Michigan Encyclopedia

We list 35,000+ teams from Negro League, Japanese league, and minor league history. This list is not exhaustive and may be missing teams from certain leagues and years or with a small number of games played. We apologize for any omissions.

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United States

(2 tms)

Alabama (567 tms)

Arkansas (320 tms)

Arizona (787 tms)

California (1753 tms)

Colorado (228 tms)

Connecticut (451 tms)

District of Columbia (124 tms)

Delaware (95 tms)

Florida (2166 tms)

Georgia (833 tms)

Hawaii (47 tms)

Iowa (837 tms)

Idaho (245 tms)

Illinois (1167 tms)

Indiana (595 tms)

Kansas (395 tms)

Kentucky (443 tms)

Louisiana (459 tms)

Massachusetts (707 tms)

Maryland (482 tms)

Maine (108 tms)

Michigan (604 tms)

Minnesota (450 tms)

Missouri (633 tms)

Mississippi (270 tms)

Montana (264 tms)

North Carolina (1369 tms)

North Dakota (101 tms)

Nebraska (342 tms)

New Hampshire (104 tms)

New Jersey (379 tms)

New Mexico (172 tms)

Nevada (107 tms)

New York (2166 tms)

Ohio (1092 tms)

Oklahoma (483 tms)

Oregon (338 tms)

Pennsylvania (1684 tms)

Rhode Island (131 tms)

South Carolina (417 tms)

South Dakota (123 tms)

Tennessee (864 tms)

Texas (1638 tms)

Utah (196 tms)

Virginia (956 tms)

Vermont (60 tms)

Washington (591 tms)

Wisconsin (618 tms)

West Virginia (343 tms)

Wyoming (12 tms)


Alberta (152 tms)

British Columbia (114 tms)

Manitoba (95 tms)

New Brunswick (3 tms)

Nova Scotia (14 tms)

Ontario (361 tms)

Quebec (220 tms)

Saskatchewan (63 tms)


(228 tms)

MX (2 tms)

Aguascalientes (54 tms)

Baja California (51 tms)

Campeche (57 tms)

Chihuahua (47 tms)

Coahuila (166 tms)

Distrito Federal (165 tms)

Durango (4 tms)

Guanajuato (39 tms)

Jalisco (6 tms)

Nuevo Leon (95 tms)

Oaxaca (25 tms)

Puebla (64 tms)

Quintana Roo (22 tms)

San Luis Potosi (29 tms)

Sinaloa (87 tms)

Sonora (89 tms)

Tabasco (18 tms)

Tamaulipas (135 tms)

Veracruz (150 tms)

Yucatan (58 tms)

Zacatecas (12 tms)

Other Countries

(614 tms)

Australia (67 tms)

China (10 tms)

Colombia (20 tms)

Cuba (698 tms)

Dominican Republic (1022 tms)

Israel (6 tms)

Italy (127 tms)

Japan (1128 tms)

South Korea (303 tms)

Netherlands (97 tms)

New Zealand (1 tm)

Panama (81 tms)

Puerto Rico (175 tms)

San Marino (15 tms)

Taiwan (105 tms)

Venezuela (309 tms)


Michigan Table
City From To # Teams
Adrian189519147Adrian Fencevilles, Adrian Champs, Adrian Lions, Adrian Yeggs, Adrian Reformers/Demons
Battle Creek1895201832Battle Creek Bombers, Southwest Michigan Devil Rays, Battle Creek Yankees, Michigan Battle Cats, Battle Creek Belles, Battle Creek Custers, Battle Creek Crickets, Battle Creek Cero Frutos, Battle Creek Adventists
Bay City1883192626Bay City Wolves, Bay City Beavers, Bay City Billikens, Bay City Sugar Citys, Bay City Riders, Saginaw-Bay City Hyphens, Bay City
Belding191419141Manistee/Belding Champs
Berrien Springs191019101Berrien Springs Grays
Big Rapids188718871Big Rapids
Boyne City191119144Boyne City Boosters
Cadillac191019145Cadillac Chiefs
Calumet189119075Calumet Aristocrats, Calumet Red Jackets
Charlotte192619261Charlotte Giants/Flint Vehicles
Detroit18812019157Detroit Wolves, Detroit Motor City Giants, Detroit Black Sox, Detroit Cubs, Detroit Giants, Detroit Stars, Detroit Tigers, Detroit Creams, Detroit Wolverines
Dollar Bay190419041Dollar Bay
East Saginaw188318831East Saginaw Grays
Flint1889195127Flint Arrows, Flint Gems, Flint Halligans, Flint Vehicles, Flint, Flint Flyers, Kalamazoo Kazoos/Flint Flyers
Grand Rapids1883201981West Michigan Whitecaps, Grand Rapids Jets, Grand Rapids Chicks, Grand Rapids Dodgers, Grand Rapids Tigers, Grand Rapids Homoners, Grand Rapids Billbobs, Grand Rapids Joshers, Grand Rapids Black Sox, Grand Rapids Champs, Grand Rapids Bill-eds, Grand Rapids Furniture Makers/Newark Skeeters, Grand Rapids Raiders, Grand Rapids Wolverines, Grand Rapids Orphans, Grand Rapids Colts, Grand Rapids Woodworkers/Wheeling Stogies, Grand Rapids, Grand Rapids Boers, Grand Rapids Furniture Makers/Springfield Wanderer, Columbus Buckeyes/Senators/Grand Rapids Furniturem, Grand Rapids Cabinet Makers, Grand Rapids Bob-o-links, Grand Rapids Rippers/Gold Bugs, Grand Rapids Gold Bugs, Grand Rapids Rippers, Grand Rapids Shamrocks
Hancock190419063Hancock Infants, Portage Lake
Holland191019112Holland Wooden Shoes
Houghton189119073Houghton Giants, Houghton
Ionia188719223Ionia Mayors, Jackson/Ionia Mayors, Ionia
Ishpeming189118922Ishpeming-Negaunee Unions, Ishpeming
Jackson1888191516Jackson Vets, Jackson Chiefs, Jackson Convicts, Saginaw/Jackson White Sox, Jackson, Jackson Wolverines, Jackson Jaxons
Kalamazoo1887201842Kalamazoo Growlers, Kalamazoo Kings, Kalamazoo Kodiaks, Kalamazoo Lassies, Kalamazoo Celery Pickers, Kalamazoo Kazoos, Kalamazoo White Sox, Kalamazoo/Flint, Kalamazoo Celery Eaters/Kazoos/Zooloos
Lake Linden190419063Lake Linden Sandy Cities, Lake Linden Lakers
Lansing1889201941Lansing Lugnuts, Lansing Senators, Lansing Lancers, Lansing Senators/Mount Clemens Bathers, Lansing, Lansing Farmers
Ludington191219268Ludington Tars, Ludington Mariners
Manistee189019134Manistee Champs, Manistee Colts, Manistee
Midland2007201913Great Lakes Loons
Mount Clemens190619134Mount Clemens Bathers
Muskegon1884195330Muskegon Belles, Muskegon Clippers, Muskegon Lassies, Muskegon Anglers, Muskegon Daniels/Muskies, Muskegon Muskies, Muskegon Speeders, Muskegon Reds, Muskegon Speed Boys, Muskegon
Niles191019101Niles Blues
Owosso189518951Owosso Colts
Pontiac191219132Pontiac Indians
Port Huron1883192611Port Huron Saints, Port Huron Independents, Port Huron Tunnelites, Port Huron Tigers, Port Huron, Port Huron Marines
Reed City188718871Reed City
Saginaw1884195132Saginaw Jacks, Saginaw Bears, Saginaw White Sox, Saginaw Athletics, Saginaw Aces, Saginaw Ducks, Saginaw Trailers, Saginaw Krazy Kats, Saginaw Wa-was, Saginaw, Saginaw Salt Eaters, Saginaw Braves, Saginaw Lumberman, Saginaw Lumbermen, Saginaw Alerts, Saginaw Greys
Sault Ste. Marie190519051Sault Ste. Marie Soos
St. Joseph194019412St. Joseph Autos
Traverse City1910201818Traverse City Beach Bums, Traverse City Resorters
Waterford201020101Oakland County Cruisers

About the Register Data

Historical performance data for professional leagues (affiliated minor leagues, independent minor leagues, fall/winter leagues, and other international leagues) is provided by and licensed from 24-7 Baseball and Chadwick Baseball Bureau. It incorporates the work of many stalwart baseball researchers, including Cliff Blau, Art Cantu, Frank Hamilton, Reed Howard, Kevin Johnson, Bob McConnell, Jack Morris, and Ray Nemec, as well as members of the Minor Leagues Committee of the Society for American Baseball Research.

Perhaps most importantly, it builds upon the seminal work of Ed Washuta, who magnanimously provided the framework to make the whole thing possible.

Minor league Total Zone (Rctch&Rtz, 2005-2009) data provided by Baseballprojection.com and Minorleaguesplits.com.

About the Negro League Data


This data comes from two sources. 1) The Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group put together by the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum thanks to a grant provided by Major League Baseball. 2) Gary Ashwill and his collaborators.

The Hall of Fame data is found for the years 1920-1948 and the Ashwill data is found from 1904-1919. Many statistics are incomplete due to ongoing research and/or limitations in published sources, so please be assured that we are aware there are issues with the data and will continue to work with our data providers to improve the data that appears here.

The Hall of Fame dataset

This data is constructed from the best available information as provided by Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers and Dick Clark of the Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group. It contains data culled from newspaper boxscores, covering league sanctioned games from 1920 to 1948, which was produced for a study sponsored by Major League Baseball and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. It reflects totals as compiled by the NLRAG up to 2006. As new credible information is continually unearthed, these numbers will continue to change.

Baseball-Reference and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum would like to acknowledge Major League Baseball for funding this study, along with the Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group for their extensive efforts to collect the raw data and construct the most comprehensive database of Negro Leagues Baseball statistics.  Under the direction of Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers and Dick Clark, this database is the largest dataset ever made publically available and we wish to express our gratitude for all their efforts to help rebuild this lost statistical history.

The Ashwill Negro Leagues Database

Playing statistics and biographical data on the Negro leagues (all pre-1920) and early Latin American professional baseball is licensed from and provided by the Negro Leagues Database, a project organized by Gary Ashwill with the participation of many historians of Negro league and Latin American baseball.

The database is a work in progress, and will include more seasons as development continues. It appears in its original form at Seamheads.com.

Playing statistics and biographical data for this portion of our dataset (The Negro Leagues Database) are all copyright 2013 by Gary Ashwill. All rights reserved.


Note that our records are missing thousands of players who played in the Negro Leagues for minor league teams, independent teams, barnstorming teams or even Negro major league teams. We will bring their records to light as soon as suitable records are available for those players.

Details about our NLB Data

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