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Ray King

Raymond Keith King (Burger)

Position: Pitcher
Bats: Left, Throws: Left
Height: 6' 1", Weight: 225 lb.

Born: January 15, 1974 in Chicago, Illinois, United States
High School: Ripley HS (Ripley, TN)
School: Lambuth University (Jackson, TN)

Drafted by the Cincinnati Reds in the 8th round of the 1995 MLB June Amateur Draft from Lambuth University (Jackson, TN).

Major League Stats

Ray King
Register Player Page
/ Gamelogs & Splits
Pitching: 2008
 Batting: 2008

Register Pitching

Year Age AgeDif Tm Lg Lev Aff W L W-L% ERA RAvg G GS GF CG SHO SV IP H R ER HR BB IBB SO HBP BK WP BF WHIP H9 HR9 BB9 SO9 SO/W
1995 21 0.2 Billings PION Rk CIN 3 0 1.000 1.67 2.30 28 0 15 0 0 5 43.0 31 11 8 1 15 3 43 0 1 1 169 1.070 6.5 0.2 3.1 9.0 2.87
1996 22 -0.0 2 Teams 2 Lgs A+-A ATL 6 11 .353 3.70 5.17 32 24 2 3 0 0 153.1 167 88 63 7 35 2 115 3 2 4 650 1.317 9.8 0.4 2.1 6.8 3.29
1996 22 0.7 Macon SALL A ATL 3 5 .375 2.80 4.33 18 10 2 1 0 0 70.2 63 34 22 4 20 0 63 0 1 2 286 1.175 8.0 0.5 2.5 8.0 3.15
1996 22 -0.6 Durham CARL A+ ATL 3 6 .333 4.46 5.88 14 14 0 2 0 0 82.2 104 54 41 3 15 2 52 3 1 2 364 1.440 11.3 0.3 1.6 5.7 3.47
1997 23 -0.2 2 Teams 2 Lgs A+-AA ATL 11 14 .440 6.09 7.01 36 15 6 0 0 3 137.1 174 107 93 15 50 6 102 5 0 8 640 1.631 11.4 1.0 3.3 6.7 2.04
1997 23 0.6 Durham CARL A+ ATL 6 9 .400 5.40 6.78 24 6 6 0 0 3 71.2 89 54 43 6 26 4 60 4 0 4 335 1.605 11.2 0.8 3.3 7.5 2.31
1997 23 -1.0 Greenville SOUL AA ATL 5 5 .500 6.85 7.26 12 9 0 0 0 0 65.2 85 53 50 9 24 2 42 1 0 4 305 1.660 11.6 1.2 3.3 5.8 1.75
1998 24 -1.2 2 Teams 2 Lgs AAA-AA CHC 2 5 .286 3.77 4.21 62 0 15 0 0 5 62.0 59 29 26 5 25 1 52 1 0 6 264 1.355 8.6 0.7 3.6 7.5 2.08
1998 24 0.4 West Tenn SOUL AA CHC 1 2 .333 2.43 2.73 25 0 8 0 0 3 29.2 23 9 8 1 10 0 26 1 0 2 121 1.112 7.0 0.3 3.0 7.9 2.60
1998 24 -2.7 Iowa PCL AAA CHC 1 3 .250 5.01 5.57 37 0 7 0 0 2 32.1 36 20 18 4 15 1 26 0 0 4 143 1.577 10.0 1.1 4.2 7.2 1.73
1999 25 -1.8 Iowa PCL AAA CHC 4 4 .500 1.88 2.30 37 0 19 0 0 2 43.0 31 11 9 1 22 3 41 2 0 2 183 1.233 6.5 0.2 4.6 8.6 1.86
1999 25 -3.4 CHC NL MLB CHC 0 0 5.91 6.75 10 0 0 0 0 0 10.2 11 8 7 2 10 0 5 1 0 1 50 1.969 9.3 1.7 8.4 4.2 0.50
2000 26 -0.6 2 Teams 2 Lgs AAA MIL-CHC 1 3 .250 3.33 5.00 30 0 7 0 0 1 27.0 27 15 10 1 12 0 21 1 0 3 118 1.444 9.0 0.3 4.0 7.0 1.75
2000 26 -1.1 Iowa PCL AAA CHC 1 0 1.000 0.00 0.00 1 0 1 0 0 0 1.1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 5 0.750 6.8 0.0 0.0 6.8
2000 26 -0.6 Indianapolis IL AAA MIL 0 3 .000 3.51 5.26 29 0 6 0 0 1 25.2 26 15 10 1 12 0 20 1 0 3 113 1.481 9.1 0.4 4.2 7.0 1.67
2000 26 -2.7 MIL NL MLB MIL 3 2 .600 1.26 2.20 36 0 8 0 0 0 28.2 18 7 4 1 10 1 19 0 0 1 111 0.977 5.7 0.3 3.1 6.0 1.90
2001 27 -1.9 MIL NL MLB MIL 0 4 .000 3.60 3.60 82 0 19 0 0 1 55.0 49 22 22 5 25 7 49 1 0 2 234 1.345 8.0 0.8 4.1 8.0 1.96
2002 28 1.6 Indianapolis IL AAA MIL 0 0 0.00 0.00 1 1 0 0 0 0 1.0 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 4 2.000 9.0 0.0 9.0 9.0 1.00
Year Age AgeDif Tm Lg Lev Aff W L W-L% ERA RAvg G GS GF CG SHO SV IP H R ER HR BB IBB SO HBP BK WP BF WHIP H9 HR9 BB9 SO9 SO/W
2002 28 -0.8 MIL NL MLB MIL 3 2 .600 3.05 3.32 76 0 15 0 0 0 65.0 61 24 22 5 24 6 50 3 1 0 273 1.308 8.4 0.7 3.3 6.9 2.08
2003 29 0.2 ATL NL MLB ATL 3 4 .429 3.51 4.58 80 0 9 0 0 0 59.0 46 30 23 3 27 2 43 1 0 4 247 1.237 7.0 0.5 4.1 6.6 1.59
2004 30 0.8 STL NL MLB STL 5 2 .714 2.61 2.76 86 0 9 0 0 0 62.0 43 19 18 1 24 0 40 3 0 2 248 1.081 6.2 0.1 3.5 5.8 1.67
2005 31 1.8 STL NL MLB STL 4 4 .500 3.38 3.82 77 0 18 0 0 0 40.0 46 17 15 4 16 0 23 3 0 1 177 1.550 10.4 0.9 3.6 5.2 1.44
2006 32 2.9 COL NL MLB COL 1 4 .200 4.43 5.24 67 0 7 0 0 1 44.2 56 26 22 6 20 0 23 2 0 3 199 1.701 11.3 1.2 4.0 4.6 1.15
2007 33 4.0 2 Teams NL MLB WSN-MIL 1 1 .500 4.76 4.76 67 0 10 0 0 0 39.2 37 21 21 6 21 1 25 2 0 2 175 1.462 8.4 1.4 4.8 5.7 1.19
2007 33 8.2 Harrisburg EL AA WSN 0 0 0.00 0.00 1 1 0 0 0 0 1.1 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 5 0.750 0.0 0.0 6.8 6.8 1.00
2007 33 4.0 WSN NL MLB WSN 1 1 .500 4.54 4.54 55 0 7 0 0 0 33.2 31 17 17 5 18 1 18 2 0 2 149 1.455 8.3 1.3 4.8 4.8 1.00
2007 33 4.0 MIL NL MLB MIL 0 0 6.00 6.00 12 0 3 0 0 0 6.0 6 4 4 1 3 0 7 0 0 0 26 1.500 9.0 1.5 4.5 10.5 2.33
2008 34 6.3 2 Teams 2 Lgs FgW 1 0 1.000 2.79 3.72 10 0 4 0 0 0 9.2 6 4 3 3 3 0 5 1 0 0 37 0.931 5.6 2.8 2.8 4.7 1.67
2008 34 7.1 2 Teams 2 Lgs AAA HOU-CHW 2 1 .667 2.45 2.95 36 0 12 0 0 5 36.2 29 12 10 2 15 2 28 1 0 0 152 1.200 7.1 0.5 3.7 6.9 1.87
2008 34 7.1 Round Rock PCL AAA HOU 2 1 .667 2.25 2.81 32 0 10 0 0 5 32.0 23 10 8 1 14 1 23 1 0 0 132 1.156 6.5 0.3 3.9 6.5 1.64
2008 34 6.8 Charlotte IL AAA CHW 0 0 3.86 3.86 4 0 2 0 0 0 4.2 6 2 2 1 1 1 5 0 0 0 20 1.500 11.6 1.9 1.9 9.6 5.00
2008 34 6.4 Guasave MXPW FgW 0 0 7.36 9.82 4 0 4 0 0 0 3.2 5 4 3 3 1 0 1 1 0 0 19 1.636 12.3 7.4 2.5 2.5 1.00
2008 34 6.2 Escogido DOWL FgW 1 0 1.000 0.00 0.00 6 0 0 0 0 0 6.0 1 0 0 0 2 0 4 0 0 0 18 0.500 1.5 0.0 3.0 6.0 2.00
2008 34 5.1 WSN NL MLB WSN 0 0 5.68 5.68 12 0 2 0 0 0 6.1 9 4 4 1 4 0 1 1 0 0 33 2.053 12.8 1.4 5.7 1.4 0.25
MLB (10 seasons) MLB 20 23 .465 3.46 3.90 593 0 97 0 0 2 411.0 376 178 158 34 181 17 278 17 1 16 1747 1.355 8.2 0.7 4.0 6.1 1.54
Minors (9 seasons) Minors 29 38 .433 3.91 4.87 263 41 76 3 0 21 504.2 519 273 219 32 176 17 404 13 3 24 2185 1.377 9.3 0.6 3.1 7.2 2.30
Foreign (1 season) Foreign 1 0 1.000 2.79 3.72 10 0 4 0 0 0 9.2 6 4 3 3 3 0 5 1 0 0 37 0.931 5.6 2.8 2.8 4.7 1.67
All Levels (14 Seasons) 50 61 .450 3.70 4.43 866 41 177 3 0 23 925.1 901 455 380 69 360 34 687 31 4 40 3969 1.363 8.8 0.7 3.5 6.7 1.91
A+ (2 seasons) Minors 9 15 .375 4.90 6.30 38 20 6 2 0 3 154.1 193 108 84 9 41 6 112 7 1 6 699 1.516 11.3 0.5 2.4 6.5 2.73
AA (3 seasons) Minors 6 7 .462 5.40 5.77 38 10 8 0 0 3 96.2 108 62 58 10 35 2 69 2 0 6 431 1.479 10.1 0.9 3.3 6.4 1.97
AAA (5 seasons) Minors 8 11 .421 3.02 3.73 141 1 45 0 0 10 140.0 124 58 47 8 65 6 117 4 0 9 600 1.350 8.0 0.5 4.2 7.5 1.80

Register Batting

Year Age AgeDif Tm Lg Lev Aff G PA AB R H 2B 3B HR RBI SB CS BB SO BA OBP SLG OPS TB GDP HBP SH SF IBB
1995 21 0.2 Billings PION Rk CIN 28 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1996 22 2 Teams 2 Lgs A-A+ ATL 32 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1996 22 0.8 Macon SALL A ATL 18 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1996 22 -0.8 Durham CARL A+ ATL 14 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1997 23 -1.4 2 Teams 2 Lgs AA-A+ ATL 36 8 7 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 .143 .143 .143 .286 1 0 0 1 0 0
1997 23 0.6 Durham CARL A+ ATL 24 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1997 23 -1.4 Greenville SOUL AA ATL 12 8 7 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 .143 .143 .143 .286 1 0 0 1 0 0
1998 24 -0.1 2 Teams 2 Lgs AA-AAA CHC 62 4 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 .000 .000 .000 .000 0 0 0 2 0 0
1998 24 -0.1 West Tenn SOUL AA CHC 25 3 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 .000 .000 .000 .000 0 0 0 1 0 0
1998 24 -2.9 Iowa PCL AAA CHC 37 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
1999 25 -2.0 Iowa PCL AAA CHC 37 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1999 25 -3.9 CHC NL MLB CHC 10 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 .000 .000 .000 .000 0 0 0 0 0 0
2000 26 -1.0 2 Teams 2 Lgs AAA MIL-CHC 30 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 .000 .000 .000 .000 0 0 0 0 0 0
2000 26 -1.0 Indianapolis IL AAA MIL 29 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 .000 .000 .000 .000 0 0 0 0 0 0
2000 26 -1.1 Iowa PCL AAA CHC 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2000 26 -3.1 MIL NL MLB MIL 36 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2001 27 -2.3 MIL NL MLB MIL 82 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 .000 .000 .000 .000 0 0 0 0 0 0
2002 28 0.7 Indianapolis IL AAA MIL 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Year Age AgeDif Tm Lg Lev Aff G PA AB R H 2B 3B HR RBI SB CS BB SO BA OBP SLG OPS TB GDP HBP SH SF IBB
2002 28 -1.5 MIL NL MLB MIL 76 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2003 29 -0.5 ATL NL MLB ATL 80 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2004 30 0.6 STL NL MLB STL 86 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000 .000 .000 .000 0 0 0 0 0 0
2005 31 1.6 STL NL MLB STL 77 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2006 32 2.8 COL NL MLB COL 67 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 .000 .000 .000 .000 0 0 0 0 0 0
2007 33 2 Teams NL MLB WSN-MIL 67 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2007 33 7.9 Harrisburg EL AA WSN 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2007 33 4.0 WSN NL MLB WSN 55 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2007 33 4.0 MIL NL MLB MIL 12 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2008 34 2 Teams 2 Lgs FgW 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2008 34 7.0 2 Teams 2 Lgs AAA HOU-CHW 36 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 .000 .000 .000 .000 0 0 0 0 0 0
2008 34 7.0 Round Rock PCL AAA HOU 32 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 .000 .000 .000 .000 0 0 0 0 0 0
2008 34 6.7 Charlotte IL AAA CHW 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2008 34 6.6 Escogido DOWL FgW 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2008 34 4.9 Guasave MXPW FgW 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2008 34 5.3 WSN NL MLB WSN 12 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
MLB (10 seasons) MLB 593 6 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 .000 .000 .000 .000 0 0 0 0 0 0
Minors (9 seasons) Minors 263 14 11 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 8 .091 .091 .091 .182 1 0 0 3 0 0
Foreign (1 season) Foreign 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
All Levels (14 Seasons) 866 20 17 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 11 .059 .059 .059 .118 1 0 0 3 0 0
A+ (2 seasons) Minors 38 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
AA (3 seasons) Minors 38 11 9 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 .111 .111 .111 .222 1 0 0 2 0 0
AAA (5 seasons) Minors 141 3 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 .000 .000 .000 .000 0 0 0 1 0 0

Register Fielding

Year Age Tm Lg Lev Aff G GS CG Inn Ch PO A E DP Fld% RF/9 RF/G PB WP SB CS CS% lgCS% PO
1995 21 Billings PION Rk CIN P 28 11 7 3 1 0 .909 0.36 2 0 0%
1996 22 2 Teams 2 Lgs A-A+ ATL P 32 33 0 33 0 3 1.000 1.03 12 9 43%
1996 22 Macon SALL A ATL P 18 18 0 18 0 3 1.000 1.00
1996 22 Durham CARL A+ ATL P 14 15 0 15 0 0 1.000 1.07 12 9 43%
1997 23 2 Teams 2 Lgs A+-AA ATL P 36 45 8 32 5 1 .889 1.11 15 6 29%
1997 23 Durham CARL A+ ATL P 24 25 3 18 4 0 .840 0.88 10 5 33%
1997 23 Greenville SOUL AA ATL P 12 20 5 14 1 1 .950 1.58 5 1 17%
1998 24 2 Teams 2 Lgs AAA-AA CHC P 62 25 8 15 2 0 .920 0.37 2 5 71%
1998 24 West Tenn SOUL AA CHC P 25 15 5 10 0 0 1.000 0.60 0 3 100%
1998 24 Iowa PCL AAA CHC P 37 10 3 5 2 0 .800 0.22 2 2 50%
1999 25 Iowa PCL AAA CHC P 37 13 1 12 0 1 1.000 0.35 8 0 0%
1999 25 CHC NL MLB CHC P 10 11.0 1 0 1 0 0 1.000 0.82 0.10
2000 26 2 Teams 2 Lgs AAA MIL-CHC P 30 8 2 4 2 0 .750 0.20 4 1 20%
2000 26 Iowa PCL AAA CHC P 1 2 0 1 1 0 .500 1.00 0 0
2000 26 Indianapolis IL AAA MIL P 29 6 2 3 1 0 .833 0.17 4 1 20%
2000 26 MIL NL MLB MIL P 36 29.0 8 2 6 0 0 1.000 2.48 0.22
2001 27 MIL NL MLB MIL P 82 55.0 15 5 9 1 0 .933 2.29 0.17
2002 28 Indianapolis IL AAA MIL P 1 2 0 2 0 0 1.000 2.00 0 1 100%
Year Age Tm Lg Lev Aff G GS CG Inn Ch PO A E DP Fld% RF/9 RF/G PB WP SB CS CS% lgCS% PO
2002 28 MIL NL MLB MIL P 76 65.0 33 10 21 2 1 .939 4.29 0.41
2003 29 ATL NL MLB ATL P 80 59.0 15 3 12 0 0 1.000 2.29 0.19
2004 30 STL NL MLB STL P 86 62.0 21 9 11 1 0 .952 2.90 0.23
2005 31 STL NL MLB STL P 77 40.0 7 2 3 2 1 .714 1.12 0.06
2006 32 COL NL MLB COL P 67 45.0 8 4 4 0 0 1.000 1.60 0.12
2007 33 2 Teams NL MLB WSN-MIL P 67 40.0 9 2 6 1 1 .889 1.80 0.12
2007 33 Harrisburg EL AA WSN P 1 1 1.1 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.00 1 0 0%
2007 33 WSN NL MLB WSN P 55 34.0 7 2 4 1 1 .857 1.59 0.11
2007 33 MIL NL MLB MIL P 12 6.0 2 0 2 0 0 1.000 3.00 0.17
2008 34 2 Teams 2 Lgs FgW P 10 0 9.2 3 0 3 0 0 1.000 2.79 0.30 1 1 50%
2008 34 2 Teams 2 Lgs AAA HOU-CHW P 36 0 36.2 4 3 0 1 0 .750 0.74 0.08 3 1 25%
2008 34 Round Rock PCL AAA HOU P 32 0 32.0 1 1 0 0 0 1.000 0.28 0.03 3 0 0%
2008 34 Charlotte IL AAA CHW P 4 0 4.2 3 2 0 1 0 .667 3.86 0.50 0 1 100%
2008 34 Guasave MXPW FgW P 4 0 3.2 2 0 2 0 0 1.000 4.91 0.50 0 0
2008 34 Escogido DOWL FgW P 6 0 6.0 1 0 1 0 0 1.000 1.50 0.17 1 1 50%
2008 34 WSN NL MLB WSN P 12 6.0 3 0 2 1 0 .667 3.00 0.17
MLB (10 seasons) MLB P 593 412.0 120 37 75 8 3 .933 2.45 0.19
Minors (9 seasons) Minors P 263 1 38.0 141 29 101 11 5 .922 0.71 0.49 47 23 33%
Foreign (1 season) Foreign P 10 0 9.2 3 0 3 0 0 1.000 2.79 0.30 1 1 50%
All Levels (14 Seasons) P 866 1 459.2 264 66 179 19 8 .928 2.31 0.28 48 24 33%
A 7890 (underlined) value in the totals indicates career mark is incomplete.

Teams Played For

Year Age Tm Lg Lev
1995 21 Billings Mustangs Pioneer League Rk
1996 22 Durham Bulls Carolina League A+
1996 22 Macon Braves South Atlantic League A
1997 23 Durham Bulls Carolina League A+
1997 23 Greenville Braves Southern League AA
1998 24 West Tenn Diamond Jaxx Southern League AA
1998 24 Iowa Cubs Pacific Coast League AAA
1999 25 Iowa Cubs Pacific Coast League AAA
1999 25 Chicago Cubs National League MLB 1 1999-05-21 1999-08-03
2000 26 Iowa Cubs Pacific Coast League AAA
2000 26 Indianapolis Indians International League AAA
2000 26 Milwaukee Brewers National League MLB 1 2000-04-30 2000-09-26
2001 27 Milwaukee Brewers National League MLB 1 2001-04-03 2001-10-07
2002 28 Indianapolis Indians International League AAA
2002 28 Milwaukee Brewers National League MLB 1 2002-04-03 2002-09-27
2003 29 Atlanta Braves National League MLB 1 2003-03-31 2003-09-27
2004 30 St. Louis Cardinals National League MLB 1 2004-04-05 2004-10-03
2005 31 St. Louis Cardinals National League MLB 1 2005-04-05 2005-10-02
2006 32 Colorado Rockies National League MLB 1 2006-04-03 2006-09-30
2007 33 Washington Nationals National League MLB 1 2007-04-03 2007-09-01
2007 33 Harrisburg Senators Eastern League AA 2007-04-26 2007-04-26
2007 33 Milwaukee Brewers National League MLB 2 2007-09-05 2007-09-30
2008 34 Washington Nationals National League MLB 1 2008-03-30 2008-04-23
2008 34 Charlotte Knights International League AAA 2008-05-09 2008-05-16
2008 34 Round Rock Express Pacific Coast League AAA 2008-06-02 2008-08-30
2008 34 Algodoneros de Guasave Mexican Pacific Winter League FgW 2008-10-19 2008-10-28
2008 34 Leones del Escogido Dominican Winter League FgW 2008-12-07 2008-12-20

Sabr ID: 6b0eb261

About the Minor League Data

Historical performance data for professional leagues (affiliated minor leagues, independent minor leagues, fall/winter leagues, and other international leagues) is provided by and licensed from 24-7 Baseball and Chadwick Baseball Bureau. It incorporates the work of many stalwart baseball researchers, including Cliff Blau, Art Cantu, Frank Hamilton, Reed Howard, Kevin Johnson, Bob McConnell, Jack Morris, and Ray Nemec, as well as members of the Minor Leagues Committee of the Society for American Baseball Research.

Perhaps most importantly, it builds upon the seminal work of Ed Washuta, who magnanimously provided the framework to make the whole thing possible.

Minor league Total Zone (Rctch&Rtz, 2005-2009) data provided by Baseballprojection.com and Minorleaguesplits.com.