Mobile Site You Are Here >  >  >  > May 7, 2006, Tigers at Twins Box Score and Play by Play

News: s-r blog:Offseason Updates

View a short video showing advanced box score features / click orange/red text for additional info

Scores
Standings
BAL
@BOS
3
10
KCR
@CHW
2
3
DET
@MIN
2
4
TBD
@OAK
3
2
CLE
@SEA
2
0
NYY
@TEX
8
5
LAA
@TOR
1
3
CIN
@ARI
9
8
HOU
@COL
3
5
STL
@FLA
9
1
MIL
@LAD
2
10
ATL
@NYM
13
3
SFG
@PHI
5
9
CHC
@SDP
3
6
PIT
@WSN
4
5
Sunday, May 7, 2006, 1:11PM
, Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome
Attendance: 20,548, Time of Game: 2:22
Tigers
2
20-12
 Lost 2 
2nd, 2½ GB
at Twins
4
13-18
 Won 2 
4th, 9 GB
W: Johan Santana (3-3)
L: Mike Maroth (4-2)
S: Joe Nathan (4)
                1  2  3   4  5  6   7  8  9    R  H  E
                -  -  -   -  -  -   -  -  -    -  -  -
Tigers          0  0  0   0  0  0   2  0  0    2  5  0
Twins           2  0  1   0  1  0   0  0  X    4  9  0

Detroit Tigers

Batting AB R H RBI BB SO PA BA OBP SLG OPS Pit Str WPA aLI WPA+ WPA- RE24 PO A
Brandon Inge 3B 4 0 0 0 0 2 4 .240 .312 .542 .854 17 10 -0.107 1.03 0.000 -0.107 -1.1 0 3
Craig Monroe CF 4 0 0 0 0 0 4 .233 .274 .483 .757 12 10 -0.073 0.69 0.000 -0.073 -0.8 3 0
Ivan Rodriguez DH 4 1 2 0 0 2 4 .321 .361 .438 .799 19 15 0.030 0.49 0.051 -0.020 0.3
Magglio Ordonez RF 4 1 1 2 0 1 4 .311 .339 .588 .927 18 11 0.015 1.06 0.100 -0.085 0.9 2 0 HR
Marcus Thames LF 2 0 0 0 1 0 3 .302 .375 .628 1.003 14 6 -0.026 0.88 0.027 -0.052 -0.2 2 1
   Curtis Granderson PH 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 .250 .353 .448 .801 2 2 -0.041 1.57 0.000 -0.041 -0.3
Chris Shelton 1B 4 0 1 0 0 2 4 .296 .364 .661 1.025 16 13 -0.019 0.89 0.041 -0.060 -0.2 11 1
Vance Wilson C 3 0 1 0 0 2 3 .304 .360 .391 .751 13 8 0.073 1.27 0.128 -0.055 0.3 4 1 2B
   Carlos Guillen PH 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 .295 .365 .536 .901 6 3 -0.013 0.47 0.000 -0.013 -0.1
Ramon Santiago SS 3 0 0 0 0 2 3 .208 .208 .292 .500 8 7 -0.148 1.35 0.000 -0.148 -1.2 1 4
Omar Infante 2B 2 0 0 0 0 2 3 .243 .282 .351 .633 9 6 -0.086 1.32 0.019 -0.105 -0.5 0 3 HBP
Mike Maroth P 0 0
   Jordan Tata P 1 0
Team Totals 32 2 5 2 1 14 34 .156 .206 .281 .487 134 91 -0.395 0.97 0.366 -0.759 -2.9 24 13
2B: V Wilson (2, off J Santana).
HR: M Ordonez (9, off J Santana, 7th inn, 1 on, 0 outs to CF).
HBP: O Infante (2, by J Santana).
TB: M Ordonez 4; V Wilson 2; I Rodriguez 2; C Shelton.
RBI: M Ordonez 2 (23).
Team LOB: 5.
With RISP: 0 for 3.
Fielding
PB: V Wilson (2).
Outfield Assists: M Thames (M Cuddyer at home plate).

Minnesota Twins

Batting AB R H RBI BB SO PA BA OBP SLG OPS Pit Str WPA aLI WPA+ WPA- RE24 PO A
Shannon Stewart LF 4 0 0 0 0 1 4 .296 .350 .389 .739 18 10 -0.063 0.57 0.000 -0.063 -1.0 0 0
Luis Castillo 2B 4 2 2 1 0 0 4 .351 .413 .447 .860 20 14 0.068 0.44 0.087 -0.019 1.1 4 0 HR,2B
Joe Mauer C 4 0 1 0 0 2 4 .312 .383 .409 .792 14 10 -0.021 0.58 0.025 -0.046 0.2 13 1
Torii Hunter CF 3 2 1 0 1 0 4 .243 .298 .470 .768 14 7 0.002 0.61 0.026 -0.025 -0.4 4 0 2B
Michael Cuddyer RF 3 0 2 2 1 0 4 .310 .365 .603 .969 18 9 0.199 0.84 0.207 -0.008 2.7 2 0 3B,2B
Justin Morneau 1B 4 0 1 1 0 1 4 .204 .271 .408 .679 19 15 -0.015 0.80 0.052 -0.067 -1.0 4 1
Rondell White DH 3 0 1 0 1 0 4 .157 .170 .176 .346 13 4 0.009 0.47 0.027 -0.019 0.1 IW
Tony Batista 3B 4 0 0 0 0 0 4 .245 .302 .378 .679 12 8 -0.045 0.57 0.000 -0.045 -1.4 0 1
Juan Castro SS 4 0 1 0 0 0 4 .235 .271 .284 .555 10 6 -0.028 0.36 0.006 -0.034 -0.6 0 3
Johan Santana P 0 0
   Juan Rincon P 0 0
   Joe Nathan P 0 0
Team Totals 33 4 9 4 3 4 36 .273 .333 .515 .848 138 83 0.106 0.58 0.430 -0.326 -0.3 27 6
2B: L Castillo (4, off M Maroth); T Hunter (5, off M Maroth); M Cuddyer (6, off M Maroth).
3B: M Cuddyer (1, off M Maroth).
HR: L Castillo (1, off M Maroth, 5th inn, 0 on, 0 outs to LF).
IBB: R White (1, by M Maroth).
TB: L Castillo 6; M Cuddyer 5; T Hunter 2; R White; J Mauer; J Castro; J Morneau.
RBI: M Cuddyer 2 (8); L Castillo (12); J Morneau (17).
2-out RBI: M Cuddyer 2; J Morneau.
Team LOB: 8.
With RISP: 2 for 9.

Detroit Tigers

Pitching IP H R ER BB SO HR ERA BF Pit Str Ctct StS StL GB FB LD Unk GSc IR IS WPA aLI RE24
Mike Maroth, L (4-2) 5 9 4 4 3 3 1 2.55 26 100 57 34 5 18 7 13 4 0 33 -0.160 0.68 -1.3
Jordan Tata 3 0 0 0 0 1 0 3.86 10 38 26 17 2 7 5 4 2 0 0 0 0.054 0.34 1.6
Team Totals 8 9 4 4 3 4 1 4.50 36 138 83 51 7 25 12 17 6 0 33 0 0 -0.106 0.58 0.3

Minnesota Twins

Pitching IP H R ER BB SO HR ERA BF Pit Str Ctct StS StL GB FB LD Unk GSc IR IS WPA aLI RE24
Johan Santana, W (3-3) 7 4 2 2 1 11 1 3.69 27 102 73 40 24 9 5 9 1 0 71 0.235 0.95 1.8
Juan Rincon, H (5) 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 2.20 4 18 9 7 1 1 1 2 1 0 0 0 0.080 1.08 0.5
Joe Nathan, S (4) 1 0 0 0 0 2 0 2.70 3 14 9 2 2 5 0 1 1 0 0 0 0.080 1.02 0.5
Team Totals 9 5 2 2 1 14 1 2.00 34 134 91 49 27 15 6 12 3 0 71 0 0 0.395 0.97 2.9
Balks: None.
WP: None.
HBP: J Santana (2; O Infante).
IBB: M Maroth (1; R White).
Pickoffs: None.

Other Info

Umpires: HP - Bruce Dreckman, 1B - Adam Dowdy, 2B - Gary Darling, 3B - Larry Poncino.
Time of Game: 2:22.
Attendance: 20,548.
Field Condition: Unknown.
Start Time Weather: 70° F, Wind 0mph.

Starting Lineups

Win Probability Chart

Explanation of WPA  · Mouse over chart for play descriptions  · See below chart for tools  · Direct Link in URL Bar

Clear Chart
Big Plays
Scoring Plays
Fix Chart in View While Scrolling

Hold mouse over play on chart to see description of play.
Leverage is shown below the chart Low to High.

Top 5 Plays

View Pitches · wWE and wWPA Explanation
Inn Score Out RoB Pit(cnt) R/O @Bat Batter Pitcher wWPA wWE Play Description
b1 0-0 2 12- 4,(2-1)  RR MIN M. Cuddyer M. Maroth 18% 72% Triple to LF (Fly Ball to Deep CF); Castillo Scores; Hunter Scores
t7 2-4 1 1-- 3,(1-1)  DET V. Wilson J. Santana -13% 68% Double to LF (Line Drive to Deep LF); Shelton to 3B
t7 2-4 1 -23 2,(1-0)  O DET R. Santiago J. Santana 11% 79% Flyball: RF
t7 0-4 0 1-- 3,(1-1)  RR DET M. Ordonez J. Santana -10% 81% Home Run (Fly Ball); Rodriguez Scores
t7 2-4 2 -23 4,(1-2)  O DET O. Infante J. Santana 9% 88% Strikeout Swinging

Play By Play

Inn Score Out RoB Pit(cnt) R/O @Bat Batter Pitcher wWPA wWE Play Description
Top of the 1st, Tigers Batting, Tied 0-0, Twins' Johan Santana facing 1-2-3
t1 0-0 0 --- 1,(0-0)  O DET B. Inge J. Santana 2% 52% Flyball: CF (Deep CF)
t1 0-0 1 --- 3,(1-1)  O DET C. Monroe J. Santana 2% 54% Groundout: 3B-1B
t1 0-0 2 --- 3,(0-2)  O DET I. Rodriguez J. Santana 1% 55% Strikeout Swinging
0 runs, 0 hits, 0 errors, 0 LOB. Tigers 0, Twins 0.
Bottom of the 1st, Twins Batting, Tied 0-0, Tigers' Mike Maroth facing 1-2-3
b1 0-0 0 --- 5,(3-1)  O MIN S. Stewart M. Maroth -2% 53% Groundout: 3B-1B
b1 0-0 1 --- 7,(2-2)  MIN L. Castillo M. Maroth 4% 57% Ground-rule Double (Fly Ball to LF-CF)
b1 0-0 1 -2- 6,(2-2)  O MIN J. Mauer M. Maroth -3% 53% Strikeout Swinging
b1 0-0 2 -2- 4,(3-0)  MIN T. Hunter M. Maroth 1% 54% Walk
b1 0-0 2 12- 4,(2-1)  RR MIN M. Cuddyer M. Maroth 18% 72% Triple to LF (Fly Ball to Deep CF); Castillo Scores; Hunter Scores
b1 2-0 2 --3 4,(1-2)  O MIN J. Morneau M. Maroth -3% 69% Strikeout Swinging
2 runs, 2 hits, 0 errors, 1 LOB. Tigers 0, Twins 2.
Top of the 2nd, Tigers Batting, Behind 0-2, Twins' Johan Santana facing 4-5-6
t2 0-2 0 --- 5,(2-2)  O DET M. Ordonez J. Santana 2% 72% Strikeout Swinging
t2 0-2 1 --- 3,(2-0)  O DET M. Thames J. Santana 2% 73% Flyball: CF
t2 0-2 2 --- 3,(0-2)  O DET C. Shelton J. Santana 1% 74% Strikeout Swinging
0 runs, 0 hits, 0 errors, 0 LOB. Tigers 0, Twins 2.
Bottom of the 2nd, Twins Batting, Ahead 2-0, Tigers' Mike Maroth facing 7-8-9
b2 2-0 0 --- 3,(2-0)  MIN R. White M. Maroth 2% 77% Single to CF (Ground Ball)
b2 2-0 0 1-- 2,(0-1)  O MIN T. Batista M. Maroth -1% 76% Groundout: 3B-1B; White to 2B
b2 2-0 1 -2- 3,(2-0)  O MIN J. Castro M. Maroth -3% 73% Groundout: SS-1B
b2 2-0 2 -2- 5,(2-2)  O MIN S. Stewart M. Maroth -2% 71% Flyball: CF (Deep CF)
0 runs, 1 hit, 0 errors, 1 LOB. Tigers 0, Twins 2.
Top of the 3rd, Tigers Batting, Behind 0-2, Twins' Johan Santana facing 7-8-9
t3 0-2 0 --- 6,(3-2)  O DET V. Wilson J. Santana 3% 73% Strikeout Swinging
t3 0-2 1 --- 3,(0-2)  O DET R. Santiago J. Santana 2% 75% Strikeout Swinging (C-1B)
t3 0-2 2 --- 4,(1-2)  O DET O. Infante J. Santana 1% 76% Strikeout Swinging
0 runs, 0 hits, 0 errors, 0 LOB. Tigers 0, Twins 2.
Bottom of the 3rd, Twins Batting, Ahead 2-0, Tigers' Mike Maroth facing 2-3-4
b3 2-0 0 --- 2,(0-1)  O MIN L. Castillo M. Maroth -2% 74% Flyball: LF
b3 2-0 1 --- 1,(0-0)  O MIN J. Mauer M. Maroth -1% 73% Groundout: 1B unassisted
b3 2-0 2 --- 1,(0-0)  MIN T. Hunter M. Maroth 2% 75% Double to LF (Line Drive to Deep LF)
b3 2-0 2 -2- 7,(3-2)  MIN M. Cuddyer M. Maroth 1% 75% Walk
b3 2-0 2 12- 3,(0-2)  RO MIN J. Morneau M. Maroth 5% 81% Single to LF (Line Drive); Hunter Scores; Cuddyer out at Hm
1 run, 2 hits, 0 errors, 1 LOB. Tigers 0, Twins 3.
Top of the 4th, Tigers Batting, Behind 0-3, Twins' Johan Santana facing 1-2-3
t4 0-3 0 --- 6,(3-2)  O DET B. Inge J. Santana 2% 83% Strikeout Swinging
t4 0-3 1 --- 5,(1-2)  O DET C. Monroe J. Santana 2% 85% Groundout: SS-1B
t4 0-3 2 --- 5,(1-2)  O DET I. Rodriguez J. Santana 1% 86% Strikeout Swinging
0 runs, 0 hits, 0 errors, 0 LOB. Tigers 0, Twins 3.
Bottom of the 4th, Twins Batting, Ahead 3-0, Tigers' Mike Maroth facing 7-8-9
b4 3-0 0 --- 1,(0-0)  O MIN R. White M. Maroth -1% 84% Groundout: SS-1B
b4 3-0 1 --- 4,(1-2)  O MIN T. Batista M. Maroth -1% 84% Groundout: SS-1B
b4 3-0 2 --- 2,(1-0)  MIN J. Castro M. Maroth 1% 84% Single to RF (Line Drive)
b4 3-0 2 1-- 6,(3-2)  O MIN S. Stewart M. Maroth -1% 83% Strikeout Looking
0 runs, 1 hit, 0 errors, 1 LOB. Tigers 0, Twins 3.
Top of the 5th, Tigers Batting, Behind 0-3, Twins' Johan Santana facing 4-5-6
t5 0-3 0 --- 5,(1-2)  O DET M. Ordonez J. Santana 2% 85% Flyball: CF (Deep CF)
t5 0-3 1 --- 6,(3-2)  DET M. Thames J. Santana -3% 83% Walk
t5 0-3 1 1-- 2,(1-0)  O DET C. Shelton J. Santana 2% 85% Groundout: 1B-2B; Thames to 2B
t5 0-3 2 -2- 4,(1-2)  O DET V. Wilson J. Santana 3% 88% Strikeout Swinging
0 runs, 0 hits, 0 errors, 1 LOB. Tigers 0, Twins 3.
Bottom of the 5th, Twins Batting, Ahead 3-0, Tigers' Mike Maroth facing 2-3-4
b5 3-0 0 --- 2,(1-0)  R MIN L. Castillo M. Maroth 5% 93% Home Run (Fly Ball)
b5 4-0 0 --- 3,(1-1)  MIN J. Mauer M. Maroth 1% 94% Single to RF (Line Drive)
b5 4-0 0 1-- 7,(3-2)  O MIN T. Hunter M. Maroth -1% 93% Flyball: RF
b5 4-0 1 1-- 4,(1-2)  MIN M. Cuddyer M. Maroth 2% 95% Double to RF (Fly Ball to Deep CF-RF); Mauer to 3B
b5 4-0 1 -23 6,(2-2)  O MIN J. Morneau M. Maroth -2% 93% Flyball: RF
b5 4-0 2 -23 4,(3-0)  MIN R. White M. Maroth 0% 93% Intentional Walk
b5 4-0 2 123 4,(2-1)  O MIN T. Batista M. Maroth -2% 91% Flyball: CF (Deep CF)
1 run, 3 hits, 0 errors, 3 LOB. Tigers 0, Twins 4.
Top of the 6th, Tigers Batting, Behind 0-4, Twins' Johan Santana facing 8-9-1
t6 0-4 0 --- 3,(0-2)  O DET R. Santiago J. Santana 2% 93% Strikeout Swinging
t6 0-4 1 --- 1,(0-0)  DET O. Infante J. Santana -2% 91% Hit By Pitch
t6 0-4 1 1-- 4,(1-2)  O DET B. Inge J. Santana 2% 93% Groundout: SS-2B/Forceout at 2B
t6 0-4 2 1-- 2,(0-1)  O DET C. Monroe J. Santana 1% 95% Flyball: CF
0 runs, 0 hits, 0 errors, 1 LOB. Tigers 0, Twins 4.
Bottom of the 6th, Twins Batting, Ahead 4-0, Tigers' Jordan Tata facing 9-1-2
Jordan Tata replaces Mike Maroth pitching
b6 4-0 0 --- 3,(1-1)  O MIN J. Castro J. Tata -0% 94% Groundout: 2B-1B
b6 4-0 1 --- 2,(0-1)  O MIN S. Stewart J. Tata -0% 94% Groundout: SS-1B
b6 4-0 2 --- 9,(3-2)  O MIN L. Castillo J. Tata -0% 94% Lineout: LF
0 runs, 0 hits, 0 errors, 0 LOB. Tigers 0, Twins 4.
Top of the 7th, Tigers Batting, Behind 0-4, Twins' Johan Santana facing 3-4-5
t7 0-4 0 --- 6,(0-2)  DET I. Rodriguez J. Santana -3% 91% Single to LF (Ground Ball)
t7 0-4 0 1-- 3,(1-1)  RR DET M. Ordonez J. Santana -10% 81% Home Run (Fly Ball); Rodriguez Scores
t7 2-4 0 --- 5,(2-2)  O DET M. Thames J. Santana 4% 84% Popfly: 1B
t7 2-4 1 --- 5,(0-2)  DET C. Shelton J. Santana -4% 80% Single to RF (Fly Ball)
t7 2-4 1 1-- 3,(1-1)  DET V. Wilson J. Santana -13% 68% Double to LF (Line Drive to Deep LF); Shelton to 3B
t7 2-4 1 -23 2,(1-0)  O DET R. Santiago J. Santana 11% 79% Flyball: RF
t7 2-4 2 -23 4,(1-2)  O DET O. Infante J. Santana 9% 88% Strikeout Swinging
2 runs, 4 hits, 0 errors, 2 LOB. Tigers 2, Twins 4.
Bottom of the 7th, Twins Batting, Ahead 4-2, Tigers' Jordan Tata facing 3-4-5
b7 4-2 0 --- 4,(1-2)  MIN J. Mauer J. Tata 2% 90% Strikeout Swinging, Passed Ball; Mauer to 1B
b7 4-2 0 1-- 2,(0-1)  O MIN T. Hunter J. Tata -2% 88% Foul Popfly: 1B (1B Foul)
b7 4-2 1 1-- 3,(2-0)  O MIN M. Cuddyer J. Tata -1% 88% Groundout: 2B-1B; Mauer to 2B
b7 4-2 2 -2- 6,(1-2)  O MIN J. Morneau J. Tata -2% 86% Groundout: P unassisted
0 runs, 0 hits, 0 errors, 1 LOB. Tigers 2, Twins 4.
Top of the 8th, Tigers Batting, Behind 2-4, Twins' Juan Rincon facing 1-2-3
Juan Rincon replaces Johan Santana pitching
t8 2-4 0 --- 6,(3-2)  O DET B. Inge J. Rincon 4% 90% Strikeout Swinging
t8 2-4 1 --- 2,(0-1)  O DET C. Monroe J. Rincon 3% 92% Flyball: RF
t8 2-4 2 --- 5,(3-1)  DET I. Rodriguez J. Rincon -2% 90% Single to RF (Line Drive)
t8 2-4 2 1-- 5,(3-1)  O DET M. Ordonez J. Rincon 4% 94% Groundout: SS-2B/Forceout at 2B
0 runs, 1 hit, 0 errors, 1 LOB. Tigers 2, Twins 4.
Bottom of the 8th, Twins Batting, Ahead 4-2, Tigers' Jordan Tata facing 7-8-9
b8 4-2 0 --- 5,(3-1)  O MIN R. White J. Tata -1% 93% Popfly: SS
b8 4-2 1 --- 2,(1-0)  O MIN T. Batista J. Tata -1% 92% Lineout: CF
b8 4-2 2 --- 2,(0-1)  O MIN J. Castro J. Tata -0% 92% Groundout: 3B-1B
0 runs, 0 hits, 0 errors, 0 LOB. Tigers 2, Twins 4.
Top of the 9th, Tigers Batting, Behind 2-4, Twins' Joe Nathan facing 5-6-7
Joe Nathan replaces Juan Rincon pitching
Curtis Granderson pinch hits for Marcus Thames (LF) batting 5th
t9 2-4 0 --- 2,(0-1)  O DET C. Granderson J. Nathan 4% 96% Lineout: 2B
t9 2-4 1 --- 6,(2-2)  O DET C. Shelton J. Nathan 3% 99% Strikeout Swinging
Carlos Guillen pinch hits for Vance Wilson (C) batting 7th
t9 2-4 2 --- 6,(3-2)  O DET C. Guillen J. Nathan 1% 100% Strikeout Swinging
0 runs, 0 hits, 0 errors, 0 LOB. Tigers 2, Twins 4.

Retrosheet.org Boxscore:MIN200605070
BackToBaseball.com Game Playback

  • Score- The score from the perspective of the batting team.
  • RoB- This gives the baserunner (Runners on Base) configuration at the start of the play. "1-3" would mean runners on first and third. Clicking on this will show the defensive players and baserunners on the field for this play.
  • Pit- When available, the number of pitches in this plate appearance. Clicking on this number will show the sequence of pitches thrown including, when available, things like runner going, ball blocked, attempted pickoffs and the like. We believe this data to be as accurate as humanly possible, but there are going to be some errors in the data, so please take it with a grain of salt. Clicking on this will show the defensive players and baserunners on the field for this play.
  • R/O- This has a "O" for every out on the play and an "R" for every run that scored on the play. Some plays will have both in no particular order.
  • Batter- The batter at the plate when this play occurred. If the play is a baserunning event, then the batter's name will be repeated as indicated by quotes.
  • Pitcher- The pitcher on the mound when this play occurred.
  • wWPA- Winning Team's Win Probability Added. The amount that this play increased or decreased the eventual winning team's probability of winning the game. More About Win Probability Added
  • wWE- Winning Team's Win Expectancy. The probability of the eventual winning team winning the game prior to this play given two average teams playing each other. More About Win Probability Added
  • Play Detail- This is an explanation of the play that occurred. In some cases, batted ball location and type will be indicated within parentheses. Again, these are best efforts to the record the game as it happened. Also, plays made on the baserunners (including the batter as a baserunner) will be indicated in parentheses after the baserunner's name. Advancement of baserunners is given in cases where the advancement is not easily deduced or obvious from the play. For example, advancement for a walk will not be given, but for a single or double it will be given.

Please report any issues or strangeness you see with the description of plays given above. We have tested several hundred different types of plays, but, in all likelihood, there are still some errors or misinterpretations of the play-by-play data.

The play-by-play information both shown and used to create certain data sets was obtained free of charge from and is copyrighted by RetroSheet.

In some cases, the results from play-by-play data will contradict results in the official record. The official record has many, many errors, but we have not undertaken to reconcile those errors. Pitch-by-pitch data should not be taken as completely accurate, though we believe it to be as accurate as is currently possible.

Box scores and play-by-play outputs produced by Sports Reference LLC. All Rights Reserved.