North Carolina Encyclopedia

We list 35,000+ teams from Negro League, Japanese league, and minor league history. This list is not exhaustive and may be missing teams from certain leagues and years or with a small number of games played. We apologize for any omissions.

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United States

(2 tms)

Alabama (564 tms)

Arkansas (318 tms)

Arizona (758 tms)

California (1726 tms)

Colorado (220 tms)

Connecticut (440 tms)

District of Columbia (123 tms)

Delaware (94 tms)

Florida (2132 tms)

Georgia (829 tms)

Hawaii (47 tms)

Iowa (827 tms)

Idaho (243 tms)

Illinois (1157 tms)

Indiana (590 tms)

Kansas (393 tms)

Kentucky (439 tms)

Louisiana (458 tms)

Massachusetts (648 tms)

Maryland (475 tms)

Maine (103 tms)

Michigan (592 tms)

Minnesota (424 tms)

Missouri (629 tms)

Mississippi (268 tms)

Montana (261 tms)

North Carolina (1337 tms)

North Dakota (80 tms)

Nebraska (340 tms)

New Hampshire (95 tms)

New Jersey (372 tms)

New Mexico (167 tms)

Nevada (105 tms)

New York (2089 tms)

Ohio (1083 tms)

Oklahoma (481 tms)

Oregon (335 tms)

Pennsylvania (1666 tms)

Rhode Island (122 tms)

South Carolina (413 tms)

South Dakota (122 tms)

Tennessee (855 tms)

Texas (1625 tms)

Utah (193 tms)

Virginia (948 tms)

Vermont (52 tms)

Washington (586 tms)

Wisconsin (580 tms)

West Virginia (339 tms)

Wyoming (12 tms)


Alberta (141 tms)

British Columbia (113 tms)

Manitoba (77 tms)

New Brunswick (3 tms)

Nova Scotia (14 tms)

Ontario (355 tms)

Quebec (218 tms)

Saskatchewan (33 tms)


(228 tms)

MX (2 tms)

Aguascalientes (52 tms)

Baja California (48 tms)

Campeche (55 tms)

Chihuahua (47 tms)

Coahuila (160 tms)

Distrito Federal (163 tms)

Durango (2 tms)

Guanajuato (37 tms)

Jalisco (5 tms)

Nuevo Leon (93 tms)

Oaxaca (23 tms)

Puebla (62 tms)

Quintana Roo (20 tms)

San Luis Potosi (29 tms)

Sinaloa (84 tms)

Sonora (86 tms)

Tabasco (16 tms)

Tamaulipas (133 tms)

Veracruz (150 tms)

Yucatan (56 tms)

Zacatecas (12 tms)

Other Countries

(614 tms)

Australia (60 tms)

China (10 tms)

Colombia (20 tms)

Cuba (698 tms)

Dominican Republic (971 tms)

Israel (6 tms)

Italy (127 tms)

Japan (972 tms)

South Korea (283 tms)

Netherlands (97 tms)

Panama (81 tms)

Puerto Rico (171 tms)

San Marino (15 tms)

Taiwan (105 tms)

Venezuela (301 tms)

North Carolina

North Carolina Table
City From To # Teams
Albemarle194819481Albemarle Rockets
Angier194619461Angier-Fuquay Springs Bulls
Asheville1897201799Asheville Orioles, Asheville Tourists, Asheville Blues, Columbia Sandlappers/Asheville Tourists, Asheville Mountaineers, Asheville Moonshiners
Ayden193719382Ayden Aces
Belmont196119611Belmont Chiefs
Buies Creek201720171Buies Creek Astros
Burlington1942201759Burlington Royals, Burlington Indians, Burlington Rangers, Burlington Senators, Burlington-Graham Pirates, Burlington Bees
Charlotte18922017109Charlotte Knights, Charlotte O's, Charlotte Twins, Charlotte Hornets, Charlotte Presbyterians
Clinton194619505Clinton-Sampson Blues, Clinton Blues
Concord1939195111Concord Sports, Concord Nationals, Concord Weavers
Conover1937196211Newton-Conover Twins
Cooleemee193719415Cooleemee Cards, Cooleemee Cools, Cooleemee Weavers
Draper1934194813Leaksville-Draper-Spray Triplets/Abingdon, Leaksville-Draper-Spray Triplets
Dunn194619494Dunn-Erwin Twins
Durham1900201794Durham Bulls, Raleigh-Durham Triangles, Raleigh-Durham Phillies, Raleigh-Durham Mets
Edenton195119522Edenton Colonials
Elizabeth City191119513Elizabeth City Ablemarles, Elizabeth City
Elkin194919524Elkin Blanketeers, Landis Spinners/Elkin Blanketeers
Erwin194619494Dunn-Erwin Twins
Fayetteville1909200029Cape Fear Crocs, Fayetteville Generals, Fayetteville A's, Fayetteville Scotties, Fayetteville Cubs, Fayetteville Highlanders
Forest City194819605Rutherford County Owls, Forest City Owls
Fuquay Springs194619461Angier-Fuquay Springs Bulls
Gaston199519951Gaston King Cougars
Gastonia1923199236Gastonia Rangers, Gastonia Tigers, Gastonia Jets, Gastonia Expos, Gastonia Cardinals, Gastonia Pirates, Gastonia Rippers, Columbus/Gastonia Pirates, Gastonia Rockets, Gastonia Browns, Shelby/Gastonia Cardinals, Columbia/Gastonia Comers
Goldsboro1908195217Goldsboro Jets, Goldsboro Cardinals, Goldsboro Goldbugs, Goldsboro Manufacturers, Goldsboro Giants
Graham195219554Burlington-Graham Pirates
Granite Falls195119511Granite Falls Graniteers
Greensboro1902201792Greensboro Grasshoppers, Greensboro Bats, Greensboro Hornets, Greensboro Yankees, Greensboro Red Wings, Greensboro Red Sox, Greensboro Patriots, Greensboro Champs, Greensboro Farmers
Greenville1928195113Greenville Robins, Greenville Greenies, Greenville Tobacconists
Henderson192919313Henderson Gamecocks, Henderson Bunnies
Hendersonville194819492Hendersonville Skylarks
Hickory1939201739Hickory Crawdads, Hickory Rebels
High Point1920196927High Point-Thomasville Royals, High Point-Thomasville Hi-Toms, Winston-Salem Twins/High Point Pointers, High Point Pointers, Danville Leafs/High Point Pointers, High Point Pointers/Danville Leafs, High Point Furniture Makers
Kannapolis1939201726Kannapolis Intimidators, Piedmont Boll Weevils, Piedmont Phillies, Kannapolis Towelers
Kinston1908201768Down East Wood Ducks, Kinston Indians, Kinston Blue Jays, Kinston Expos, Kinston Eagles/Wilson Tobs, Kinston Eagles, Kinston
Landis1937195112Landis Spinners/Elkin Blanketeers, Landis Spinners, Landis Millers, Landis Senators, Landis Dodgers
Leaksville1934194813Leaksville-Draper-Spray Triplets/Abingdon, Leaksville-Draper-Spray Triplets
Lenoir193919518Lenoir Red Sox, Salem Friends/Lenoir Red Sox, Lenoir Reds, Lenoir Indians
Lexington1937196722Lexington Braves, Lexington Giants, Lexington A's, Lexington Indians
Lincolnton194819536Lincolnton Cardinals/Statesville Sports, Lincolnton Cardinals
Lumberton194719504Lumberton Auctioneers, Lumberton Cubs
Marion194819547Marion Marauders
Mayodan193419418Mayodan Millers, Mayodan Senators, Mayodan Orphans, Mayodan Mills
Monroe196919712Monroe Pirates, Statesville/Monroe Indians
Mooresville1937195315Mooresville Moors, Mooresville Braves
Morganton194819525Morganton Aggies
Mount Airy1934195013Mount Airy Graniteers, Mount Airy Reds
New Bern1902195214New Bern Bears, New Bern, New Bern Truckers
Newton1937196211Newton-Conover Twins
North Wilkesboro194819503North Wilkesboro Flashers
Port City199519962Port City Roosters
Raleigh1900201168Carolina Mudcats, Raleigh-Durham Triangles, Raleigh-Durham Phillies, Raleigh-Durham Mets, Raleigh Pirates, Raleigh Cardinals, Raleigh Mets, Raleigh Nats, Raleigh Capitals, Raleigh Red Birds, Raleigh Senators
Red Springs194719695Red Springs Twins, Red Springs Red Robins
Reidsville1935195515Reidsville Phillies, Reidsville Luckies
Roanoke Rapids194719526Roanoke Rapids Jays
Rockingham195019501Rockingham Eagles
Rocky Mount1909198043Rocky Mount Pines, Rocky Mount Phillies, Rocky Mount Leafs, Rocky Mount Senators, Rocky Mount Rocks, Rocky Mount Red Sox, Rocky Mount Buccaneers, Rocky Mount Broncos, Rocky Mount Tar Heels, Rocky Mount Carolinians, Rocky Mount Railroaders
Rutherford County194919513Rutherford County Owls
Salisbury1905196829Salisbury Senators, Salisbury Astros, Salisbury Dodgers, Salisbury Braves, Salisbury Rocots, Salisbury Pirates, Salisbury Giants, Salisbury Bees, Salisbury-Spencer Colonials, Salisbury Colonials, Salisbury-Spencer/Winston-Salem Twins
Sampson194919502Clinton-Sampson Blues
Sanford194119507Sanford Spinners
Selma194619505Smithfield-Selma Leafs
Shelby1937198225Shelby Mets, Shelby Pirates, Shelby Reds, Shelby Senators, Shelby Rebels, Shelby Yankees, Shelby Clippers, Shelby Farmers, Shelby Cubs, Shelby Colonels, Shelby Nationals, Shelby/Gastonia Cardinals, Shelby Cardinals
Smithfield194619505Smithfield-Selma Leafs
Snow Hill193719404Snow Hill Billies
Spencer190519295Salisbury-Spencer Colonials, Salisbury-Spencer/Winston-Salem Twins
Spray1934194813Leaksville-Draper-Spray Triplets/Abingdon, Leaksville-Draper-Spray Triplets
Statesville1900196922Statesville/Monroe Indians, Statesville Tigers, Statesville Colts, Statesville Blues, Lincolnton Cardinals/Statesville Sports, Statesville Cubs, Statesville Owls, Statesville
Tarboro1900195215Tarboro A's, Tarboro Tars, Tarboro Orioles, Tarboro Cubs, Tarboro Serpents/Goobers, Tarboro Serpents, Tarboro Tartars, Tarboro Tarheels
Thomasville1937196924High Point-Thomasville Royals, High Point-Thomasville Hi-Toms, Thomasville Hi-Toms, Thomasville Dodgers, Thomasville Tommies, Thomasville Chair Makers
Warsaw194719482Warsaw Red Sox
Whiteville195019501Whiteville Tobs
Williamston193719415Williamston Martins
Wilmington1900200119Wilmington Waves, Wilmington Pirates, Wilmington Sailors, Wilmington Giants, Wilmington
Wilson1908197336Wilson Pennants, Kinston Eagles/Wilson Tobs, Wilson Tobs, Wilson Bugs, Wilson Tobacconists
Winston-Salem18922017105Winston-Salem Dash, Winston-Salem Warthogs, Winston-Salem Spirits, Winston-Salem Red Sox, Winston-Salem Red Birds, Winston-Salem Cardinals, Winston-Salem Twins/High Point Pointers, Winston-Salem Twins, Salisbury-Spencer/Winston-Salem Twins, Winston-Salem Blue Sluggers
Zebulon201220176Carolina Mudcats

About the Register Data

Historical performance data for professional leagues (affiliated minor leagues, independent minor leagues, fall/winter leagues, and other international leagues) is provided by and licensed from 24-7 Baseball and Chadwick Baseball Bureau. It incorporates the work of many stalwart baseball researchers, including Cliff Blau, Art Cantu, Frank Hamilton, Reed Howard, Kevin Johnson, Bob McConnell, Jack Morris, and Ray Nemec, as well as members of the Minor Leagues Committee of the Society for American Baseball Research.

Perhaps most importantly, it builds upon the seminal work of Ed Washuta, who magnanimously provided the framework to make the whole thing possible.

Minor league Total Zone (Rctch&Rtz, 2005-2009) data provided by and

About the Negro League Data


This data comes from two sources. 1) The Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group put together by the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum thanks to a grant provided by Major League Baseball. 2) Gary Ashwill and his collaborators.

The Hall of Fame data is found for the years 1920-1948 and the Ashwill data is found from 1904-1919. Many statistics are incomplete due to ongoing research and/or limitations in published sources, so please be assured that we are aware there are issues with the data and will continue to work with our data providers to improve the data that appears here.

The Hall of Fame dataset

This data is constructed from the best available information as provided by Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers and Dick Clark of the Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group. It contains data culled from newspaper boxscores, covering league sanctioned games from 1920 to 1948, which was produced for a study sponsored by Major League Baseball and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. It reflects totals as compiled by the NLRAG up to 2006. As new credible information is continually unearthed, these numbers will continue to change.

Baseball-Reference and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum would like to acknowledge Major League Baseball for funding this study, along with the Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group for their extensive efforts to collect the raw data and construct the most comprehensive database of Negro Leagues Baseball statistics.  Under the direction of Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers and Dick Clark, this database is the largest dataset ever made publically available and we wish to express our gratitude for all their efforts to help rebuild this lost statistical history.

The Ashwill Negro Leagues Database

Playing statistics and biographical data on the Negro leagues (all pre-1920) and early Latin American professional baseball is licensed from and provided by the Negro Leagues Database, a project organized by Gary Ashwill with the participation of many historians of Negro league and Latin American baseball.

The database is a work in progress, and will include more seasons as development continues. It appears in its original form at

Playing statistics and biographical data for this portion of our dataset (The Negro Leagues Database) are all copyright 2013 by Gary Ashwill. All rights reserved.


Note that our records are missing thousands of players who played in the Negro Leagues for minor league teams, independent teams, barnstorming teams or even Negro major league teams. We will bring their records to light as soon as suitable records are available for those players.

Details about our NLB Data

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