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1985 Register Pitching Leaders

Year Index / Affiliations / Map of Teams / Batting Leaders / Pitching Leaders / Other Years: 1984 / 1986
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League Player Pitching

Rk Name Age Tm Lg Lev W Aff L W-L% ERA G GS GF CG SHO SV IP H R ER HR BB IBB SO HBP BK WP BF WHIP H9 HR9 BB9 SO9 SO/W
1 Yoshinori Sato 30 HAU JPPL Fgn 21 11 .656 4.29 35 34 1 23 2 0 260.1 279 136 124 29 105 3 188 7 0 7 1146 1.475 9.6 1.0 3.6 6.5 1.79
2 Steve Davis 24 KNX,SYR SOUL,IL AA,AAA 20 TOR 8 .714 2.46 33 30 2 5 3 1 190.0 133 60 52 10 89 1 141 5 1 11 1.168 6.3 0.5 4.2 6.7 1.58
3 Yoshiaki Ishimoto 22 KSU JPPL Fgn 19 3 .864 3.56 70 0 37 0 0 7 131.1 115 55 52 14 64 7 80 2 0 2 560 1.363 7.9 1.0 4.4 5.5 1.25
4 Greg Mathews 23 SPT,LOU FLOR,AA A,AAA 19 STL 5 .792 1.79 28 28 0 10 4 0 196.0 137 50 39 11 73 0 143 2 4 5 1.071 6.3 0.5 3.4 6.6 1.96
5 Mark Ciardi 23 STK,ELP CALL,TL A,AA 18 MIL 7 .720 3.34 28 27 1 7 3 1 197.0 171 86 73 14 52 0 169 4 3 8 1.132 7.8 0.6 2.4 7.7 3.25
6 Tim Englund 23 FLR SALL A 18 TOR 6 .750 2.58 32 30 2 4 1 0 199.0 158 73 57 13 49 0 210 1 3 5 1.040 7.1 0.6 2.2 9.5 4.29
7 Hisashi Yamada 36 HAU JPPL Fgn 18 10 .643 4.33 30 29 1 16 1 0 222.1 216 118 107 42 54 0 104 10 0 0 926 1.214 8.7 1.7 2.2 4.2 1.93
8 Joe Bitker 21 BMT,CHS TL,SALL AA,A 17 SDP 4 .810 2.87 28 27 0 10 5 0 188.1 165 78 60 6 72 2 149 4 4 6 1.258 7.9 0.3 3.4 7.1 2.07
9 Charlie Corbell 24 FRE CALL A 17 SFG 4 .810 3.23 26 26 0 9 3 0 181.1 174 77 65 7 61 0 89 6 3 14 1.296 8.6 0.3 3.0 4.4 1.46
10 Kyle Hartshorn 20 LBG,JAC CARL,TL A,AA 17 NYM 6 .739 2.13 28 28 0 8 2 0 186.1 147 57 44 5 58 1 104 10 1 4 1.100 7.1 0.2 2.8 5.0 1.79
11 Osamu Higashio 35 SEI JPPL Fgn 17 3 .850 3.30 31 23 3 11 3 1 174.1 164 71 64 19 46 0 74 7 0 1 721 1.205 8.5 1.0 2.4 3.8 1.61
12 Tatsuo Komatsu 26 CNI JPCL Fgn 17 8 .680 2.65 33 25 6 14 1 1 210.1 185 70 62 24 48 3 172 4 0 1 864 1.108 7.9 1.0 2.1 7.4 3.58
13 Choji Murata 35 LOT JPPL Fgn 17 5 .773 4.30 24 24 0 10 0 0 173.2 181 89 83 20 65 0 93 7 1 11 752 1.417 9.4 1.0 3.4 4.8 1.43
14 Keith Silver 22 CLI MIDW A 17 SFG 9 .654 2.24 29 29 0 9 4 0 205.0 169 68 51 8 87 0 133 5 1 8 1.249 7.4 0.4 3.8 5.8 1.53
15 Mike Costello 22 CHS SALL A 16 SDP 8 .667 2.61 29 29 0 9 4 0 200.0 161 77 58 5 86 0 193 6 1 11 1.235 7.2 0.2 3.9 8.7 2.24
16 Manabu Kitabeppu 27 HIR JPCL Fgn 16 6 .727 3.57 35 24 8 8 3 2 199.0 209 88 79 19 55 3 85 8 0 3 833 1.327 9.5 0.9 2.5 3.8 1.55
17 Rob Mallicoat 20 OSC FLOR A 16 HOU 6 .727 1.36 26 25 0 5 2 0 178.2 119 41 27 2 74 3 158 3 2 14 1.080 6.0 0.1 3.7 8.0 2.14
18 Juan Nieves 20 ELP,VAN TL,PCL AA,AAA 16 MIL 5 .762 3.63 29 29 0 5 2 0 188.2 162 83 76 19 88 2 145 2 0 2 1.325 7.7 0.9 4.2 6.9 1.65
19 Steve Oliverio 22 CDR,VMT MIDW,EL A,AA 16 CIN 5 .762 3.15 28 25 3 7 1 0 171.1 154 75 60 12 55 0 153 2 2 10 1.220 8.1 0.6 2.9 8.0 2.78
20 Mike Skinner 20 CHR,HGR SOUL,CARL AA,A 16 BAL 5 .762 3.35 27 25 1 5 0 0 185.1 166 77 69 20 59 1 140 5 3 7 1.214 8.1 1.0 2.9 6.8 2.37
21 Les Straker 25 ORL SOUL AA 16 MIN 6 .727 3.08 27 26 1 12 3 0 193.0 164 75 66 14 79 2 106 2 2 3 1.259 7.6 0.7 3.7 4.9 1.34
22 Bob Walk 28 HAW PCL AAA 16 PIT 5 .762 2.65 24 24 0 12 1 0 173.0 143 57 51 10 61 1 124 4 4 12 1.179 7.4 0.5 3.2 6.5 2.03
23 Jose Bautista 20 LBG CARL A 15 NYM 8 .652 2.34 27 25 1 7 3 1 169.0 145 49 44 8 33 0 109 3 1 3 1.053 7.7 0.4 1.8 5.8 3.30
24 John Boyles 23 CDR MIDW A 15 CIN 5 .750 2.85 27 27 0 4 1 0 164.1 133 66 52 12 67 0 155 1 1 7 1.217 7.3 0.7 3.7 8.5 2.31
25 Anthony Kelley 23 CBS,OSC SOUL,FLOR AA,A 15 HOU 9 .625 3.08 28 26 1 8 2 0 184.0 164 86 63 20 45 3 89 2 1 5 1.136 8.0 1.0 2.2 4.4 1.98
26 Pete Kendrick 24 MOD,HVL CALL,SOUL A,AA 15 OAK 8 .652 2.63 28 26 1 8 2 0 185.0 179 71 54 11 53 2 109 6 6 6 1.254 8.7 0.5 2.6 5.3 2.06
27 Jeff Livin 23 AVL SALL A 15 HOU 7 .682 3.48 27 26 0 8 3 0 175.2 188 83 68 17 43 1 139 5 0 15 1.315 9.6 0.9 2.2 7.1 3.23
28 Alex Madrid 22 BEL,STK MIDW,CALL A 15 MIL 5 .750 2.58 27 26 0 9 2 0 195.0 197 71 56 8 41 0 151 2 1 5 1.221 9.1 0.4 1.9 7.0 3.68
29 Mike Miller 21 SPB SALL A 15 PHI 7 .682 2.67 25 25 0 7 3 0 161.2 142 64 48 4 50 0 96 3 1 4 1.188 7.9 0.2 2.8 5.3 1.92
30 Jamie Moyer 22 PFD,WSM EL,CARL AA,A 15 CHC 8 .652 3.02 27 27 1 9 2 0 190.2 181 85 64 5 54 4 145 10 4 4 1.233 8.5 0.2 2.5 6.8 2.69
31 Eric Rasmussen 33 MIA,LOU FLOR,AA A,AAA 15 STL 6 .714 2.68 28 27 0 8 3 0 191.1 180 64 57 3 35 1 121 4 2 3 1.124 8.5 0.1 1.6 5.7 3.46
32 Alan Sontag 21 KSH MIDW A 15 MIN 11 .577 2.33 28 28 0 15 6 0 220.1 171 65 57 7 59 2 213 13 2 8 1.044 7.0 0.3 2.4 8.7 3.61
33 Cliff Young 20 WPB FLOR A 15 MON 5 .750 3.98 25 25 0 7 0 0 153.2 149 77 68 13 57 0 112 6 4 6 1.341 8.7 0.8 3.3 6.6 1.96
34 Brad Arnsberg 21 ALC EL AA 14 NYY 2 .875 1.59 20 20 0 9 2 0 141.1 105 34 25 0 35 0 82 8 1 3 0.991 6.7 0.0 2.2 5.2 2.34
35 Don August 21 CBS SOUL AA 14 HOU 8 .636 2.96 27 27 0 4 2 0 176.1 183 77 58 11 49 4 78 3 1 9 1.316 9.3 0.6 2.5 4.0 1.59
36 Randy Bockus 24 SHV TL AA 14 SFG 11 .560 2.73 28 27 1 15 2 0 201.0 196 85 61 13 44 0 126 3 4 11 1.194 8.8 0.6 2.0 5.6 2.86
37 Dennis Burtt 27 TOL IL AAA 14 MIN 8 .636 4.13 27 27 0 6 3 0 172.1 182 96 79 15 67 1 95 3 0 9 1.445 9.5 0.8 3.5 5.0 1.42
38 Stan Clarke 24 SYR IL AAA 14 TOR 4 .778 3.37 43 14 17 1 0 2 117.2 106 52 44 13 66 2 98 0 0 5 1.462 8.1 1.0 5.0 7.5 1.48
39 Ed Correa 19 APP,GLF MIDW,EL A,AA 14 CHW 8 .636 3.47 26 26 0 6 2 0 179.0 130 86 69 19 91 0 162 6 0 12 1.235 6.5 1.0 4.6 8.1 1.78
40 Kazuhiko Endo 30 YKO JPCL Fgn 14 7 .667 3.15 28 28 0 16 2 0 214.1 188 82 75 25 51 1 154 1 0 2 869 1.115 7.9 1.0 2.1 6.5 3.02
41 Hirohisa Matsunuma 32 SEI JPPL Fgn 14 6 .700 4.16 27 26 0 8 1 0 171.0 154 87 79 32 60 4 88 7 0 1 715 1.251 8.1 1.7 3.2 4.6 1.47
42 Jeff Sellers 21 NBR EL AA 14 BOS 7 .667 2.78 25 25 0 15 5 0 184.2 165 67 57 2 67 1 115 4 1 9 1.256 8.0 0.1 3.3 5.6 1.72
43 Dave Wyatt 23 LBG,JAC CARL,TL A,AA 14 NYM 2 .875 2.62 19 19 0 5 2 0 127.0 115 44 37 4 37 1 91 3 5 3 1.197 8.1 0.3 2.6 6.4 2.46
44 Tim Barrett 24 JCK,INA SOUL,AA AA,AAA 13 MON 8 .619 3.79 41 17 16 1 1 4 156.2 154 71 66 12 69 5 115 4 2 9 1.423 8.8 0.7 4.0 6.6 1.67
45 Omar Bencomo 21 KIN,KNX CARL,SOUL A,AA 13 TOR 10 .565 3.05 34 32 0 3 1 0 218.2 198 92 74 9 61 5 134 5 4 5 1.184 8.1 0.4 2.5 5.5 2.20
46 Danny Clay 23 ORL SOUL AA 13 MIN 9 .591 4.48 31 28 2 11 1 1 190.2 195 112 95 15 89 2 79 5 1 10 1.490 9.2 0.7 4.2 3.7 0.89
47 Clay Daniel 23 CDR,TAM MIDW,FLOR A 13 CIN 9 .591 2.69 28 28 0 7 3 0 194.1 150 70 58 12 58 0 157 2 2 9 1.070 6.9 0.6 2.7 7.3 2.71
48 Doug Drabek 22 ALC EL AA 13 NYY 7 .650 2.99 26 26 0 9 2 0 192.2 153 71 64 12 55 2 153 6 0 2 1.080 7.1 0.6 2.6 7.1 2.78
49 Rich Gale 31 HAN JPCL Fgn 13 8 .619 4.30 33 33 0 4 2 0 190.2 187 99 91 23 84 0 126 0 0 4 829 1.421 8.8 1.1 4.0 5.9 1.50
50 Steve George 23 FTL FLOR A 13 NYY 7 .650 1.75 24 24 0 12 5 0 164.2 120 48 32 2 76 0 141 1 3 14 1.190 6.6 0.1 4.2 7.7 1.86
51 John Habyan 21 CHR SOUL AA 13 BAL 5 .722 3.27 28 28 0 8 2 0 189.2 157 73 69 11 90 0 123 2 0 13 1.302 7.4 0.5 4.3 5.8 1.37
52 Joe Johnson 23 RMD,GRV IL,SOUL AAA,AA 13 ATL 4 .765 3.01 21 20 0 6 1 0 131.2 138 52 44 7 22 0 79 4 0 2 1.215 9.4 0.5 1.5 5.4 3.59
53 Gary Kanwisher 21 BEL MIDW A 13 MIL 4 .765 2.66 25 24 0 2 0 0 165.2 123 67 49 7 89 0 158 6 0 13 1.280 6.7 0.4 4.8 8.6 1.78
54 Rick Knapp 23 SAL CARL A 13 TEX 7 .650 3.40 29 25 1 6 1 0 180.0 187 89 68 15 55 1 127 3 2 5 1.344 9.4 0.8 2.8 6.4 2.31
55 Jeff Knox 19 SPB,PNS SALL,CARL A 13 PHI 9 .591 3.61 25 25 0 3 2 0 149.2 172 86 60 7 32 0 94 7 0 6 1.363 10.3 0.4 1.9 5.7 2.94
56 Bill Latham 24 TID IL AAA 13 NYM 8 .619 2.68 24 24 0 5 2 0 157.2 144 61 47 7 57 1 66 5 1 4 1.275 8.2 0.4 3.3 3.8 1.16
57 Bill Long 25 BFL AA AAA 13 CHW 6 .684 3.51 25 22 1 7 1 0 151.1 146 69 59 12 43 2 71 1 2 1 1.249 8.7 0.7 2.6 4.2 1.65
58 Greg Maddux 19 PEO MIDW A 13 CHC 9 .591 3.19 27 27 0 6 0 0 186.0 176 86 66 9 52 0 125 6 2 5 1.226 8.5 0.4 2.5 6.0 2.40
59 Greg Mayberry 19 VRO,SAN FLOR,TL A,AA 13 LAD 8 .619 2.87 25 25 0 6 1 0 159.2 136 68 51 4 55 2 128 6 4 6 1.196 7.7 0.2 3.1 7.2 2.33
60 Tony Menendez 20 APP,BFL MIDW,AA A,AAA 13 CHW 5 .722 2.99 25 25 0 2 0 0 150.1 143 72 50 8 56 1 102 4 1 11 1.324 8.6 0.5 3.4 6.1 1.82
61 Randy Newman 26 CNG SOUL AA 13 SEA 6 .684 3.82 28 28 0 4 0 0 174.1 193 88 74 13 61 0 91 2 7 6 1.457 10.0 0.7 3.1 4.7 1.49
62 Mike Rochford 22 NBR,PAW EL,IL AA,AAA 13 BOS 7 .650 3.48 26 26 0 10 4 0 165.1 158 73 64 23 73 0 89 1 3 2 1.397 8.6 1.3 4.0 4.8 1.22
63 Daniel Scarpetta 22 BEL MIDW A 13 MIL 3 .813 2.27 22 20 2 8 4 0 150.2 126 41 38 6 34 1 139 2 0 2 1.062 7.5 0.4 2.0 8.3 4.09
64 Jose Vargas 20 AVL SALL A 13 HOU 7 .650 3.19 24 24 0 7 2 0 161.0 135 70 57 9 64 3 136 3 2 18 1.236 7.5 0.5 3.6 7.6 2.13
65 Jim Walker 23 SLS CALL A 13 SEA 10 .565 3.49 28 27 1 11 2 0 180.1 186 89 70 14 39 1 79 5 2 7 1.248 9.3 0.7 1.9 3.9 2.03
66 Scott Young 26 SPT FLOR A 13 STL 9 .591 2.71 27 27 0 9 3 0 179.1 157 66 54 7 63 0 109 11 1 10 1.227 7.9 0.4 3.2 5.5 1.73
67 Odie Abril 19 GBO SALL A 12 BOS 5 .706 3.45 22 22 0 4 0 0 141.0 146 69 54 9 51 0 108 6 0 6 1.397 9.3 0.6 3.3 6.9 2.12
68 Andy Araujo 22 WHV FLOR A 12 BOS 10 .545 2.55 32 25 5 1 1 0 176.1 169 67 50 5 33 3 96 2 2 9 1.146 8.6 0.3 1.7 4.9 2.91
69 Shawn Barton 22 PNS CARL A 12 PHI 4 .750 2.30 22 22 0 7 5 0 140.2 108 45 36 5 43 1 82 1 2 4 1.073 6.9 0.3 2.8 5.2 1.91
70 Johnny Cash 20 SUM,DHM SALL,CARL A 12 ATL 5 .706 3.19 28 21 4 9 4 0 149.2 132 61 53 14 33 0 111 1 1 12 1.102 7.9 0.8 2.0 6.7 3.36
71 Mark Clemons 25 KIN,KNX CARL,SOUL A,AA 12 TOR 4 .750 2.34 34 18 7 7 2 1 161.1 143 55 42 5 36 3 118 1 2 9 1.110 8.0 0.3 2.0 6.6 3.28
72 Reggie Dobie 20 LBG CARL A 12 NYM 5 .706 2.63 26 26 0 5 3 0 167.2 118 61 49 11 77 1 144 0 1 11 1.163 6.3 0.6 4.1 7.7 1.87
73 Rich Embser 25 SPR,ARK MIDW,TL A,AA 12 STL 10 .545 4.06 29 24 1 1 0 0 150.2 120 76 68 6 92 0 162 1 0 10 1.407 7.2 0.4 5.5 9.7 1.76
74 Greg Ferlenda 20 FLR SALL A 12 TOR 5 .706 3.27 35 26 4 0 0 0 165.1 152 83 60 10 75 0 160 4 1 19 1.373 8.3 0.5 4.1 8.7 2.13
75 George Ferran 20 SJO,SHV CALL,TL A,AA 12 SFG 10 .545 3.38 29 22 7 11 1 1 168.0 150 75 63 4 88 4 142 11 3 12 1.417 8.0 0.2 4.7 7.6 1.61
76 Yutaro Imai 35 HAU JPPL Fgn 12 13 .480 4.99 35 31 3 14 1 3 220.0 247 129 122 34 65 5 96 12 0 1 959 1.418 10.1 1.4 2.7 3.9 1.48
77 Hugh Kemp 24 VMT,TAM,DEN EL,FLOR,AA AA,A,AAA 12 CIN 7 .632 2.63 28 28 0 8 5 0 188.0 151 67 55 14 70 2 154 1 3 6 1.176 7.2 0.7 3.4 7.4 2.20
78 Dana Kiecker 24 WHV FLOR A 12 BOS 12 .500 2.60 29 29 0 9 2 0 193.2 176 72 56 4 59 2 60 2 0 7 1.213 8.2 0.2 2.7 2.8 1.02
79 Roger Mason 27 PHX PCL AAA 12 SFG 1 .923 3.33 24 24 0 5 2 0 167.1 145 67 62 12 72 6 120 4 0 6 1.297 7.8 0.6 3.9 6.5 1.67
80 Chuck Mathews 23 OSC FLOR A 12 HOU 6 .667 3.18 29 22 2 2 1 0 152.2 159 66 54 6 47 1 74 2 0 7 1.349 9.4 0.4 2.8 4.4 1.57
81 Tim Meeks 23 ABQ PCL AAA 12 LAD 15 .444 3.93 32 29 3 6 1 0 183.0 187 93 80 14 62 3 120 0 2 1 1.361 9.2 0.7 3.0 5.9 1.94
82 John Mitchell 19 NBR EL AA 12 BOS 8 .600 2.70 26 26 0 10 1 0 190.1 143 71 57 4 61 4 108 2 1 11 1.072 6.8 0.2 2.9 5.1 1.77
83 Yoshihiro Nakada 26 HAN JPCL Fgn 12 5 .706 4.23 31 20 2 4 1 0 123.1 143 67 58 26 38 1 47 5 0 2 539 1.468 10.4 1.9 2.8 3.4 1.24
84 Tokunari Nishina 34 LOT JPPL Fgn 12 13 .480 4.32 30 30 0 9 1 0 198.0 218 116 95 35 44 3 103 12 1 0 852 1.323 9.9 1.6 2.0 4.7 2.34
85 Scott Patterson 26 ALC,CLB EL,IL AA,AAA 12 NYY 4 .750 2.36 48 0 28 0 0 6 84.0 62 28 22 3 29 8 61 2 0 2 1.083 6.6 0.3 3.1 6.5 2.10
86 Dan Plesac 23 ELP TL AA 12 MIL 5 .706 4.97 25 24 0 2 0 0 150.1 171 91 83 12 68 1 128 0 1 13 1.590 10.2 0.7 4.1 7.7 1.88
87 Ken Reed 22 APP MIDW A 12 CHW 4 .750 3.48 29 18 5 5 1 0 132.0 112 62 51 5 59 1 87 4 1 16 1.295 7.6 0.3 4.0 5.9 1.47
88 Mike Romanovsky 23 QDS MIDW A 12 CAL 8 .600 3.76 25 21 2 6 2 0 158.0 169 81 66 9 49 1 114 6 2 5 1.380 9.6 0.5 2.8 6.5 2.33
89 Masaki Saito 20 YOM JPCL Fgn 12 8 .600 2.96 41 20 12 5 4 7 155.0 125 59 51 14 53 5 124 3 2 0 626 1.148 7.3 0.8 3.1 7.2 2.34
90 Scott Skripko 23 GBO SALL A 12 BOS 9 .571 4.18 28 27 1 8 2 0 180.2 192 113 84 12 74 0 104 5 0 11 1.472 9.6 0.6 3.7 5.2 1.41
91 Pete Smith 19 CLW FLOR A 12 PHI 10 .545 3.29 26 25 0 4 1 0 153.0 135 68 56 2 80 1 86 2 6 3 1.405 7.9 0.1 4.7 5.1 1.08
92 Rich Strasser 25 CBS SOUL AA 12 HOU 9 .571 3.87 28 28 0 6 2 0 176.2 188 100 76 17 49 6 99 14 1 8 1.342 9.6 0.9 2.5 5.0 2.02
93 Dave Tobik 32 CGY PCL AAA 12 SEA 6 .667 5.18 56 1 30 0 0 5 88.2 98 59 51 8 58 9 97 2 0 9 1.759 9.9 0.8 5.9 9.8 1.67
94 Phil Torres 22 BAK,VRO CALL,FLOR A 12 LAD 4 .750 3.53 60 0 51 0 0 20 107.0 85 51 42 8 57 3 122 3 2 8 1.327 7.1 0.7 4.8 10.3 2.14
95 Tom Wasilewski 21 FLR SALL A 12 TOR 5 .706 3.70 32 20 9 1 0 3 136.1 123 64 56 9 76 0 107 3 0 11 1.460 8.1 0.6 5.0 7.1 1.41
96 Tony Arnold 26 CHR SOUL AA 11 BAL 7 .611 3.87 31 18 7 6 2 1 160.2 163 74 69 12 21 1 85 2 1 3 1.145 9.1 0.7 1.2 4.8 4.05
97 Eric Barry 24 ELP,STK TL,CALL AA,A 11 MIL 7 .611 3.38 47 5 22 1 0 6 106.2 114 43 40 10 31 1 73 2 0 5 1.359 9.6 0.8 2.6 6.2 2.35
98 Bob Bastian 26 EDM PCL AAA 11 CAL 12 .478 4.36 27 27 0 5 0 0 173.1 199 102 84 18 56 1 91 3 2 6 1.471 10.3 0.9 2.9 4.7 1.63
99 Tim Belcher 23 HVL SOUL AA 11 OAK 10 .524 4.69 29 26 1 3 1 0 149.2 145 99 78 12 99 0 90 7 2 11 1.630 8.7 0.7 6.0 5.4 0.91
100 Eric Bell 21 HGR CARL A 11 BAL 6 .647 3.13 26 26 0 5 2 0 158.1 141 73 55 7 63 0 162 1 0 4 1.288 8.0 0.4 3.6 9.2 2.57

About the Minor League Data

Historical performance data for professional leagues (affiliated minor leagues, independent minor leagues, fall/winter leagues, and other international leagues) is provided by and licensed from 24-7 Baseball and Chadwick Baseball Bureau. It incorporates the work of many stalwart baseball researchers, including Cliff Blau, Art Cantu, Frank Hamilton, Reed Howard, Kevin Johnson, Bob McConnell, Jack Morris, and Ray Nemec, as well as members of the Minor Leagues Committee of the Society for American Baseball Research.

Perhaps most importantly, it builds upon the seminal work of Ed Washuta, who magnanimously provided the framework to make the whole thing possible.

Minor league Total Zone (Rctch&Rtz, 2005-2009) data provided by Baseballprojection.com and Minorleaguesplits.com.