Illinois Encyclopedia

We list 35,000+ teams from Negro League, Japanese league, and minor league history. This list is not exhaustive and may be missing teams from certain leagues and years or with a small number of games played. We apologize for any omissions.

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United States

(2 tms)

Alabama (564 tms)

Arkansas (318 tms)

Arizona (758 tms)

California (1726 tms)

Colorado (220 tms)

Connecticut (440 tms)

District of Columbia (123 tms)

Delaware (94 tms)

Florida (2132 tms)

Georgia (829 tms)

Hawaii (47 tms)

Iowa (827 tms)

Idaho (243 tms)

Illinois (1157 tms)

Indiana (590 tms)

Kansas (393 tms)

Kentucky (439 tms)

Louisiana (458 tms)

Massachusetts (648 tms)

Maryland (475 tms)

Maine (103 tms)

Michigan (592 tms)

Minnesota (424 tms)

Missouri (629 tms)

Mississippi (268 tms)

Montana (261 tms)

North Carolina (1337 tms)

North Dakota (80 tms)

Nebraska (340 tms)

New Hampshire (95 tms)

New Jersey (372 tms)

New Mexico (167 tms)

Nevada (105 tms)

New York (2089 tms)

Ohio (1083 tms)

Oklahoma (481 tms)

Oregon (335 tms)

Pennsylvania (1666 tms)

Rhode Island (122 tms)

South Carolina (413 tms)

South Dakota (122 tms)

Tennessee (855 tms)

Texas (1625 tms)

Utah (193 tms)

Virginia (948 tms)

Vermont (52 tms)

Washington (586 tms)

Wisconsin (580 tms)

West Virginia (339 tms)

Wyoming (12 tms)


Alberta (141 tms)

British Columbia (113 tms)

Manitoba (77 tms)

New Brunswick (3 tms)

Nova Scotia (14 tms)

Ontario (355 tms)

Quebec (218 tms)

Saskatchewan (33 tms)


(228 tms)

MX (2 tms)

Aguascalientes (52 tms)

Baja California (48 tms)

Campeche (55 tms)

Chihuahua (47 tms)

Coahuila (160 tms)

Distrito Federal (163 tms)

Durango (2 tms)

Guanajuato (37 tms)

Jalisco (5 tms)

Nuevo Leon (93 tms)

Oaxaca (23 tms)

Puebla (62 tms)

Quintana Roo (20 tms)

San Luis Potosi (29 tms)

Sinaloa (84 tms)

Sonora (86 tms)

Tabasco (16 tms)

Tamaulipas (133 tms)

Veracruz (150 tms)

Yucatan (56 tms)

Zacatecas (12 tms)

Other Countries

(614 tms)

Australia (60 tms)

China (10 tms)

Colombia (20 tms)

Cuba (698 tms)

Dominican Republic (971 tms)

Israel (6 tms)

Italy (127 tms)

Japan (972 tms)

South Korea (283 tms)

Netherlands (97 tms)

Panama (81 tms)

Puerto Rico (171 tms)

San Marino (15 tms)

Taiwan (105 tms)

Venezuela (301 tms)


Illinois Table
City From To # Teams
Alton191719171Alton Blues
Aurora188819159Aurora Foxes, Aurora Blues, Aurora Islanders, Joliet Convicts/Aurora Indians, Aurora Maroons, Aurora
Beardstown190919102Beardstown/Jacksonville Jacks, Beardstown Infants
Belleville194719493Belleville Stags
Bloomington1888193940Bloomington Bengals, Bloomington Cubs, Bloomington Bloomers, Bloomington Blues, Anderson/Kokomo/Bloomington, Bloomington, Bloomington Reds
Cairo1897195017Cairo Dodgers, Cairo Egyptians, Cairo Giants, Cairo Champions
Canton190819136Canton Chinks, Canton Highlanders
Centralia190719527Centralia Zeros, Centralia Sterlings, Centralia Cubs, Centralia White Stockings/Paris Colts
Champaign188919946Champaign-Urbana Bandits, Champaign Velvets, Champaign-Urbana Velvets, Logansport/Champaign-Urbana Clippers
Charleston190619083Charleston Evangelists, Charleston Broom Corn Cutters, Mattoon-Charleston Canaries
Chicago18712017348Chicago White Sox, Chicago Colleens, Chicago Cubs, Chicago American Giants, Chicago Brown Bombers, Cole's Chicago American Giants, Columbia CAG, Chicago Giants, Chicago Whales, Chicago Chi-Feds, Chicago Keeleys, Chicago Green Sox, Chicago Orphans, Chicago Brands, Chicago Garden Citys, Chicago Whitings, Chicago Colts, Chicago Franklins, Chicago Lake Views, Chicago Crystals, Chicago Rivals, Chicago West Ends, Chicago Pirates, Chicago Maroons, Chicago/Pittsburgh, Chicago White Stockings, Chicago Fairbanks
Clinton191019123Clinton Champs/Kankakee Kanks, Clinton Champs
Crestwood1998201720Windy City ThunderBolts, Cook County Cheetahs
Danville1888198238Danville Suns, Danville Warriors, Danville Dans, Danville Dodgers, Danville Veterans, Danville Speakers/Moline Plowboys, Danville Speakers, Danville/Staunton Speakers, Danville Old Soldiers, Danville Champions, Danville Browns
Decatur1888197464Decatur Cubs, Decatur Commodores, Springfield Senators/Decatur Nomads, Decatur
Elgin191019152Elgin Watch Makers, Elgin Kittens
Freeport190519158Dubuque Dubs/Freeport Commons, Freeport Pretzels
Galesburg189019149Ottumwa Packers/Rock Island Islanders/Galesburg Pa, Galesburg Pavers, Galesburg Boosters, Galesburg Hornets, Galesburg, Galesburg/Indianapolis, Sterling/Galesburg/Burlington
Geneva1991201727Kane County Cougars
Harrisburg191019134Harrisburg Coal Miners, Harrisburg/Jackson Merchants, Harrisburg Merchants, Harrisburg Miners
Havana190819081Havana Perfectos
Jacksonville1892191010Beardstown/Jacksonville Jacks, Jacksonville Braves, Jacksonville Jacks, Springfield/Jacksonville, Jacksonville Jacks/Springfield, Jacksonville Lunatics
Joliet1890201722Joliet Slammers, Joliet Jackhammers, Joliet Jolly-ites/Sterling Infants, Joliet Standards/Springfield Foot Trackers, Joliet/Hammond, Joliet Convicts/Aurora Indians, Joliet Giants, Joliet
Kankakee191019144Kankakee Kanks, Clinton Champs/Kankakee Kanks, Kankakee Kays
Kewanee190819498Kewanee A's, Moline/Kewanee A's, Kewanee Boilermakers
La Salle191419141La Salle Blue Sox
Lincoln191019145Lincoln Abes
Linton190819081Pana/Linton Coal Miners
Macomb190819103Macomb Potters
Marion2007201711Southern Illinois Miners
Mattoon1899195715Mattoon Athletics, Mattoon Phillies, Mattoon Indians, Mattoon Giants, Mattoon-Charleston Canaries, Kokomo/Mattoon
McLeansboro191019113McLeansboro Miners/Henderson Hens, McLeansboro Billikens, McLeansboro Merchants
Moline1894194826Moline/Kewanee A's, Moline A's, Moline Plow Boys, Moline Plowboys, Danville Speakers/Moline Plowboys, Rock Island-Moline Islanders
Monmouth189019137Monmouth Browns, Monmouth
Mount Vernon191019549Mount Vernon Kings, Mount Vernon Blues, Mount Vernon Merchants
Normal201020178Normal CornBelters
Ottawa189019154Ottawa Indians, Ottawa Modocs, Ottawa
Pana190719082Pana/Linton Coal Miners, Pana Coal Miners
Paris1907195912Paris Lakers, Paris Parisians, Centralia White Stockings/Paris Colts
Pekin190919135Pekin Celestials
Peoria1883201795Peoria Chiefs, Peoria Suns, Peoria Redwings, Peoria Tractors, South Bend/Peoria Benders/Distillers, Peoria Distillers, Marion Oilworkers/Peoria Distillers, Peoria Blackbirds, Peoria Canaries, Peoria Reds
Quincy1883197357Quincy Cubs, Quincy Jets, Quincy Giants, Quincy Gems, Quincy Indians, Quincy Red Birds, Quincy Old Soldiers, Quincy Infants, Quincy Vets, Dubuque/Quincy, Quincy, Quincy Little Giants, Quincy Bluebirds, Quincy Browns/Ravens, Quincy Ravens, Quincy Black Birds, Quincy Quincys
Rock Island1883193737Omaha Robin Hoods/Rock Island Islanders, Rock Island Islanders, Ottumwa Packers/Rock Island Islanders/Galesburg Pa, Rock Island, Rock Island-Moline Islanders, Rock Island-Moline Twins
Rockford1871201569Rockford Aviators, Rockford Riverhawks, Rockford Cubbies, Rockford Royals, Rockford Expos, Rockford Rox, Rockford Peaches, Rockford Wakes, Rockford Wolves, Rockford Wolverines, Rockford Reds, Rockford Red Sox, Rockford Rough Riders, Rockford Forest City, Rockford Forest City/Reds, Rockford Hustlers, Rockford, Rockford White Stockings, Rockford Forest Citys
Sauget2001201717Gateway Grizzlies
Schaumburg1999201718Schaumburg Boomers, Schaumburg Flyers
Shelbyville190719082Shelbyville Queen Citys
Springfield1883200177Springfield Capitals, Springfield Sultans, Springfield Cardinals, Springfield Redbirds, Springfield Sallies, Springfield Giants, Springfield Browns, Springfield Red Birds, Springfield Blue Sox, Springfield Dunnmen, Springfield Buckeyes, Springfield Senators, Springfield Blanket Makers/Milan/Trenton Twins, Springfield Reapers, Springfield Watchmakers, Springfield Senators/Decatur Nomads, Springfield Babes, Springfield Hustlers, Joliet Standards/Springfield Foot Trackers, Springfield/Jacksonville, Jacksonville Jacks/Springfield, Springfield
Staunton190819081Danville/Staunton Speakers
Sterling189019102Joliet Jolly-ites/Sterling Infants, Sterling/Galesburg/Burlington
Streator191219154Streator Boosters, Streator Speedboys
Taylorville190719113Taylorville Christians, Taylorville Tailors
Urbana191119942Champaign-Urbana Bandits, Champaign-Urbana Velvets
West Frankfort194719504West Frankfort Cardinals
Will County199519973Will County Cheetahs, Will County Claws
Zion201020112Lake County Fielders

About the Register Data

Historical performance data for professional leagues (affiliated minor leagues, independent minor leagues, fall/winter leagues, and other international leagues) is provided by and licensed from 24-7 Baseball and Chadwick Baseball Bureau. It incorporates the work of many stalwart baseball researchers, including Cliff Blau, Art Cantu, Frank Hamilton, Reed Howard, Kevin Johnson, Bob McConnell, Jack Morris, and Ray Nemec, as well as members of the Minor Leagues Committee of the Society for American Baseball Research.

Perhaps most importantly, it builds upon the seminal work of Ed Washuta, who magnanimously provided the framework to make the whole thing possible.

Minor league Total Zone (Rctch&Rtz, 2005-2009) data provided by and

About the Negro League Data


This data comes from two sources. 1) The Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group put together by the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum thanks to a grant provided by Major League Baseball. 2) Gary Ashwill and his collaborators.

The Hall of Fame data is found for the years 1920-1948 and the Ashwill data is found from 1904-1919. Many statistics are incomplete due to ongoing research and/or limitations in published sources, so please be assured that we are aware there are issues with the data and will continue to work with our data providers to improve the data that appears here.

The Hall of Fame dataset

This data is constructed from the best available information as provided by Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers and Dick Clark of the Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group. It contains data culled from newspaper boxscores, covering league sanctioned games from 1920 to 1948, which was produced for a study sponsored by Major League Baseball and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. It reflects totals as compiled by the NLRAG up to 2006. As new credible information is continually unearthed, these numbers will continue to change.

Baseball-Reference and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum would like to acknowledge Major League Baseball for funding this study, along with the Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group for their extensive efforts to collect the raw data and construct the most comprehensive database of Negro Leagues Baseball statistics.  Under the direction of Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers and Dick Clark, this database is the largest dataset ever made publically available and we wish to express our gratitude for all their efforts to help rebuild this lost statistical history.

The Ashwill Negro Leagues Database

Playing statistics and biographical data on the Negro leagues (all pre-1920) and early Latin American professional baseball is licensed from and provided by the Negro Leagues Database, a project organized by Gary Ashwill with the participation of many historians of Negro league and Latin American baseball.

The database is a work in progress, and will include more seasons as development continues. It appears in its original form at

Playing statistics and biographical data for this portion of our dataset (The Negro Leagues Database) are all copyright 2013 by Gary Ashwill. All rights reserved.


Note that our records are missing thousands of players who played in the Negro Leagues for minor league teams, independent teams, barnstorming teams or even Negro major league teams. We will bring their records to light as soon as suitable records are available for those players.

Details about our NLB Data

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