California Encyclopedia

We list 35,000+ teams from Negro League, Japanese league, and minor league history. This list is not exhaustive and may be missing teams from certain leagues and years or with a small number of games played. We apologize for any omissions.

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United States

(2 tms)

Alabama (564 tms)

Arkansas (318 tms)

Arizona (758 tms)

California (1726 tms)

Colorado (220 tms)

Connecticut (440 tms)

District of Columbia (123 tms)

Delaware (94 tms)

Florida (2132 tms)

Georgia (829 tms)

Hawaii (47 tms)

Iowa (827 tms)

Idaho (243 tms)

Illinois (1157 tms)

Indiana (590 tms)

Kansas (393 tms)

Kentucky (439 tms)

Louisiana (458 tms)

Massachusetts (648 tms)

Maryland (475 tms)

Maine (103 tms)

Michigan (592 tms)

Minnesota (424 tms)

Missouri (629 tms)

Mississippi (268 tms)

Montana (261 tms)

North Carolina (1337 tms)

North Dakota (80 tms)

Nebraska (340 tms)

New Hampshire (95 tms)

New Jersey (372 tms)

New Mexico (167 tms)

Nevada (105 tms)

New York (2089 tms)

Ohio (1083 tms)

Oklahoma (481 tms)

Oregon (335 tms)

Pennsylvania (1666 tms)

Rhode Island (122 tms)

South Carolina (413 tms)

South Dakota (122 tms)

Tennessee (855 tms)

Texas (1625 tms)

Utah (193 tms)

Virginia (948 tms)

Vermont (52 tms)

Washington (586 tms)

Wisconsin (580 tms)

West Virginia (339 tms)

Wyoming (12 tms)


Alberta (141 tms)

British Columbia (113 tms)

Manitoba (77 tms)

New Brunswick (3 tms)

Nova Scotia (14 tms)

Ontario (355 tms)

Quebec (218 tms)

Saskatchewan (33 tms)


(228 tms)

MX (2 tms)

Aguascalientes (52 tms)

Baja California (48 tms)

Campeche (55 tms)

Chihuahua (47 tms)

Coahuila (160 tms)

Distrito Federal (163 tms)

Durango (2 tms)

Guanajuato (37 tms)

Jalisco (5 tms)

Nuevo Leon (93 tms)

Oaxaca (23 tms)

Puebla (62 tms)

Quintana Roo (20 tms)

San Luis Potosi (29 tms)

Sinaloa (84 tms)

Sonora (86 tms)

Tabasco (16 tms)

Tamaulipas (133 tms)

Veracruz (150 tms)

Yucatan (56 tms)

Zacatecas (12 tms)

Other Countries

(614 tms)

Australia (60 tms)

China (10 tms)

Colombia (20 tms)

Cuba (698 tms)

Dominican Republic (971 tms)

Israel (6 tms)

Italy (127 tms)

Japan (972 tms)

South Korea (283 tms)

Netherlands (97 tms)

Panama (81 tms)

Puerto Rico (171 tms)

San Marino (15 tms)

Taiwan (105 tms)

Venezuela (301 tms)


California Table
City From To # Teams
Unspecified195720079Orange County Flyers, Tigers, Pirates, Reds, White Sox, Red Sox, Dodgers, Orioles, Phillies
Adelanto1991201626High Desert Mavericks
Alameda190619159Fruitvale Travelers/Alameda Monday Models, Alameda Alerts, Santa Rosa Prune Pickers/Alameda Bracketts/Oakland, St. Helena/Fruitvale/Alameda Alerts, Alameda Encinals, Alameda Grays, Alameda
Anaheim1941201753Los Angeles Angels, Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim, Anaheim Angels, California Angels, Anaheim/San Bernardino Valencias, Anaheim Valencias, Anaheim Aces
Bakersfield1910201671Bakersfield Blaze, Bakersfield Mariners, Bakersfield Outlaws, Bakersfield Dodgers, Bakersfield Bears, Bakersfield Boosters, Bakersfield Indians, Bakersfield Badgers, Bakersfield Bees, Bakersfield Drillers
Berkeley191019153Berkeley/San Francisco, Berkeley Clarions, Santa Rosa Prune Pickers/Alameda Bracketts/Oakland
Blythe200820092Blythe Heat
Brawley199519951Imperial Valley Brahmas
Chico1997201114Chico Outlaws, Chico Heat
Coalinga191019112Coalinga Tigers, Coalinga Savages
Coronado192919291Santa Ana/Pomona/Coronado Orange Countians/Arabs
El Centro194719957Imperial Valley Brahmas, El Centro Imps, El Centro Imperials
Elmhurst191019112Elmhurst Tildens/Oakland Carroll Emery Arms, Petaluma/Elmhurst Incubators
Fresno1898201774Fresno Grizzlies, Fresno Suns, Fresno Giants, Fresno Sun Sox, Fresno Cardinals, Fresno Tigers, Fresno Packers, Fresno Raisin Growers, Fresno Raisin Eaters, Fresno, Fresno/Watsonville
Fruitvale191019113Fruitvale Travelers/Alameda Monday Models, St. Helena/Fruitvale/Alameda Alerts, San Rafael/Hayward/Fruitvale
Fullerton200520105Orange County Flyers, Fullerton Flyers
Hanford191119111Hanford Braves
Hayward191019112Hayward Cubs, San Rafael/Hayward/Fruitvale
Heraldsburg191019101Heraldsburg/San Leandro Grapevines
Hollywood1926195730Hollywood Stars
Lake Elsinore1994201725Lake Elsinore, Lake Elsinore Storm
Lancaster1995201724Lancaster JetHawks, Lancaster, Antelope Valley Ravens
Lemoore191119111Lemoore Cubs
Lodi1904198421Lodi Dodgers, Lodi Orioles, Lodi Lions, Lodi Orions, Lodi Padres, Lodi Crushers, Lodi
Long Beach1910200912Long Beach Armada, Long Beach Breakers, Long Beach Riptide, Long Beach Barracudas, Long Beach Beachcombers, Long Beach Clothiers
Los Angeles18922017136Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim, Los Angeles Dodgers, Los Angeles White Sox, Los Angeles Angels, Los Angeles McCormicks, Los Angeles Maiers, Los Angeles, Los Angeles-Pacific, Los Angeles Angelenos, Los Angeles Merchants, Los Angeles Rabbits, California of San Francisco, Los Angeles Seraphs
Marysville188320037Yuba-Sutter Gold Sox, Feather River Mudcats, Marysville Peaches, Marysville Braves, Marysville
Merced191019412Merced Bears, Oakland Invaders/Merced Fig Growers
Mission1914193713Mission Reds, Mission Bells, Sacramento/Mission Wolves
Mission Viejo199719982Mission Viejo Vigilantes
Modesto1914201773Modesto Nuts, Modesto A's, Modesto Colts, Modesto Reds
Oakland18792017141Oakland Athletics, Oakland Larks, Oakland Oaks, Santa Rosa Prune Pickers/Alameda Bracketts/Oakland, Oakland Invaders/Merced Fig Growers, Oakland Commuters, Oakland Heeseman, Oakland Clamdiggers, Oakland Reliance, Oakland, Oakland Morans, Oakland Colonels, Oakland Clevelands, Oakland Tribunes, Oakland Greenhood & Morans, Oakland Pioneers
Oakland Carroll191119111Elmhurst Tildens/Oakland Carroll Emery Arms
Ontario194719471Ontario Orioles
Oroville194819481Oroville Red Sox
Pacific199819981Pacific Suns
Palm Springs1986200912Palm Springs Chill, Palm Springs Suns, Palm Springs Angels
Palmdale199519951Antelope Valley Ravens
Pasadena191019132Pasadena Millionaires/Santa Barbara Barbareans, Pasadena Silk Sox
Petaluma189419103Petaluma/Elmhurst Incubators, Petaluma, Petaluma Poison Oaks
Pittsburg194820167Pittsburg Mettle, Pittsburg Diamonds, Pittsburg/Roseville Diamonds
Pomona192919291Santa Ana/Pomona/Coronado Orange Countians/Arabs
Porterville191119524Porterville Comets, Porterville Packers, Porterville Orange Pickers
Presidio190519062Presidio Soldiers, Presidio
Rancho Cucamonga1993201726Rancho Cucamonga Quakes, Rancho Cucamonga
Redding194819514Redding Browns
Redondo Beach191019101Redondo Beach Sand Dabs
Redwood198019856Redwood Pioneers
Richmond191019112Richmond Merchants
Riverside1941199511Riverside Pilots, Riverside Red Wave, Riverside Dons, Riverside Rubes, Riverside Reds
Rohnert Park199520039Sonoma County Crushers
Roseville194819481Pittsburg/Roseville Diamonds
Sacramento1883201795Sacramento River Cats, Sacramento Steelheads, Sacramento Solons, Sacramento Senators, Sacramento/Mission Wolves, Sacramento Baby Senators, Sacramento Sacts, Sacramento Cordovas, Tacoma Tigers/Sacramento, Sacramento Gilt Edges, Stockton River Pirates/Sacramento Senators, Sacramento Altas, Sacramento Union, Sacramento
Salinas1949199730Salinas Peppers, Salinas Spurs, Salinas Angels, Salinas Indians, Salinas Mets, Salinas Packers, Salinas/Tijuana Colts
San Bernardino1899201739Inland Empire 66ers, San Bernardino Stampede, San Bernardino Spirit, San Bernardino Pioneers, Anaheim/San Bernardino Valencias, San Bernardino Stars, San Bernardino Padres, San Bernardino Kittens, San Bernardino
San Diego1899201789San Diego Surf Dawgs, San Diego Padres, San Diego Tigers, San Diego Aces, San Diego Bears, San Diego, San Diego Fullers
San Francisco18782017269San Francisco Giants, PWL Cardinals, PWL Phillies, PWL Twins, PWL Mets, PWL Reds, PWL Yankees, PWL Indians, PWL Braves, PWL Giants, PWL Pirates, PWL Dodgers, PWL Orioles, San Francisco Sea Lions, San Francisco Seals, Berkeley/San Francisco, San Francisco Baby Seals, San Francisco Orphans, San Francisco Pirates, San Francisco Wasps, San Francisco Brewers, San Francisco A's, Pacific of San Francisco, Imperial of San Francisco, San Francisco Californians, California of San Francisco, San Francisco Metropolitans, Imperials of San Francisco, San Francisco Hot Peanuts, San Francisco Friscos, San Francisco Folgers, San Francisco Friscos/Metropolitans, San Francisco Emersons, San Francisco Pioneers, San Francisco Damianas, San Francisco Occidental, San Francisco, San Francisco Star, San Francisco Woonsocket, San Francisco Reddingtons, San Francisco Niantic/Woonsocket, San Francisco Haverlys, San Francisco Nationals, San Francisco Californias, San Francisco Mystics, San Francisco Knickerbockers, San Francisco Reno, San Francisco Athletics, San Francisco Bay City, San Francisco Unions/Bay City, San Francisco Mutuals, San Francisco Eagles
San Jose1885201789San Jose Giants, San Jose Bees, San Jose Expos, San Jose Missions, San Jose Pirates/Las Vegas Wranglers, San Jose JoSox, San Jose Red Sox, San Jose Owls, San Jose Bears, San Jose Prune Pickers, San Jose Brewers, San Jose, San Jose Dukes, San Jose Athletics
San Leandro191019112San Leandro Cherry Pickers, Heraldsburg/San Leandro Grapevines
San Rafael191020165San Rafael Pacifics, San Rafael/Hayward/Fruitvale
Santa Ana191019292Santa Ana/Pomona/Coronado Orange Countians/Arabs, Santa Ana Walnut Growers
Santa Barbara1913196719Santa Barbara Rancheros, Channel Cities Oilers/Reno Silver Sox, Channel Cities Oilers, Santa Barbara Dodgers, Santa Barbara Saints, Pasadena Millionaires/Santa Barbara Barbareans
Santa Clara197919791Santa Clara Padres
Santa Cruz188819095Santa Cruz Sand Crabs, Santa Cruz Beachcombers/Sand Crabs, Santa Cruz
Santa Rosa191019493Santa Rosa Cats, Santa Rosa Pirates, Santa Rosa Prune Pickers/Alameda Bracketts/Oakland
Sonoma201420163Sonoma Stompers
St. Helena191019101St. Helena/Fruitvale/Alameda Alerts
Stockton1886201790Stockton Ports, Mudville Nine, Stockton Mariners, Stockton Fliers, Stockton Millers, Stockton Producers, Stockton Wasps, Stockton Hayseeds, Stockton River Pirates/Sacramento Senators, Stockton
Tulare191019112Tulare Merchants
Vacaville200020034Solano Steelheads
Vallejo189220168Vallejo Admirals, Vallejo Chiefs, Vallejo Marines/Watsonville Pippins, Vallejo Pastimes, Vallejo
Venice191319153Venice/Vernon Tigers, Venice Tigers
Ventura1947198610Ventura County Gulls, Channel Cities Oilers/Reno Silver Sox, Channel Cities Oilers, Ventura Oilers, Ventura Braves, Ventura Yankees
Vernon1909192515Vernon Tigers, Venice Tigers
Visalia1910201768Visalia Rawhide, Visalia Oaks, Central Valley Rockies, Visalia Mets, Visalia White Sox, Visalia A's, Visalia Redlegs, Visalia Stars, Visalia Cubs, Visalia Colts, Visalia Pirates
Watsonville189819134Vallejo Marines/Watsonville Pippins, Watsonville Hayseeds/Gardiners, Fresno, Fresno/Watsonville
Willows194819503Willows Cardinals

About the Register Data

Historical performance data for professional leagues (affiliated minor leagues, independent minor leagues, fall/winter leagues, and other international leagues) is provided by and licensed from 24-7 Baseball and Chadwick Baseball Bureau. It incorporates the work of many stalwart baseball researchers, including Cliff Blau, Art Cantu, Frank Hamilton, Reed Howard, Kevin Johnson, Bob McConnell, Jack Morris, and Ray Nemec, as well as members of the Minor Leagues Committee of the Society for American Baseball Research.

Perhaps most importantly, it builds upon the seminal work of Ed Washuta, who magnanimously provided the framework to make the whole thing possible.

Minor league Total Zone (Rctch&Rtz, 2005-2009) data provided by and

About the Negro League Data


This data comes from two sources. 1) The Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group put together by the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum thanks to a grant provided by Major League Baseball. 2) Gary Ashwill and his collaborators.

The Hall of Fame data is found for the years 1920-1948 and the Ashwill data is found from 1904-1919. Many statistics are incomplete due to ongoing research and/or limitations in published sources, so please be assured that we are aware there are issues with the data and will continue to work with our data providers to improve the data that appears here.

The Hall of Fame dataset

This data is constructed from the best available information as provided by Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers and Dick Clark of the Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group. It contains data culled from newspaper boxscores, covering league sanctioned games from 1920 to 1948, which was produced for a study sponsored by Major League Baseball and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. It reflects totals as compiled by the NLRAG up to 2006. As new credible information is continually unearthed, these numbers will continue to change.

Baseball-Reference and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum would like to acknowledge Major League Baseball for funding this study, along with the Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group for their extensive efforts to collect the raw data and construct the most comprehensive database of Negro Leagues Baseball statistics.  Under the direction of Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers and Dick Clark, this database is the largest dataset ever made publically available and we wish to express our gratitude for all their efforts to help rebuild this lost statistical history.

The Ashwill Negro Leagues Database

Playing statistics and biographical data on the Negro leagues (all pre-1920) and early Latin American professional baseball is licensed from and provided by the Negro Leagues Database, a project organized by Gary Ashwill with the participation of many historians of Negro league and Latin American baseball.

The database is a work in progress, and will include more seasons as development continues. It appears in its original form at

Playing statistics and biographical data for this portion of our dataset (The Negro Leagues Database) are all copyright 2013 by Gary Ashwill. All rights reserved.


Note that our records are missing thousands of players who played in the Negro Leagues for minor league teams, independent teams, barnstorming teams or even Negro major league teams. We will bring their records to light as soon as suitable records are available for those players.

Details about our NLB Data

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