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Ervin Santana

Ervin Ramon Santana (twitter: @ErvinSantana_54)

Position: Pitcher
Bats: Right, Throws: Right
Height: 6' 2", Weight: 175 lb.

Born: December 12, 1982 in La Romana, La Romana, Dominican Republic
High School: Colego Cristiano El Alfarero (DO)

Prospect Ratings by Baseball America:
Pre-2003: Rated #51 Prospect
Pre-2004: Rated #29 Prospect

Major League Stats


Ervin Santana
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/ Gamelogs & Splits
Pitching: 2016 / 2015 / 2014 / 2013 / 2012 / 2011 / 2010 / 2009 / 2008
 Batting: 2016 / 2014 / 2013 / 2012 / 2011 / 2008

Register Pitching

Year Age AgeDif Tm Lg Lev Aff W L W-L% ERA RAvg G GS GF CG SHO SV IP H R ER HR BB IBB SO HBP BK WP BF WHIP H9 HR9 BB9 SO9 SO/W
2001 18 -1.7 2 Teams 2 Lgs Rk ANA 5 3 .625 4.31 5.12 14 13 0 1 1 0 77.1 59 44 37 1 47 1 91 4 2 11 349 1.371 6.9 0.1 5.5 10.6 1.94
2001 18 -1.5 Angels ARIZ Rk ANA 3 2 .600 3.22 4.14 10 9 0 1 1 0 58.2 40 27 21 0 35 0 69 2 1 8 256 1.278 6.1 0.0 5.4 10.6 1.97
2001 18 -2.3 Provo PION Rk ANA 2 1 .667 7.71 8.20 4 4 0 0 0 0 18.2 19 17 16 1 12 1 22 2 1 3 93 1.661 9.2 0.5 5.8 10.6 1.83
2002 19 -2.4 Cedar Rapids MIDW A ANA 14 8 .636 4.16 4.59 27 27 0 0 0 0 147.0 133 75 68 10 48 3 146 6 3 9 619 1.231 8.1 0.6 2.9 8.9 3.04
2003 20 -3.1 2 Teams 2 Lgs A+-AA ANA 11 3 .786 2.80 3.44 26 26 0 1 0 0 154.1 121 59 48 13 48 0 153 10 0 15 635 1.095 7.1 0.8 2.8 8.9 3.19
2003 20 -2.8 Rancho Cucamonga CALL A+ ANA 10 2 .833 2.53 3.18 20 20 0 1 0 0 124.2 98 44 35 9 36 0 130 7 0 14 510 1.075 7.1 0.6 2.6 9.4 3.61
2003 20 -4.2 Arkansas TL AA ANA 1 1 .500 3.94 4.55 6 6 0 0 0 0 29.2 23 15 13 4 12 0 23 3 0 1 125 1.180 7.0 1.2 3.6 7.0 1.92
2004 21 -3.6 Arkansas TL AA ANA 2 1 .667 3.30 3.92 8 8 0 0 0 0 43.2 41 19 16 3 18 0 48 4 0 5 191 1.351 8.5 0.6 3.7 9.9 2.67
2005 22 -3.5 2 Teams 2 Lgs AA-AAA LAA 6 1 .857 2.93 3.55 10 10 0 0 0 0 58.1 53 23 19 4 17 0 49 4 0 1 240 1.200 8.2 0.6 2.6 7.6 2.88
2005 22 -2.5 Arkansas TL AA LAA 5 1 .833 2.31 2.77 7 7 0 0 0 0 39.0 34 12 10 2 15 0 32 2 0 1 162 1.256 7.8 0.5 3.5 7.4 2.13
2005 22 -5.4 Salt Lake PCL AAA LAA 1 0 1.000 4.19 5.12 3 3 0 0 0 0 19.1 19 11 9 2 2 0 17 2 0 0 78 1.086 8.8 0.9 0.9 7.9 8.50
2005 22 -7.2 LAA AL MLB LAA 12 8 .600 4.65 4.92 23 23 0 1 1 0 133.2 139 73 69 17 47 2 99 8 0 4 583 1.392 9.4 1.1 3.2 6.7 2.11
2006 23 -5.4 LAA AL MLB LAA 16 8 .667 4.28 4.68 33 33 0 0 0 0 204.0 181 106 97 21 70 2 141 11 2 10 846 1.230 8.0 0.9 3.1 6.2 2.01
2007 24 -3.0 Salt Lake PCL AAA LAA 2 1 .667 5.01 5.29 5 5 0 0 0 0 32.1 39 19 18 4 10 0 32 3 0 1 144 1.515 10.9 1.1 2.8 8.9 3.20
2007 24 -3.7 Licey DOWL FgW 0 0 0.00 3.00 2 2 0 0 0 0 3.0 2 1 0 0 2 0 3 0 0 0 13 1.333 6.0 0.0 6.0 9.0 1.50
2007 24 -4.4 LAA AL MLB LAA 7 14 .333 5.76 6.18 28 26 1 0 0 0 150.0 174 103 96 26 58 3 126 8 0 7 675 1.547 10.4 1.6 3.5 7.6 2.17
2008 25 -2.8 Licey DOWL FgW 0 0 13.50 13.50 1 1 0 0 0 0 1.1 3 2 2 0 1 0 3 1 0 0 9 3.000 20.2 0.0 6.8 20.2 3.00
Year Age AgeDif Tm Lg Lev Aff W L W-L% ERA RAvg G GS GF CG SHO SV IP H R ER HR BB IBB SO HBP BK WP BF WHIP H9 HR9 BB9 SO9 SO/W
2008 25 -3.3 LAA AL MLB LAA 16 7 .696 3.49 3.66 32 32 0 2 1 0 219.0 198 89 85 23 47 2 214 8 1 5 897 1.119 8.1 0.9 1.9 8.8 4.55
2009 26 2.1 3 Teams 3 Lgs AAA-A+-Rk LAA 1 0 1.000 3.46 3.46 3 3 0 0 0 0 13.0 10 5 5 2 1 0 14 1 0 1 52 0.846 6.9 1.4 0.7 9.7 14.00
2009 26 5.4 Angels ARIZ Rk LAA 0 0 0.00 0.00 1 1 0 0 0 0 3.1 3 0 0 0 0 0 7 0 0 0 13 0.900 8.1 0.0 0.0 18.9
2009 26 3.0 Rancho Cucamonga CALL A+ LAA 0 0 5.79 5.79 1 1 0 0 0 0 4.2 4 3 3 2 0 0 3 0 0 0 18 0.857 7.7 3.9 0.0 5.8
2009 26 -1.0 Salt Lake PCL AAA LAA 1 0 1.000 3.60 3.60 1 1 0 0 0 0 5.0 3 2 2 0 1 0 4 1 0 1 21 0.800 5.4 0.0 1.8 7.2 4.00
2009 26 -2.1 LAA AL MLB LAA 8 8 .500 5.03 5.35 24 23 0 2 2 0 139.2 159 83 78 24 47 4 107 10 0 4 614 1.475 10.2 1.5 3.0 6.9 2.28
2010 27 -1.0 LAA AL MLB LAA 17 10 .630 3.92 4.20 33 33 0 4 1 0 222.2 221 104 97 27 73 2 169 12 1 11 954 1.320 8.9 1.1 3.0 6.8 2.32
2011 28 -0.2 LAA AL MLB LAA 11 12 .478 3.38 3.74 33 33 0 4 1 0 228.2 207 95 86 26 72 4 178 8 1 10 949 1.220 8.1 1.0 2.8 7.0 2.47
2012 29 0.8 LAA AL MLB LAA 9 13 .409 5.16 5.51 30 30 0 1 1 0 178.0 165 109 102 39 61 2 133 9 0 4 764 1.270 8.3 2.0 3.1 6.7 2.18
2013 30 1.3 KCR AL MLB KCR 9 10 .474 3.24 3.63 32 32 0 0 0 0 211.0 190 85 76 26 51 3 161 6 0 6 859 1.142 8.1 1.1 2.2 6.9 3.16
2014 31 3.8 Gwinnett IL AAA ATL 1 0 1.000 9.00 10.80 1 1 0 0 0 0 5.0 8 6 5 1 4 0 3 0 0 1 28 2.400 14.4 1.8 7.2 5.4 0.75
2014 31 2.5 ATL NL MLB ATL 14 10 .583 3.95 4.13 31 31 0 0 0 0 196.0 193 90 86 16 63 4 179 4 0 9 817 1.306 8.9 0.7 2.9 8.2 2.84
2015 32 4.8 Rochester IL AAA MIN 3 0 1.000 1.74 1.74 3 3 0 0 0 0 20.2 17 4 4 2 4 0 11 1 0 2 80 1.016 7.4 0.9 1.7 4.8 2.75
2015 32 3.7 MIN AL MLB MIN 7 5 .583 4.00 4.17 17 17 0 0 0 0 108.0 104 50 48 12 36 2 82 4 0 3 457 1.296 8.7 1.0 3.0 6.8 2.28
2016 33 4.5 MIN AL MLB MIN 7 11 .389 3.38 3.87 30 30 0 2 1 0 181.1 168 78 68 19 53 2 149 4 3 11 748 1.219 8.3 0.9 2.6 7.4 2.81
MLB (12 seasons) MLB 133 116 .534 4.09 4.41 346 343 1 16 8 0 2172.0 2099 1065 988 276 678 32 1738 92 8 84 9163 1.279 8.7 1.1 2.8 7.2 2.56
Minors (9 seasons) Minors 45 17 .726 3.59 4.14 97 96 0 2 1 0 551.2 481 254 220 40 197 4 547 33 5 46 2338 1.229 7.8 0.7 3.2 8.9 2.78
Foreign (2 seasons) Foreign 0 0 4.15 6.23 3 3 0 0 0 0 4.1 5 3 2 0 3 0 6 1 0 0 22 1.846 10.4 0.0 6.2 12.5 2.00
All Levels (16 Seasons) 178 133 .572 3.99 4.36 446 442 1 18 9 0 2728.0 2585 1322 1210 316 878 36 2291 126 13 130 11523 1.269 8.5 1.0 2.9 7.6 2.61
Rk (2 seasons) Minors 5 3 .625 4.13 4.91 15 14 0 1 1 0 80.2 62 44 37 1 47 1 98 4 2 11 362 1.351 6.9 0.1 5.2 10.9 2.09
A+ (2 seasons) Minors 10 2 .833 2.64 3.27 21 21 0 1 0 0 129.1 102 47 38 11 36 0 133 7 0 14 528 1.067 7.1 0.8 2.5 9.3 3.69
AA (3 seasons) Minors 8 3 .727 3.12 3.69 21 21 0 0 0 0 112.1 98 46 39 9 45 0 103 9 0 7 478 1.273 7.9 0.7 3.6 8.3 2.29
AAA (5 seasons) Minors 8 1 .889 4.15 4.59 13 13 0 0 0 0 82.1 86 42 38 9 21 0 67 7 0 5 351 1.300 9.4 1.0 2.3 7.3 3.19

Register Batting

Year Age AgeDif Tm Lg Lev Aff G PA AB R H 2B 3B HR RBI SB CS BB SO BA OBP SLG OPS TB GDP HBP SH SF IBB
2001 18 2 Teams 2 Lgs Rk ANA 14 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2001 18 -1.2 Angels ARIZ Rk ANA 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2001 18 -2.4 Provo PION Rk ANA 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2002 19 -2.5 Cedar Rapids MIDW A ANA 27 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2003 20 2 Teams 2 Lgs A+-AA ANA 26 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2003 20 -2.8 Rancho Cucamonga CALL A+ ANA 20 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2003 20 -4.6 Arkansas TL AA ANA 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2004 21 -3.3 Arkansas TL AA ANA 8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2005 22 2 Teams 2 Lgs AA-AAA LAA 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2005 22 -2.4 Arkansas TL AA LAA 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2005 22 -5.3 Salt Lake PCL AAA LAA 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2005 22 -7.1 LAA AL MLB LAA 23 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2006 23 -6.1 LAA AL MLB LAA 33 4 4 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 .250 .250 .250 .500 1 0 0 0 0 0
2007 24 -3.0 Salt Lake PCL AAA LAA 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2007 24 -3.2 Licey DOWL FgW 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2007 24 -5.2 LAA AL MLB LAA 28 5 5 1 1 1 0 0 2 0 0 0 3 .200 .200 .400 .600 2 0 0 0 0 0
2008 25 -2.4 Licey DOWL FgW 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Year Age AgeDif Tm Lg Lev Aff G PA AB R H 2B 3B HR RBI SB CS BB SO BA OBP SLG OPS TB GDP HBP SH SF IBB
2008 25 -3.9 LAA AL MLB LAA 32 6 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 .000 .000 .000 .000 0 1 0 0 0 0
2009 26 3 Teams 3 Lgs Rk-A+-AAA LAA 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2009 26 5.8 Angels ARIZ Rk LAA 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2009 26 3.2 Rancho Cucamonga CALL A+ LAA 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2009 26 -0.6 Salt Lake PCL AAA LAA 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2009 26 -3.0 LAA AL MLB LAA 24 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2010 27 -2.0 LAA AL MLB LAA 33 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2011 28 -0.7 LAA AL MLB LAA 33 2 2 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 .500 .500 .500 1.000 1 0 0 0 0 0
2012 29 0.3 LAA AL MLB LAA 30 5 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 .000 .000 .000 .000 0 0 0 1 0 0
2013 30 1.3 KCR AL MLB KCR 32 4 4 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 .250 .250 .250 .500 1 0 0 0 0 0
2014 31 4.0 Gwinnett IL AAA ATL 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2014 31 2.8 ATL NL MLB ATL 31 73 63 7 7 1 0 0 1 0 0 2 28 .111 .138 .127 .265 8 1 0 8 0 0
2015 32 5.1 Rochester IL AAA MIN 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2015 32 3.5 MIN AL MLB MIN 17 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2016 33 4.3 MIN AL MLB MIN 2 6 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 .000 .000 .000 .000 0 0 0 1 0 0
MLB (12 seasons) MLB 318 105 93 8 11 2 0 0 3 0 0 2 46 .118 .137 .140 .277 13 2 0 10 0 0
Minors (9 seasons) Minors 97 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Foreign (2 seasons) Foreign 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
All Levels (16 Seasons) 418 105 93 8 11 2 0 0 3 0 0 2 46 .118 .137 .140 .277 13 2 0 10 0 0
Rk (2 seasons) Minors 15 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
A+ (2 seasons) Minors 21 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
AA (3 seasons) Minors 21 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
AAA (5 seasons) Minors 13 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Register Fielding

Year Age Tm Lg Lev Aff G GS CG Inn Ch PO A E DP Fld% RF/9 RF/G PB WP SB CS CS% lgCS% PO
2001 18 2 Teams 2 Lgs Rk ANA P 14 26 7 15 4 1 .846 1.57 10 4 29%
2001 18 Angels ARIZ Rk ANA P 10 22 5 13 4 0 .818 1.80 7 4 36%
2001 18 Provo PION Rk ANA P 4 4 2 2 0 1 1.000 1.00 3 0 0%
2002 19 Cedar Rapids MIDW A ANA P 27 18 2 14 2 1 .889 0.59 17 10 37%
2003 20 2 Teams 2 Lgs A+-AA ANA P 26 30 13 15 2 0 .933 1.08 8 6 43%
2003 20 Rancho Cucamonga CALL A+ ANA P 20 24 9 13 2 0 .917 1.10 7 6 46%
2003 20 Arkansas TL AA ANA P 6 6 4 2 0 0 1.000 1.00 1 0 0%
2004 21 Arkansas TL AA ANA P 8 8 3 4 1 0 .875 0.88
2005 22 2 Teams 2 Lgs AA-AAA LAA P 10 10 58.1 11 6 4 1 4 .909 1.54 1.00 11 3 21%
2005 22 Arkansas TL AA LAA P 7 7 39.0 10 5 4 1 3 .900 2.08 1.29 8 3 27%
2005 22 Salt Lake PCL AAA LAA P 3 3 19.1 1 1 0 0 1 1.000 0.47 0.33 3 0 0%
2005 22 LAA AL MLB LAA P 23 134.0 20 10 10 0 2 1.000 1.34 0.87
2006 23 LAA AL MLB LAA P 33 204.0 27 13 12 2 3 .926 1.10 0.76
2007 24 Salt Lake PCL AAA LAA P 5 5 32.1 6 2 3 1 1 .833 1.39 1.00 1 0 0%
2007 24 Licey DOWL FgW P 2 2 3.0 1 1 0 0 0 1.000 3.00 0.50 2 0 0%
2007 24 LAA AL MLB LAA P 28 150.0 19 6 13 0 2 1.000 1.14 0.68
2008 25 Licey DOWL FgW P 1 1 1.1 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.00 0 0
Year Age Tm Lg Lev Aff G GS CG Inn Ch PO A E DP Fld% RF/9 RF/G PB WP SB CS CS% lgCS% PO
2008 25 LAA AL MLB LAA P 32 219.0 32 19 13 0 0 1.000 1.32 1.00
2009 26 3 Teams 3 Lgs A+-Rk-AAA LAA P 3 3 13.0 3 3 0 0 0 1.000 2.08 1.00 0 0
2009 26 Angels ARIZ Rk LAA P 1 1 3.1 1 1 0 0 0 1.000 2.70 1.00 0 0
2009 26 Rancho Cucamonga CALL A+ LAA P 1 1 4.2 2 2 0 0 0 1.000 3.86 2.00 0 0
2009 26 Salt Lake PCL AAA LAA P 1 1 5.0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.00 0 0
2009 26 LAA AL MLB LAA P 24 140.0 16 6 9 1 1 .938 0.96 0.63
2010 27 LAA AL MLB LAA P 33 223.0 32 15 17 0 2 1.000 1.29 0.97
2011 28 LAA AL MLB LAA P 33 229.0 36 11 20 5 3 .861 1.22 0.94
2012 29 LAA AL MLB LAA P 30 178.0 34 17 16 1 1 .971 1.67 1.10
2013 30 KCR AL MLB KCR P 32 211.0 42 22 19 1 2 .976 1.75 1.28
2014 31 Gwinnett IL AAA ATL P 1 1 5.0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.00 1 0 0%
2014 31 ATL NL MLB ATL P 31 196.0 38 17 20 1 1 .974 1.70 1.19
2015 32 Rochester IL AAA MIN P 3 20.2 2 0 2 0 0 1.000 0.87 0.67
2015 32 MIN AL MLB MIN P 17 108.0 25 10 14 1 2 .960 2.00 1.41
2016 33 MIN AL MLB MIN P 30 30 181.1 29 20 8 1 3 .966 1.39 0.93
MLB (12 seasons) MLB P 346 30 2173.1 350 166 171 13 22 .963 1.40 0.97
Minors (9 seasons) Minors P 97 19 129.1 104 36 57 11 7 .894 1.39 0.96 48 23 32%
Foreign (2 seasons) Foreign P 3 3 4.1 1 1 0 0 0 1.000 2.08 0.33 2 0 0%
All Levels (16 Seasons) P 446 52 2307.0 455 203 228 24 29 .947 1.40 0.97 50 23 32%
A 7890 (underlined) value in the totals indicates career mark is incomplete.

Teams Played For

Year Age Tm Lg Lev
2001 18 AZL Angels Arizona League Rk
2001 18 Provo Angels Pioneer League Rk
2002 19 Cedar Rapids Kernels Midwest League A
2003 20 Rancho Cucamonga Quakes California League A+
2003 20 Arkansas Travelers Texas League AA
2004 21 Arkansas Travelers Texas League AA 2004-05-17 2004-06-23
2005 22 Arkansas Travelers Texas League AA 2005-04-09 2005-05-13
2005 22 Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim American League MLB 1 2005-05-17 2005-10-02
2005 22 Salt Lake Stingers Pacific Coast League AAA 2005-05-29 2005-06-09
2006 23 Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim American League MLB 1 2006-04-08 2006-09-29
2007 24 Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim American League MLB 1 2007-04-04 2007-09-30
2007 24 Salt Lake Bees Pacific Coast League AAA 2007-07-22 2007-08-12
2007 24 Tigres del Licey Dominican Winter League FgW 2007-12-18 2007-12-22
2008 25 Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim American League MLB 1 2008-04-03 2008-09-27
2008 25 Tigres del Licey Dominican Winter League FgW 2008-12-20 2008-12-20
2009 26 Rancho Cucamonga Quakes California League A+ 2009-05-04 2009-05-04
2009 26 Salt Lake Bees Pacific Coast League AAA 2009-05-09 2009-05-09
2009 26 Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim American League MLB 1 2009-05-14 2009-10-04
2009 26 AZL Angels Arizona League Rk 2009-06-28 2009-06-28
2010 27 Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim American League MLB 1 2010-04-07 2010-10-02
2011 28 Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim American League MLB 1 2011-04-02 2011-09-22
2012 29 Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim American League MLB 1 2012-04-08 2012-09-30
2013 30 Kansas City Royals American League MLB 1 2013-04-03 2013-09-25
2014 31 Gwinnett Braves International League AAA 2014-04-04 2014-04-04
2014 31 Atlanta Braves National League MLB 1 2014-04-09 2014-09-26
2015 32 Rochester Red Wings International League AAA 2015-06-20 2015-06-30
2015 32 Minnesota Twins American League MLB 1 2015-07-05 2015-10-02
2016 33 Minnesota Twins American League MLB 1 2016-04-04 2016-09-28

Sabr ID: 448a3565

About the Minor League Data

Historical performance data for professional leagues (affiliated minor leagues, independent minor leagues, fall/winter leagues, and other international leagues) is provided by and licensed from 24-7 Baseball and Chadwick Baseball Bureau. It incorporates the work of many stalwart baseball researchers, including Cliff Blau, Art Cantu, Frank Hamilton, Reed Howard, Kevin Johnson, Bob McConnell, Jack Morris, and Ray Nemec, as well as members of the Minor Leagues Committee of the Society for American Baseball Research.

Perhaps most importantly, it builds upon the seminal work of Ed Washuta, who magnanimously provided the framework to make the whole thing possible.

Minor league Total Zone (Rctch&Rtz, 2005-2009) data provided by Baseballprojection.com and Minorleaguesplits.com.