- Bats Right, Throws Right
- Height 5' 10", Weight 165 lb.
- Debut September 21, 1896
- Final Game June 3, 1912
- Born February 3, 1872 in Elkhart, IN USA
- Died May 14, 1934 in Tucson, AZ USA
Lou Criger was a tall but very light catcher who is most famous as Cy Young's favorite battery-mate. Because of his light frame, many opposing players thought they could bowl him over easily, but he was in fact very tough and not afraid of any man. His major asset was a powerful and accurate throwing arm which he used to cut down opponents' running game at the height of the Deadball Era, and a knack for calling pitches. His hitting was always barely passable at most, however, as attested by his career .221 batting average.
After playing amateur ball for a number of years in his hometown of Elkhart, IN, Criger signed his first professional contract in 1895 with the Kalamazoo Kazoos of the Michigan State League. He joined the National League's Cleveland Spiders at the end of the following season and began 1897 as the team's third-string catcher. On June 22, he gunned down six opposite Louisville baserunners trying to steal, on his way to earning the team's regular catching job. That is also when he began teaming up with pitching great Cy Young, who thereafter insisted that Criger be his catcher. The two moved together to the St. Louis Perfectos in 1899, and then jumped together to the new Boston franchise in the American League in 1901.
Lou Criger remained in Boston for eight seasons, and was Young's catcher for twelve years, during which he won 283 games. It was hard work catching the hard-throwing right-hander, but Criger complemented Young's natural talent with a thorough knowledge of opposite batters and of pitching strategy, in addition to his great throwing arm. Young later said that he had such confidence in his teammate's judgment that he never shook off one of his signs. Criger caught Cy Young's perfect game on May 5, 1904 and another no-hitter on June 30, 1908. He caught all eight games of the inaugural 1903 World Series for Boston, and later revealed that he had turned down an offer of $12,000 from a gambler to call "soft pitches" during the Series.
Criger finished his career by playing one season for the St. Louis Browns in 1909, when he hit .170. He played another 27 games for the 1910 New York Highlanders, ending his major league career. He played a few more seasons in the minor leagues after that, including a stint as player-manager for Boyne City of the Michigan State League in 1911. He was then the Browns pitching coach in 1912, catching into one game as an emergency injury replacement. He developed tuberculosis in 1914 and moved to Arizona, where he died in 1934.
Lou Criger's brother Elmer Criger, pitched in the minor leagues in the first decade of the 20th Century, making all the way to Los Angeles Angels of the Pacific Coast League. His son Rollo Criger, also a catcher, was signed by the St. Louis Cardinals in 1920 but never appeared in a game with the team. Lou Criger was inducted into the Indiana Baseball Hall of Fame in 2004.
Year-by-Year Managerial Record
|1911||Boyne City Boosters||Michigan State League||6th||replaced Jack Ryan|
- Steve Krah: "Louis Criger", in David Jones, ed.: Deadball Stars of the American League, Potomac Books, Inc., Dulles, VA, 2006, pp. 406-407.
- Steve Krah: "Lou Criger", in Bill Nowlin, Maurice Bouchard and Len Levin, eds.: New Century, New Team: The 1901 Boston Americans, Society for American Baseball Research, Phoenix, AZ, 2013, pp. 58-61. ISBN 978-1-933599-58-8