Texas Encyclopedia

We list 35,000+ teams from Negro League, Japanese league, and minor league history. This list is not exhaustive and may be missing teams from certain leagues and years or with a small number of games played. We apologize for any omissions.

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United States

(2 tms)

Alabama (564 tms)

Arkansas (318 tms)

Arizona (758 tms)

California (1726 tms)

Colorado (220 tms)

Connecticut (440 tms)

District of Columbia (123 tms)

Delaware (94 tms)

Florida (2132 tms)

Georgia (829 tms)

Hawaii (47 tms)

Iowa (827 tms)

Idaho (243 tms)

Illinois (1157 tms)

Indiana (590 tms)

Kansas (393 tms)

Kentucky (439 tms)

Louisiana (458 tms)

Massachusetts (648 tms)

Maryland (475 tms)

Maine (103 tms)

Michigan (592 tms)

Minnesota (424 tms)

Missouri (629 tms)

Mississippi (268 tms)

Montana (261 tms)

North Carolina (1337 tms)

North Dakota (80 tms)

Nebraska (340 tms)

New Hampshire (95 tms)

New Jersey (372 tms)

New Mexico (167 tms)

Nevada (105 tms)

New York (2089 tms)

Ohio (1083 tms)

Oklahoma (481 tms)

Oregon (335 tms)

Pennsylvania (1666 tms)

Rhode Island (122 tms)

South Carolina (413 tms)

South Dakota (122 tms)

Tennessee (855 tms)

Texas (1625 tms)

Utah (193 tms)

Virginia (948 tms)

Vermont (52 tms)

Washington (586 tms)

Wisconsin (580 tms)

West Virginia (339 tms)

Wyoming (12 tms)


Alberta (141 tms)

British Columbia (113 tms)

Manitoba (77 tms)

New Brunswick (3 tms)

Nova Scotia (14 tms)

Ontario (355 tms)

Quebec (218 tms)

Saskatchewan (33 tms)


(228 tms)

MX (2 tms)

Aguascalientes (52 tms)

Baja California (48 tms)

Campeche (55 tms)

Chihuahua (47 tms)

Coahuila (160 tms)

Distrito Federal (163 tms)

Durango (2 tms)

Guanajuato (37 tms)

Jalisco (5 tms)

Nuevo Leon (93 tms)

Oaxaca (23 tms)

Puebla (62 tms)

Quintana Roo (20 tms)

San Luis Potosi (29 tms)

Sinaloa (84 tms)

Sonora (86 tms)

Tabasco (16 tms)

Tamaulipas (133 tms)

Veracruz (150 tms)

Yucatan (56 tms)

Zacatecas (12 tms)

Other Countries

(614 tms)

Australia (60 tms)

China (10 tms)

Colombia (20 tms)

Cuba (698 tms)

Dominican Republic (971 tms)

Israel (6 tms)

Italy (127 tms)

Japan (972 tms)

South Korea (283 tms)

Netherlands (97 tms)

Panama (81 tms)

Puerto Rico (171 tms)

San Marino (15 tms)

Taiwan (105 tms)

Venezuela (301 tms)


Texas Table
City From To # Teams
Abilene1920201224Abilene Prairie Dogs, Abilene Blue Sox, Abilene Apaches/Borger Gassers, Abilene Aces, Abilene Eagles
Alpine1959201610Big Bend Cowboys, Alpine Cowboys
Amarillo1922201564Amarillo Thunderheads, Amarillo Sox, Amarillo Dillas, Amarillo Giants, Amarillo Sonics, Amarillo Gold Sox, Amarillo Texans, Amarillo Gassers
Arlington1972201746Texas Rangers
Austin1888196742Austin Braves, Austin Senators, Austin Pioneers, Austin Rangers, Austin Reps/Taylor Producers/Brenham Kaisers, Austin Beavers, Austin Senators/San Antonio
Ballinger192119579Ballinger Westerners, Lamesa Lobos/Winters-Ballinger Eagles, Ballinger Cats, Ballinger Bearcats, Mineral Wells Resorters/Ballinger Bearcats
Bay City191019112Bay City Rice Eaters
Beaumont1903199452Beaumont Bullfrogs, Beaumont Golden Gators, Beaumont Pirates, Beaumont Roughnecks, Beaumont Exporters, Beaumont Oilers, Beaumont Cubs, Beaumont Millionaires/Brenham Orphans, Beaumont Millionaires, Beaumont Oil Gushers
Beeville191019775Beeville Blazers, Beeville Bees, Beeville Bees/Laredo Oilers, Beeville Orange Growers
Belton191419152Belton Braves
Big Spring1928195516Big Spring Cosden Cops, Big Spring Broncs, Wichita Falls Spudders/Big Spring Pirates, Big Spring Bombers, Big Spring Barons/Odessa Oilers, Big Spring Barons, Big Spring Cowboys, Hamlin Pied Pipers/Big Spring Springers
Bonham189819227Bonham Bingers, Bonham Favorites, Bonham Sliders, Bonham Blues, Bonham Tigers, Bonham Boosters, Bonham
Borger1939195413Borger Gassers, Abilene Apaches/Borger Gassers
Brenham190519154Brenham Huskies, Austin Reps/Taylor Producers/Brenham Kaisers, Brenham Brewers, Beaumont Millionaires/Brenham Orphans
Brownsville191019539Brownsville Charros, Brownsville, Brownsville Brownies
Bryan194719546Bryan/Del Rio Indians, Greenville/Bryan Majors, Bryan Sports, Bryan Bombers
Cisco192019212Cisco Scouts
Cleburne190620176Cleburne Generals/Scouts, Cleburne Generals, Cleburne Railroaders
Coleman192819292Coleman Bobcats
Corpus Christi1910201741Corpus Christi Hooks, Corpus Christi Beach Dawgs, Coastal Bend Aviators, Corpus Christi Barracudas, Corpus Christi Seagulls, Corpus Christi Giants, Corpus Christi Clippers, Corpus Christi Aces, Corpus Christi Spudders, Corpus Christi Seahawks/LaFeria Nighthawks, Corpus Christi Seahawks, Corpus Christi Pelicans
Corsicana1902192815Corsicana Oilers, Corsicana Gumbo Busters, Temple Governors/Corsicana Athletics, Corsicana Athletics, Corsicana Oilers/Desperados, Corsicana Oil Citys
Dallas1888197178Dallas-Fort Worth Spurs, Dallas Rangers, Dallas-Fort Worth Rangers, Dallas Eagles, Dallas Rebels, Dallas Steers, Dallas Submarines, Dallas Marines, Dallas Giants, Dallas Griffins, Dallas Steers/Montgomery Senators, Dallas Colts, Dallas Navigators, Dallas Tigers, Dallas Hams
Del Rio194819544Bryan/Del Rio Indians, Del Rio Cowboys
Denison1896195315Sherman-Denison Twins, Denison Railroaders, Denison Champions, Denison Blue Sox, Denison Katydids, Sherman-Denison Students/Texarkana Casketmakers, Denison-Sherman Twins/Waco Tigers, Denison Tigers
Donna194919502Donna-Weslaco Twins, Donna/Robstown Cardinals
Eastland192019201Eastland Judges
Edinburg1926201315Edinburg Coyotes, Edinburg Roadrunners, Edinburg Road Runners, Edinburg Bobcats, Victoria Rosebuds/Edinburg Bobcats
El Paso1915201777El Paso Chihuahuas, El Paso Diablos, El Paso Dodgers, El Paso Sun Kings, El Paso Texans, El Paso Mackmen
Ennis191419174Ennis Tigers
Fort Worth1888201489Dallas-Fort Worth Spurs, Dallas-Fort Worth Rangers, Fort Worth Cats, Fort Worth Panthers
Frisco2003201715Frisco RoughRiders
Gainesville191119559Gainesville Owls/Ponca City Cubs, Gainesville Owls, Gainesville Blue Ribbons
Galveston1888195544Galveston White Caps, Galveston Buccaneers, Galveston Pirates, Galveston Pirates/Sand Crabs, Galveston Sandcrabs, Galveston Sand Crabs, Galveston Giants
Georgetown191419141Georgetown Collegians
Gladewater193519505Gladewater Bears, Shreveport Sports/Gladewater Bears
Gorman192019201Gorman Buddies/Sweetwater Swatters
Graham192119211Graham Hijackers/Mineral Wells Resorters
Grand Prairie2008201710Texas AirHogs, Grand Prairie AirHogs
Greenville1905195716Greenville/Bryan Majors, Greenville Majors, Greenville Staplers, Greenville Togs, Greenville Highlanders, Greenville Hunters, Greenville Midlands
Hamlin192819281Hamlin Pied Pipers/Big Spring Springers
Harlingen1931201431Rio Grande Valley WhiteWings, Harlingen WhiteWings, Harlingen Suns, Rio Grande Valley/Victoria Giants, Rio Grande Valley Giants, Harlingen Capitals, Harlingen Hubs, Harlingen Ladds
Henderson1931195014Henderson Oilers
Houston18882017125Houston Astros, Houston Colt .45's, Houston Buffs, Houston Eagles, Houston Buffaloes, Houston Black Buffaloes, Houston Wanderers, Houston Magnolias/Mudcats, Houston Mudcats, Houston Mud Cats, Houston Babies, Houston Babies/Red Stockings
Hugo191319131Wichita Falls Drillers/Hugo Hugoites
Jacksonville1916195011Jacksonville Jax, Jacksonville Tomato Pickers
Kaufman191519151Kaufman Kings
Keller200720071Tarrant County Blue Thunder
Kilgore1931195010Kilgore Drillers, Kilgore Boomers, Kilgore Rangers, Kilgore Braves, Kilgore Gushers
Kingsville192619261Kingsville Jerseys/Mission Grapefruiters
LaFeria193119311Corpus Christi Seahawks/LaFeria Nighthawks
Lamesa1939195713Midland/Lamesa Indians, Lamesa Lobos/Winters-Ballinger Eagles, Lamesa Lobos, Lamesa Dodgers
Lampasas191419141Lampasas Resorters
Laredo1910201633Laredo Lemurs, Laredo Broncos, Dos Laredos Tecolotes, Laredo Apaches, Laredo Oilers, Beeville Bees/Laredo Oilers, Laredo Bermudas
Lewisville200720071Lewisville Lizards
Longview1912195322Waco/Longview Pirates, Longview Cherokees, Longview Texans, Longview Cannibals/White Sox, Longview Cannibals, Wichita Falls Spudders/Longview Cannibals
Lubbock1922199823Lubbock Crickets, Lubbock Hubbers/Texas City Texans, Lubbock Hubbers
Lufkin191619506Lufkin/Leesville Angels, Lufkin Foresters, Paris Pirates/Lufkin Lumbermen, Lufkin Lumbermen
Marlin191619255Marlin Bathers/Palestine Pals, Marlin Bathers, Marlin Marlins
Marshall1912195016Marshall Browns, Marshall Comets, Clarksdale Ginners/Marshall Tigers, Marshall Tigers, Marshall Orphans/Tigers, Marshall Indians, Marshall Snappers/Indians, Marshall Athletics
McAllen192820139McAllen Thunder, McAllen Dusters, McAllen Giants, McAllen Packers, McAllen Palms, McAllen
McKinney191220082McKinney Blue Thunder, McKinney
Mexia1915192810Mexia Gushers, Mexia Gassers
Midland1928201765Midland RockHounds, Midland Angels, Midland Cubs, Midland Braves, Midland/Lamesa Indians, Midland Indians, Midland Cowboys, Midland Cardinals, Midland Colts
Mineral Wells192019213Graham Hijackers/Mineral Wells Resorters, Mineral Wells Resorters/Ballinger Bearcats, Mineral Wells Resorters
Mission192619283Mission Grapefruits, Kingsville Jerseys/Mission Grapefruiters
Monahans193719371Monahans Trojans
Mount Pleasant192319253Mount Pleasant Cats
Nacogdoches191619161Nacogdoches Cogs
Odessa1937196013Odessa Dodgers, Odessa Eagles, Odessa Oilers, Big Spring Barons/Odessa Oilers
Orange190719082Orange Hoo-Hoos
Palestine1916194013Palestine Pals, Marlin Bathers/Palestine Pals, Palestine Athletics
Pampa1939195716Pampa Oilers/San Angelo Colts, Pampa Oilers
Paris1896195733Paris Orioles, Paris Indians, Paris Panthers, Paris Rockets, Paris Red Peppers, Paris Pirates/Lufkin Lumbermen, Paris Colts/Rustlers, Paris Bearcats, Paris North Stars, Paris Grays, Paris Athletics/Ardmore Foundlings, Paris Survivors, Paris Red Snappers, Paris Snappers, Paris Boosters, Paris Athletics, Paris/Hope Parasites, Paris Parasites/Ardmore Territorians, Paris Parasites/Waco Steers, Paris Eisenfelder's Homeseekers, Paris, Paris Midlands, Sherman Students/Paris Midlands
Plainview195319597Plainview A's, Plainview Ponies
Port Arthur1932195712Port Arthur/Temple Redlegs, Port Arthur Sea Hawks, Port Arthur Seahawks, Port Arthur Tarpons, Port Arthur Refiners/DeQuincy Railroaders/Opelousa
Ranger192019223Ranger Nitros
Refugio193819381Refugio Oilers
Robstown194920104Coastal Bend Thunder, Robstown Rebels, Donna/Robstown Cardinals
Round Rock2000201718Round Rock Express
Rusk191619161Rusk Governors
San Angelo1921201431San Angelo Colts, San Angelo/Roswell Pirates, San Angelo Pirates, Pampa Oilers/San Angelo Colts, San Angelo Sheep Herders, San Angelo Red Snappers, San Angelo Bronchos
San Antonio18882017119San Antonio Missions, San Antonio Tejanos, San Antonio Dodgers, San Antonio Brewers, San Antonio Bullets, San Antonio Indians, San Antonio Bears, San Antonio Bronchos, San Antonio Missionaries, Austin Senators/San Antonio, San Antonio Missionaries/Cowboys
San Benito193119311San Benito Saints
Schulenburg191519151Schulenburg Giants
Seguin197619761Seguin Toros
Sherman1895195323Sherman-Denison Twins, Sherman Snappers, Sherman Twins, Sherman Red Sox, Sherman Browns, Sherman Hitters, Sherman Lions, Sherman Cubs, Sherman-Denison Students/Texarkana Casketmakers, Sherman, Denison-Sherman Twins/Waco Tigers, Sherman Students/Paris Midlands, Sherman Orphans
Stamford192219221Stamford Colonels
Sugar Land201220176Sugar Land Skeeters
Sulphur Springs192319253Sulphur Springs Spartans, Sulphur Springs Saints, Sulphur Springs Lions
Sweetwater1920195410Wichita Falls/Sweetwater Spudders, Sweetwater Braves, Sweetwater Swatters, Sweetwater Sports, Gorman Buddies/Sweetwater Swatters
Taft193819381Taft Cardinals
Taylor191519151Austin Reps/Taylor Producers/Brenham Kaisers
Temple1905195717Port Arthur/Temple Redlegs, Temple Eagles, Temple Surgeons, Temple Governors/Corsicana Athletics, Temple Governors, Temple Tigers, Temple Boll Weevils
Terrell190719265Terrell Terrors, Terrell Cubs, Terrell Red Stockings
Texarkana1897200930Texarkana Gunslingers, Texarkana Bears, Texarkana Liners, Texarkana Twins, Texarkana Tigers, Texarkana, Texarkana Shine-Oners, Sherman-Denison Students/Texarkana Casketmakers, Texarkana Nobles
Texas City1951200910Bay Area Toros, Texas City Stars, Lubbock Hubbers/Texas City Texans, Texas City Texans, Texas City/Thibodaux Pilots
Travelling team200720071Texas Heat
Tyler1912200132Tyler Roughnecks, Tyler Wildcatters, Tyler Tigers, Tyler East Texans, Tyler Trojans, Tyler Governors, Shreveport/Tyler Sports, Tyler Elbertas
Vernon194719526Vernon Dusters
Victoria1910197712Victoria Cowboys, Victoria Toros, Victoria/Ardmore Rosebuds, Victoria Eagles, Victoria Rosebuds/Edinburg Bobcats, Victoria Rosebuds
Waco1889195640Waco Pirates, Waco/Longview Pirates, Waco Dons, Waco Cubs/Pine Bluff Judges, Waco Cubs, Waco Indians, Waco Navigators, Paris Parasites/Waco Steers, Denison-Sherman Twins/Waco Tigers, Waco Tigers, Waco Babies, Waco Babies/Texans
Waxahachie191419163Waxahachie Athletics, Waxahachie Buffaloes
Weslaco195019501Donna-Weslaco Twins
Wichita Falls1911195728Wichita Falls Spudders, Wichita Falls/Sweetwater Spudders, Wichita Falls Spudders/Big Spring Pirates, Wichita Falls Spudders/Longview Cannibals, Wichita Falls Drillers/Hugo Hugoites, Wichita Falls Drillers, Wichita Falls Irish Lads
Wink193719382Wink Spudders
Winters195319531Lamesa Lobos/Winters-Ballinger Eagles

About the Register Data

Historical performance data for professional leagues (affiliated minor leagues, independent minor leagues, fall/winter leagues, and other international leagues) is provided by and licensed from 24-7 Baseball and Chadwick Baseball Bureau. It incorporates the work of many stalwart baseball researchers, including Cliff Blau, Art Cantu, Frank Hamilton, Reed Howard, Kevin Johnson, Bob McConnell, Jack Morris, and Ray Nemec, as well as members of the Minor Leagues Committee of the Society for American Baseball Research.

Perhaps most importantly, it builds upon the seminal work of Ed Washuta, who magnanimously provided the framework to make the whole thing possible.

Minor league Total Zone (Rctch&Rtz, 2005-2009) data provided by Baseballprojection.com and Minorleaguesplits.com.

About the Negro League Data


This data comes from two sources. 1) The Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group put together by the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum thanks to a grant provided by Major League Baseball. 2) Gary Ashwill and his collaborators.

The Hall of Fame data is found for the years 1920-1948 and the Ashwill data is found from 1904-1919. Many statistics are incomplete due to ongoing research and/or limitations in published sources, so please be assured that we are aware there are issues with the data and will continue to work with our data providers to improve the data that appears here.

The Hall of Fame dataset

This data is constructed from the best available information as provided by Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers and Dick Clark of the Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group. It contains data culled from newspaper boxscores, covering league sanctioned games from 1920 to 1948, which was produced for a study sponsored by Major League Baseball and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. It reflects totals as compiled by the NLRAG up to 2006. As new credible information is continually unearthed, these numbers will continue to change.

Baseball-Reference and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum would like to acknowledge Major League Baseball for funding this study, along with the Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group for their extensive efforts to collect the raw data and construct the most comprehensive database of Negro Leagues Baseball statistics.  Under the direction of Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers and Dick Clark, this database is the largest dataset ever made publically available and we wish to express our gratitude for all their efforts to help rebuild this lost statistical history.

The Ashwill Negro Leagues Database

Playing statistics and biographical data on the Negro leagues (all pre-1920) and early Latin American professional baseball is licensed from and provided by the Negro Leagues Database, a project organized by Gary Ashwill with the participation of many historians of Negro league and Latin American baseball.

The database is a work in progress, and will include more seasons as development continues. It appears in its original form at Seamheads.com.

Playing statistics and biographical data for this portion of our dataset (The Negro Leagues Database) are all copyright 2013 by Gary Ashwill. All rights reserved.


Note that our records are missing thousands of players who played in the Negro Leagues for minor league teams, independent teams, barnstorming teams or even Negro major league teams. We will bring their records to light as soon as suitable records are available for those players.

Details about our NLB Data

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