Massachusetts Encyclopedia

We list 35,000+ teams from Negro League, Japanese league, and minor league history. This list is not exhaustive and may be missing teams from certain leagues and years or with a small number of games played. We apologize for any omissions.

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United States

(2 tms)

Alabama (564 tms)

Arkansas (318 tms)

Arizona (758 tms)

California (1726 tms)

Colorado (220 tms)

Connecticut (440 tms)

District of Columbia (123 tms)

Delaware (94 tms)

Florida (2132 tms)

Georgia (829 tms)

Hawaii (47 tms)

Iowa (827 tms)

Idaho (243 tms)

Illinois (1157 tms)

Indiana (590 tms)

Kansas (393 tms)

Kentucky (439 tms)

Louisiana (458 tms)

Massachusetts (648 tms)

Maryland (475 tms)

Maine (103 tms)

Michigan (592 tms)

Minnesota (424 tms)

Missouri (629 tms)

Mississippi (268 tms)

Montana (261 tms)

North Carolina (1337 tms)

North Dakota (80 tms)

Nebraska (340 tms)

New Hampshire (95 tms)

New Jersey (372 tms)

New Mexico (167 tms)

Nevada (105 tms)

New York (2089 tms)

Ohio (1083 tms)

Oklahoma (481 tms)

Oregon (335 tms)

Pennsylvania (1666 tms)

Rhode Island (122 tms)

South Carolina (413 tms)

South Dakota (122 tms)

Tennessee (855 tms)

Texas (1625 tms)

Utah (193 tms)

Virginia (948 tms)

Vermont (52 tms)

Washington (586 tms)

Wisconsin (580 tms)

West Virginia (339 tms)

Wyoming (12 tms)


Alberta (141 tms)

British Columbia (113 tms)

Manitoba (77 tms)

New Brunswick (3 tms)

Nova Scotia (14 tms)

Ontario (355 tms)

Quebec (218 tms)

Saskatchewan (33 tms)


(228 tms)

MX (2 tms)

Aguascalientes (52 tms)

Baja California (48 tms)

Campeche (55 tms)

Chihuahua (47 tms)

Coahuila (160 tms)

Distrito Federal (163 tms)

Durango (2 tms)

Guanajuato (37 tms)

Jalisco (5 tms)

Nuevo Leon (93 tms)

Oaxaca (23 tms)

Puebla (62 tms)

Quintana Roo (20 tms)

San Luis Potosi (29 tms)

Sinaloa (84 tms)

Sonora (86 tms)

Tabasco (16 tms)

Tamaulipas (133 tms)

Veracruz (150 tms)

Yucatan (56 tms)

Zacatecas (12 tms)

Other Countries

(614 tms)

Australia (60 tms)

China (10 tms)

Colombia (20 tms)

Cuba (698 tms)

Dominican Republic (971 tms)

Israel (6 tms)

Italy (127 tms)

Japan (972 tms)

South Korea (283 tms)

Netherlands (97 tms)

Panama (81 tms)

Puerto Rico (171 tms)

San Marino (15 tms)

Taiwan (105 tms)

Venezuela (301 tms)


Massachusetts Table
City From To # Teams
Attleboro190819333Attleboro/Lawrence/Woonsocket, Attleboro Burros, Taunton/Attleboro Angels
Berkshire197620033Berkshire Black Bears, Berkshire Brewers
Boston18712017209Boston Braves, Boston Blues, Boston Royal Giants, Boston Bees, Boston Rustlers, Boston Red Sox, Boston Doves, Boston Beaneaters, Boston Americans, Lowell/Manchester/Boston Reds, Boston Reds, Boston Blues/Haverhill, Boston Resolutes, Boston Reserves, Boston Red Caps, Boston Red Stockings
Brockton1885201135Brockton Rox, Quincy Shipbuilders/Nashua Millionaires/Brockton S, Brockton Pilgrims, Brockton Tigers, Brockton/New Bedford Whalers, Brockton B's, Syracuse Stars/Brockton B's, Brockton Shoemakers, Brockton
Cambridge189919342Cambridge Cantabs/Wayland Birds, Cambridge Orphans/Lowell Orphans
Fall River1877194925Fall River Indians, Fall River Spindles, Fall River Adopted Sons, Fall River Brienies, Fall River Casscade
Fitchburg189519297Haverhill Hillies/Fitchburg Wanderers/Gloucester H, Fitchburg/Worcester Boosters, Fitchburg Foxes, Fitchburg Burghers, Fitchburg Burghers/Manchester Textiles, Fitchburg/Lawrence, Fitchburg
Gloucester192919291Haverhill Hillies/Fitchburg Wanderers/Gloucester H
Haverhill1885192924Haverhill Hillies/Fitchburg Wanderers/Gloucester H, Haverhill Hillies, Haverhill Climbers, Haverhill Hustlers, Boston Blues/Haverhill, Haverhill
Holyoke1879198219Holyoke Millers, Holyoke Papermakers, Holyoke Paperweights, Holyoke
Lawrence1884194729Lawrence Millionaires/Lowell Orphans, Lawrence Millionaires, Attleboro/Lawrence/Woonsocket, Lawrence Merry Macks, Lawrence Barristers, Lawrence Colts, Manchester/Lawrence Colts, Fitchburg/Lawrence, Lawrence Indians, Manchester Gazettes/Lawrence, Lawrence/Salem, Lawrence
Lowell1877201755Lowell Spinners, Lawrence Millionaires/Lowell Orphans, Lowell Honeys/Hustlers, Lowell Lauriers, Lowell Millers/Nashua Millionaires, Lowell Highwaymen/Salem Witches, Lowell Grays/Lewiston-Auburn Twins, Lowell Grays, Lowell Tigers, Lowell/Taunton Tigers, Cambridge Orphans/Lowell Orphans, Lowell/Manchester/Boston Reds, Lowell Lowells, Lowell, Lowell Chippies, Lowell Magicians, Lowell Ladies Men
Lynn1877200739North Shore Spirit, Lynn Sailors, Lynn Tigers, Lynn Red Sox, Lynn Papooses, Lynn Pipers, Lynn Pirates, Lynn Fighters, Lynn Leonardites, Lynn Shoemakers, Lynn Live Oaks, Lynn Lions, Lynn/Newburyport Clamdiggers, Lynn, Lynn Live Oaks/Worcester
Massachusetts199619994Massachusetts Mad Dogs
New Bedford1878193421New Bedford Millmen, Brockton/New Bedford Whalers, New Bedford Whalers/Worcester, New Bedford Whalers/Browns, New Bedford Whalers, New Bedford/New Haven/Hartford
Newburyport188518862Lynn/Newburyport Clamdiggers, Newburyport Clamdiggers/Biddeford
Northamption190919113Northampton Meadowlarks
Pittsfield1905201153Pittsfield Colonials, Pittsfield Astros, Pittsfield Mets, Pittsfield Cubs, Pittsfield Rangers, Pittsfield Senators, Pittsfield Red Sox, Pittsfield Phillies, Pittsfield Indians, Pittsfield Electrics, Pittsfield Hillies, Saugerties/Pittsfield Hillies
Quincy193319331Quincy Shipbuilders/Nashua Millionaires/Brockton S
Salem1884193011Salem Witches, Lowell Highwaymen/Salem Witches, Salem Fairies, Lawrence/Salem, Salem
Springfield1878196564Springfield Giants, Springfield Cubs, Springfield Rifles, Springfield Nationals, Springfield Hampdens, Springfield Green Sox, Springfield Tips, Springfield Ponies/Maroons, Springfield Ponies, Springfield Maroons, Springfield Horsemen, Springfield
Taunton189719338Taunton Blues, Taunton Herrings, Taunton/Attleboro Angels, Lowell/Taunton Tigers
Waltham193419341Waltham/Worcester Rosebuds
Watertown193419341Watertown Townies
Wayland193419341Cambridge Cantabs/Wayland Birds
Worcester1878201246Worcester Tornadoes, Waltham/Worcester Rosebuds, Worcester Chiefs, Worcester Panthers, Fitchburg/Worcester Boosters, Worcester Boosters, Worcester Busters, Montreal Royals/Worcester Riddlers, Worcester Hustlers, Worcester Quakers, Worcester Farmers, New Bedford Whalers/Worcester, Worcester Grays, Worcester, Worcester Ruby Legs, Lynn Live Oaks/Worcester

About the Register Data

Historical performance data for professional leagues (affiliated minor leagues, independent minor leagues, fall/winter leagues, and other international leagues) is provided by and licensed from 24-7 Baseball and Chadwick Baseball Bureau. It incorporates the work of many stalwart baseball researchers, including Cliff Blau, Art Cantu, Frank Hamilton, Reed Howard, Kevin Johnson, Bob McConnell, Jack Morris, and Ray Nemec, as well as members of the Minor Leagues Committee of the Society for American Baseball Research.

Perhaps most importantly, it builds upon the seminal work of Ed Washuta, who magnanimously provided the framework to make the whole thing possible.

Minor league Total Zone (Rctch&Rtz, 2005-2009) data provided by and

About the Negro League Data


This data comes from two sources. 1) The Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group put together by the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum thanks to a grant provided by Major League Baseball. 2) Gary Ashwill and his collaborators.

The Hall of Fame data is found for the years 1920-1948 and the Ashwill data is found from 1904-1919. Many statistics are incomplete due to ongoing research and/or limitations in published sources, so please be assured that we are aware there are issues with the data and will continue to work with our data providers to improve the data that appears here.

The Hall of Fame dataset

This data is constructed from the best available information as provided by Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers and Dick Clark of the Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group. It contains data culled from newspaper boxscores, covering league sanctioned games from 1920 to 1948, which was produced for a study sponsored by Major League Baseball and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. It reflects totals as compiled by the NLRAG up to 2006. As new credible information is continually unearthed, these numbers will continue to change.

Baseball-Reference and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum would like to acknowledge Major League Baseball for funding this study, along with the Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group for their extensive efforts to collect the raw data and construct the most comprehensive database of Negro Leagues Baseball statistics.  Under the direction of Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers and Dick Clark, this database is the largest dataset ever made publically available and we wish to express our gratitude for all their efforts to help rebuild this lost statistical history.

The Ashwill Negro Leagues Database

Playing statistics and biographical data on the Negro leagues (all pre-1920) and early Latin American professional baseball is licensed from and provided by the Negro Leagues Database, a project organized by Gary Ashwill with the participation of many historians of Negro league and Latin American baseball.

The database is a work in progress, and will include more seasons as development continues. It appears in its original form at

Playing statistics and biographical data for this portion of our dataset (The Negro Leagues Database) are all copyright 2013 by Gary Ashwill. All rights reserved.


Note that our records are missing thousands of players who played in the Negro Leagues for minor league teams, independent teams, barnstorming teams or even Negro major league teams. We will bring their records to light as soon as suitable records are available for those players.

Details about our NLB Data

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