Appalachian League (Short-Season D) Encyclopedia and History

League History in Other Classifications

League History in Other Classifications
Year Classification Tm
2016RkBluefield Blue Jays, Bristol Pirates, Burlington Royals, Danville Braves, Elizabethton Twins, Greeneville Astros, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Mets, Princeton Rays, Pulaski Yankees
2015RkBluefield Blue Jays, Bristol Pirates, Burlington Royals, Danville Braves, Elizabethton Twins, Greeneville Astros, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Mets, Princeton Rays, Pulaski Yankees
2014RkBluefield Blue Jays, Bristol Pirates, Burlington Royals, Danville Braves, Elizabethton Twins, Greeneville Astros, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Mets, Princeton Rays, Pulaski Mariners
2013RkBluefield Blue Jays, Bristol White Sox, Burlington Royals, Danville Braves, Elizabethton Twins, Greeneville Astros, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Mets, Princeton Rays, Pulaski Mariners
2012RkBluefield Blue Jays, Bristol White Sox, Burlington Royals, Danville Braves, Elizabethton Twins, Greeneville Astros, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Mets, Princeton Rays, Pulaski Mariners
2011RkBluefield Blue Jays, Bristol White Sox, Burlington Royals, Danville Braves, Elizabethton Twins, Greeneville Astros, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Mets, Princeton Rays, Pulaski Mariners
2010RkBluefield Orioles, Bristol White Sox, Burlington Royals, Danville Braves, Elizabethton Twins, Greeneville Astros, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Mets, Princeton Rays, Pulaski Mariners
2009RkBluefield Orioles, Bristol White Sox, Burlington Royals, Danville Braves, Elizabethton Twins, Greeneville Astros, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Mets, Princeton Rays, Pulaski Mariners
2008RkBluefield Orioles, Bristol White Sox, Burlington Royals, Danville Braves, Elizabethton Twins, Greeneville Astros, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Mets, Princeton Rays, Pulaski Mariners
2007RkBluefield Orioles, Bristol White Sox, Burlington Royals, Danville Braves, Elizabethton Twins, Greeneville Astros, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Mets, Princeton Devil Rays
2006RkBluefield Orioles, Bristol White Sox, Burlington Indians, Danville Braves, Elizabethton Twins, Greeneville Astros, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Mets, Princeton Devil Rays, Pulaski Blue Jays
2005RkBluefield Orioles, Bristol White Sox, Burlington Indians, Danville Braves, Elizabethton Twins, Greeneville Astros, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Mets, Princeton Devil Rays, Pulaski Blue Jays
2004RkBluefield Orioles, Bristol White Sox, Burlington Indians, Danville Braves, Elizabethton Twins, Greeneville Astros, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Mets, Princeton Devil Rays, Pulaski Blue Jays
2003RkBluefield Orioles, Bristol White Sox, Burlington Indians, Danville Braves, Elizabethton Twins, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Mets, Martinsville Astros, Princeton Devil Rays, Pulaski Blue Jays
2002RkBluefield Orioles, Bristol White Sox, Burlington Indians, Danville Braves, Elizabethton Twins, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Mets, Martinsville Astros, Princeton Devil Rays, Pulaski Rangers
2001RkBluefield Orioles, Bristol White Sox, Burlington Indians, Danville Braves, Elizabethton Twins, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Mets, Martinsville Astros, Princeton Devil Rays, Pulaski Rangers
2000RkBluefield Orioles, Bristol White Sox, Burlington Indians, Danville Braves, Elizabethton Twins, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Mets, Martinsville Astros, Princeton Devil Rays, Pulaski Rangers
1999RkBluefield Orioles, Bristol White Sox, Burlington Indians, Danville Braves, Elizabethton Twins, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Mets, Martinsville Astros, Princeton Devil Rays, Pulaski Rangers
1998RkBluefield Orioles, Bristol White Sox, Burlington Indians, Danville Braves, Elizabethton Twins, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Mets, Martinsville Phillies, Princeton Devil Rays, Pulaski Rangers
1997RkBluefield Orioles, Bristol White Sox, Burlington Indians, Danville Braves, Elizabethton Twins, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Mets, Martinsville Phillies, Princeton Devil Rays, Pulaski Rangers
1996RkBluefield Orioles, Bristol White Sox, Burlington Indians, Danville Braves, Elizabethton Twins, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Mets, Martinsville Phillies, Princeton Reds
1995RkBluefield Orioles, Bristol White Sox, Burlington Indians, Danville Braves, Elizabethton Twins, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Mets, Martinsville Phillies, Princeton Reds, River City Rumblers
1994RkBluefield Orioles, Bristol Tigers, Burlington Indians, Danville Braves, Elizabethton Twins, Huntington Cubs, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Mets, Martinsville Phillies, Princeton Reds
1993RkBluefield Orioles, Bristol Tigers, Burlington Indians, Danville Braves, Elizabethton Twins, Huntington Cubs, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Mets, Martinsville Phillies, Princeton Reds
1992RkBluefield Orioles, Bristol Tigers, Burlington Indians, Elizabethton Twins, Huntington Cubs, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Mets, Martinsville Phillies, Princeton Reds, Pulaski Braves
1991RkBluefield Orioles, Bristol Tigers, Burlington Indians, Elizabethton Twins, Huntington Cubs, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Mets, Martinsville Phillies, Princeton Reds, Pulaski Braves
1990RkBluefield Orioles, Bristol Tigers, Burlington Indians, Elizabethton Twins, Huntington Cubs, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Mets, Martinsville Phillies, Princeton Patriots, Pulaski Braves
1989RkBluefield Orioles, Bristol Tigers, Burlington Indians, Elizabethton Twins, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Mets, Martinsville Phillies, Princeton Pirates, Pulaski Braves, Wytheville Cubs
1988RkBluefield Orioles, Bristol Tigers, Burlington Indians, Elizabethton Twins, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Mets, Martinsville Phillies, Princeton Pirates, Pulaski Braves, Wytheville Cubs
1987RkBluefield Orioles, Bristol Tigers, Burlington Indians, Elizabethton Twins, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Mets, Pulaski Braves, Wytheville Cubs
1986RkBluefield Orioles, Bristol Tigers, Burlington Indians, Elizabethton Twins, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Mets, Pulaski Braves, Wytheville Cubs
1985RkBluefield Orioles, Bristol Tigers, Elizabethton Twins, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Mets, Pulaski Braves, Wytheville Cubs
1984RkBluefield Orioles, Bristol Tigers, Elizabethton Twins, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Mets, Paintsville Brewers, Pikeville Cubs, Pulaski Braves
1983RkBluefield Orioles, Bristol Tigers, Elizabethton Twins, Johnson City Cardinals, Paintsville Brewers, Pikeville Cubs, Pulaski Braves
1982RkBluefield Orioles, Bristol Tigers, Elizabethton Twins, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Mets, Paintsville Yankees, Pikeville Brewers, Pulaski Braves
1981RkBluefield Orioles, Bristol Tigers, Elizabethton Twins, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Mets, Paintsville Yankees
1980RkBluefield Orioles, Bristol Tigers, Elizabethton Twins, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Mets, Paintsville Yankees
1979RkBluefield Orioles, Bristol Tigers, Elizabethton Twins, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Braves, Paintsville Yankees
1978RkBluefield Orioles, Bristol Tigers, Elizabethton Twins, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Braves, Paintsville Highlanders
1977RkBluefield Orioles, Bristol Tigers, Elizabethton Twins, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Braves, Pulaski Phillies
1976RkBluefield Orioles, Bristol Tigers, Covington Astros, Elizabethton Twins, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Braves, Marion Mets, Pulaski Phillies
1975RkBluefield Orioles, Bristol Tigers, Covington Astros, Elizabethton Twins, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Braves, Marion Mets, Pulaski Phillies
1974RkBluefield Orioles, Bristol Tigers, Covington Astros, Elizabethton Twins, Johnson City Yankees, Kingsport Braves, Marion Mets, Pulaski Phillies
1973RkBluefield Orioles, Bristol Tigers, Covington Astros, Johnson City Yankees, Kingsport Royals, Marion Mets, Pulaski Phillies, Wytheville Braves
1972RkBluefield Orioles, Bristol Tigers, Covington Astros, Johnson City Yankees, Kingsport Royals, Marion Mets, Pulaski Phillies, Wytheville Braves
1971RkBluefield Orioles, Bristol Tigers, Covington Astros, Johnson City Yankees, Kingsport Royals, Marion Mets, Pulaski Phillies, Wytheville Braves
1970RkBluefield Orioles, Bristol Tigers, Covington Astros, Johnson City Yankees, Kingsport Royals, Marion Mets, Pulaski Phillies
1969RkBluefield Orioles, Bristol Tigers, Covington Astros, Johnson City Yankees, Kingsport Royals, Marion Mets, Pulaski Phillies, Wytheville Senators
1968RkBluefield Orioles, Covington Astros, Johnson City Yankees, Marion Mets
1967RkBluefield Orioles, Covington Astros, Johnson City Yankees, Marion Mets, Salem Rebels, Wytheville Reds
1966RkBluefield Orioles, Covington Red Sox, Johnson City Yankees, Marion Mets, Salem Rebels
1965RkBluefield Orioles, Harlan Red Sox, Johnson City Yankees, Marion Mets, Salem Rebels, Wytheville Senators
1964RkBluefield Orioles, Johnson City Yankees, Salem Rebels, Wytheville A's
1963RkBluefield Orioles, Harlan Yankees, Kingsport Pirates, Middlesboro Cubsox, Salem Rebels, Wytheville Twins
1955DBluefield Blue-Grays, Bristol Twins, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Cherokees, Pulaski Phillies, Salem Rebels, Welch Miners/Marion A's, Wytheville Statesmen
1954DBluefield Blue-Grays, Bristol Twins, Johnson City Cardinals, Pulaski Phillies, Welch Miners, Wytheville Statesmen
1953DBluefield Blue-Grays, Bristol Twins, Johnson City Cardinals, Pulaski Phillies, Welch Miners, Wytheville Statesmen
1952DBluefield Blue-Grays, Bristol Twins, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Cherokees, Pulaski Phillies, Welch Miners
1951DBluefield Blue-Grays, Bristol Twins, Elizabethton Phils, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Cherokees, Welch Miners
1950DBluefield Blue-Grays, Bristol Twins, Elizabethton Betsy Local, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Cherokees, New River Rebels, Pulaski Counts, Welch Miners
1949DBluefield Blue-Grays, Bristol Twins, Elizabethton Betsy Local, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Cherokees, New River Rebels, Pulaski Counts, Welch Miners
1948DBluefield Blue-Grays, Bristol Twins, Elizabethton Betsy Cubs, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Cherokees, New River Rebels, Pulaski Counts, Welch Miners
1947DBluefield Blue-Grays, Bristol Twins, Elizabethton Betsy Cubs, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Cherokees, New River Rebels, Pulaski Counts, Welch Miners
1946DBluefield Blue-Grays, Bristol Twins, Elizabethton Betsy Cubs, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Cherokees, New River Rebels, Pulaski Counts, Welch Miners
1945DBristol Twins, Elizabethton Betsy Cubs, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Cherokees
1944DBristol Twins, Erwin Cubs, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Cherokees
1943DBristol Twins, Erwin Aces, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Cherokees
1942DBristol Twins, Elizabethton Betsy Red Sox, Greeneville Burley Cubs, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Dodgers, Newport Canners
1941DBristol Twins, Elizabethton Betsy Red Sox, Greeneville Burley Cubs, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Cherokees, Newport Canners
1940DBristol Twins, Elizabethton Betsy Red Sox, Erwin Mountaineers, Greeneville Burley Cubs, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Cherokees, Newport Canners, Pennington Gap Miners
1939DElizabethton Betsy Red Sox, Greeneville Burley Cubs, Johnson City Cardinals, Kingsport Cherokees, Newport Canners, Pennington Gap Miners
1938DElizabethton Betsy Red Sox, Greeneville Burley Cubs, Johnson City Soldiers, Kingsport Cherokees, Newport Canners, Pennington Gap Lee Bears
1937DElizabethton Betsy Red Sox, Johnson City Soldiers, Newport Canners, Pennington Gap Lee Bears
1925DBristol State Liners, Greeneville Burley Cubs, Kingsport Indians, Morristown Roosters
1924DBristol State Liners, Greeneville Burley Cubs, Johnson City Soldiers, Kingsport Indians, Knoxville Pioneers, Morristown Roosters
1923DBristol State Liners, Greeneville Burley Cubs, Johnson City Soldiers, Kingsport Indians, Knoxville Pioneers, Morristown Roosters
1922DBristol State Liners, Cleveland Manufacturers, Greeneville Burley Cubs, Johnson City Soldiers, Kingsport Indians, Knoxville Pioneers
1921DBristol State Liners, Cleveland Manufacturers, Greeneville Burley Cubs, Johnson City Soldiers, Kingsport Indians, Knoxville Pioneers
1914DHarriman Boosters, Knoxville Reds, Middlesboro Colonels, Morristown Jobbers
1913DBristol Boosters, Cleveland Counts/Morristown Jobbers, Johnson City Soldiers, Knoxville Reds, Middlesboro Colonels, Rome Romans
1912DAsheville Moonshiners, Bristol Boosters, Cleveland Counts, Johnson City Soldiers, Knoxville Reds, Morristown Jobbers
1911DAsheville Moonshiners, Bristol Boosters, Cleveland Counts, Johnson City Soldiers, Knoxville Appalachians, Morristown Jobbers

About the Register Data

Historical performance data for professional leagues (affiliated minor leagues, independent minor leagues, fall/winter leagues, and other international leagues) is provided by and licensed from 24-7 Baseball and Chadwick Baseball Bureau. It incorporates the work of many stalwart baseball researchers, including Cliff Blau, Art Cantu, Frank Hamilton, Reed Howard, Kevin Johnson, Bob McConnell, Jack Morris, and Ray Nemec, as well as members of the Minor Leagues Committee of the Society for American Baseball Research.

Perhaps most importantly, it builds upon the seminal work of Ed Washuta, who magnanimously provided the framework to make the whole thing possible.

Minor league Total Zone (Rctch&Rtz, 2005-2009) data provided by Baseballprojection.com and Minorleaguesplits.com.

About the Negro League Data

Sources

This data comes from two sources. 1) The Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group put together by the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum thanks to a grant provided by Major League Baseball. 2) Gary Ashwill and his collaborators.

The Hall of Fame data is found for the years 1920-1948 and the Ashwill data is found from 1904-1919. Many statistics are incomplete due to ongoing research and/or limitations in published sources, so please be assured that we are aware there are issues with the data and will continue to work with our data providers to improve the data that appears here.

The Hall of Fame dataset

This data is constructed from the best available information as provided by Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers and Dick Clark of the Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group. It contains data culled from newspaper boxscores, covering league sanctioned games from 1920 to 1948, which was produced for a study sponsored by Major League Baseball and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. It reflects totals as compiled by the NLRAG up to 2006. As new credible information is continually unearthed, these numbers will continue to change.

Baseball-Reference and the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum would like to acknowledge Major League Baseball for funding this study, along with the Negro Leagues Researchers and Authors Group for their extensive efforts to collect the raw data and construct the most comprehensive database of Negro Leagues Baseball statistics.  Under the direction of Larry Lester, Wayne Stivers and Dick Clark, this database is the largest dataset ever made publically available and we wish to express our gratitude for all their efforts to help rebuild this lost statistical history.

The Ashwill Negro Leagues Database

Playing statistics and biographical data on the Negro leagues (all pre-1920) and early Latin American professional baseball is licensed from and provided by the Negro Leagues Database, a project organized by Gary Ashwill with the participation of many historians of Negro league and Latin American baseball.

The database is a work in progress, and will include more seasons as development continues. It appears in its original form at Seamheads.com.

Playing statistics and biographical data for this portion of our dataset (The Negro Leagues Database) are all copyright 2013 by Gary Ashwill. All rights reserved.

Completeness

Note that our records are missing thousands of players who played in the Negro Leagues for minor league teams, independent teams, barnstorming teams or even Negro major league teams. We will bring their records to light as soon as suitable records are available for those players.

Details about our NLB Data

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