Post Season Record:
American Association Pennants: 1 (1882)
Pre-World Series Appearance: (1882)
Franchise Players: Bid McPhee, Heinie Groh, Edd Roush, Eppa Rixey, Paul Derringer, Ernie Lombardi, Johnny Vander Meer, Bucky Walters, Frank McCormick, Ted Kluszewski, Frank Robinson, Vada Pinson, Pete Rose, Tony Perez, Johnny Bench, Joe Morgan, Dave Concepcion, Barry Larkin, Joey Votto
Retired Numbers: 1: Fred Hutchinson; 5: Johnny Bench; 8: Joe Morgan; 10: Sparky Anderson; 11: Barry Larkin; 13: Dave Concepcion; 14: Pete Rose; 18: Ted Kluszewski; 20: Frank Robinson; 24: Tony Perez; 42: Jackie Robinson (retired throughout baseball)
The Cincinnati Reds are a Major League Baseball team located in Cincinnati, OH. The Reds have made nine World Series appearances, and won the World Series five times, in 1919, 1940, 1975, 1976, and most recently, in 1990. The Reds were absent from the playoffs from 1995 to 2010, when they won the NL Central division title.
The Reds have played in the National League since 1890, although they trace their name to the Cincinnati Red Stockings, the first professional baseball team ever assembled, in 1869. The present team was founded in 1882 as a member of the American Association and has no direct relation to the first professional baseball team of the same name. They moved to the National League as a result of the Players League challenge of 1890, which put a rival team in the Queen City, known by its nickname Kelly's Killers; that team moved to the American Association in 1891 and disappeared along with the entire circuit at then end of that season. There was also a Cincinnati Red Stockings team, also sometimes called the Reds, that was a member of the National League from its inaugural season in 1876 until 1880, but that team is also not directly related to the present one. However, with Cincinnati being the home of the founding team of professional baseball, the National League would traditionally play its season opener in Cincinnati until the 2000s, while the American League opened in Washington, DC. If the history of baseball in Cincinnati prior to 1892 is somewhat convoluted, it is not the case since, as there has been a single team from the city which has played every National League season since, with no other major league rivals. Neither the American League nor the short-lived Federal League attempted to place a team in Cincinnati.
Early in the 20th century, the team was referred to in sports articles as "Redlegs" as well as "Reds." From 1954 to 1959, the team officially changed its name to the Cincinnati Redlegs to avoid confusion and possible association with the political "Reds" (Communists), which were especially controversial in the United States at the time.
The Reds have generally not been one of the league's top teams, but have fielded outstanding teams every decade or two: in 1919, they rode an outstanding pitching staff to a surprise National League pennant, then beat the Chicago White Sox in a World Series tainted by the Black Sox Scandal. The Reds reemerged as a power in the late 1930s and won back-to-back pennants in 1939 and 1940, capturing a second World Series title the second year. That team's leaders were pitchers Bucky Walters and Paul Derringer, 1B Frank McCormick and C Ernie Lombardi.
In the late 1950s, the Reds became competitive again with the arrival of young outfielders Frank Robinson and Vada Pinson, who brought them an unexpected return to the World Series in 1961. However, the most famous edition of the team is the Big Red Machine, which dominated the National League in the 1970s under manager Sparky Anderson. That team, built around catcher Johnny Bench, second baseman Joe Morgan, outfielder Pete Rose and first baseman Tony Perez, and a succession of outstanding bullpens, won six division titles in the decade, and won the World Series in 1975 and 1976. After some difficult seasons, the team re-emerged as a power in the mid-1980s when they appointed Rose as their manager and achieved a string of second-place finishes under his leadership, including three seasons when he was the last player-manager in major league history and set the career major league record for hits. However, Rose was shadowed by allegations of gambling, and in 1989, Commissioner A. Bartlett Giamatti banned him permanently from baseball as a result. In 1990, under manager Lou Piniella, the Reds led the NL West from start to finish and surprised everyone by sweeping the heavily-favored Oakland Athletics in the World Series. Shortstop Barry Larkin was the team's best player in those years, and 3B Chris Sabo and P Jose Rijo were key members of the supporting cast, as well as the "Nasty Boys" bullpen of Rob Dibble, Norm Charlton and Randy Myers.
After a couple of competitive seasons in the mid-1990s thatb did not lead to any titles, the Reds had another surge in 2010, led by NL MVP Joey Votto and veteran 3B Scott Rolen, and a solid young starting rotation including Johnny Cueto, Bronson Arroyo, Mike Leake and Travis Wood.
- Lee Allen: The Cincinnati Reds, Kent State University Press, Kent, OH, 2006 (originally published in 1948).
- Donald Honig: The Cincinnati Reds: An Illustrated History, Simon & Schuster, New York, NY, 1992. ISBN 0671761080
- Peter Filichia: Green Cathedrals: The Ultimate Celebrations of All 273 Major League and Negro League Ballparks Past and Present, Addison Wesley Publishing Company, March 1993.
- Joel Luckhaupt: 100 Things Reds Fans Should Know & Do Before They Die, Triumph Books, Chicago, IL, 2013. ISBN 978-1-60078-794-2
- Greg Rhodes and John Snyder: Redleg Journal: Year by Year and Day by Day With the Cincinnati Reds Since 1866, Road West Publishing Company, 2000.
- Steven A. Riess: Encyclopedia of Major League Baseball Clubs Greenwood Press, 2006.
- Mike Shannon et al.: Cincinnati Reds Legends, Black Squirrel Books, Kent State University Press, Kent, OH, 2015. ISBN 978-1-60635-231-1
- Daryl Smith: Making the Big Red Machine: Bob Howsam and the Cincinnati Reds of the 1970s, McFarland, Jefferson, NC, 2009.
- John Thorn: Total Baseball, Total Sports Publishing, 1989, 1995.
- Tom Van Riper: Cincinnati Red and Dodger Blue: Baseball's Greatest Forgotten Rivalry, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Lanham, MD, 2017. ISBN 978-1-4422-7538-6
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