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1956 National League Pitching Leaders

League Index / Batting Leaders / Pitching Leaders / Map of Teams / Other Years: 1955 / 1957
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League Player Pitching

Rk Name Age Tm Lev Aff W L W-L% ERA RAvg G GS GF CG SHO SV IP H R ER HR BB IBB SO HBP BK WP BF WHIP H9 HR9 BB9 SO9 SO/W
1 Don Newcombe 30 BRO MLB BRO 27 7 .794 3.06 3.39 38 36 2 18 5 0 268.0 219 101 91 33 46 8 139 3 0 4 1052 0.989 7.4 1.1 1.5 4.7 3.02
2 Johnny Antonelli* 26 NY1 MLB NYG 20 13 .606 2.86 3.24 41 36 5 15 5 1 258.1 225 93 82 20 75 10 145 3 0 6 1061 1.161 7.8 0.7 2.6 5.1 1.93
3 Warren Spahn* 35 MLN MLB MLN 20 11 .645 2.78 2.94 39 35 3 20 3 3 281.1 249 92 87 25 52 12 128 3 0 7 1113 1.070 8.0 0.8 1.7 4.1 2.46
4 Lew Burdette 29 MLN MLB MLN 19 10 .655 2.70 3.23 39 35 2 16 6 1 256.1 234 92 77 22 52 7 110 3 0 2 1035 1.116 8.2 0.8 1.8 3.9 2.12
5 Brooks Lawrence 31 CIN MLB CIN 19 10 .655 3.99 4.49 49 30 12 11 1 0 218.2 210 109 97 26 71 4 96 2 0 0 913 1.285 8.6 1.1 2.9 4.0 1.35
6 Robin Roberts 29 PHI MLB PHI 19 18 .514 4.45 4.69 43 37 6 22 1 3 297.1 328 155 147 46 40 3 157 2 0 2 1228 1.238 9.9 1.4 1.2 4.8 3.93
7 Bob Buhl 27 MLN MLB MLN 18 8 .692 3.32 3.99 38 33 0 13 2 0 216.2 190 96 80 18 105 7 86 2 1 3 924 1.362 7.9 0.7 4.4 3.6 0.82
8 Bob Friend 25 PIT MLB PIT 17 17 .500 3.46 3.92 49 42 7 19 4 3 314.1 310 137 121 25 85 18 166 2 0 5 1315 1.257 8.9 0.7 2.4 4.8 1.95
9 Curt Simmons* 27 PHI MLB PHI 15 10 .600 3.36 4.32 33 27 3 14 0 0 198.0 186 95 74 17 65 7 88 3 0 1 834 1.268 8.5 0.8 3.0 4.0 1.35
10 Hersh Freeman 27 CIN MLB CIN 14 5 .737 3.40 3.64 64 0 47 0 0 17 108.2 112 44 41 2 34 11 50 1 1 3 458 1.344 9.3 0.2 2.8 4.1 1.47
11 Ron Kline 24 PIT MLB PIT 14 18 .438 3.38 3.75 44 39 2 9 2 2 264.0 263 110 99 26 81 8 125 5 0 10 1102 1.303 9.0 0.9 2.8 4.3 1.54
12 Vinegar Bend Mizell* 25 SLN MLB STL 14 14 .500 3.62 4.01 33 33 0 11 3 0 208.2 172 93 84 20 92 5 153 7 0 4 881 1.265 7.4 0.9 4.0 6.6 1.66
13 Murry Dickson 39 SLN,PHI MLB STL-PHI 13 11 .542 3.28 3.69 31 30 0 12 3 0 219.1 195 90 80 21 69 5 110 1 0 7 896 1.204 8.0 0.9 2.8 4.5 1.59
14 Carl Erskine 29 BRO MLB BRO 13 11 .542 4.25 4.44 31 28 2 8 1 0 186.1 189 92 88 25 57 5 95 1 0 6 790 1.320 9.1 1.2 2.8 4.6 1.67
15 Harvey Haddix* 30 PHI,SLN MLB PHI-STL 13 8 .619 3.67 4.42 35 31 4 12 3 2 230.1 224 113 94 26 65 9 170 6 0 4 976 1.255 8.8 1.0 2.5 6.6 2.62
16 Sal Maglie 39 BRO MLB BRO 13 5 .722 2.87 3.06 28 26 0 9 3 0 191.0 154 65 61 21 52 1 108 5 0 1 758 1.079 7.3 1.0 2.5 5.1 2.08
17 Joe Nuxhall* 27 CIN MLB CIN 13 11 .542 3.72 4.31 44 32 6 10 2 3 200.2 196 96 83 18 87 6 120 6 0 3 865 1.410 8.8 0.8 3.9 5.4 1.38
18 Bob Rush 30 CHN MLB CHC 13 10 .565 3.19 3.79 32 32 0 13 1 0 239.2 210 101 85 30 59 8 104 2 0 6 977 1.122 7.9 1.1 2.2 3.9 1.76
19 Roger Craig 26 BRO MLB BRO 12 11 .522 3.71 4.07 35 32 2 8 2 1 199.0 169 90 82 25 87 5 109 4 1 7 840 1.286 7.6 1.1 3.9 4.9 1.25
20 Roy Face 28 PIT MLB PIT 12 13 .480 3.52 3.79 68 3 34 0 0 4 135.1 131 57 53 16 42 15 96 1 0 1 569 1.278 8.7 1.1 2.8 6.4 2.29
21 Johnny Klippstein 28 CIN MLB CIN 12 11 .522 4.09 4.39 37 29 3 11 0 1 211.0 219 103 96 26 82 13 86 10 1 0 916 1.427 9.3 1.1 3.5 3.7 1.05
22 Herm Wehmeier 29 SLN,PHI MLB STL-PHI 12 11 .522 3.73 4.20 37 22 6 7 2 1 190.2 168 89 79 18 82 8 76 1 0 2 803 1.311 7.9 0.8 3.9 3.6 0.93
23 Ray Crone 24 MLN MLB MLN 11 10 .524 3.87 4.88 35 21 7 6 0 2 169.2 173 92 73 19 44 3 73 1 1 3 716 1.279 9.2 1.0 2.3 3.9 1.66
24 Art Fowler 33 CIN MLB CIN 11 11 .500 4.05 4.66 45 23 9 8 0 1 177.2 191 92 80 15 35 3 86 0 0 2 738 1.272 9.7 0.8 1.8 4.4 2.46
25 Clem Labine 29 BRO MLB BRO 10 6 .625 3.35 3.73 62 3 47 1 0 19 115.2 111 48 43 11 39 8 75 3 0 5 492 1.297 8.6 0.9 3.0 5.8 1.92
26 Sam Jones 30 CHN MLB CHC 9 14 .391 3.91 4.44 33 28 3 8 2 0 188.2 155 93 82 21 115 6 176 8 0 2 832 1.431 7.4 1.0 5.5 8.4 1.53
27 Turk Lown 32 CHN MLB CHC 9 8 .529 3.58 3.98 61 0 47 0 0 13 110.2 95 49 44 10 78 12 74 1 0 1 489 1.563 7.7 0.8 6.3 6.0 0.95
28 Tom Poholsky 26 SLN MLB STL 9 14 .391 3.59 4.43 33 29 1 7 2 0 203.0 210 100 81 27 44 7 95 5 0 6 847 1.251 9.3 1.2 2.0 4.2 2.16
29 Gene Conley 25 MLN MLB MLN 8 9 .471 3.13 4.21 31 19 9 5 1 3 158.1 169 74 55 13 52 10 68 2 0 3 681 1.396 9.6 0.7 3.0 3.9 1.31
30 Hal Jeffcoat 31 CIN MLB CIN 8 2 .800 3.84 4.16 38 16 7 2 0 2 171.0 189 79 73 12 55 4 55 5 0 7 744 1.427 9.9 0.6 2.9 2.9 1.00
31 Vern Law 26 PIT MLB PIT 8 16 .333 4.32 5.06 39 32 6 6 0 2 195.2 218 110 94 24 49 10 60 6 0 8 851 1.365 10.0 1.1 2.3 2.8 1.22
32 Ruben Gomez 28 NY1 MLB NYG 7 17 .292 4.58 4.95 40 31 4 4 2 1 196.1 191 108 100 19 77 8 76 9 0 1 841 1.365 8.8 0.9 3.5 3.5 0.99
33 Lindy McDaniel 20 SLN MLB STL 7 6 .538 3.40 4.64 39 7 10 1 0 0 116.1 121 60 44 7 42 7 59 0 0 8 499 1.401 9.4 0.5 3.2 4.6 1.40
34 Jack Meyer 24 PHI MLB PHI 7 11 .389 4.41 4.59 41 7 19 2 0 2 96.0 86 49 47 8 51 11 66 4 0 2 418 1.427 8.1 0.8 4.8 6.2 1.29
35 Saul Rogovin 34 PHI MLB PHI 7 6 .538 4.98 5.48 22 18 1 3 0 0 106.2 122 65 59 22 27 3 48 0 0 2 464 1.397 10.3 1.9 2.3 4.0 1.78
36 Al Worthington 27 NY1 MLB NYG 7 14 .333 3.97 4.45 28 24 2 4 0 0 165.2 158 82 73 20 74 6 95 4 0 3 713 1.400 8.6 1.1 4.0 5.2 1.28
37 Jackie Collum* 29 SLN MLB STL 6 2 .750 4.20 4.35 38 1 20 0 0 7 60.0 63 29 28 6 27 6 17 2 0 2 260 1.500 9.4 0.9 4.0 2.6 0.63
38 Joe Margoneri* 26 NY1 MLB NYG 6 6 .500 3.93 4.42 23 13 4 2 0 0 91.2 88 45 40 12 49 3 49 0 0 2 405 1.495 8.6 1.2 4.8 4.8 1.00
39 Steve Ridzik 27 NY1 MLB NYG 6 2 .750 3.80 4.09 41 5 11 1 1 0 92.1 80 42 39 7 65 5 53 5 0 0 414 1.570 7.8 0.7 6.3 5.2 0.82
40 Willard Schmidt 28 SLN MLB STL 6 8 .429 3.84 4.21 33 21 6 2 0 1 147.2 131 69 63 18 78 7 52 1 0 6 629 1.415 8.0 1.1 4.8 3.2 0.67
41 Vito Valentinetti 27 CHN MLB CHC 6 4 .600 3.78 4.44 42 2 18 0 0 1 95.1 84 47 40 10 36 7 26 1 0 4 397 1.259 7.9 0.9 3.4 2.5 0.72
42 Jim Brosnan 26 CHN MLB CHC 5 9 .357 3.79 4.17 30 10 11 1 1 1 95.0 95 44 40 9 45 8 51 0 0 2 411 1.474 9.0 0.9 4.3 4.8 1.13
43 Jim Davis* 31 CHN MLB CHC 5 7 .417 3.66 4.19 46 11 17 2 1 2 120.1 116 56 49 11 59 4 66 6 0 3 525 1.454 8.7 0.8 4.4 4.9 1.12
44 Don Drysdale 19 BRO MLB BRO 5 5 .500 2.64 3.18 25 12 6 2 0 0 99.0 95 35 29 9 31 3 55 3 0 3 413 1.273 8.6 0.8 2.8 5.0 1.77
45 Jim Hearn 35 NY1 MLB NYG 5 11 .313 3.97 5.15 30 19 4 2 0 1 129.1 124 74 57 17 44 4 66 3 0 0 553 1.299 8.6 1.2 3.1 4.6 1.50
46 Stu Miller 28 PHI,SLN MLB PHI-STL 5 9 .357 4.50 5.61 27 15 6 2 0 1 114.0 121 71 57 19 56 12 60 4 0 3 515 1.553 9.6 1.5 4.4 4.7 1.07
47 Taylor Phillips* 23 MLN MLB MLN 5 3 .625 2.26 2.57 23 6 6 3 0 2 87.2 69 25 22 6 33 8 36 7 0 0 357 1.163 7.1 0.6 3.4 3.7 1.09
48 Ed Roebuck 24 BRO MLB BRO 5 4 .556 3.93 4.94 43 0 16 0 0 1 89.1 83 49 39 15 29 2 60 2 0 10 371 1.254 8.4 1.5 2.9 6.0 2.07
49 Tom Acker 26 CIN MLB CIN 4 3 .571 2.37 2.47 29 7 3 1 1 1 83.2 60 23 22 7 29 1 54 2 0 0 338 1.064 6.5 0.8 3.1 5.8 1.86
50 Don Bessent 25 BRO MLB BRO 4 3 .571 2.50 2.61 38 0 21 0 0 9 79.1 63 23 22 5 31 6 52 0 0 4 324 1.185 7.1 0.6 3.5 5.9 1.68
51 Ernie Johnson 32 MLN MLB MLN 4 3 .571 3.71 3.71 36 0 23 0 0 5 51.0 54 21 21 9 21 2 26 1 0 1 224 1.471 9.5 1.6 3.7 4.6 1.24
52 Don Kaiser 21 CHN MLB CHC 4 9 .308 3.59 4.13 27 22 2 5 1 0 150.1 144 69 60 15 52 8 74 1 0 3 640 1.304 8.6 0.9 3.1 4.4 1.42
53 Nellie King 28 PIT MLB PIT 4 1 .800 3.15 3.60 38 0 21 0 0 5 60.0 54 24 21 8 19 5 25 1 1 2 246 1.217 8.1 1.2 2.8 3.8 1.32
54 Dick Littlefield* 30 NY1,PIT,SLN MLB NYG-PIT-STL 4 6 .400 4.37 4.68 40 11 8 0 0 2 119.1 101 62 58 20 49 6 80 0 0 3 494 1.257 7.6 1.5 3.7 6.0 1.63
55 Hoyt Wilhelm 33 NY1 MLB NYG 4 9 .308 3.83 4.53 64 0 38 0 0 8 89.1 97 45 38 7 43 10 71 2 0 6 403 1.567 9.8 0.7 4.3 7.2 1.65
56 Luis Arroyo* 29 PIT MLB PIT 3 3 .500 4.71 5.34 18 2 4 1 0 1 28.2 36 17 15 5 12 1 17 0 0 0 134 1.674 11.3 1.6 3.8 5.3 1.42
57 Joe Black 32 CIN MLB CIN 3 2 .600 4.52 4.52 32 0 11 0 0 2 61.2 61 31 31 11 25 3 27 0 0 0 264 1.395 8.9 1.6 3.6 3.9 1.08
58 Don Gross* 25 CIN MLB CIN 3 0 1.000 1.95 3.25 19 7 4 2 0 0 69.1 69 25 15 4 20 2 47 1 0 1 295 1.284 9.0 0.5 2.6 6.1 2.35
59 Warren Hacker 31 CHN MLB CHC 3 13 .188 4.66 5.52 34 24 4 4 0 0 168.0 190 103 87 28 44 11 65 1 0 1 726 1.393 10.2 1.5 2.4 3.5 1.48
60 Windy McCall* 30 NY1 MLB NYG 3 4 .429 3.61 4.19 46 4 20 0 0 7 77.1 74 36 31 7 20 5 41 1 0 1 321 1.216 8.6 0.8 2.3 4.8 2.05
61 Bob Miller 30 PHI MLB PHI 3 6 .333 3.24 4.05 49 6 14 3 1 5 122.1 115 55 44 14 34 11 53 3 1 3 514 1.218 8.5 1.0 2.5 3.9 1.56
62 Red Munger 37 PIT MLB PIT 3 4 .429 4.04 4.71 35 13 6 0 0 1 107.0 126 56 48 8 41 6 45 0 0 3 475 1.561 10.6 0.7 3.4 3.8 1.10
63 Bob Trowbridge 26 MLN MLB MLN 3 2 .600 2.66 2.66 19 4 8 1 0 0 50.2 38 15 15 4 34 2 40 2 0 3 220 1.421 6.8 0.7 6.0 7.1 1.18
64 Moe Drabowsky 20 CHN MLB CHC 2 4 .333 2.47 3.35 9 7 2 3 0 0 51.0 37 19 14 1 39 3 36 2 0 0 225 1.490 6.5 0.2 6.9 6.4 0.92
65 Larry Jackson 25 SLN MLB STL 2 2 .500 4.11 4.64 51 1 26 0 0 10 85.1 75 44 39 5 45 8 50 1 1 4 366 1.406 7.9 0.5 4.7 5.3 1.11
66 Larry Jansen 35 CIN MLB CIN 2 3 .400 5.19 5.19 8 7 1 2 0 1 34.2 39 20 20 5 9 1 16 1 0 0 151 1.385 10.1 1.3 2.3 4.2 1.78
67 Dave Jolly 31 MLN MLB MLN 2 3 .400 3.74 4.14 29 0 18 0 0 6 45.2 39 21 19 7 35 4 20 0 0 2 209 1.620 7.7 1.4 6.9 3.9 0.57
68 Ellis Kinder 41 SLN MLB STL 2 0 1.000 3.51 3.86 22 0 17 0 0 6 25.2 23 11 10 3 9 3 4 0 0 0 108 1.247 8.1 1.1 3.2 1.4 0.44
69 Sandy Koufax* 20 BRO MLB BRO 2 4 .333 4.91 5.68 16 10 1 0 0 0 58.2 66 37 32 10 29 0 30 0 2 1 261 1.619 10.1 1.5 4.4 4.6 1.03
70 Paul LaPalme* 32 CIN,SLN MLB CIN-STL 2 4 .333 6.51 6.51 12 2 3 0 0 0 27.2 30 20 20 7 6 0 4 0 0 2 118 1.301 9.8 2.3 2.0 1.3 0.67
71 Ken Lehman* 28 BRO MLB BRO 2 3 .400 5.66 6.39 25 4 5 0 0 0 49.1 65 35 31 11 23 2 29 0 0 1 231 1.784 11.9 2.0 4.2 5.3 1.26
72 Don Liddle* 31 NY1,SLN MLB NYG-STL 2 4 .333 5.59 6.41 25 7 8 1 0 1 66.0 81 47 41 13 32 8 35 1 0 4 306 1.712 11.0 1.8 4.4 4.8 1.09
73 Paul Minner* 32 CHN MLB CHC 2 5 .286 6.89 7.28 10 9 0 1 0 0 47.0 60 38 36 9 19 2 14 2 0 1 213 1.681 11.5 1.7 3.6 2.7 0.74
74 Ron Negray 26 PHI MLB PHI 2 3 .400 4.18 4.86 39 4 15 0 0 3 66.2 72 36 31 6 24 9 44 1 1 1 290 1.440 9.7 0.8 3.2 5.9 1.83
75 Lou Sleater* 29 MLN MLB MLN 2 2 .500 3.15 4.34 25 1 11 0 0 2 45.2 42 22 16 6 27 9 32 0 0 0 209 1.511 8.3 1.2 5.3 6.3 1.19
76 Max Surkont 34 NY1,SLN,PIT MLB NYG-STL-PIT 2 2 .500 5.45 5.45 14 4 5 1 0 1 39.2 36 24 24 8 14 1 24 0 0 1 167 1.261 8.2 1.8 3.2 5.4 1.71
77 Fred Waters* 29 PIT MLB PIT 2 2 .500 2.82 3.18 23 5 6 1 0 0 51.0 48 18 16 3 30 1 14 1 0 1 224 1.529 8.5 0.5 5.3 2.5 0.47
78 Bob Blaylock 21 SLN MLB STL 1 6 .143 6.37 7.02 14 6 3 0 0 0 41.0 45 32 29 7 24 1 39 0 0 0 189 1.683 9.9 1.5 5.3 8.6 1.63
79 Ben Flowers 29 PHI,SLN MLB PHI-STL 1 3 .250 5.98 6.49 35 3 17 0 0 0 52.2 69 38 35 10 15 2 27 1 0 2 235 1.595 11.8 1.7 2.6 4.6 1.80
80 Marv Grissom 38 NY1 MLB NYG 1 1 .500 1.56 1.67 43 2 20 0 0 7 80.2 71 15 14 3 16 3 49 1 0 2 323 1.079 7.9 0.3 1.8 5.5 3.06
81 Jim Hughes 33 CHN,BRO MLB CHC-BRO 1 3 .250 5.18 6.59 30 1 10 0 0 0 57.1 53 42 33 7 34 6 28 4 1 1 254 1.517 8.3 1.1 5.3 4.4 0.82
82 Jim Konstanty 39 SLN MLB STL 1 1 .500 4.58 4.58 27 0 16 0 0 5 39.1 46 20 20 4 6 1 7 0 0 0 167 1.322 10.5 0.9 1.4 1.6 1.17
83 Russ Meyer 32 CHN,CIN MLB CHC-CIN 1 6 .143 6.21 6.36 21 9 7 0 0 0 58.0 72 41 40 11 26 4 29 2 0 0 268 1.690 11.2 1.7 4.0 4.5 1.12
84 Ramon Monzant 23 NY1 MLB NYG 1 0 1.000 4.15 4.85 4 1 0 1 0 0 13.0 8 7 6 4 7 0 11 0 0 0 54 1.154 5.5 2.8 4.8 7.6 1.57
85 Cholly Naranjo 21 PIT MLB PIT 1 2 .333 4.46 5.77 17 3 7 0 0 0 34.1 37 22 17 7 17 1 26 1 0 1 155 1.573 9.7 1.8 4.5 6.8 1.53
86 Johnny O'Brien 25 PIT MLB PIT 1 0 1.000 2.84 2.84 8 0 4 0 0 0 19.0 8 6 6 2 9 0 9 2 0 1 73 0.895 3.8 0.9 4.3 4.3 1.00
87 Laurin Pepper 25 PIT MLB PIT 1 1 .500 3.00 5.10 11 7 2 0 0 0 30.0 30 17 10 1 25 1 12 0 0 0 143 1.833 9.0 0.3 7.5 3.6 0.48
88 Jack Sanford 27 PHI MLB PHI 1 0 1.000 1.38 1.38 3 1 1 0 0 0 13.0 7 2 2 0 13 0 6 1 0 0 54 1.538 4.8 0.0 9.0 4.2 0.46
89 Ralph Branca 30 BRO MLB BRO 0 0 0.00 0.00 1 0 1 0 0 0 2.0 1 0 0 0 2 0 2 0 0 0 9 1.500 4.5 0.0 9.0 9.0 1.00
90 John Briggs 22 CHN MLB CHC 0 0 1.69 1.69 3 0 1 0 0 0 5.1 5 1 1 1 4 1 1 3 0 0 28 1.688 8.4 1.7 6.8 1.7 0.25
91 Jim Constable* 23 NY1 MLB NYG 0 0 14.54 14.54 3 0 1 0 0 0 4.1 9 7 7 0 7 0 1 1 0 0 30 3.692 18.7 0.0 14.5 2.1 0.14
92 Bob Darnell 25 BRO MLB BRO 0 0 0.00 0.00 1 0 1 0 0 0 1.1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 0.750 6.8 0.0 0.0 0.0
93 Lino Donoso* 33 PIT MLB PIT 0 0 0.00 0.00 3 0 1 0 0 0 1.2 2 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 9 1.800 10.8 0.0 5.4 5.4 1.00
94 Turk Farrell 22 PHI MLB PHI 0 1 .000 12.46 12.46 1 1 0 0 0 0 4.1 6 6 6 0 3 0 0 1 0 0 21 2.077 12.5 0.0 6.2 0.0 0.00
95 Bob Garber 27 PIT MLB PIT 0 0 2.25 2.25 2 0 1 0 0 0 4.0 3 1 1 1 3 1 3 0 0 0 18 1.500 6.8 2.2 6.8 6.8 1.00
96 Dick Hall 25 PIT MLB PIT 0 7 .000 4.76 5.20 19 9 5 1 0 1 62.1 64 36 33 8 21 3 27 0 0 0 267 1.364 9.2 1.2 3.0 3.9 1.29
97 Granny Hamner 29 PHI MLB PHI 0 1 .000 4.32 4.32 3 0 2 0 0 0 8.1 10 4 4 0 2 0 4 0 0 0 36 1.440 10.8 0.0 2.2 4.3 2.00
98 Dave Hillman 28 CHN MLB CHC 0 2 .000 2.19 5.11 2 2 0 0 0 0 12.1 11 7 3 0 5 0 6 0 0 0 56 1.297 8.0 0.0 3.6 4.4 1.20
99 Gordon Jones 26 SLN MLB STL 0 2 .000 5.56 7.15 5 1 0 0 0 0 11.1 14 9 7 2 5 0 6 0 0 0 53 1.676 11.1 1.6 4.0 4.8 1.20
100 Bill Kennedy* 35 CIN MLB CIN 0 0 18.00 18.00 1 0 1 0 0 0 2.0 6 4 4 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 11 3.000 27.0 4.5 0.0 0.0

About the Minor League Data

Historical performance data for professional leagues (affiliated minor leagues, independent minor leagues, fall/winter leagues, and other international leagues) is provided by and licensed from 24-7 Baseball and Chadwick Baseball Bureau. It incorporates the work of many stalwart baseball researchers, including Cliff Blau, Art Cantu, Frank Hamilton, Reed Howard, Kevin Johnson, Bob McConnell, Jack Morris, and Ray Nemec, as well as members of the Minor Leagues Committee of the Society for American Baseball Research.

Perhaps most importantly, it builds upon the seminal work of Ed Washuta, who magnanimously provided the framework to make the whole thing possible.

Minor league Total Zone (Rctch&Rtz, 2005-2009) data provided by Baseballprojection.com and Minorleaguesplits.com.