California Encyclopedia

We list 35,000+ teams from Negro League, Japanese league, and minor league history. This list is not exhaustive and may be missing teams from certain leagues and years or with a small number of games played. We apologize for any omissions.

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United States

(2 tms)

Alabama (564 tms)

Arkansas (318 tms)

Arizona (765 tms)

California (1736 tms)

Colorado (221 tms)

Connecticut (440 tms)

District of Columbia (123 tms)

Delaware (94 tms)

Florida (2132 tms)

Georgia (829 tms)

Hawaii (47 tms)

Iowa (827 tms)

Idaho (243 tms)

Illinois (1157 tms)

Indiana (590 tms)

Kansas (394 tms)

Kentucky (439 tms)

Louisiana (458 tms)

Massachusetts (648 tms)

Maryland (475 tms)

Maine (103 tms)

Michigan (592 tms)

Minnesota (424 tms)

Missouri (629 tms)

Mississippi (268 tms)

Montana (261 tms)

North Carolina (1337 tms)

North Dakota (96 tms)

Nebraska (340 tms)

New Hampshire (95 tms)

New Jersey (374 tms)

New Mexico (171 tms)

Nevada (105 tms)

New York (2103 tms)

Ohio (1083 tms)

Oklahoma (481 tms)

Oregon (335 tms)

Pennsylvania (1671 tms)

Rhode Island (122 tms)

South Carolina (413 tms)

South Dakota (122 tms)

Tennessee (855 tms)

Texas (1626 tms)

Utah (193 tms)

Virginia (948 tms)

Vermont (52 tms)

Washington (586 tms)

Wisconsin (580 tms)

West Virginia (339 tms)

Wyoming (12 tms)


Alberta (142 tms)

British Columbia (113 tms)

Manitoba (94 tms)

New Brunswick (3 tms)

Nova Scotia (14 tms)

Ontario (355 tms)

Quebec (218 tms)

Saskatchewan (38 tms)


(228 tms)

MX (2 tms)

Aguascalientes (53 tms)

Baja California (50 tms)

Campeche (56 tms)

Chihuahua (47 tms)

Coahuila (163 tms)

Distrito Federal (164 tms)

Durango (3 tms)

Guanajuato (38 tms)

Jalisco (6 tms)

Nuevo Leon (94 tms)

Oaxaca (24 tms)

Puebla (63 tms)

Quintana Roo (21 tms)

San Luis Potosi (29 tms)

Sinaloa (87 tms)

Sonora (89 tms)

Tabasco (17 tms)

Tamaulipas (134 tms)

Veracruz (150 tms)

Yucatan (57 tms)

Zacatecas (12 tms)

Other Countries

(614 tms)

Australia (67 tms)

China (10 tms)

Colombia (20 tms)

Cuba (698 tms)

Dominican Republic (977 tms)

Israel (6 tms)

Italy (127 tms)

Japan (972 tms)

South Korea (283 tms)

Netherlands (97 tms)

New Zealand (1 tm)

Panama (81 tms)

Puerto Rico (175 tms)

San Marino (15 tms)

Taiwan (105 tms)

Venezuela (309 tms)


California Table
City From To # Teams
195720079Orange County Flyers, White Sox, Reds, Phillies, Pirates, Orioles, Tigers, Dodgers, Red Sox
Adelanto1991201828High Desert Yardbirds, High Desert Mavericks
Alameda190619159Alameda Alerts, Fruitvale Travelers/Alameda Monday Models, Santa Rosa Prune Pickers/Alameda Bracketts/Oakland, St. Helena/Fruitvale/Alameda Alerts, Alameda Encinals, Alameda, Alameda Grays
Anaheim1941201854Los Angeles Angels, Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim, Anaheim Angels, California Angels, Anaheim/San Bernardino Valencias, Anaheim Valencias, Anaheim Aces
Bakersfield1910201873Bakersfield Train Robbers, Bakersfield Blaze, Bakersfield Dodgers, Bakersfield Mariners, Bakersfield Outlaws, Bakersfield Bears, Bakersfield Boosters, Bakersfield Indians, Bakersfield Badgers, Bakersfield Bees, Bakersfield Drillers
Berkeley191119152Berkeley/San Francisco, Berkeley Clarions
Blythe200820092Blythe Heat
Brawley199519951Imperial Valley Brahmas
California City201720182California City Whiptails
Chico1997201114Chico Outlaws, Chico Heat
Coalinga191019112Coalinga Tigers, Coalinga Savages
Coronado192919291Santa Ana/Pomona/Coronado Orange Countians/Arabs
El Centro194719526El Centro Imps, El Centro Imperials
Elmhurst191019112Elmhurst Tildens/Oakland Carroll Emery Arms, Petaluma/Elmhurst Incubators
Fresno1898201875Fresno Grizzlies, Fresno Suns, Fresno Giants, Fresno Sun Sox, Fresno Cardinals, Fresno Packers, Fresno Tigers, Fresno Raisin Growers, Fresno Raisin Eaters, Fresno, Fresno/Watsonville
Fruitvale191019101San Rafael/Hayward/Fruitvale
Fullerton200520105Orange County Flyers, Fullerton Flyers
Hanford191119111Hanford Braves
Hayward191119111Hayward Cubs
Heraldsburg191019101Heraldsburg/San Leandro Grapevines
Hollywood1926195730Hollywood Stars
Lake Elsinore1994201826Lake Elsinore Storm, Lake Elsinore
Lancaster1995201825Lancaster JetHawks, Lancaster, Antelope Valley Ravens
Lemoore191119111Lemoore Cubs
Lodi1904198421Lodi Crushers, Lodi Dodgers, Lodi Orioles, Lodi Lions, Lodi Orions, Lodi Padres, Lodi
Long Beach1910200912Long Beach Armada, Long Beach Breakers, Long Beach Riptide, Long Beach Barracudas, Long Beach Beachcombers, Long Beach Clothiers
Los Angeles18922018137Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim, Los Angeles Dodgers, Los Angeles White Sox, Los Angeles Angels, Los Angeles McCormicks, Los Angeles Maiers, Los Angeles, Los Angeles-Pacific, Los Angeles Angelenos, Los Angeles Merchants, Los Angeles Rabbits, California of San Francisco, Los Angeles Seraphs
Martinez201820181Martinez Clippers
Marysville188320037Yuba-Sutter Gold Sox, Feather River Mudcats, Marysville Peaches, Marysville Braves, Marysville
Merced191019412Merced Bears, Oakland Invaders/Merced Fig Growers
Mission1914193713Mission Reds, Mission Bells, Sacramento/Mission Wolves
Mission Viejo199719982Mission Viejo Vigilantes
Modesto1914201874Modesto Nuts, Modesto A's, Modesto Colts, Modesto Reds
Monterey201720182Monterey Amberjacks
Napa188320183Napa Silverados, Napa
Oakland18792018140Oakland Athletics, Oakland Larks, Oakland Oaks, Oakland Commuters, Oakland Heeseman, Oakland Clamdiggers, Oakland Reliance, Oakland Morans, Oakland, Oakland Colonels, Oakland Clevelands, Oakland Tribunes, Oakland Greenhood & Morans, Oakland Pioneers
Ontario194719471Ontario Orioles
Oroville194819481Oroville Red Sox
Pacific199819981Pacific Suns
Palm Springs1986200912Palm Springs Chill, Palm Springs Suns, Palm Springs Angels
Pasadena191019132Pasadena Millionaires/Santa Barbara Barbareans, Pasadena Silk Sox
Petaluma189419032Petaluma, Petaluma Poison Oaks
Pittsburg194820189Pittsburg Mettle, Pittsburg Diamonds, Pittsburg/Roseville Diamonds
Porterville191119524Porterville Comets, Porterville Packers, Porterville Orange Pickers
Presidio190519062Presidio Soldiers, Presidio
Rancho Cucamonga1993201827Rancho Cucamonga Quakes, Rancho Cucamonga
Redding194819514Redding Browns
Redondo Beach191019101Redondo Beach Sand Dabs
Redwood198019856Redwood Pioneers
Richmond191019112Richmond Merchants
Riverside1941199511Riverside Pilots, Riverside Red Wave, Riverside Dons, Riverside Rubes, Riverside Reds
Rohnert Park199520039Sonoma County Crushers
Sacramento1883201895Sacramento River Cats, Sacramento Steelheads, Sacramento Solons, Sacramento Senators, Sacramento Sacts, Sacramento Baby Senators, Sacramento Cordovas, Tacoma Tigers/Sacramento, Sacramento Gilt Edges, Stockton River Pirates/Sacramento Senators, Sacramento, Sacramento Altas, Sacramento Union
Salinas1954199729Salinas Peppers, Salinas Spurs, Salinas Angels, Salinas Packers, Salinas Indians, Salinas Mets
San Bernardino1899201839Inland Empire 66ers, San Bernardino Stampede, San Bernardino Spirit, San Bernardino Pioneers, San Bernardino Stars, San Bernardino Padres, San Bernardino Kittens, San Bernardino
San Diego1899201890San Diego Surf Dawgs, San Diego Padres, San Diego Tigers, San Diego Aces, San Diego Bears, San Diego, San Diego Fullers
San Francisco18782018269San Francisco Giants, PWL Mets, PWL Reds, PWL Indians, PWL Giants, PWL Pirates, PWL Yankees, PWL Orioles, PWL Twins, PWL Cardinals, PWL Braves, PWL Phillies, PWL Dodgers, San Francisco Sea Lions, San Francisco Seals, San Francisco Baby Seals, San Francisco Orphans, San Francisco Pirates, San Francisco Wasps, San Francisco Brewers, San Francisco A's, Imperials of San Francisco, Imperial of San Francisco, San Francisco Metropolitans, Pacific of San Francisco, California of San Francisco, San Francisco Californians, San Francisco Hot Peanuts, San Francisco Friscos, San Francisco Folgers, San Francisco Friscos/Metropolitans, San Francisco Emersons, San Francisco Pioneers, San Francisco Damianas, San Francisco, San Francisco Occidental, San Francisco Haverlys, San Francisco Reddingtons, San Francisco Woonsocket, San Francisco Niantic/Woonsocket, San Francisco Nationals, San Francisco Reno, San Francisco Knickerbockers, San Francisco Mystics, San Francisco Bay City, San Francisco Californias, San Francisco Unions/Bay City, San Francisco Mutuals, San Francisco Star, San Francisco Athletics, San Francisco Eagles
San Jose1885201890San Jose Giants, San Jose Expos, San Jose Missions, San Jose Bees, San Jose Pirates/Las Vegas Wranglers, San Jose JoSox, San Jose Red Sox, San Jose Owls, San Jose Bears, San Jose Prune Pickers, San Jose, San Jose Brewers, San Jose Dukes, San Jose Athletics
San Leandro191119111San Leandro Cherry Pickers
San Rafael201220186San Rafael Pacifics
Santa Ana191019101Santa Ana Walnut Growers
Santa Barbara1941196718Santa Barbara Dodgers, Santa Barbara Rancheros, Channel Cities Oilers/Reno Silver Sox, Channel Cities Oilers, Santa Barbara Saints
Santa Clara197919791Santa Clara Padres
Santa Cruz188819095Santa Cruz Sand Crabs, Santa Cruz Beachcombers/Sand Crabs, Santa Cruz
Santa Rosa194819492Santa Rosa Cats, Santa Rosa Pirates
Sonoma201420185Sonoma Stompers
Stockton1886201890Mudville Nine, Stockton Mariners, Stockton Ports, Stockton Fliers, Stockton Producers, Stockton Millers, Stockton Wasps, Stockton, Stockton Hayseeds
Tulare191019112Tulare Merchants
Vacaville200020034Solano Steelheads
Vallejo1892201810Vallejo Admirals, Vallejo Chiefs, Vallejo Marines/Watsonville Pippins, Vallejo Pastimes, Vallejo
Venice191319153Venice/Vernon Tigers, Venice Tigers
Ventura194719868Ventura County Gulls, Ventura Oilers, Ventura Braves, Ventura Yankees
Vernon1909192514Vernon Tigers
Visalia1910201869Visalia Rawhide, Central Valley Rockies, Visalia Oaks, Visalia Mets, Visalia White Sox, Visalia A's, Visalia Redlegs, Visalia Cubs, Visalia Stars, Visalia Colts, Visalia Pirates
Watsonville189918991Watsonville Hayseeds/Gardiners
Willows194819503Willows Cardinals

About the Register Data

Historical performance data for professional leagues (affiliated minor leagues, independent minor leagues, fall/winter leagues, and other international leagues) is provided by and licensed from 24-7 Baseball and Chadwick Baseball Bureau. It incorporates the work of many stalwart baseball researchers, including Cliff Blau, Art Cantu, Frank Hamilton, Reed Howard, Kevin Johnson, Bob McConnell, Jack Morris, and Ray Nemec, as well as members of the Minor Leagues Committee of the Society for American Baseball Research.

Perhaps most importantly, it builds upon the seminal work of Ed Washuta, who magnanimously provided the framework to make the whole thing possible.

Minor league Total Zone (Rctch&Rtz, 2005-2009) data provided by and

About the Negro League Data


This data comes from two sources. 1) The Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group put together by the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum thanks to a grant provided by Major League Baseball. 2) Gary Ashwill and his collaborators.

The Hall of Fame data is found for the years 1920-1948 and the Ashwill data is found from 1904-1919. Many statistics are incomplete due to ongoing research and/or limitations in published sources, so please be assured that we are aware there are issues with the data and will continue to work with our data providers to improve the data that appears here.

The Hall of Fame dataset

This data is constructed from the best available information as provided by Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers and Dick Clark of the Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group. It contains data culled from newspaper boxscores, covering league sanctioned games from 1920 to 1948, which was produced for a study sponsored by Major League Baseball and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. It reflects totals as compiled by the NLRAG up to 2006. As new credible information is continually unearthed, these numbers will continue to change.

Baseball-Reference and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum would like to acknowledge Major League Baseball for funding this study, along with the Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group for their extensive efforts to collect the raw data and construct the most comprehensive database of Negro Leagues Baseball statistics.  Under the direction of Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers and Dick Clark, this database is the largest dataset ever made publically available and we wish to express our gratitude for all their efforts to help rebuild this lost statistical history.

The Ashwill Negro Leagues Database

Playing statistics and biographical data on the Negro leagues (all pre-1920) and early Latin American professional baseball is licensed from and provided by the Negro Leagues Database, a project organized by Gary Ashwill with the participation of many historians of Negro league and Latin American baseball.

The database is a work in progress, and will include more seasons as development continues. It appears in its original form at

Playing statistics and biographical data for this portion of our dataset (The Negro Leagues Database) are all copyright 2013 by Gary Ashwill. All rights reserved.


Note that our records are missing thousands of players who played in the Negro Leagues for minor league teams, independent teams, barnstorming teams or even Negro major league teams. We will bring their records to light as soon as suitable records are available for those players.

Details about our NLB Data

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