Dobie Moore

From BR Bullpen

Moore at the 1924 Negro League World Series

Walter Moore
(The Black Cat)

  • Bats Right ; Throws Right
  • Height 5'11" ; Weight 230 lb.

BR Register page

Biographical Information

Early Life and Playing Career

Dobie Moore was a Negro League shortstop and right-handed hitter who played his entire Negro Leagues career with the Kansas City Monarchs. His career was ended abruptly by an off-field injury in the middle of his seventh season.

Born in 1896 in Georgia, Moore served in the Army and played third base for the Twenty-Fifth Infantry Wreckers from 1916 to 1920, from about age 20 to 24, along with Bullet Rogan, Heavy Johnson, Lem Hawkins, Bob Fagan, and possibly other future Negro Leaguers. He went from the Wreckers directly to the Monarchs in mid-season 1920, where he was the league's top shortstop until his career ended. At 5'11" and 230 pounds, he was considered one of the best-fielding short stops in the Negro Leagues, and hit for a .346 lifetime batting average with better than average power and speed.

Nicknamed "the Black Cat", Moore helped the Monarchs to three league titles (1923, 1924, and 1925), and one Colored World Series title in 1924. He batted .300 in the 1924 Series and .364 in a losing cause in the 1925 Series. The loss of his services in 1926 following the leg injury was blamed by Negro sports writers for the team's inability to repeat in 1926. He had the highest lifetime batting average (.385) in the California Winter League, which was the first integrated league in the United States, and starred in the 1923-24 Cuban Winter League in his only season there.

End of career, aftermath, and analysis

Moore's Negro Leagues playing career ended on the night of May 18 1926 when he was shot in the lower leg by a female neighbor after a game and suffered a compound fracture to his left tibia after either jumping from a terrace or balcony to escape further shots. Contemporary news stories said he was shot when mistaken for a burglar, though later stories surfaced that he was shot during a lovers' quarrel. The leg healed badly, and he was unable to resume his Negro Leagues career. He later lived in Detroit and played semi-pro ball there as a stiff-legged first baseman into the late 1930s.

Moore died in Detroit in 1947, aged 51. The last known news account of him was in 1943, when his photograph appeared in the Chicago Defender; his death went unreported in the African-American press, though he periodically received passing mention in the 1940s and '50s, apparently without word as to whether he was still living.

Moore was considered by many black sportswriters as the best shortstop of his day, playing most of his career in a time when John Henry Lloyd was past his prime, Willie Wells had not yet fully established his reputation, and Moore was considered a superior hitter to Dick Lundy. However, his career is difficult to assess, primarily due to its short length. Moore played full time from 1916 to 1919 (with a partial season in 1920) with the Twenty-Fifth Infantry Wreckers before the founding of the NNL, mostly playing third base for the Army team, and received much less news coverage with the Hawaii-based Army team than he did playing in the organized Negro Leagues. He was 30 and in his prime at the time of his career-ending injury. Nevertheless, he is considered by some analysts to have been one of the five best shortstops (along with Lloyd, Wells, Lundy, and Home Run Johnson) in Negro Leagues history.

He was nominated and considered for the Hall of Fame in 2006, but fell short of the needed 75% affirmative vote. Most voters on the committee felt that their brief was to consider only a player's time in the Negro Leagues, and his time with the Wreckers was ignored.

Career Statistics

Negro Leagues

Year Team League Age G AB R H 2B 3B HR RBI SB BB BA SLG OBP
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1920 Kansas City NNL 24 48 190 37 63 10 4 2 31 4 13 .332 .458 .374
1921 Kansas City NNL 25 64 244 46 79 21 7 8 56 8 11 .324 .566 .355
1922 Kansas City NNL 26 77 329 69 127 24 3 7 63 16 16 .386 .541 .414
1923 Kansas City NNL 27 94 378 70 138 22 9 8 79 10 21 .365 .534 .398
1924 Kansas City NNL 28 75 299 65 106 20 11 5 51 2 23 .355 .545 .401
1925 Kansas City NNL 29 78 321 71 100 17 12 4 77 12 15 .312 .477 .342
1926 Kansas City NNL 30 15 53 10 22 3 3 0 6 1 10 .415 .585 .508
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Totals 7 seasons 451 1814 368 635 117 49 34 363 53 109 .350 .525 .387
per 162 g 2.78 162 652 132 228 42 18 12 130 19 39 .350 .525 .387

Sources: Seamheads.com, Committee on African-American Baseball

Negro Leagues Post-Season

Year Team Series Opponent G AB R H 2B 3B HR RBI SB BB BA SLG OBP
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1924 Kansas City Negro World Series Hilldale 10 40 7 12 0 0 0 4 2 1 .300 .300 .317
1925 Kansas City NNL Championship St. Louis Stars 7 27 5 4 0 2 1 5 0 2 .148 .407 .207
1925 Kansas City Negro World Series Hilldale 6 22 0 8 3 1 0 4 1 2 .363 .591 .417

Sources: Seamheads.com, Committee on African-American Baseball

Winter Leagues

Year Team League G AB R H 2B 3B HR RBI SB BB BA SLG OBP
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1920-21 Los Angeles White Sox California 34 139 -- 46 7 7 1 -- -- -- .331 .504 --
1921-22 Colored All-Stars California 22 80 -- 22 4 4 0 -- -- -- .275 .425 --
1923-24 Santa Clara Cuban 47 176 27 68 10 7 1 38 6 8 .386 .540 .413
1924 Santa Clara Cuban (Gran Premio) 26 97 10 29 8 5 0 9 1 4 .299 .485 .327
1924-25 Los Angeles White Sox California 40 158 -- 77 17 4 12 -- -- -- .487 .873 --
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Totals 5 seasons 169 658 -- 242 46 27 14 -- -- -- .368 .584 --

Sources: McNeil (California) and Seamheads.com (Cuban)

References

  • "Dobie Moore", Baseball Research Journal; John Holway (1982)
  • Biographical Encyclopedia of the Negro Leagues; James Riley (1st edition, 1994; addendum in 2nd edition, 2001)
  • Monarchs 1920-1938; The, Phil Dixon (2001)
  • Complete Book of Baseball’s Negro Leagues, The; John Holway (2001)
  • California Winter League, The; William F. McNeil (2002)
  • Cuban Baseball, a Statistical History, 1878-1961; Jorge Figueredo (2003)