Southern Association (A-1) Encyclopedia and History

League History

League History
Year Tm
1945Atlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Chickasaws, Mobile Bears, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1944Atlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Knoxville Smokies/Mobile Bears, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Chickasaws, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1943Atlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts/Montgomery Rebels, Knoxville Smokies, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Chickasaws, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1942Atlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Knoxville Smokies, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Chickasaws, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1941Atlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Knoxville Smokies, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Chickasaws, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1940Atlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Knoxville Smokies, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Chickasaws, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1939Atlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Knoxville Smokies, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Chickasaws, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1938Atlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Knoxville Smokies, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Chickasaws, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1937Atlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Knoxville Smokies, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Chickasaws, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1936Atlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Knoxville Smokies, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Chickasaws, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans

League History in Other Classifications

League History in Other Classifications
Year Classification Tm
1961AAAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Little Rock Travelers, Macon Peaches, Mobile Bears, Nashville Volunteers, Shreveport Sports
1960AAAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Chickasaws, Mobile Bears, Nashville Volunteers, Shreveport Sports
1959AAAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Memphis Chickasaws, Mobile Bears, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans, Shreveport Sports
1958AAAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Chickasaws, Mobile Bears, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1957AAAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Chickasaws, Mobile Bears, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1956AAAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Little Rock Travelers/Montgomery Rebels, Memphis Chickasaws, Mobile Bears, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1955AAAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Chickasaws, Mobile Bears, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1954AAAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Chickasaws, Mobile Bears, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1953AAAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Chickasaws, Mobile Bears, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1952AAAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Chickasaws, Mobile Bears, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1951AAAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Chickasaws, Mobile Bears, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1950AAAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Chickasaws, Mobile Bears, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1949AAAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Chickasaws, Mobile Bears, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1948AAAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Chickasaws, Mobile Bears, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1947AAAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Chickasaws, Mobile Bears, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1946AAAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Chickasaws, Mobile Bears, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1935AAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Knoxville Smokies, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Chickasaws, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1934AAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Knoxville Smokies, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Chickasaws, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1933AAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Knoxville Smokies, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Chickasaws, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1932AAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Knoxville Smokies, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Chickasaws, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1931AAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Chickasaws, Mobile Marines/Knoxville Smokies, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1930AAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Chickasaws, Mobile Bears, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1929AAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Chickasaws, Mobile Bears, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1928AAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Chickasaws, Mobile Bears, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1927AAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Chickasaws, Mobile Bears, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1926AAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Chickasaws, Mobile Bears, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1925AAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Chickasaws, Mobile Bears, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1924AAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Chickasaws, Mobile Bears, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1923AAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Chickasaws, Mobile Bears, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1922AAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Chickasaws, Mobile Bears, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1921AAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Chickasaws, Mobile Bears, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1920AAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Chickasaws, Mobile Bears, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1919AAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Chickasaws, Mobile Bears, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1918AAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Chickasaws, Mobile Bears, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1917AAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Chickasaws, Mobile Sea Gulls, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1916AAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Chickasaws, Mobile Sea Gulls, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1915AAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Chickasaws, Mobile Sea Gulls, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1914AAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Memphis Chickasaws, Mobile Sea Gulls, Montgomery Rebels, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1913AAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Memphis Chickasaws, Mobile Sea Gulls, Montgomery Rebels, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1912AAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Memphis Chickasaws, Mobile Sea Gulls, Montgomery Rebels, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1911AAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Memphis Turtles, Mobile Sea Gulls, Montgomery Billikens, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1910AAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Memphis Turtles, Mobile Sea Gulls, Montgomery Climbers, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1909AAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Turtles, Mobile Sea Gulls, Montgomery Climbers, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1908AAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Egyptians, Mobile Sea Gulls, Montgomery Senators, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans
1907AAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Egyptians, Montgomery Senators, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans, Shreveport Pirates
1906AAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Egyptians, Montgomery Senators, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans, Shreveport Pirates
1905AAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Egyptians, Montgomery Senators, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans, Shreveport Pirates
1904AAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Egyptians, Montgomery Senators, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans, Shreveport Pirates
1903AAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Barons, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Egyptians, Montgomery Black Sox, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans, Shreveport Giants
1902AAtlanta Firemen, Birmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Egyptians, Nashville Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans, Shreveport Giants
1901BBirmingham Barons, Chattanooga Lookouts, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Egyptians, Nashville Vols/Volunteers, New Orleans Pelicans, Selma Christians, Shreveport Giants
1899CDallas Steers/Montgomery Senators, Mobile Blackbirds, New Orleans Pelicans, Shreveport Tigers
1898BAtlanta Colts, Augusta, Birmingham Reds, Charleston Seagulls, Mobile Blackbirds, Montgomery Senators, New Orleans Pelicans, Savannah
1896BAtlanta Crackers, Birmingham Bluebirds, Columbus Babies/River Snipes, Mobile Blackbirds, Montgomery Senators, New Orleans Pelicans
1895BAtlanta Crackers, Chattanooga Warriors/Mobile Bluebirds, Evansville Black Birds, Little Rock Travelers, Memphis Lambs/Giants, Montgomery Grays, Nashville Seraphs, New Orleans Pelicans
1894BAtlanta Atlantas, Charleston Seagulls, Macon Hornets, Memphis Giants, Mobile Bluebirds/Atlanta, Nashville Tigers, New Orleans Pelicans, Savannah Modocs
1893BAtlanta Windjammers, Augusta Electricians, Birmingham Grays/Blues/Pensacola, Charleston Seagulls, Chattanooga Warriors, Macon Central City/Hornets, Memphis Fever Germs, Mobile Blackbirds, Montgomery Colts, Nashville Tigers, New Orleans Pelicans, Savannah Electrics/Rabbits
1892BAtlanta Firecrackers, Birmingham Grays, Chattanooga Chatts, Macon Central City, Memphis Giants, Mobile Blackbirds, Montgomery Lambs, New Orleans Pelicans
1886BAtlanta Atlantas, Augusta Browns, Charleston Seagulls, Chattanooga Lookouts, Macon, Memphis Grays, Nashville Americans, Savannah

About the Register Data

Historical performance data for professional leagues (affiliated minor leagues, independent minor leagues, fall/winter leagues, and other international leagues) is provided by and licensed from 24-7 Baseball and Chadwick Baseball Bureau. It incorporates the work of many stalwart baseball researchers, including Cliff Blau, Art Cantu, Frank Hamilton, Reed Howard, Kevin Johnson, Bob McConnell, Jack Morris, and Ray Nemec, as well as members of the Minor Leagues Committee of the Society for American Baseball Research.

Perhaps most importantly, it builds upon the seminal work of Ed Washuta, who magnanimously provided the framework to make the whole thing possible.

Minor league Total Zone (Rctch&Rtz, 2005-2009) data provided by Baseballprojection.com and Minorleaguesplits.com.

About the Negro League Data

Sources

This data comes from two sources. 1) The Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group put together by the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum thanks to a grant provided by Major League Baseball. 2) Gary Ashwill and his collaborators.

The Hall of Fame data is found for the years 1920-1948 and the Ashwill data is found from 1904-1919. Many statistics are incomplete due to ongoing research and/or limitations in published sources, so please be assured that we are aware there are issues with the data and will continue to work with our data providers to improve the data that appears here.

The Hall of Fame dataset

This data is constructed from the best available information as provided by Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers and Dick Clark of the Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group. It contains data culled from newspaper boxscores, covering league sanctioned games from 1920 to 1948, which was produced for a study sponsored by Major League Baseball and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. It reflects totals as compiled by the NLRAG up to 2006. As new credible information is continually unearthed, these numbers will continue to change.

Baseball-Reference and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum would like to acknowledge Major League Baseball for funding this study, along with the Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group for their extensive efforts to collect the raw data and construct the most comprehensive database of Negro Leagues Baseball statistics.  Under the direction of Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers and Dick Clark, this database is the largest dataset ever made publically available and we wish to express our gratitude for all their efforts to help rebuild this lost statistical history.

The Ashwill Negro Leagues Database

Playing statistics and biographical data on the Negro leagues (all pre-1920) and early Latin American professional baseball is licensed from and provided by the Negro Leagues Database, a project organized by Gary Ashwill with the participation of many historians of Negro league and Latin American baseball.

The database is a work in progress, and will include more seasons as development continues. It appears in its original form at Seamheads.com.

Playing statistics and biographical data for this portion of our dataset (The Negro Leagues Database) are all copyright 2013 by Gary Ashwill. All rights reserved.

Completeness

Note that our records are missing thousands of players who played in the Negro Leagues for minor league teams, independent teams, barnstorming teams or even Negro major league teams. We will bring their records to light as soon as suitable records are available for those players.

Details about our NLB Data

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