Kentucky Encyclopedia

We list 35,000+ teams from Negro League, Japanese league, and minor league history. This list is not exhaustive and may be missing teams from certain leagues and years or with a small number of games played. We apologize for any omissions.

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United States

(2 tms)

Alabama (564 tms)

Arkansas (318 tms)

Arizona (765 tms)

California (1736 tms)

Colorado (221 tms)

Connecticut (440 tms)

District of Columbia (123 tms)

Delaware (94 tms)

Florida (2132 tms)

Georgia (829 tms)

Hawaii (47 tms)

Iowa (827 tms)

Idaho (243 tms)

Illinois (1157 tms)

Indiana (590 tms)

Kansas (394 tms)

Kentucky (439 tms)

Louisiana (458 tms)

Massachusetts (648 tms)

Maryland (475 tms)

Maine (103 tms)

Michigan (592 tms)

Minnesota (424 tms)

Missouri (629 tms)

Mississippi (268 tms)

Montana (261 tms)

North Carolina (1337 tms)

North Dakota (96 tms)

Nebraska (340 tms)

New Hampshire (95 tms)

New Jersey (374 tms)

New Mexico (171 tms)

Nevada (105 tms)

New York (2103 tms)

Ohio (1083 tms)

Oklahoma (481 tms)

Oregon (335 tms)

Pennsylvania (1671 tms)

Rhode Island (122 tms)

South Carolina (413 tms)

South Dakota (122 tms)

Tennessee (855 tms)

Texas (1626 tms)

Utah (193 tms)

Virginia (948 tms)

Vermont (52 tms)

Washington (586 tms)

Wisconsin (580 tms)

West Virginia (339 tms)

Wyoming (12 tms)


Alberta (142 tms)

British Columbia (113 tms)

Manitoba (94 tms)

New Brunswick (3 tms)

Nova Scotia (14 tms)

Ontario (355 tms)

Quebec (218 tms)

Saskatchewan (38 tms)


(228 tms)

MX (2 tms)

Aguascalientes (53 tms)

Baja California (50 tms)

Campeche (56 tms)

Chihuahua (47 tms)

Coahuila (163 tms)

Distrito Federal (164 tms)

Durango (3 tms)

Guanajuato (38 tms)

Jalisco (6 tms)

Nuevo Leon (94 tms)

Oaxaca (24 tms)

Puebla (63 tms)

Quintana Roo (21 tms)

San Luis Potosi (29 tms)

Sinaloa (87 tms)

Sonora (89 tms)

Tabasco (17 tms)

Tamaulipas (134 tms)

Veracruz (150 tms)

Yucatan (57 tms)

Zacatecas (12 tms)

Other Countries

(614 tms)

Australia (67 tms)

China (10 tms)

Colombia (20 tms)

Cuba (698 tms)

Dominican Republic (977 tms)

Israel (6 tms)

Italy (127 tms)

Japan (972 tms)

South Korea (283 tms)

Netherlands (97 tms)

New Zealand (1 tm)

Panama (81 tms)

Puerto Rico (175 tms)

San Marino (15 tms)

Taiwan (105 tms)

Venezuela (309 tms)


Kentucky Table
City From To # Teams
Ashland191019938Tri-State Tomahawks, Ashland Colonels, Ashland-Catlettsburg Twins
Bowling Green1939201814Bowling Green Hot Rods, Bowling Green Barons
Central City195419541Jackson Generals/Central City Reds
Covington191319131Kansas City Packers/Covington Blue Sox
Cynthiana192219243Cynthiana Cobblers, Cynthiana Merchants
Dawson Springs191619161Dawson Springs
Florence2003201816Florence Freedom
Frankfort190819167Frankfort Old Taylors, Frankfort Lawmakers, Frankfort Statesmen
Fulton1911195521Fulton Lookouts, Fulton Railroaders, Fulton Chicks, Fulton Bulldogs, Fulton Tigers, Fulton Eagles, Fulton Colonets
Harlan1948196511Harlan Red Sox, Harlan Yankees, Harlan Smokies
Hazard194919524Hazard Bombers
Henderson189619169Henderson Hens, Henderson Blue Birds, Henderson
Hopkinsville1896195430Hopkinsville Hoppers, Hopkinsville Browns, Hopkinsville
Jenkins194819514Jenkins Cavaliers
Lexington1885201832Lexington Legends, Lexington Colts, Lexington Studebakers, Lexington Reds, Lexington
Louisville18762018132Louisville Bats, Louisville RiverBats, Louisville Redbirds, Louisville Colonels, Louisville Buckeyes, Louisville Black Colonels, Louisville Red Caps, Louisville Black Caps, Louisville White Sox, Louisville Colonels/Grand Rapids Furniture Makers, Louisville Falls City, Louisville Eclipse, Louisville Grays
Madisonville1896195514Madisonville Miners, Madisonville
Mayfield1922195519Mayfield Clothiers, Mayfield Browns, Mayfield Pantsmakers
Maysville191019239Maysville Cardinals, Maysville Burley Cubs, Chillicothe/Huntington Babes/Maysville Angels, Maysville, Maysville Rivermen, Shelbyville/Maysville Rivermen
Middlesboro1913196311Middlesboro Cubsox, Middlesboro Senators, Middlesboro Athletics, Middlesboro Colonels
Mount Sterling191219233Mount Sterling Essex, Winchester Hustlers/Nicholasville Orphans/Mount St
Owensboro1896195523Owensboro Oilers, Portageville/Owensboro Pirates, Owensboro Distillers, Owensboro, Owensboro Corncrackers
Paducah1897195526Paducah Indians, Paducah Red Birds, Paducah Chiefs, Paducah Polecats, Paducah Little Colonels
Paintsville197819938Kentucky Rifles, Paintsville Brewers, Paintsville Yankees, Paintsville Highlanders
Paris190919247Paris Bourbons, Paris Bourbonites
Pikeville198219944Kentucky Rifles, Pikeville Cubs, Pikeville Brewers
Princeton190519051Princeton Infants
Richmond190819125Richmond Pioneers
Shelbyville190819092Shelbyville Grays
Winchester190819247Winchester Dodgers, Winchester Hustlers

About the Register Data

Historical performance data for professional leagues (affiliated minor leagues, independent minor leagues, fall/winter leagues, and other international leagues) is provided by and licensed from 24-7 Baseball and Chadwick Baseball Bureau. It incorporates the work of many stalwart baseball researchers, including Cliff Blau, Art Cantu, Frank Hamilton, Reed Howard, Kevin Johnson, Bob McConnell, Jack Morris, and Ray Nemec, as well as members of the Minor Leagues Committee of the Society for American Baseball Research.

Perhaps most importantly, it builds upon the seminal work of Ed Washuta, who magnanimously provided the framework to make the whole thing possible.

Minor league Total Zone (Rctch&Rtz, 2005-2009) data provided by and

About the Negro League Data


This data comes from two sources. 1) The Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group put together by the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum thanks to a grant provided by Major League Baseball. 2) Gary Ashwill and his collaborators.

The Hall of Fame data is found for the years 1920-1948 and the Ashwill data is found from 1904-1919. Many statistics are incomplete due to ongoing research and/or limitations in published sources, so please be assured that we are aware there are issues with the data and will continue to work with our data providers to improve the data that appears here.

The Hall of Fame dataset

This data is constructed from the best available information as provided by Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers and Dick Clark of the Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group. It contains data culled from newspaper boxscores, covering league sanctioned games from 1920 to 1948, which was produced for a study sponsored by Major League Baseball and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. It reflects totals as compiled by the NLRAG up to 2006. As new credible information is continually unearthed, these numbers will continue to change.

Baseball-Reference and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum would like to acknowledge Major League Baseball for funding this study, along with the Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group for their extensive efforts to collect the raw data and construct the most comprehensive database of Negro Leagues Baseball statistics.  Under the direction of Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers and Dick Clark, this database is the largest dataset ever made publically available and we wish to express our gratitude for all their efforts to help rebuild this lost statistical history.

The Ashwill Negro Leagues Database

Playing statistics and biographical data on the Negro leagues (all pre-1920) and early Latin American professional baseball is licensed from and provided by the Negro Leagues Database, a project organized by Gary Ashwill with the participation of many historians of Negro league and Latin American baseball.

The database is a work in progress, and will include more seasons as development continues. It appears in its original form at

Playing statistics and biographical data for this portion of our dataset (The Negro Leagues Database) are all copyright 2013 by Gary Ashwill. All rights reserved.


Note that our records are missing thousands of players who played in the Negro Leagues for minor league teams, independent teams, barnstorming teams or even Negro major league teams. We will bring their records to light as soon as suitable records are available for those players.

Details about our NLB Data

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