Mobile Site You Are Here > Home > Game Previews > NYY @ BOS, Friday, September 13, 2013

News: s-r blog:2015 MLB Draft Tools

Support us without the ads? Go Ad-Free!

Game Preview: NYY @ BOS, 7:10pm, Friday, September 13, 2013 @Fenway Park

Yankees, 79-68, 79-68 3rd, 9½ GB, 3 GB in WC

SP: Hiroki Kuroda (38, RHP, 11-10, 2.99)

2013 Gamelogs / 2013 Splits / vs. BOS Current Lineup
Split IP H R ER BB SO HR ERA/Pit GSc
2013 (11-10) 183.2 170 66 61 35 136 18 2.99
2012 (16-11) 219.2 205 86 81 51 167 25 3.32
2011 (13-16) 202.0 196 77 69 49 161 24 3.07
Last 7 GS 1-4 44.0 53 28 24 8 37 6 4.91 47
2013-09-08 BOS ND 6.0 5 2 2 2 6 0 117 58
2013-09-03 CHW ND 6.1 7 4 4 2 7 1 95 48
2013-08-28 @TOR L 5.0 9 7 5 1 4 1 99 28
2013-08-23 @TBR L 6.0 9 7 7 1 3 4 104 28
2013-08-17 @BOS L 5.2 11 5 3 0 6 0 107 37
2013-08-12 LAA W 8.0 3 0 0 1 7 0 107 82
2013-08-06 @CHW L 7.0 9 3 3 1 4 0 116 50
Last 5 v.BOS 1-3 25.1 33 14 12 4 22 2 4.26 48
2013-09-08 BOS ND 6.0 5 2 2 2 6 0 117 58
2013-08-17 @BOS L 5.2 11 5 3 0 6 0 107 37
2013-07-20 @BOS W 7.0 5 2 2 1 4 0 104 62
2013-06-02 BOS L 5.1 8 3 3 0 5 2 95 45
2013-04-03 BOS L 1.1 4 2 2 1 1 0 41 38
Lineups / Orders / Splits: Bat / Pitch / GL: Bat / Pitch
 Home:   44-31   Road:   35-37   ExtrInn: 5-6 
 vsRHP:  50-48   vsLHP:  29-20   1-Run:  27-15
 vsEast: 36-31   vsCntrl:22-11   vsWest: 14-16 IL: 7-10

Last 10 Games
Gm# Date & Box   Opp W/L Score      Record   Place/GB
147 Thu, Sep 12  @BAL  W   6-5       79-68  3rd  9.5 gb
146 Wed, Sep 11  @BAL  W   5-4       78-68  3rd 10.5 gb
145 Tue, Sep 10  @BAL  W   7-5       77-68  4th 10.5 gb
144 Mon, Sep  9  @BAL  L   2-4       76-68  4th 10.5 gb
143 Sun, Sep  8   BOS  W   4-3       76-67  4th 10.0 gb
142 Sat, Sep  7   BOS  L   9-13      75-67  4th 11.0 gb
141 Fri, Sep  6   BOS  L   8-12      75-66  4th 10.0 gb
140 Thu, Sep  5   BOS  L   8-9 (10)  75-65  3rd  9.0 gb
139 Wed, Sep  4   CHW  W   6-5       75-64  3rd  8.0 gb
138 Tue, Sep  3   CHW  W   6-4       74-64  3rd  8.0 gb
 Last 10: 6-4    Last 20:11-9    Last 30:19-11
RedSox, 89-59, 89-59 1st, 8½ up

SP: John Lackey (34, RHP, 9-12, 3.48)

2013 Gamelogs / 2013 Splits / vs. NYY Current Lineup
Split IP H R ER BB SO HR ERA/Pit GSc
2013 (9-12) 168.0 164 71 65 37 145 21 3.48
2011 (12-12) 160.0 203 119 114 56 108 20 6.41
2010 (14-11) 215.0 233 114 105 72 156 18 4.40
Last 7 GS 2-4 48.0 46 22 22 12 37 4 4.13 54
2013-09-07 @NYY W 5.2 8 7 7 3 6 0 105 28
2013-09-02 DET L 7.1 7 3 3 1 5 0 111 56
2013-08-28 BAL ND 7.1 7 3 3 1 4 2 92 55
2013-08-23 @LAD L 8.0 3 2 2 0 6 1 97 74
2013-08-17 NYY W 6.2 6 1 1 3 1 0 103 56
2013-08-11 @KCR L 7.0 7 4 4 2 5 1 111 50
2013-08-05 @HOU L 6.0 8 2 2 2 10 0 113 56
Last 5 v.NYY 2-2 31.2 36 21 19 13 21 1 5.40 44
2013-09-07 @NYY W 5.2 8 7 7 3 6 0 105 28
2013-08-17 NYY W 6.2 6 1 1 3 1 0 103 56
2013-07-20 NYY L 6.1 10 4 4 0 7 0 97 44
2011-09-25 @NYY ND 6.0 5 4 3 3 4 0 86 49
2011-08-30 NYY L 7.0 7 5 4 4 3 1 119 44
Lineups / Orders / Splits: Bat / Pitch / GL: Bat / Pitch
 Home:   47-25   Road:   42-34   ExtrInn:10-5 
 vsRHP:  58-40   vsLHP:  31-19   1-Run:  21-18
 vsEast: 37-27   vsCntrl:19-15   vsWest: 20-12 IL:13-5 

Last 10 Games
Gm# Date & Box   Opp W/L Score      Record   Place/GB
148 Thu, Sep 12  @TBR  L   3-4       89-59  1st  8.5 up
147 Wed, Sep 11  @TBR  W   7-3 (10)  89-58  1st  9.5 up
146 Tue, Sep 10  @TBR  W   2-0       88-58  1st  8.5 up
145 Sun, Sep  8  @NYY  L   3-4       87-58  1st  7.5 up
144 Sat, Sep  7  @NYY  W  13-9       87-57  1st  8.5 up
143 Fri, Sep  6  @NYY  W  12-8       86-57  1st  7.5 up
142 Thu, Sep  5  @NYY  W   9-8 (10)  85-57  1st  6.5 up
141 Wed, Sep  4   DET  W  20-4       84-57  1st  5.5 up
140 Tue, Sep  3   DET  W   2-1       83-57  1st  5.5 up
139 Mon, Sep  2   DET  L   0-3       82-57  1st  5.5 up
 Last 10: 7-3    Last 20:15-5    Last 30:19-11
Last 10 games for these teams head-to-head
Sun, Sep 08, 2013 NYY  4  BOS  3        W:Mariano Rivera (5-2), L: Brandon Workman (5-3), S: none
Sat, Sep 07, 2013 BOS 13 @NYY  9        W:John Lackey (9-12), L: David Huff (2-1), S: none
Fri, Sep 06, 2013 BOS 12 @NYY  8        W:Brandon Workman (5-2), L: Preston Claiborne (0-2), S: none
Thu, Sep 05, 2013 BOS  9 @NYY  8 (10)   W:Craig Breslow (5-2), L: Joba Chamberlain (2-1), S: Koji Uehara (18)
Sun, Aug 18, 2013 NYY  9 @BOS  6        W:CC Sabathia (11-10), L: Ryan Dempster (6-9), S: Mariano Rivera (36)
Sat, Aug 17, 2013 BOS  6  NYY  1        W:John Lackey (8-10), L: Hiroki Kuroda (11-8), S: none
Fri, Aug 16, 2013 NYY 10 @BOS  3        W:Andy Pettitte (8-9), L: Felix Doubront (8-6), S: none
Sun, Jul 21, 2013 BOS  8  NYY  7 (11)   W:Pedro Beato (1-0), L: Adam Warren (1-1), S: none
Sat, Jul 20, 2013 NYY  5 @BOS  2        W:Hiroki Kuroda (9-6), L: John Lackey (7-7), S: Mariano Rivera (31)
Fri, Jul 19, 2013 BOS  4  NYY  2        W:Felix Doubront (7-3), L: Andy Pettitte (7-7), S: Koji Uehara (9)
Season Series: 2013 - BOS over 10-6; 2012 - NYY won 13-5; 2011 - BOS won 12-6; All-Time - NYY leads 1151-969

Key for Batter vs. Pitcher Grids on the next pageKey for Batter vs. Pitcher Grids Below

Batter vs. Pitcher totals are career totals. All others are year-to-date.

PA - Plate Appearances (AB+BB+HBP+SH+SF+CI)
BF - Batters Faced
BA - Batting Average
OBP - On-Base Percentage
SLG - Slugging Percentage
Last 28d - PA and OPS in the last 28 days.
SB/CS - Stolen Bases and Caught Stealing
HR/E - Home Runs and Errors Made
ERA-K/9 - Earned Run Average and SO per 9 IP
Total - Team totals for those categories.
Usage - See the note below the grid.
OPS - On-Base Percentage + Slugging Percentage (a good single number for measuring a player's hitting, avg. is .750 or so)
RA/G & RS/G - Runs scored and allowed per game.
PA/vRH - Plate Appearances overall/PA's vs. Right-handed Pitchers
Catcher Def. - Catcher Defense with each catcher's Stolen Bases, Caught Stealings, and Passed Balls allowed.
G/S/vB or G/S/vP - Links to the player's 2013 gamelogs, splits, or career batter vs. pitcher results
vLH/vRH - OPS vs. left-handed pitchers and vs. right-handed pitchers
Hm or Rd, Home or Road - OPS or OPS allowed in home or road games.
OF G: LF / CF / RF - A - Outfielders with the games played by position and their total number of assists
vs LHB - Batters faced and OPS allowed against left-handed batters
vs RHB - Batters faced and OPS allowed against right-handed batters
HR/SB/CS - Pitcher's Home Runs, Stolen Bases and Caught Stealings allowed
MLB Best, Middle, Worst
Yankees Batters (4.16 RS/G) vs. RedSox Pitchers (4.07 RA/G) -- OPS ranges: bad - ≤.650; avg: .750; good: ≥.850
PA/OPS 41.Lackey
G/S/vB
32.Breslow*
G/S/vB
66.Britton*
G/S/vB
62.De La Rosa
G/S/vB
56.Morales*
G/S/vB
36.Tazawa
G/S/vB
38.Thornton*
G/S/vB
19.Uehara
G/S/vB
64.Webster
G/S/vB
67.Workman
G/S/vB
PA/vRHBA/OBP/SLG/OPSvLH/RHRdLast 28dSB/CSHR/E
45.Adams G/S/vP ··· ··· ··· ··· ··· ··· ··· 1/.000 ··· ··· 142/81 .192/.255/.269/.525 .482/.557 .595 1/.000 0/0 2/1
63.Almonte# G/S/vP ··· ··· ··· ··· ··· ··· ··· ··· ··· ··· 96/68 .258/.302/.337/.639 .481/.704 .616 1/.000 3/1 1/0
24.Cano* G/S/vP 56/.706 20/.689 5/.900 3/1.667 10/.425 6/1.500 19/.504 7/.715 ··· 1/.000 625/387 .309/.384/.515/.899 .788/.967 .887 105/.971 7/1 27/5
11.Gardner* G/S/vP 34/.928 6/.000 4/2.250 3/1.334 4/.250 3/.333 2/2.000 4/.000 ··· 1/.000 609/407 .273/.344/.416/.759 .744/.767 .757 101/.835 24/8 8/3
14.Granderson* G/S/vP 37/.877 15/.343 1/.000 ··· 7/1.914 8/.375 22/.340 7/.286 ··· 1/.000 182/133 .250/.344/.442/.787 .824/.773 .777 96/.723 7/1 6/0
66.Murphy G/S/vP 1/.000 ··· 1/2.000 ··· ··· ··· ··· ··· ··· ··· 3/1 .667/.667/.667/1.333 2.000/.000 3/1.333 0/0 0/0
26.Nunez G/S/vP 12/1.361 4/1.000 1/.000 2/1.000 3/.666 3/.666 ··· 4/.000 ··· 1/no AB 288/195 .257/.310/.354/.664 .624/.683 .672 66/.786 9/3 1/13
55.Overbay* G/S/vP 33/.991 5/1.000 2/.000 ··· 4/.000 3/1.167 8/.875 6/.500 ··· ··· 455/334 .251/.304/.414/.718 .534/.785 .622 52/.696 1/0 14/4
39.Reynolds G/S/vP 12/.432 4/1.750 2/2.500 3/.666 16/.467 3/1.000 2/.000 2/.000 ··· ··· 460/297 .226/.315/.402/.717 .790/.678 .769 71/.860 3/0 19/9
13.Rodriguez G/S/vP 74/.807 8/1.833 1/2.000 3/.333 2/1.000 13/.693 8/.542 6/1.500 ··· 2/1.000 138/89 .294/.391/.504/.896 .638/1.026 1.064 93/.942 4/2 6/1
53.Romine G/S/vP 4/.500 1/.000 ··· ··· 1/.000 1/.000 ··· ··· ··· ··· 148/104 .207/.255/.296/.551 .576/.540 .467 33/.509 1/0 1/3
35.Ryan G/S/vP 7/.334 6/1.333 1/.000 ··· 3/.333 ··· 5/.650 3/.000 ··· 2/2.500 295/199 .190/.251/.261/.512 .459/.538 .564 26/.511 4/2 3/11
12.Soriano G/S/vP 39/.402 2/.500 1/2.000 3/.333 5/.400 4/.500 8/.833 1/.000 ··· 2/.000 576/381 .253/.292/.488/.780 .904/.716 .704 114/.696 17/8 32/5
19.Stewart G/S/vP 6/.900 ··· 1/2.000 3/1.334 5/.200 2/1.000 ··· 2/.000 ··· ··· 315/219 .212/.288/.274/.562 .530/.574 .512 54/.444 4/0 4/2
31.Suzuki* G/S/vP 117/.724 17/.824 5/.400 2/.000 8/.250 6/.334 20/.650 9/.778 ··· 2/1.000 513/357 .266/.302/.353/.655 .776/.602 .553 80/.565 20/3 7/3
22.Wells G/S/vP 43/.531 8/.804 ··· 5/1.200 1/.000 2/.000 5/.400 7/.572 ··· 1/.000 426/246 .246/.293/.368/.661 .759/.591 .742 40/.656 7/3 11/0
IP 168.0 53.2 20.0 9.1 19.2 64.1 40.1 66.2 26.1 39.1 TOTAL .247/.312/.383/.695 .692/.696 .671 .745 111/27 135/63
ERA-K/9 3.48/7.8 2.01/4.7 3.60/7.2 5.79/5.8 5.03/7.8 2.80/9.7 3.57/6.3 1.08/12.5 9.57/7.2 4.58/10.3 3.80/8.1

 Catcher Def.
 (SB-CS-PB)
 Murphy (0-0-0)
 Romine (30-8-4)
 Stewart (34-17-9)

OF G: LF / CF / RF - A

BF/BA 695/.253 214/.232 80/.268 44/.325 89/.243 266/.260 173/.279 238/.128 128/.336 167/.260 .249  Soriano
 Wells
 Suzuki
 Gardner
 Granderson
 Almonte
 Overbay
122/0/0/11
71/0/19/8
9/12/119/5
0/138/0/5
13/10/14/1
23/0/0/0
0/0/4/0
OPS .712 .650 .691 .936 .736 .731 .724 .398 .995 .735 .714
vs LHB (BF-OPS) 398/.658 91/.735 41/.694 15/.552 33/.445 122/.778 84/.645 125/.312 70/1.290 96/.723 .679
vs RHB (BF-OPS) 297/.783 123/.586 39/.686 29/1.141 56/.917 144/.690 89/.799 113/.493 58/.633 71/.750 .742
Home 304/.669 107/.791 48/.646 21/.723 32/.683 118/.726 104/.716 117/.461 92/.890 75/.597
Last 28d days 141/.685 36/.472 24/.625 25/.962 25/.510 36/.740 19/.721 37/.081 / 43/.600
HR/SB/CS 21/35/7 3/1/3 1/3/1 2/2/0 2/0/1 8/3/2 4/5/1 5/1/1 7/3/2 5/8/2 144/126/39
Usage ·····X·· ··X··o·X o····X·· o·····X· ·X····o· ·oo··X·X o····o·o ·Xo···oX ········ ·X··X·X·
RedSox Batters (5.20 RS/G) vs. Yankees Pitchers (4.16 RA/G) -- OPS ranges: bad - ≤.650; avg: .750; good: ≥.850
PA/OPS 18.Kuroda
G/S/vB
61.Betances
G/S/vB
64.Cabral*
G/S/vB
62.Chamberlain
G/S/vB
38.Claiborne
G/S/vB
40.Daley
G/S/vB
60.Huff*
G/S/vB
27.Kelley
G/S/vB
48.Logan*
G/S/vB
70.Marshall
G/S/vB
42.Rivera
G/S/vB
30.Robertson
G/S/vB
43.Warren
G/S/vB
67.Zagurski*
G/S/vB
PA/vRHBA/OBP/SLG/OPSvLH/RHHmLast 28dSB/CSHR/E
50.Berry* G/S/vP 6/.533 ··· ··· 1/.000 ··· 1/.000 ··· ··· ··· ··· ··· ··· ··· ··· 3/3 .667/.667/.667/1.333 /1.333 2.000 3/1.333 1/0 0/0
72.Bogaerts G/S/vP ··· ··· ··· ··· ··· ··· 2/1.500 ··· ··· 1/.000 ··· ··· ··· ··· 28/18 .296/.321/.444/.766 1.267/.500 .606 28/.766 0/0 1/0
25.Bradley* G/S/vP 5/.400 ··· ··· 1/no AB 1/.000 ··· 2/1.000 2/1.000 1/.000 2/.000 1/.000 ··· 4/1.250 ··· 81/55 .169/.272/.310/.581 .323/.705 .311 15/.641 1/0 2/1
37.Carp* G/S/vP 18/.833 ··· ··· 2/2.000 2/2.000 ··· 2/1.500 1/.000 5/1.800 ··· 3/1.334 1/.000 1/3.000 ··· 212/186 .314/.377/.564/.941 .724/.972 .951 27/1.035 1/0 9/2
7.Drew* G/S/vP 38/.549 ··· 1/.000 3/2.000 2/1.000 3/.333 ··· 2/.000 4/.000 ··· 4/1.000 2/.000 4/1.250 ··· 452/302 .247/.330/.431/.760 .578/.853 .848 84/.742 4/0 12/7
2.Ellsbury* G/S/vP 24/.853 ··· ··· 28/.368 ··· ··· 4/.000 2/.000 12/1.227 ··· 13/.350 19/.485 5/.800 ··· 624/390 .299/.355/.424/.779 .650/.855 .790 80/.781 52/4 8/3
5.Gomes G/S/vP 15/.354 ··· ··· 2/1.000 2/.500 1/.000 10/1.000 4/.500 6/1.833 2/2.000 15/.831 1/.000 2/.000 ··· 339/164 .235/.333/.415/.749 .746/.751 .715 66/.665 1/0 12/1
20.Lavarnway G/S/vP 9/.347 ··· ··· 1/.000 ··· ··· 2/1.500 1/.000 ··· 2/.000 ··· 2/.000 2/1.000 ··· 76/47 .310/.342/.451/.793 .775/.804 1.143 11/1.273 0/0 1/1
10.McDonald G/S/vP ··· ··· ··· 4/.500 ··· ··· 3/.666 1/3.000 1/.000 1/.000 9/.819 6/.334 ··· ··· 71/50 .094/.171/.156/.328 .143/.401 .307 14/.220 0/0 1/4
16.Middlebrooks G/S/vP 9/.819 ··· ··· 2/.000 1/2.000 1/.000 2/1.000 4/.833 ··· 2/2.000 2/2.500 2/2.500 5/.200 ··· 324/220 .237/.285/.445/.730 .806/.693 .697 85/.955 2/1 15/9
12.Napoli G/S/vP 10/.733 ··· ··· 10/1.533 4/.500 ··· 10/1.850 7/1.572 2/2.500 2/2.500 7/.286 6/1.100 6/1.867 ··· 538/371 .258/.351/.478/.829 .875/.808 .802 69/1.208 1/1 21/6
29.Nava# G/S/vP 24/.867 ··· ··· 3/.333 2/2.000 ··· ··· 3/.333 4/1.250 ··· 2/.000 8/.393 7/2.314 ··· 480/359 .300/.389/.445/.834 .665/.891 .890 71/1.040 0/2 11/4
34.Ortiz* G/S/vP 18/1.611 ··· ··· 23/.841 3/2.500 1/.000 10/.844 1/.000 20/.703 2/.000 34/.882 13/.641 6/1.500 ··· 542/345 .308/.393/.560/.953 .697/1.106 .922 94/.815 4/0 27/0
15.Pedroia G/S/vP 28/.765 ··· ··· 27/1.227 4/.500 1/3.000 8/.393 5/.000 7/1.514 1/.000 16/.333 23/.915 8/.250 ··· 666/460 .297/.371/.410/.780 .917/.720 .865 108/.761 17/5 8/4
3.Ross G/S/vP ··· ··· ··· 1/.000 1/.000 1/.000 ··· ··· ··· ··· 1/.000 ··· ··· ··· 102/51 .202/.290/.382/.672 .752/.590 .715 27/.667 1/0 4/1
39.Saltalamacchia# G/S/vP 24/.598 ··· ··· 9/1.194 1/.000 ··· ··· 3/.000 13/.385 ··· 7/.143 5/.400 5/.600 ··· 433/302 .260/.330/.442/.772 .611/.840 .811 60/.685 2/1 12/6
23.Snyder G/S/vP ··· ··· ··· ··· ··· ··· ··· ··· 1/.000 ··· ··· ··· ··· ··· 46/17 .200/.217/.400/.617 .931/.059 .793 2/.000 0/0 2/1
18.Victorino# G/S/vP 20/.739 ··· ··· 3/2.000 3/3.334 1/no AB 3/1.667 4/.750 2/.000 2/.000 3/.000 3/.666 5/.400 1/5.000 492/228 .292/.349/.452/.802 .843/.710 .855 102/1.100 20/3 14/3
IP 183.2 1.0 1.2 39.2 46.2 1.0 25.1 52.1 38.2 10.0 58.2 60.1 69.0 6.0 TOTAL .275/.348/.444/.792 .739/.819 .825 .852 113/19 161/75
ERA-K/9 2.99/6.7 36.00/27.0 0.00/15.9 4.54/8.2 3.86/7.1 0.00/18.0 6.04/6.8 3.96/11.9 3.26/11.4 5.40/3.6 2.30/7.8 2.24/10.9 3.52/7.2 15.00/7.5 3.95/7.6

 Catcher Def.
 (SB-CS-PB)
 Lavarnway (24-6-6)
 Ross (19-10-1)
 Saltalamacchia (83-23-7)

OF G: LF / CF / RF - A

BF/BA 742/.244 10/.667 6/.167 184/.270 198/.258 5/.250 104/.255 220/.224 158/.237 46/.308 237/.242 241/.215 299/.275 37/.385 .263  Victorino
 Nava
 Gomes
 Ellsbury
 Bradley
 Berry
 Snyder
 McDonald
 Carp
0/8/106/10
59/1/59/5
89/0/4/5
0/131/0/3
14/11/2/1
3/3/2/0
1/0/0/0
1/0/0/0
34/0/2/0
OPS .664 1.700 .333 .788 .701 .900 .767 .693 .714 .977 .640 .588 .798 1.066 .733
vs LHB (BF-OPS) 425/.712 2/2.000 3/.000 87/.662 94/.785 2/.000 42/.695 93/.735 84/.659 24/1.067 129/.586 126/.459 158/.949 13/1.252 .720
vs RHB (BF-OPS) 317/.600 8/1.625 3/.667 97/.884 104/.628 3/1.667 62/.814 127/.663 74/.780 22/.883 108/.705 115/.728 141/.628 24/.945 .743
Road 415/.716 / 1/.000 77/.637 89/.587 / 28/.494 123/.656 75/.773 / 110/.637 126/.589 125/.720 15/.433
Last 28d days 133/.945 2/1.000 6/.333 34/.544 28/1.138 5/.900 82/.712 27/1.027 20/.653 17/.694 53/.496 42/.710 61/.916 /
HR/SB/CS 18/6/6 1/0/0 0/0/0 7/8/1 5/4/1 0/0/0 4/2/1 7/1/3 7/4/1 3/0/0 6/3/0 5/6/1 10/2/0 1/1/0 157/66/27
Usage ····X··· ········ o······o ······XX ······XX ······X· X····X·· ·oX·X··· ······Xo ·····X·· oXX·X··X XX·····o X·oo···X ········

Usage -- each character represents the number of pitches thrown by the pitcher for yesterday, two days ago, three days ago, ...., up to eight days ago:
· - did not pitch; o - less than 16 pitches; X - at least 16 pitches (the median relief outing)
An Example ( ·X···o·X ): Yesterday off, 16 or more pitches, three days off, less than 16 pitches, day off, 16 or more pitches (8 days ago). Yesterday is in bold for improved scanning.