New York Mets
Franchise Record: (through 2019) 4,448-4,808-8 (.480)
Post Season Record: 52-37 (.584)
The New York Mets were born out of the dismay of New York City's National League baseball fans following the simultaneous departure of the Brooklyn Dodgers and New York Giants to California after the 1957 season. Originally, the promoters behind the new team were planning to have it be a part of the new Continental League, as Major League Baseball was at first refusing the idea of expansion. When it changed its mind in 1960, the planned Continental League disappeared, and potential franchise owners concentrated on obtaining one of the four new franchises to be awarded, two in the American League through the expansion of 1961, and two in the National League in the expansion of 1962. The National League granted Joan Payson and others a franchise to be placed in New York. Among the other names discussed for the club were Continentals, Skyliners, Jets, Meadowlarks, Burros, Rebels, Skyscrapers, NYBs and Avengers.
The Mets started play in the Polo Grounds and were a spectacular failure in the beginning. Despite the presence of aging stars Richie Ashburn and Gil Hodges, they went 40-120 in their first season in 1962, starting in glorious fashion by losing the first 10 games they played, and seriously damaged Casey Stengel's managerial winning percentage over the next few seasons. Indeed, Stengel came up with some of baseball's most famous quotes while managing those early teams ("Can't anyone here play this game?"). The Mets moved to Shea Stadium in 1964.
The Mets were endeared to New York City when they pulled off the "Miracle of 1969". The team had never finished higher than ninth in the previous seven seasons. However, in 1969, the Mets roared to a division title on the arms of young hurlers Tom Seaver, Jerry Koosman, and Gary Gentry and the leadership of Hodges, now the team's manager. In the postseason, they upset both the Atlanta Braves and Baltimore Orioles, en route to winning the World Series and proving that expansion franchises could and would compete with the old guard of baseball.
The miracles continued in 1973, when a team that barely finished above .500 went all the way to the 7th game of the World Series before bowing to the mighty Oakland A's; "You Gotta Believe" was the slogan started by reliever Tug McGraw that year, and he, Seaver, Jon Matlack and OF Rusty Staub were the heart of that surprising team. In 1986, the Mets won a second World Championship, partly thanks to one of the most famous plays in World Series history. Facing the Boston Red Sox in the World Series, down three games to two and 5-3 with two outs in the bottom of the 10th, the Mets used three singles, a wild pitch and, most famously, a Mookie Wilson grounder through Bill Buckner's legs, to win the game, forcing a Game 7, which the Mets would win 8-5. The team's stars were Ps Dwight Gooden and Ron Darling, C Gary Carter, 1B Keith Hernandez and OF Darryl Strawberry. That same group won another division title in 1988, but was upset by the Los Angeles Dodgers in the NLCS.
After making headlines for mediocre play and embarrassing incidents for most of the 1990s, the Mets returned to post-season play in 1999 and 2000 at a time when catcher Mike Piazza was their biggest star. The Mets made an unlikely run to the World Series in 2000, falling to the cross-town New York Yankees in 5 games. After a few more seasons of mediocrity, the Mets made a splash by signing free agents Pedro Martinez and Carlos Beltran before the 2005 season, triggering another rise. It culminated in 2006, when they were eliminated by the St. Louis Cardinals in the late innings of the 7th game of the NLCS, but in 2007, the team suffered a humiliating late-season collapse to lose the division title to the Philadelphia Phillies on the season's last day after leading the race most of the year. They collapsed again in 2008 after keeping pace with the Phillies until late September, being beaten out of the Wild Card spot by the Milwaukee Brewers. Great things were expected in 2009, when both New York teams moved into new ballparks, with the Mets inaugurating Citi Field, a veritable jewel compared to the charmless Shea Stadium. However, the team was beset by a long string of injuries and fell well out of the running, then fell back to the bottom half of the standings in the first two seasons of the 2010s.
Things began to turn around a couple of years later, when the Mets began to come up with a string of excellent young pitchers, starting with Matt Harvey, Zack Wheeler and Jacob deGrom. Both Harvey and Wheeler lost a full season to an arm injury, but after finishing in second place - albeit with a losing record - in 2014, the Mets won a division title in 2015. Riding a quartet of young starters featuring Harvey, deGrom and rookies Noah Syndergaard and Steven Matz, they made it to the World Series that year, but fell to the Kansas City Royals in five games.
There are a couple of quirky facts about the Mets. First, no pitcher for the team had ever pitched a no-hitter until Johan Santana in 2012. Tom Seaver came closest when he came within one out of a perfect game against the Chicago Cubs in 1969. This is particularly strange given the Mets have been known for their pitching over the years. Second, the Mets have not really had any position players having long and distinguished careers with the team; as a result, the relatively mediocre Ed Kranepool still holds the team record for games played. That may change if David Wright remains with the team for a few more seasons. Finally, into the mid-1980s, the Mets were known for their revolving door of third basemen; it seems that no player could hold the job for more than a couple of seasons, and in most years, the position featured an array of nonentities flailing at the hot corner. That changed in the late 1980s when Howard Johnson put together a string of excellent seasons, and the supposed curse, long a favorite of sportswriters, is all but forgotten today. To date the team has had 19 managers.
Opening Day Success
The Mets have become Major League Baseball's most successful team in Opening Day games. From 1970 to 2009, they compiled a record of 31 wins and 9 losses in season openers, the best among all teams in MLB during this 40-year period. In 2010, they defeated the Florida Marlins, 7-1, at Citi Field on April 5 for another season-opening victory.
- Keith Hernandez, 1987 to 1989
- Gary Carter, 1988 to 1989
- John Franco, 2001 to 2004
- David Wright, since 2013
- Ira Berkow: Summers At Shea, Triumph Books, Chicago, IL, 2013. ISBN 978-1-60078-775-1
- Dana Brand: Mets Fan, McFarland, Jefferson, NC, 2007.
- Dana Brand: The Last Days of Shea: Delight and Despair in the Life of a Mets Fan, Rowman & Littlefield Publishing, Boulder, CO, 2009.
- Peter Golenbock: Amazin': The Miraculous History of New York's Most Beloved Baseball Team, St. Martin's Press, New York, NY, 2002. ISBN 978-0312274528
- Donald Honig: The New York Mets: The First Quarter Century, Random House, New York, NY, 1986. ISBN 0517562189
- Jacob Kanarek: From First to Worst: The New York Mets, 1973-1977, McFarland, Jefferson, NC, 2008.
- Howie Karpin: 162-0: Imagine a Mets Perfect Season, Triumph Books, Chicago, IL, 2011. ISBN 978-1-60078-532-0
- Leonard Koppett: The New York Mets: The whole story, Macmillan, New York, NY, 1970.
- David Krell: "The New York Mets in Popular Culture", The Baseball Research Journal, SABR, Volume 44, Number 2 (Fall 2015), pp. 44-46.
- Bruce Markusen: Tales from the Mets Dugout, Sports Publishing LLC, Champaign, IL, 2007.
- Andy Martino and Anthony McCarron: The Mets: A Fiftieth Anniversary Celebration, Stewart, Tabori and Chang, New York, NY, 2011.
- Greg W. Prince: Faith and Fear in Flushing: An Intense Personal History of the New York Mets, Skyhorse Publishing, New York, NY, 2009.
- Greg W. Prince: The Happiest Recap: First Base (1962-1973): 50 Years of the New York Mets As Told in 500 Amazin' Wins, Volume 1, Banner Day Press, New York, NY, 2012. ISBN 978-0615655284
- Howie Rose and Phil Pepe: Put It In the Book: A Half-Century of Mets Mania, Triumph Books, Chicago, IL, 2013. ISBN 978-1-60078-688-4
- William J. Ryczek: The Amazin' Mets, 1962-1969, McFarland, Jefferson, NC, 2008. ISBN 978-0-7864-3214-1
- Leonard Shecter: Once Upon a Time: the Early Years of the New York Mets, Doubleday, New York, NY, 1983 (originally published in 1970 as Once Upon the Polo Grounds: The Mets That Were) ISBN 978-0385279307
- Matt Silverman: Mets Essential: Everything You Need to Know to Be a Real Fan!, Triumph Books, Chicago, IL, 2007.
- Matt Silverman: 100 Things Mets Fans Should Know & Do Before They Die, Triumph Books, Chicago, IL, 2010.
- John Springer and Matt Silverman: Mets By The Numbers: A Complete Team History of the Amazin' Mets by Uniform Number, Sports Publishing LLC, New York, NY, 2016. ISBN 9781613218693
- Bill Sullivan: Long Before The Miracle: The Making of the New York Mets, CreateSpace Independent Publishing, 2016. ISBN 978-1534686786
- Brian Wright: Mets in 10s: Best and Worst of an Amazin' History, The History Press, Arcadia Books, Mount Pleasant, SC, 2018. ISBN 9781467139687
- Brian Wright and Bill Nowlin: Met-rospectives: A Collection of the Greatest Games in New York Mets History, SABR, Phoenix, AZ, 2018. ISBN 978-1-943816-87-3
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