Virginia Encyclopedia

We list 35,000+ teams from Negro League, Japanese league, and minor league history. This list is not exhaustive and may be missing teams from certain leagues and years or with a small number of games played. We apologize for any omissions.

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United States

(2 tms)

Alabama (564 tms)

Arkansas (318 tms)

Arizona (765 tms)

California (1736 tms)

Colorado (221 tms)

Connecticut (440 tms)

District of Columbia (123 tms)

Delaware (94 tms)

Florida (2132 tms)

Georgia (829 tms)

Hawaii (47 tms)

Iowa (827 tms)

Idaho (243 tms)

Illinois (1157 tms)

Indiana (590 tms)

Kansas (394 tms)

Kentucky (439 tms)

Louisiana (458 tms)

Massachusetts (648 tms)

Maryland (475 tms)

Maine (103 tms)

Michigan (592 tms)

Minnesota (424 tms)

Missouri (629 tms)

Mississippi (268 tms)

Montana (261 tms)

North Carolina (1337 tms)

North Dakota (96 tms)

Nebraska (340 tms)

New Hampshire (95 tms)

New Jersey (374 tms)

New Mexico (171 tms)

Nevada (105 tms)

New York (2093 tms)

Ohio (1083 tms)

Oklahoma (481 tms)

Oregon (335 tms)

Pennsylvania (1670 tms)

Rhode Island (122 tms)

South Carolina (413 tms)

South Dakota (122 tms)

Tennessee (855 tms)

Texas (1626 tms)

Utah (193 tms)

Virginia (948 tms)

Vermont (52 tms)

Washington (586 tms)

Wisconsin (580 tms)

West Virginia (339 tms)

Wyoming (12 tms)


Alberta (142 tms)

British Columbia (113 tms)

Manitoba (94 tms)

New Brunswick (3 tms)

Nova Scotia (14 tms)

Ontario (355 tms)

Quebec (218 tms)

Saskatchewan (38 tms)


(228 tms)

MX (2 tms)

Aguascalientes (53 tms)

Baja California (50 tms)

Campeche (56 tms)

Chihuahua (47 tms)

Coahuila (163 tms)

Distrito Federal (164 tms)

Durango (3 tms)

Guanajuato (38 tms)

Jalisco (6 tms)

Nuevo Leon (94 tms)

Oaxaca (24 tms)

Puebla (63 tms)

Quintana Roo (21 tms)

San Luis Potosi (29 tms)

Sinaloa (87 tms)

Sonora (89 tms)

Tabasco (17 tms)

Tamaulipas (134 tms)

Veracruz (150 tms)

Yucatan (57 tms)

Zacatecas (12 tms)

Other Countries

(614 tms)

Australia (60 tms)

China (10 tms)

Colombia (20 tms)

Cuba (698 tms)

Dominican Republic (977 tms)

Israel (6 tms)

Italy (127 tms)

Japan (972 tms)

South Korea (283 tms)

Netherlands (97 tms)

Panama (81 tms)

Puerto Rico (171 tms)

San Marino (15 tms)

Taiwan (105 tms)

Venezuela (309 tms)


Virginia Table
City From To # Teams
Alexandria197819836Alexandria Dukes, Alexandria Mariners
Bassett193519507Wytheville/Bassett Statesmen, Bassett Furnituremakers
Big Stone Gap194919535Big Stone Gap Rebels
Blackstone194819481Blackstone Barristers
Bristol1911201874Bristol Pirates, Bristol White Sox, Bristol Tigers, Bristol Twins, Bristol State Liners, Bristol Boosters
Charlottesville191419141Charlottesville Tuckahoes
Clifton Forge191419141Clifton Forge Railroaders
Colonial Heights195119542Colonial Heights-Petersburg Colts, Colonial Heights-Petersburg Generals
Covington1914197612Covington Astros, Covington Red Sox, Covington Papermakers
Danville1905201863Danville 97s, Danville Braves, Danville-Schoolfield Leafs, Danville Leafs, Danville Tobacconists, Danville Red Sox
Emporia194819514Emporia Rebels, Emporia Nationals
Fieldale193419363Fieldale Towlers, Fieldale Virginians
Franklin194819514Franklin Kildees, Franklin Cubs
Galax194619505Galax Leafs
Halifax193819381South Boston-Halifax Wrappers
Hampton1896199231Virginia Generals, Peninsula White Sox, Peninsula Pilots, Peninsula Pennants, Peninsula Whips, Peninsula Phillies, Peninsula Astros, Peninsula Grays, Peninsula Senators, Hampton, Petersburg Farmers/Hampton Clamdiggers
Harrisonburg191419414Harrisonburg Turks, Staunton/Harrisonburg Lunatics
Hopewell190019504Hopewell Blue Sox, Hopewell Powder Puffs, Hampton Crabs
Lawrenceville194819492Lawrenceville Robins, Lawrenceville Cardinals
Lynchburg1886201886Lynchburg Hillcats, Lynchburg Red Sox, Lynchburg Mets, Lynchburg Rangers, Lynchburg Twins, Lynchburg White Sox, Lynchburg Cardinals, Lynchburg Senators, Lynchburg Grays, Lynchburg Shoemakers, Lynchburg Hill Climbers, Lynchburg
Marion1955197613Marion Mets, Welch Miners/Marion A's
Martinsville1934200329Martinsville Astros, Martinsville Phillies, Martinsville A's, Martinsville Manufacturers
New River194619505New River Rebels
Newport News1894195529Newport News Dodgers, Newport News Builders, Newport News Pilots, Newport News Shipbuilders, Newport News, Staunton Hayseeds/Newport News-Hampton Deckhands
Norfolk1885201887Norfolk Tides, Tidewater Tides, Portsmouth-Norfolk Tides, Norfolk All-stars, Norfolk Mary Janes, Norfolk Tars, Norfolk Skippers, Norfolk Phenoms, Norfolk Jewels, Norfolk Braves, Norfolk Clams/Crows, Norfolk Clam Eaters, Norfolk
Northampton192719282Northampton Red Sox
Norton195119533Norton Braves
Old Point Comfort191119111Old Point Comfort
Parksley192219287Parksley Spuds
Pennington Gap193719518Pennington Gap Miners, Pennington Gap Lee Bears
Petersburg1886195026Petersburg Generals, Petersburg Rebels, Petersburg Broncos, Petersburg Trunkmakers, Petersburg Goobers/Tarboro Tarbabies, Petersburg Goobers, Portsmouth Truckers/Petersburg Goobers, Petersburg Farmers, Petersburg
Portsmouth1895195546Portsmouth Merrimacs, Portsmouth Cubs, Portsmouth Truckers, Portsmouth Pirates, Portsmouth, Portsmouth Boers, Portsmouth Browns
Potomac199920046Potomac Cannons
Prince William1984199815Prince William Cannons, Prince William Yankees, Prince William Pirates
Pulaski1942201853Pulaski Yankees, Pulaski Mariners, Pulaski Blue Jays, Pulaski Rangers, Pulaski Braves, Pulaski Phillies, Pulaski Cubs, Pulaski Counts
Radford194619505Radford Rockets
Richmond18842018124Richmond Flying Squirrels, Richmond Braves, Richmond Byrds, Richmond Giants, Richmond Colts, Richmond Climbers, Richmond Rebels, Richmond Bluebirds, Richmond Blue Birds, Richmond Crows, Richmond, Richmond Virginias, Richmond Virginians
Roanoke1894195327Roanoke Ro-Sox, Roanoke Red Sox, Salem-Roanoke Friends, Roanoke Tigers, Roanoke Magicians
Salem1955201863Salem Red Sox, Salem Avalanche, Salem Buccaneers, Salem Redbirds, Salem Pirates, Salem Rebels
South Boston193719403South Boston Wrappers, South Boston Twins
Staunton193919424Staunton Presidents
Suffolk191119519Suffolk Goobers, Suffolk Wildcats, Suffolk Nuts, Suffolk Tigers, Suffolk
Tidewater1963199229Tidewater Tides
Woodbridge2005201814Potomac Nationals
Wytheville1948198924Wytheville Cubs, Wytheville Braves, Wytheville Senators, Wytheville Reds, Wytheville A's, Wytheville Twins, Wytheville Cardinals, Wytheville Statesmen, Wytheville Pioneers

About the Register Data

Historical performance data for professional leagues (affiliated minor leagues, independent minor leagues, fall/winter leagues, and other international leagues) is provided by and licensed from 24-7 Baseball and Chadwick Baseball Bureau. It incorporates the work of many stalwart baseball researchers, including Cliff Blau, Art Cantu, Frank Hamilton, Reed Howard, Kevin Johnson, Bob McConnell, Jack Morris, and Ray Nemec, as well as members of the Minor Leagues Committee of the Society for American Baseball Research.

Perhaps most importantly, it builds upon the seminal work of Ed Washuta, who magnanimously provided the framework to make the whole thing possible.

Minor league Total Zone (Rctch&Rtz, 2005-2009) data provided by and

About the Negro League Data


This data comes from two sources. 1) The Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group put together by the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum thanks to a grant provided by Major League Baseball. 2) Gary Ashwill and his collaborators.

The Hall of Fame data is found for the years 1920-1948 and the Ashwill data is found from 1904-1919. Many statistics are incomplete due to ongoing research and/or limitations in published sources, so please be assured that we are aware there are issues with the data and will continue to work with our data providers to improve the data that appears here.

The Hall of Fame dataset

This data is constructed from the best available information as provided by Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers and Dick Clark of the Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group. It contains data culled from newspaper boxscores, covering league sanctioned games from 1920 to 1948, which was produced for a study sponsored by Major League Baseball and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. It reflects totals as compiled by the NLRAG up to 2006. As new credible information is continually unearthed, these numbers will continue to change.

Baseball-Reference and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum would like to acknowledge Major League Baseball for funding this study, along with the Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group for their extensive efforts to collect the raw data and construct the most comprehensive database of Negro Leagues Baseball statistics.  Under the direction of Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers and Dick Clark, this database is the largest dataset ever made publically available and we wish to express our gratitude for all their efforts to help rebuild this lost statistical history.

The Ashwill Negro Leagues Database

Playing statistics and biographical data on the Negro leagues (all pre-1920) and early Latin American professional baseball is licensed from and provided by the Negro Leagues Database, a project organized by Gary Ashwill with the participation of many historians of Negro league and Latin American baseball.

The database is a work in progress, and will include more seasons as development continues. It appears in its original form at

Playing statistics and biographical data for this portion of our dataset (The Negro Leagues Database) are all copyright 2013 by Gary Ashwill. All rights reserved.


Note that our records are missing thousands of players who played in the Negro Leagues for minor league teams, independent teams, barnstorming teams or even Negro major league teams. We will bring their records to light as soon as suitable records are available for those players.

Details about our NLB Data

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