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1987 National League Pitching Leaders

League Index / Batting Leaders / Pitching Leaders / Map of Teams / Other Years: 1986 / 1988
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League Player Pitching

Rk Name Age Tm Lev Aff W L W-L% ERA RAvg G GS GF CG SHO SV IP H R ER HR BB IBB SO HBP BK WP BF WHIP H9 HR9 BB9 SO9 SO/W
1 Rick Sutcliffe 31 CHN MLB CHC 18 10 .643 3.68 4.02 34 34 0 6 1 0 237.1 223 106 97 24 106 14 174 4 4 9 1012 1.386 8.5 0.9 4.0 6.6 1.64
2 Shane Rawley* 31 PHI MLB PHI 17 11 .607 4.39 4.62 36 36 0 4 1 0 229.2 250 118 112 23 86 8 123 5 2 3 1005 1.463 9.8 0.9 3.4 4.8 1.43
3 Orel Hershiser 28 LAN MLB LAD 16 16 .500 3.06 3.57 37 35 2 10 1 1 264.2 247 105 90 17 74 5 190 9 2 11 1093 1.213 8.4 0.6 2.5 6.5 2.57
4 Mike Scott 32 HOU MLB HOU 16 13 .552 3.23 3.42 36 36 0 8 3 0 247.2 199 94 89 21 79 6 233 4 2 10 1010 1.122 7.2 0.8 2.9 8.5 2.95
5 Dwight Gooden 22 NYN MLB NYM 15 7 .682 3.21 3.41 25 25 0 7 3 0 179.2 162 68 64 11 53 2 148 2 1 1 730 1.197 8.1 0.6 2.7 7.4 2.79
6 Zane Smith* 26 ATL MLB ATL 15 10 .600 4.09 4.83 36 36 0 9 3 0 242.0 245 130 110 19 91 6 130 5 1 5 1035 1.388 9.1 0.7 3.4 4.8 1.43
7 Bob Welch 30 LAN MLB LAD 15 9 .625 3.22 3.36 35 35 0 6 4 0 251.2 204 94 90 21 86 6 196 4 4 4 1027 1.152 7.3 0.8 3.1 7.0 2.28
8 Fernando Valenzuela* 26 LAN MLB LAD 14 14 .500 3.98 4.30 34 34 0 12 1 0 251.0 254 120 111 25 124 4 190 4 1 14 1116 1.506 9.1 0.9 4.4 6.8 1.53
9 Don Carman* 27 PHI MLB PHI 13 11 .542 4.22 4.69 35 35 0 3 2 0 211.0 194 110 99 34 69 7 125 5 1 3 886 1.246 8.3 1.5 2.9 5.3 1.81
10 Mike Dunne 24 PIT MLB PIT 13 6 .684 3.03 3.64 23 23 0 5 1 0 163.1 143 66 55 10 68 8 72 1 4 6 680 1.292 7.9 0.6 3.7 4.0 1.06
11 Neal Heaton* 27 MON MLB MON 13 10 .565 4.52 4.79 32 32 0 3 1 0 193.1 207 103 97 25 37 3 105 3 5 2 807 1.262 9.6 1.2 1.7 4.9 2.84
12 Mike LaCoss 31 SFN MLB SFG 13 10 .565 3.68 4.11 39 26 4 2 1 0 171.0 184 78 70 16 63 12 79 2 1 6 728 1.444 9.7 0.8 3.3 4.2 1.25
13 Rick Reuschel 38 PIT,SFN MLB PIT-SFG 13 9 .591 3.09 3.61 34 33 0 12 4 0 227.0 207 91 78 13 42 3 107 8 0 7 920 1.097 8.2 0.5 1.7 4.2 2.55
14 Ron Darling 26 NYN MLB NYM 12 8 .600 4.29 4.81 32 32 0 2 0 0 207.2 183 111 99 24 96 3 167 3 3 6 891 1.343 7.9 1.0 4.2 7.2 1.74
15 Kelly Downs 26 SFN MLB SFG 12 9 .571 3.63 4.02 41 28 4 4 3 1 186.0 185 83 75 14 67 11 137 4 4 12 797 1.355 9.0 0.7 3.2 6.6 2.04
16 Sid Fernandez* 24 NYN MLB NYM 12 8 .600 3.81 4.33 28 27 0 3 1 0 156.0 130 75 66 16 67 8 134 8 0 2 665 1.263 7.5 0.9 3.9 7.7 2.00
17 Jamie Moyer* 24 CHN MLB CHC 12 15 .444 5.10 5.69 35 33 1 1 0 0 201.0 210 127 114 28 97 9 147 5 2 11 899 1.527 9.4 1.3 4.3 6.6 1.52
18 Rick Aguilera 25 NYN MLB NYM 11 3 .786 3.60 4.15 18 17 0 1 0 0 115.0 124 53 46 12 33 2 77 3 0 9 494 1.365 9.7 0.9 2.6 6.0 2.33
19 Danny Cox 27 SLN MLB STL 11 9 .550 3.88 4.47 31 31 0 2 0 0 199.1 224 99 86 17 71 6 101 3 1 5 864 1.480 10.1 0.8 3.2 4.6 1.42
20 Jim Deshaies* 27 HOU MLB HOU 11 6 .647 4.62 4.80 26 25 0 1 0 0 152.0 149 81 78 22 57 7 104 0 5 4 648 1.355 8.8 1.3 3.4 6.2 1.82
21 Doug Drabek 24 PIT MLB PIT 11 12 .478 3.88 4.39 29 28 0 1 1 0 176.1 165 86 76 22 46 2 120 0 1 5 721 1.197 8.4 1.1 2.3 6.1 2.61
22 Brian Fisher 25 PIT MLB PIT 11 9 .550 4.52 4.81 37 26 1 6 3 0 185.1 185 99 93 27 72 7 117 4 3 3 792 1.387 9.0 1.3 3.5 5.7 1.63
23 Bob Forsch 37 SLN MLB STL 11 7 .611 4.32 4.53 33 30 1 2 1 0 179.0 189 90 86 15 45 4 89 4 1 2 755 1.307 9.5 0.8 2.3 4.5 1.98
24 Scott Garrelts 25 SFN MLB SFG 11 7 .611 3.22 3.47 64 0 43 0 0 12 106.1 70 41 38 10 55 4 127 0 1 5 428 1.176 5.9 0.8 4.7 10.7 2.31
25 Terry Leach 33 NYN MLB NYM 11 1 .917 3.22 3.70 44 12 7 1 1 0 131.1 132 54 47 14 29 5 61 1 1 0 542 1.226 9.0 1.0 2.0 4.2 2.10
26 Dennis Martinez 33 MON MLB MON 11 4 .733 3.30 3.67 22 22 0 2 1 0 144.2 133 59 53 9 40 2 84 6 2 4 599 1.196 8.3 0.6 2.5 5.2 2.10
27 Greg Mathews* 25 SLN MLB STL 11 11 .500 3.73 3.96 32 32 0 2 1 0 197.2 184 87 82 17 71 5 108 0 2 7 822 1.290 8.4 0.8 3.2 4.9 1.52
28 Don Robinson 30 PIT,SFN MLB PIT-SFG 11 7 .611 3.42 3.50 67 0 54 0 0 19 108.0 105 42 41 7 40 6 79 0 1 7 460 1.343 8.8 0.6 3.3 6.6 1.98
29 Bruce Ruffin* 23 PHI MLB PHI 11 14 .440 4.35 5.19 35 35 0 3 1 0 204.2 236 118 99 17 73 4 93 2 0 6 884 1.510 10.4 0.7 3.2 4.1 1.27
30 Tom Browning* 27 CIN MLB CIN 10 13 .435 5.02 5.26 32 31 1 2 0 0 183.0 201 107 102 27 61 7 117 5 4 2 791 1.432 9.9 1.3 3.0 5.8 1.92
31 Dave Dravecky* 31 SFN,SDN MLB SFG-SDP 10 12 .455 3.43 3.86 48 28 8 5 3 0 191.1 186 82 73 18 64 7 138 5 1 2 801 1.307 8.7 0.8 3.0 6.5 2.16
32 Bill Gullickson 28 CIN MLB CIN 10 11 .476 4.85 5.40 27 27 0 3 1 0 165.0 172 99 89 33 39 6 89 2 1 4 698 1.279 9.4 1.8 2.1 4.9 2.28
33 Atlee Hammaker* 29 SFN MLB SFG 10 10 .500 3.58 3.90 31 27 1 2 0 0 168.1 159 73 67 22 57 10 107 3 7 8 706 1.283 8.5 1.2 3.0 5.7 1.88
34 Ted Power 32 CIN MLB CIN 10 13 .435 4.50 5.07 34 34 0 2 1 0 204.0 213 115 102 28 71 7 133 3 2 3 887 1.392 9.4 1.2 3.1 5.9 1.87
35 Bryn Smith 31 MON MLB MON 10 9 .526 4.37 4.85 26 26 0 2 0 0 150.1 164 81 73 16 31 4 94 2 0 2 643 1.297 9.8 1.0 1.9 5.6 3.03
36 John Tudor* 33 SLN MLB STL 10 2 .833 3.84 4.03 16 16 0 0 0 0 96.0 100 43 41 11 32 1 54 1 0 1 405 1.375 9.4 1.0 3.0 5.1 1.69
37 Ed Whitson 32 SDN MLB SDP 10 13 .435 4.73 4.94 36 34 0 3 1 0 205.2 197 113 108 36 64 3 135 3 1 2 858 1.269 8.6 1.6 2.8 5.9 2.11
38 Larry Andersen 34 HOU MLB HOU 9 5 .643 3.45 4.07 67 0 31 0 0 5 101.2 95 46 39 7 41 10 94 2 0 1 440 1.338 8.4 0.6 3.6 8.3 2.29
39 Danny Darwin 31 HOU MLB HOU 9 10 .474 3.59 4.00 33 30 0 3 1 0 195.2 184 87 78 17 69 12 134 5 1 3 833 1.293 8.5 0.8 3.2 6.2 1.94
40 Mark Davis* 26 SFN,SDN MLB SFG-SDP 9 8 .529 3.99 4.33 63 11 18 1 0 2 133.0 123 64 59 14 59 8 98 6 2 6 566 1.368 8.3 0.9 4.0 6.6 1.66
41 Ken Dayley* 28 SLN MLB STL 9 5 .643 2.66 3.10 53 0 29 0 0 4 61.0 52 21 18 2 33 8 63 2 0 5 260 1.393 7.7 0.3 4.9 9.3 1.91
42 Kevin Gross 26 PHI MLB PHI 9 16 .360 4.35 4.80 34 33 1 3 1 0 200.2 205 107 97 26 87 7 110 10 7 3 878 1.455 9.2 1.2 3.9 4.9 1.26
43 Guy Hoffman* 30 CIN MLB CIN 9 10 .474 4.37 4.71 36 22 2 0 0 0 158.2 160 83 77 20 49 5 87 4 1 3 669 1.317 9.1 1.1 2.8 4.9 1.78
44 Jimmy Jones 23 SDN MLB SDP 9 7 .563 4.14 5.25 30 22 4 2 1 0 145.2 154 85 67 14 54 2 51 5 2 3 639 1.428 9.5 0.9 3.3 3.2 0.94
45 Joe Magrane* 22 SLN MLB STL 9 7 .563 3.54 3.96 27 26 0 4 2 0 170.1 157 75 67 9 60 6 101 10 7 9 722 1.274 8.3 0.5 3.2 5.3 1.68
46 Floyd Youmans 23 MON MLB MON 9 8 .529 4.64 4.87 23 23 0 3 3 0 116.1 112 63 60 13 47 2 94 1 1 3 505 1.367 8.7 1.0 3.6 7.3 2.00
47 John Franco* 26 CIN MLB CIN 8 5 .615 2.52 2.85 68 0 60 0 0 32 82.0 76 26 23 6 27 6 61 0 0 1 344 1.256 8.3 0.7 3.0 6.7 2.26
48 Gene Garber 39 ATL MLB ATL 8 10 .444 4.41 5.06 49 0 43 0 0 10 69.1 87 39 34 7 28 10 48 1 0 4 320 1.659 11.3 0.9 3.6 6.2 1.71
49 Ricky Horton* 27 SLN MLB STL 8 3 .727 3.82 4.18 67 6 24 0 0 7 125.0 127 58 53 15 42 10 55 0 4 3 533 1.352 9.1 1.1 3.0 4.0 1.31
50 Bob Knepper* 33 HOU MLB HOU 8 17 .320 5.27 5.98 33 31 1 1 0 0 177.2 226 118 104 26 54 3 76 4 0 4 792 1.576 11.4 1.3 2.7 3.8 1.41
51 Les Lancaster 25 CHN MLB CHC 8 3 .727 4.90 5.17 27 18 4 0 0 0 132.1 138 76 72 14 51 5 78 1 8 7 578 1.428 9.4 1.0 3.5 5.3 1.53
52 Rick Mahler 33 ATL MLB ATL 8 13 .381 4.98 5.39 39 28 1 3 1 0 197.0 212 118 109 24 85 8 95 2 2 5 849 1.508 9.7 1.1 3.9 4.3 1.12
53 Lance McCullers 23 SDN MLB SDP 8 10 .444 3.72 4.38 78 0 41 0 0 16 123.1 115 60 51 11 59 11 126 2 1 5 540 1.411 8.4 0.8 4.3 9.2 2.14
54 Rob Murphy* 27 CIN MLB CIN 8 5 .615 3.04 3.31 87 0 21 0 0 3 100.2 91 37 34 7 32 5 99 0 0 1 415 1.222 8.1 0.6 2.9 8.9 3.09
55 David Palmer 29 ATL MLB ATL 8 11 .421 4.90 5.55 28 28 0 0 0 0 152.1 169 94 83 17 64 4 111 7 0 5 687 1.530 10.0 1.0 3.8 6.6 1.73
56 Jeff Robinson 26 SFN,PIT MLB SFG-PIT 8 9 .471 2.85 3.14 81 0 40 0 0 14 123.1 89 43 39 11 54 11 101 1 2 5 495 1.159 6.5 0.8 3.9 7.4 1.87
57 Nolan Ryan 40 HOU MLB HOU 8 16 .333 2.76 3.19 34 34 0 0 0 0 211.2 154 75 65 14 87 2 270 4 2 10 873 1.139 6.5 0.6 3.7 11.5 3.10
58 Scott Sanderson 30 CHN MLB CHC 8 9 .471 4.29 4.48 32 22 5 0 0 2 144.2 156 72 69 23 50 5 106 3 0 1 631 1.424 9.7 1.4 3.1 6.6 2.12
59 Eric Show 31 SDN MLB SDP 8 16 .333 3.84 4.32 34 34 0 5 3 0 206.1 188 99 88 26 85 7 117 9 5 6 887 1.323 8.2 1.1 3.7 5.1 1.38
60 Bob Walk 30 PIT MLB PIT 8 2 .800 3.31 4.00 39 12 6 1 1 0 117.0 107 52 43 11 51 2 78 3 3 7 498 1.350 8.2 0.8 3.9 6.0 1.53
61 Todd Worrell 27 SLN MLB STL 8 6 .571 2.66 2.76 75 0 54 0 0 33 94.2 86 29 28 8 34 11 92 0 0 1 395 1.268 8.2 0.8 3.2 8.7 2.71
62 Tim Burke 28 MON MLB MON 7 0 1.000 1.19 1.78 55 0 30 0 0 18 91.0 64 18 12 3 17 6 58 0 0 2 354 0.890 6.3 0.3 1.7 5.7 3.41
63 Mark Grant 23 SDN,SFN MLB SDP-SFG 7 9 .438 4.24 4.85 33 25 2 2 1 1 163.1 170 88 77 22 73 8 90 1 3 8 720 1.488 9.4 1.2 4.0 5.0 1.23
64 Roger McDowell 26 NYN MLB NYM 7 5 .583 4.16 4.16 56 0 45 0 0 25 88.2 95 41 41 7 28 4 32 2 1 3 384 1.387 9.6 0.7 2.8 3.2 1.14
65 Jeff Parrett 25 MON MLB MON 7 6 .538 4.21 4.79 45 0 26 0 0 6 62.0 53 33 29 8 30 4 56 0 1 6 267 1.339 7.7 1.2 4.4 8.1 1.87
66 Pascual Perez 30 MON MLB MON 7 0 1.000 2.30 2.69 10 10 0 2 0 0 70.1 52 21 18 5 16 1 58 1 1 1 273 0.967 6.7 0.6 2.0 7.4 3.63
67 Ron Robinson 25 CIN MLB CIN 7 5 .583 3.68 4.15 48 18 14 0 0 4 154.0 148 71 63 14 43 8 99 1 0 2 638 1.240 8.6 0.8 2.5 5.8 2.30
68 Greg Maddux 21 CHN MLB CHC 6 14 .300 5.61 6.42 30 27 2 1 1 0 155.2 181 111 97 17 74 13 101 4 7 4 701 1.638 10.5 1.0 4.3 5.8 1.36
69 Bob McClure* 35 MON MLB MON 6 1 .857 3.44 5.16 52 0 16 0 0 5 52.1 47 30 20 8 20 3 33 0 1 0 222 1.280 8.1 1.4 3.4 5.7 1.65
70 Charlie Puleo 32 ATL MLB ATL 6 8 .429 4.23 4.60 35 16 2 1 0 0 123.1 122 63 58 11 40 0 99 3 1 0 524 1.314 8.9 0.8 2.9 7.2 2.48
71 Bob Sebra 25 MON MLB MON 6 15 .286 4.42 5.02 36 27 3 4 1 0 177.1 184 99 87 15 67 0 156 3 2 8 765 1.415 9.3 0.8 3.4 7.9 2.33
72 Kent Tekulve 40 PHI MLB PHI 6 4 .600 3.09 3.26 90 0 38 0 0 3 105.0 96 38 36 8 29 13 60 0 0 2 432 1.190 8.2 0.7 2.5 5.1 2.07
73 Steve Trout* 29 CHN MLB CHC 6 3 .667 3.00 3.24 11 11 0 3 2 0 75.0 72 27 25 3 27 0 32 1 0 3 308 1.320 8.6 0.4 3.2 3.8 1.19
74 Doyle Alexander 36 ATL MLB ATL 5 10 .333 4.13 4.36 16 16 0 3 0 0 117.2 115 57 54 21 27 5 64 2 0 2 481 1.207 8.8 1.6 2.1 4.9 2.37
75 Steve Bedrosian 29 PHI MLB PHI 5 3 .625 2.83 3.13 65 0 56 0 0 40 89.0 79 31 28 11 28 5 74 1 1 3 366 1.202 8.0 1.1 2.8 7.5 2.64
76 David Cone 24 NYN MLB NYM 5 6 .455 3.71 4.17 21 13 3 1 0 1 99.1 87 46 41 11 44 1 68 5 4 2 420 1.319 7.9 1.0 4.0 6.2 1.55
77 Bill Dawley 29 SLN MLB STL 5 8 .385 4.47 4.75 60 0 17 0 0 2 96.2 93 51 48 15 38 11 65 1 1 4 406 1.355 8.7 1.4 3.5 6.1 1.71
78 Rich Gossage 35 SDN MLB SDP 5 4 .556 3.12 3.12 40 0 30 0 0 11 52.0 47 18 18 4 19 6 44 0 0 2 217 1.269 8.1 0.7 3.3 7.6 2.32
79 Bob Kipper* 22 PIT MLB PIT 5 9 .357 5.94 6.02 24 20 0 1 1 0 110.2 117 74 73 25 52 4 83 2 0 5 493 1.527 9.5 2.0 4.2 6.8 1.60
80 Mike Krukow 35 SFN MLB SFG 5 6 .455 4.80 5.41 30 28 0 3 0 0 163.0 182 98 87 24 46 6 104 2 3 3 699 1.399 10.0 1.3 2.5 5.7 2.26
81 Craig Lefferts* 29 SDN,SFN MLB SDP-SFG 5 5 .500 3.83 4.29 77 0 22 0 0 6 98.2 92 47 42 13 33 11 57 2 3 6 416 1.267 8.4 1.2 3.0 5.2 1.73
82 Andy McGaffigan 30 MON MLB MON 5 2 .714 2.39 2.84 69 0 30 0 0 12 120.1 105 38 32 5 42 7 100 3 0 6 500 1.222 7.9 0.4 3.1 7.5 2.38
83 Dave Meads* 23 HOU MLB HOU 5 3 .625 5.55 5.73 45 0 21 0 0 0 48.2 60 31 30 8 16 2 32 1 0 1 209 1.562 11.1 1.5 3.0 5.9 2.00
84 Pat Perry* 28 SLN,CIN MLB STL-CIN 5 2 .714 3.56 3.78 57 0 16 0 0 2 81.0 60 34 32 7 25 4 39 3 0 3 324 1.049 6.7 0.8 2.8 4.3 1.56
85 John Smiley* 22 PIT MLB PIT 5 5 .500 5.76 5.88 63 0 19 0 0 4 75.0 69 49 48 7 50 8 58 0 1 5 336 1.587 8.3 0.8 6.0 7.0 1.16
86 Matt Young* 28 LAN MLB LAD 5 8 .385 4.47 4.97 47 0 31 0 0 11 54.1 62 30 27 3 17 5 42 0 0 3 234 1.454 10.3 0.5 2.8 7.0 2.47
87 Jim Acker 28 ATL MLB ATL 4 9 .308 4.16 4.47 68 0 41 0 0 14 114.2 109 57 53 11 51 4 68 4 0 1 491 1.395 8.6 0.9 4.0 5.3 1.33
88 Tim Belcher 25 LAN MLB LAD 4 2 .667 2.38 2.91 6 5 1 0 0 0 34.0 30 11 9 2 7 0 23 0 1 0 135 1.088 7.9 0.5 1.9 6.1 3.29
89 Jeff Heathcock 27 HOU MLB HOU 4 2 .667 3.16 3.16 19 2 2 0 0 1 42.2 44 15 15 4 9 1 15 1 1 1 174 1.242 9.3 0.8 1.9 3.2 1.67
90 Shawn Hillegas 22 LAN MLB LAD 4 3 .571 3.57 4.19 12 10 1 0 0 0 58.0 52 27 23 5 31 0 51 0 0 4 252 1.431 8.1 0.8 4.8 7.9 1.65
91 Mike Mason* 28 CHN MLB CHC 4 1 .800 5.68 5.92 17 4 3 0 0 0 38.0 43 25 24 4 23 0 28 1 0 1 173 1.737 10.2 0.9 5.4 6.6 1.22
92 Dickie Noles 30 CHN MLB CHC 4 2 .667 3.50 4.34 41 1 16 0 0 2 64.1 59 31 25 1 27 1 33 5 2 4 285 1.337 8.3 0.1 3.8 4.6 1.22
93 Randy O'Neal 26 ATL,SLN MLB ATL-STL 4 2 .667 5.32 5.73 17 11 2 0 0 0 66.0 81 42 39 12 26 3 37 2 0 10 300 1.621 11.0 1.6 3.5 5.0 1.42
94 Dennis Rasmussen* 28 CIN MLB CIN 4 1 .800 3.97 4.37 7 7 0 0 0 0 45.1 39 22 20 5 12 0 39 1 2 1 187 1.125 7.7 1.0 2.4 7.7 3.25
95 Lee Smith 29 CHN MLB CHC 4 10 .286 3.12 3.23 62 0 55 0 0 36 83.2 84 30 29 4 32 5 96 0 0 4 360 1.386 9.0 0.4 3.4 10.3 3.00
96 Jay Tibbs 25 MON MLB MON 4 5 .444 4.99 5.96 19 12 2 0 0 0 83.0 95 55 46 10 34 2 54 0 1 1 366 1.554 10.3 1.1 3.7 5.9 1.59
97 Lee Tunnell 26 SLN MLB STL 4 4 .500 4.84 5.45 32 9 3 0 0 0 74.1 90 45 40 5 34 7 49 1 5 2 335 1.668 10.9 0.6 4.1 5.9 1.44
98 Frank Williams 29 CIN MLB CIN 4 0 1.000 2.30 3.15 85 0 19 0 0 2 105.2 101 37 27 5 39 9 60 2 0 4 446 1.325 8.6 0.4 3.3 5.1 1.54
99 Jeff Calhoun* 29 PHI MLB PHI 3 1 .750 1.48 2.74 42 0 15 0 0 1 42.2 25 13 7 1 26 8 31 1 0 2 183 1.195 5.3 0.2 5.5 6.5 1.19
100 Tim Conroy* 27 SLN MLB STL 3 2 .600 5.53 5.75 10 9 0 0 0 0 40.2 48 26 25 0 25 3 22 1 0 2 188 1.795 10.6 0.0 5.5 4.9 0.88

About the Minor League Data

Historical performance data for professional leagues (affiliated minor leagues, independent minor leagues, fall/winter leagues, and other international leagues) is provided by and licensed from 24-7 Baseball and Chadwick Baseball Bureau. It incorporates the work of many stalwart baseball researchers, including Cliff Blau, Art Cantu, Frank Hamilton, Reed Howard, Kevin Johnson, Bob McConnell, Jack Morris, and Ray Nemec, as well as members of the Minor Leagues Committee of the Society for American Baseball Research.

Perhaps most importantly, it builds upon the seminal work of Ed Washuta, who magnanimously provided the framework to make the whole thing possible.

Minor league Total Zone (Rctch&Rtz, 2005-2009) data provided by Baseballprojection.com and Minorleaguesplits.com.