Mobile Site You Are Here > Home > Box Scores > 1960 > Aug 3, 1960, Indians at Senators Box Score and Play by Play

View a short video showing advanced box score features / click orange/red text for additional info

Scores
Standings
CHW
@BAL
5
6
 
(11)
DET
@NYY
12
2
CLE
@WSH
7
4
CIN
@CHC
7
3
CIN
@CHC
2
4
SFG
@PHI
5
6
LAD
@PIT
3
1
 
(7)
MLN
@STL
8
13
Wednesday, August 3, 1960,
, Griffith Stadium
Attendance: 8,259, Time of Game: 2:22
Indians
7
50-46
 Won 1 
4th, 6 GB
at Senators
4
47-50
 Lost 1 
5th, 9½ GB
W: Mudcat Grant (7-5)
L: Tom Morgan (4-3)
                1  2  3   4  5  6   7  8  9    R  H  E
                -  -  -   -  -  -   -  -  -    -  -  -
Indians         2  0  1   0  0  0   3  1  0    7 12  1
Senators        1  0  1   0  0  2   0  0  0    4  6  4

Cleveland Indians

Batting AB R H RBI BB SO BA OPS WPA aLI WPA+ WPA- RE24 PO A
Johnny Temple 3B 4 2 2 0 0 1 .290 .706 0.197 1.17 0.282 -0.085 0.9 1 0 CS,SH
Ken Aspromonte 2B 5 2 2 3 0 0 .302 .766 0.270 1.07 0.314 -0.045 3.0 2 1 HR,2B
Harvey Kuenn RF 3 0 1 1 1 0 .298 .788 0.174 1.08 0.235 -0.061 0.6 4 0 SH
Vic Power 1B 5 0 1 1 0 0 .308 .734 0.003 1.07 0.118 -0.115 -0.8 2 0 GDP
Jim Piersall CF 5 0 0 0 0 0 .287 .782 -0.085 0.66 0.000 -0.085 -1.3 5 0
Mike de la Hoz SS 4 1 2 0 0 0 .361 .924 0.010 0.61 0.043 -0.033 0.3 3 1
Bubba Phillips LF 1 0 0 0 0 0 .203 .542 -0.015 0.59 0.000 -0.015 -0.2 2 0
   Tito Francona LF 2 1 2 0 0 0 .294 .805 0.099 1.23 0.106 -0.007 0.6 1 0 SH
Red Wilson C 4 0 0 0 0 0 .227 .575 -0.136 1.46 0.000 -0.136 -1.3 7 1
Mudcat Grant P 4 1 2 1 0 0 .268 .541 0.016 1.43 0.096 -0.080 0.6 0 1
Team Totals 37 7 12 6 1 1 .324 .775 0.533 1.07 1.194 -0.662 2.5 27 4
2B: K Aspromonte (10, off J Kralick).
HR: K Aspromonte (4, off J Kralick; 1st inn, 1 on, 0 outs to Deep LF).
SH: H Kuenn (2, off R Hernandez); J Temple (9, off J Kralick); T Francona (2, off R Hernandez).
TB: K Aspromonte 6; T Francona 2; J Temple 2; M Grant 2; M de la Hoz 2; V Power; H Kuenn.
GIDP: V Power (8).
RBI: K Aspromonte 3 (27); V Power (49); H Kuenn (42); M Grant (6).
2-out RBI: V Power; M Grant; H Kuenn.
Team LOB: 7.
With RISP: 4 for 14.
Fielding
E: V Power (2).
Baserunning
CS: J Temple (4, 3rd base by T Morgan/E Battey).

Washington Senators

Batting AB R H RBI BB SO BA OPS WPA aLI WPA+ WPA- RE24 PO A
Reno Bertoia 3B 4 0 0 0 0 0 .291 .730 -0.042 1.15 0.049 -0.092 -0.4 1 4
Lenny Green CF 4 2 3 1 0 0 .268 .767 0.276 1.28 0.322 -0.045 2.5 4 0 3B,2B
Harmon Killebrew 1B 4 0 1 0 0 3 .272 .873 -0.100 1.67 0.055 -0.155 -0.9 18 0
Jim Lemon LF 4 0 0 0 0 0 .289 .924 -0.149 1.62 0.000 -0.149 -1.0 0 0
Faye Throneberry RF 3 1 1 2 1 0 .250 .665 0.282 1.31 0.401 -0.119 1.2 1 0 HR,CS
Billy Gardner 2B 4 0 0 0 0 2 .284 .744 -0.086 0.88 0.000 -0.086 -0.8 2 3
Earl Battey C 4 0 0 0 0 0 .242 .704 -0.098 0.96 0.000 -0.098 -0.7 0 2
Billy Consolo SS 2 1 1 0 1 0 .233 .663 0.056 1.03 0.082 -0.026 0.5 0 7
   Elmer Valo PH 1 0 0 0 0 0 .225 .640 -0.005 0.18 0.000 -0.005 -0.1
Jack Kralick P 0 0 0 0 0 0 .067 .243 0.000 0.00 0.000 0.000 0.0 0 0
   Dan Dobbek PH 1 0 0 0 0 0 .198 .668 -0.041 1.77 0.000 -0.041 -0.4
   Tom Morgan P 1 0 0 0 0 0 .000 .000 -0.043 1.81 0.000 -0.043 -0.3 1 1
   Ray Moore P 0 0 0 0 0 0 .083 .167 0.000 0.00 0.000 0.000 0.0 0 0
   Bob Allison PH 1 0 0 0 0 1 .266 .818 -0.016 0.62 0.000 -0.016 -0.1
   Rudy Hernandez P 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000 .000 0.000 0.00 0.000 0.000 0.0 0 1
Team Totals 33 4 6 3 2 6 .182 .592 0.034 1.23 0.909 -0.875 -0.5 27 18
2B: L Green (8, off M Grant).
3B: L Green (5, off M Grant).
HR: F Throneberry (1, off M Grant; 6th inn, 1 on, 2 outs to Deep CF).
TB: L Green 6; F Throneberry 4; B Consolo; H Killebrew.
RBI: F Throneberry 2 (19); L Green (17).
2-out RBI: F Throneberry 2; L Green.
Team LOB: 4.
With RISP: 0 for 4.
Fielding
DP: 1. R Bertoia-B Gardner-H Killebrew.
E: B Consolo 2 (10); F Throneberry (3); R Bertoia (9).
Baserunning
CS: F Throneberry (1, 2nd base by M Grant/R Wilson).

Cleveland Indians

Pitching IP H R ER BB SO HR ERA BF GSc IR IS WPA aLI RE24
Mudcat Grant, W (7-5) 9 6 4 4 2 6 1 4.17 35 63 -0.034 1.23 0.5
Team Totals 9 6 4 4 2 6 1 4.00 35 63 -0.034 1.23 0.5

Washington Senators

Pitching IP H R ER BB SO HR ERA BF GSc IR IS WPA aLI RE24
Jack Kralick 3 4 3 3 1 0 1 3.03 13 38 -0.169 0.92 -1.5
Tom Morgan, L (4-3) 3.2 6 3 0 0 0 0 4.14 18 0 0 -0.352 1.48 -1.4
Ray Moore 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 4.11 1 2 0 0.029 1.14 0.4
Rudy Hernandez 2 2 1 1 0 1 0 2.20 9 0 0 -0.042 0.42 -0.0
Team Totals 9 12 7 4 1 1 1 4.00 41 38 2 0 -0.534 1.07 -2.5
Balks: None.
WP: M Grant (6); J Kralick (2).
HBP: None.
IBB: None.
Pickoffs: None.

Other Info

Umpires: HP - Larry Napp, 1B - Frank Umont, 2B - Cal Drummond, 3B - Charlie Berry.
Time of Game: 2:22.
Attendance: Not Given.
Field Condition: Unknown.
Start Time Weather: Unknown.

Starting Lineups

Cleveland Indians         Washington Senators
1 Johnny Temple 3B 1 Reno Bertoia 3B
2 Ken Aspromonte 2B 2 Lenny Green CF
3 Harvey Kuenn RF 3 Harmon Killebrew 1B
4 Vic Power 1B 4 Jim Lemon LF
5 Jim Piersall CF 5 Faye Throneberry RF
6 Mike de la Hoz SS 6 Billy Gardner 2B
7 Bubba Phillips LF 7 Earl Battey C
8 Red Wilson C 8 Billy Consolo SS
9 Mudcat Grant P 9 Jack Kralick P

Win Probability Chart

Explanation of WPA  · Mouse over chart for play descriptions  · See below chart for tools  · Direct Link in URL Bar

Clear Chart
Big Plays
Scoring Plays
Fix Chart in View While Scrolling

Hold mouse over play on chart to see description of play.
Leverage is shown below the chart Low to High.

Top 5 Plays

View Pitches · wWE and wWPA Explanation
Inn Score Out RoB Pit(cnt) R/O @Bat Batter Pitcher wWPA wWE Play Description
b6 2-3 2 1-- RR WSH F. Throneberry M. Grant -36% 29% Home Run (Deep CF); Green Scores
t7 4-4 2 12- R CLE H. Kuenn T. Morgan 21% 70% Single to RF; Temple Scores/unER; Aspromonte to 3B
t7 3-4 2 -2- R CLE J. Temple T. Morgan 18% 45% Reached on E6 (Ground Ball); Francona Scores/No RBI/unER
t1 0-0 0 1-- RR CLE K. Aspromonte J. Kralick 15% 69% Home Run (Deep LF); Temple Scores
b3 1-3 2 1-- R WSH L. Green M. Grant -12% 59% Double to LF; Consolo Scores

Play By Play

Inn Score Out RoB Pit(cnt) R/O @Bat Batter Pitcher wWPA wWE Play Description
Top of the 1st, Indians Batting, Tied 0-0, Senators' Jack Kralick facing 1-2-3
t1 0-0 0 --- CLE J. Temple J. Kralick 4% 54% Single to CF
t1 0-0 0 1-- RR CLE K. Aspromonte J. Kralick 15% 69% Home Run (Deep LF); Temple Scores
t1 2-0 0 --- CLE H. Kuenn J. Kralick 3% 72% Walk
t1 2-0 0 1-- OO CLE V. Power J. Kralick -6% 66% Ground Ball Double Play: 3B-2B-1B
t1 2-0 2 --- O CLE J. Piersall J. Kralick -1% 65% Foul Flyball: 1B
2 runs, 2 hits, 0 errors, 0 LOB. Indians 2, Senators 0.
Bottom of the 1st, Senators Batting, Behind 0-2, Indians' Mudcat Grant facing 1-2-3
b1 0-2 0 --- O WSH R. Bertoia M. Grant 2% 68% Flyball: LF
b1 0-2 1 --- WSH L. Green M. Grant -7% 61% Triple to CF
b1 0-2 1 --3 O WSH H. Killebrew M. Grant 6% 67% Strikeout
b1 0-2 2 --3 R WSH J. Lemon M. Grant -7% 59% Wild Pitch; Green Scores/No RBI
b1 1-2 2 --- O WSH J. Lemon M. Grant 1% 61% Flyball: RF
1 run, 1 hit, 0 errors, 0 LOB. Indians 2, Senators 1.
Top of the 2nd, Indians Batting, Ahead 2-1, Senators' Jack Kralick facing 6-7-8
t2 2-1 0 --- O CLE M. de la Hoz J. Kralick -2% 58% Groundout: SS-1B
t2 2-1 1 --- O CLE B. Phillips J. Kralick -1% 57% Flyball: CF (Deep CF)
t2 2-1 2 --- O CLE R. Wilson J. Kralick -1% 56% Lineout: 2B
0 runs, 0 hits, 0 errors, 0 LOB. Indians 2, Senators 1.
Bottom of the 2nd, Senators Batting, Behind 1-2, Indians' Mudcat Grant facing 5-6-7
b2 1-2 0 --- WSH F. Throneberry M. Grant -4% 52% Walk
b2 1-2 0 1-- O WSH B. Gardner M. Grant 4% 56% Strikeout
b2 1-2 1 1-- O WSH E. Battey M. Grant 5% 60% Throneberry Caught Stealing 2B (C-2B)
b2 1-2 2 --- O WSH E. Battey M. Grant 1% 61% Lineout: LF
0 runs, 0 hits, 0 errors, 0 LOB. Indians 2, Senators 1.
Top of the 3rd, Indians Batting, Ahead 2-1, Senators' Jack Kralick facing 9-1-2
t3 2-1 0 --- CLE M. Grant J. Kralick 3% 65% Single to LF
t3 2-1 0 1-- O CLE J. Temple J. Kralick -2% 63% Bunt Groundout: 3B-1B/Sacrifice; Grant to 2B
t3 2-1 1 -2- R CLE K. Aspromonte J. Kralick 10% 73% Double to LF; Grant Scores
t3 3-1 1 -2- CLE H. Kuenn J. Kralick 2% 75% Wild Pitch; Aspromonte to 3B
t3 3-1 1 --3 O CLE H. Kuenn J. Kralick -5% 71% Lineout: 1B
t3 3-1 2 --3 O CLE V. Power J. Kralick -3% 68% Groundout: SS-1B
1 run, 2 hits, 0 errors, 1 LOB. Indians 3, Senators 1.
Bottom of the 3rd, Senators Batting, Behind 1-3, Indians' Mudcat Grant facing 8-9-1
b3 1-3 0 --- WSH B. Consolo M. Grant -4% 63% Single to RF
Tito Francona replaces Bubba Phillips playing LF batting 7th
Dan Dobbek pinch hits for Jack Kralick (P) batting 9th
b3 1-3 0 1-- O WSH D. Dobbek M. Grant 4% 67% Flyball: CF
b3 1-3 1 1-- O WSH R. Bertoia M. Grant 3% 71% Flyball: LF (Deep LF)
b3 1-3 2 1-- R WSH L. Green M. Grant -12% 59% Double to LF; Consolo Scores
b3 2-3 2 -2- O WSH H. Killebrew M. Grant 4% 63% Strikeout Looking
1 run, 2 hits, 0 errors, 1 LOB. Indians 3, Senators 2.
Top of the 4th, Indians Batting, Ahead 3-2, Senators' Tom Morgan facing 5-6-7
Tom Morgan replaces Dan Dobbek (PH) pitching and batting 9th
t4 3-2 0 --- O CLE J. Piersall T. Morgan -2% 60% Flyball: CF
t4 3-2 1 --- CLE M. de la Hoz T. Morgan 2% 63% Single to LF
t4 3-2 1 1-- CLE T. Francona T. Morgan 4% 66% Single to LF; de la Hoz to 2B
t4 3-2 1 12- O CLE R. Wilson T. Morgan -4% 62% Flyball: RF
t4 3-2 2 12- O CLE M. Grant T. Morgan -4% 58% Groundout: 2B-1B
0 runs, 2 hits, 0 errors, 2 LOB. Indians 3, Senators 2.
Bottom of the 4th, Senators Batting, Behind 2-3, Indians' Mudcat Grant facing 4-5-6
b4 2-3 0 --- O WSH J. Lemon M. Grant 3% 61% Popfly: SS
b4 2-3 1 --- O WSH F. Throneberry M. Grant 2% 63% Flyball: CF
b4 2-3 2 --- O WSH B. Gardner M. Grant 1% 64% Strikeout
0 runs, 0 hits, 0 errors, 0 LOB. Indians 3, Senators 2.
Top of the 5th, Indians Batting, Ahead 3-2, Senators' Tom Morgan facing 1-2-3
t5 3-2 0 --- CLE J. Temple T. Morgan 7% 71% Single to RF; Temple to 2B/Adv on E9
t5 3-2 0 -2- O CLE K. Aspromonte T. Morgan -4% 66% Groundout: SS-1B; Temple stays at 2B
t5 3-2 1 -2- O CLE H. Kuenn T. Morgan -6% 60% Temple Caught Stealing 3B (C-3B)
t5 3-2 2 --- O CLE H. Kuenn T. Morgan -1% 59% Groundout: P unassisted
0 runs, 1 hit, 1 error, 0 LOB. Indians 3, Senators 2.
Bottom of the 5th, Senators Batting, Behind 2-3, Indians' Mudcat Grant facing 7-8-9
b5 2-3 0 --- O WSH E. Battey M. Grant 3% 62% Flyball: CF
b5 2-3 1 --- WSH B. Consolo M. Grant -4% 58% Walk
b5 2-3 1 1-- O WSH T. Morgan M. Grant 4% 63% Groundout: P-SS/Forceout at 2B
b5 2-3 2 1-- O WSH R. Bertoia M. Grant 4% 66% Popfly: 1B
0 runs, 0 hits, 0 errors, 1 LOB. Indians 3, Senators 2.
Top of the 6th, Indians Batting, Ahead 3-2, Senators' Tom Morgan facing 4-5-6
t6 3-2 0 --- O CLE V. Power T. Morgan -2% 64% Groundout: 2B-1B
t6 3-2 1 --- O CLE J. Piersall T. Morgan -2% 62% Groundout: SS-1B
t6 3-2 2 --- O CLE M. de la Hoz T. Morgan -1% 61% Groundout: P-1B
0 runs, 0 hits, 0 errors, 0 LOB. Indians 3, Senators 2.
Bottom of the 6th, Senators Batting, Behind 2-3, Indians' Mudcat Grant facing 2-3-4
b6 2-3 0 --- WSH L. Green M. Grant -6% 54% Single to CF
b6 2-3 0 1-- O WSH H. Killebrew M. Grant 6% 60% Strikeout Looking
b6 2-3 1 1-- O WSH J. Lemon M. Grant 5% 65% Flyball: RF
b6 2-3 2 1-- RR WSH F. Throneberry M. Grant -36% 29% Home Run (Deep CF); Green Scores
b6 4-3 2 --- O WSH B. Gardner M. Grant 1% 30% Flyball: CF
2 runs, 2 hits, 0 errors, 0 LOB. Indians 3, Senators 4.
Top of the 7th, Indians Batting, Behind 3-4, Senators' Tom Morgan facing 7-8-9
t7 3-4 0 --- CLE T. Francona T. Morgan 7% 37% Single to CF
t7 3-4 0 1-- O CLE R. Wilson T. Morgan -7% 31% Flyball: CF
t7 3-4 1 1-- O CLE M. Grant T. Morgan -4% 27% Groundout: SS-1B; Francona to 2B
t7 3-4 2 -2- R CLE J. Temple T. Morgan 18% 45% Reached on E6 (Ground Ball); Francona Scores/No RBI/unER
t7 4-4 2 1-- CLE K. Aspromonte T. Morgan 3% 49% Reached on E6 (Ground Ball); Temple to 2B
t7 4-4 2 12- R CLE H. Kuenn T. Morgan 21% 70% Single to RF; Temple Scores/unER; Aspromonte to 3B
t7 5-4 2 1-3 R CLE V. Power T. Morgan 12% 81% Single to LF; Aspromonte Scores/unER; Kuenn to 2B
Ray Moore replaces Tom Morgan pitching and batting 9th
t7 6-4 2 12- O CLE J. Piersall R. Moore -3% 79% Groundout: 3B-1B
3 runs, 3 hits, 2 errors, 2 LOB. Indians 6, Senators 4.
Bottom of the 7th, Senators Batting, Behind 4-6, Indians' Mudcat Grant facing 7-8-9
b7 4-6 0 --- O WSH E. Battey M. Grant 4% 82% Popfly: 3B
b7 4-6 1 --- O WSH B. Consolo M. Grant 3% 85% Groundout: 2B-1B
Bob Allison pinch hits for Ray Moore (P) batting 9th
b7 4-6 2 --- O WSH B. Allison M. Grant 2% 87% Strikeout
0 runs, 0 hits, 0 errors, 0 LOB. Indians 6, Senators 4.
Top of the 8th, Indians Batting, Ahead 6-4, Senators' Rudy Hernandez facing 6-7-8
Rudy Hernandez replaces Bob Allison (PH) pitching and batting 9th
t8 6-4 0 --- CLE M. de la Hoz R. Hernandez 2% 88% Single to CF
t8 6-4 0 1-- O CLE T. Francona R. Hernandez -1% 88% Bunt Groundout: 3B-1B/Sacrifice; de la Hoz to 2B
t8 6-4 1 -2- O CLE R. Wilson R. Hernandez -2% 86% Groundout: SS-1B; de la Hoz to 3B
t8 6-4 2 --3 R CLE M. Grant R. Hernandez 6% 92% Single to CF; de la Hoz Scores
t8 7-4 2 1-- O CLE J. Temple R. Hernandez -1% 92% Strikeout (C-1B)
1 run, 2 hits, 0 errors, 1 LOB. Indians 7, Senators 4.
Bottom of the 8th, Senators Batting, Behind 4-7, Indians' Mudcat Grant facing 1-2-3
b8 4-7 0 --- WSH R. Bertoia M. Grant -5% 87% Reached on E3 (Ground Ball)
b8 4-7 0 1-- O WSH L. Green M. Grant 5% 91% Flyball: RF
b8 4-7 1 1-- WSH H. Killebrew M. Grant -6% 86% Single to RF (Short RF); Bertoia to 2B
b8 4-7 1 12- O WSH J. Lemon M. Grant 6% 91% Groundout: SS-2B/Forceout at 2B; Bertoia to 3B
b8 4-7 2 1-3 O WSH F. Throneberry M. Grant 5% 97% Flyball: CF
0 runs, 1 hit, 1 error, 2 LOB. Indians 7, Senators 4.
Top of the 9th, Indians Batting, Ahead 7-4, Senators' Rudy Hernandez facing 2-3-4
t9 7-4 0 --- CLE K. Aspromonte R. Hernandez 1% 97% Reached on E5 (Ground Ball)
t9 7-4 0 1-- O CLE H. Kuenn R. Hernandez -0% 97% Bunt Groundout: P-1B/Sacrifice; Aspromonte to 2B
t9 7-4 1 -2- O CLE V. Power R. Hernandez -0% 97% Groundout: SS-1B; Aspromonte to 3B
t9 7-4 2 --3 O CLE J. Piersall R. Hernandez -1% 96% Flyball: CF
0 runs, 0 hits, 1 error, 1 LOB. Indians 7, Senators 4.
Bottom of the 9th, Senators Batting, Behind 4-7, Indians' Mudcat Grant facing 6-7-8
b9 4-7 0 --- O WSH B. Gardner M. Grant 2% 98% Lineout: RF
b9 4-7 1 --- O WSH E. Battey M. Grant 1% 100% Foul Flyball: C
Elmer Valo pinch hits for Billy Consolo (SS) batting 8th
b9 4-7 2 --- O WSH E. Valo M. Grant 0% 100% Popfly: SS
0 runs, 0 hits, 0 errors, 0 LOB. Indians 7, Senators 4.

Retrosheet.org Boxscore:WS1196008030
BackToBaseball.com Game Playback

  • Score- The score from the perspective of the batting team.
  • RoB- This gives the baserunner (Runners on Base) configuration at the start of the play. "1-3" would mean runners on first and third. Clicking on this will show the defensive players and baserunners on the field for this play.
  • Pit- When available, the number of pitches in this plate appearance. Clicking on this number will show the sequence of pitches thrown including, when available, things like runner going, ball blocked, attempted pickoffs and the like. We believe this data to be as accurate as humanly possible, but there are going to be some errors in the data, so please take it with a grain of salt. Clicking on this will show the defensive players and baserunners on the field for this play.
  • R/O- This has a "O" for every out on the play and an "R" for every run that scored on the play. Some plays will have both in no particular order.
  • Batter- The batter at the plate when this play occurred. If the play is a baserunning event, then the batter's name will be repeated as indicated by quotes.
  • Pitcher- The pitcher on the mound when this play occurred.
  • wWPA- Winning Team's Win Probability Added. The amount that this play increased or decreased the eventual winning team's probability of winning the game. More About Win Probability Added
  • wWE- Winning Team's Win Expectancy. The probability of the eventual winning team winning the game prior to this play given two average teams playing each other. More About Win Probability Added
  • Play Detail- This is an explanation of the play that occurred. In some cases, batted ball location and type will be indicated within parentheses. Again, these are best efforts to the record the game as it happened. Also, plays made on the baserunners (including the batter as a baserunner) will be indicated in parentheses after the baserunner's name. Advancement of baserunners is given in cases where the advancement is not easily deduced or obvious from the play. For example, advancement for a walk will not be given, but for a single or double it will be given.

Please report any issues or strangeness you see with the description of plays given above. We have tested several hundred different types of plays, but, in all likelihood, there are still some errors or misinterpretations of the play-by-play data.

The play-by-play information both shown and used to create certain data sets was obtained free of charge from and is copyrighted by RetroSheet.

In some cases, the results from play-by-play data will contradict results in the official record. The official record has many, many errors, but we have not undertaken to reconcile those errors. Pitch-by-pitch data should not be taken as completely accurate, though we believe it to be as accurate as is currently possible.

Box scores and play-by-play outputs produced by Sports Reference LLC. All Rights Reserved.