs in 1922, hitting .389/.438/.644 overall and .405 in Negro National League competition, winning a batting title as a rookie. He began the transition that year from catcher to right field.
In 1923, Oscar had a career year. Hitting fifth or third, he hit .406/.462/.722 and won a Triple Crown as Kansas City won their first pennant to mark the beginning of the Negro League dynasty. Johnson led the NNL in average, slugging, hits (152), RBI (120, 26 more than Oscar Charleston, the runner-up), doubles (32), total bases (270, 68 more than Moore) and runs (91). He tied Candy Jim Taylor for the home run lead (20). He was second in OBP (trailing Cristobal Torriente) and triples (13, one behind Turkey Stearnes), tied for fifth in walks (38) and was fifth in steals (17), showing that he could run despite his bulk.
Johnson spent part of that winter with what was arguably the greatest Cuban Winter League team ever, the 1923-24 Santa Clara club. He hit .345 and slugged .509 playing part-time at first base, leaving for the U.S. before the season ended.
While not as dominant in 1924, Johnson hit .374 (third in the NNL) with 16 doubles (fifth) and 11 triples (third). In the first Negro World Series, Johnson hit .296 and delivered the winning double in the finale. He also had a fine catch-and-throw double play from the wall to get Tank Carr at home during that Series.
1925-1927: In the ECL
Johnson moved to the Baltimore Black Sox in 1925, hitting fifth after Jud Wilson and John Beckwith. He hit .352 and followed with .364 the next year, when his 8 homers tied for fifth in the Eastern Colored League. Moving to the Harrisburg Giants in 1927, Johnson batted .336.
1928-1933: The decline phase
- The Biographical Encyclopedia of the Negro Baseball Leagues by James Riley
- Cuban Baseball: A Statistical History by Jorge Figueredo
- The Complete Book of Baseball's Negro Leagues by John Holway
- research by Gary Ashwill on Johnson's 1920-1922 activities
- Gary Ashwill's research on Johnson's birth and death date
- 1923 Negro National League Yearbook, by Peter Ventura and Patrick Rock, Replay Publishing