Chief Yellow Horse
Moses J. Yellow Horse
also called Yellowhorse or YellowHorse
- Bats Right, Throws Right
- Height 5' 10", Weight 180 lb.
- High School Chilocco Indian School
- Debut April 15, 1921
- Final Game October 1, 1922
- Born March 28, 1898 in Pawnee, OK USA
- Died April 10, 1964 in Pawnee, OK USA
Chief Yellow Horse, from Pawnee, OK, pitched in the major leagues for the Pittsburgh Pirates in 1921 and 1922. His given first name was "Moses". He is believed to have been the first full-blooded Native American to play in the major leagues, as others were apparently not full-blooded. He had a rather dark complexion, but because he was unambiguously Native American, Commissioner Kenesaw Mountain Landis supported his being signed to a major league team even though the color line was in full effect at the time.
With a lifetime record of 8-4, he was pretty successful, although his ERA was a bit below average in the second year.
He hurt his arm in both 1921 and in 1922. He was sent back to the minors in 1923, and spent 1923-1926 in the minors. He went 22-13 with a 3.68 ERA for the 1923 Sacramento Senators, tying Harry Gardner for fourth in the Pacific Coast League in ERA. He hurt his arm again in 1924 and was just 1-4 with a 6.07 ERA for Sacramento in his last season of regular action.
He developed a drinking problem when he was in the majors. After his playing days, he spent years drifting and drinking until in 1945 he quit drinking. He became a tribal elder, worked for the Ponca City ballclub, and for the Oklahoma State Highway Department.
He was used as the model for the character Yellow Pony in the "Dick Tracy" comic strip by artist Chester Gould, also born on the Pawnee reservation.
- George Skornickel: "Moses YellowHorse, Pittsburgh Pirate", in Cecilia M. Tan, ed.: Steel City Stories, The National Pastime, SABR, 2018, pp. 27-29.