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Sam Leever

Samuel Leever (Deacon or The Goshen Schoolmaster)

Position: Pitcher
Bats: Right, Throws: Right
Height: 5' 10", Weight: 175 lb.

Born: December 23, 1871 in Goshen, OH
High School: Goshen HS (Goshen, OH) (All Transactions)
Debut: May 26, 1898 (Age 26.154)
Rookie Status: Exceeded rookie limits during 1899 season [*]
Team: Pirates 1898-1910

Final Game: September 26, 1910 (Age 38.277)
Died: May 19, 1953 in Goshen, OH
Buried: Goshen Cemetery, Goshen, OH
View Player Bio from the SABR BioProject
    About biographical information

Fan EloRater

Fine Details  · Last updated Oct 21, 2014 10:17PM
All-Time Rank (among pitchers): #105. Carl Mays… #106. Bucky Walters… #107. Steve Rogers… #108. SAM LEEVER… #109. Doc White… #110. Herb Pennock… #111. Jack Morris… 

Standard Pitching

More Stats

Year Age Tm Lg W L W-L% ERA G GS GF CG SHO SV IP H R ER HR BB IBB SO HBP BK WP BF ERA+ FIP WHIP H9 HR9 BB9 SO9 SO/W Awards
1898 26 PIT NL 1 0 1.000 2.45 5 3 2 2 0 0 33.0 26 10 9 0 5 15 1 0 0 127 147 2.40 0.939 7.1 0.0 1.4 4.1 3.00
1899 27 PIT NL 21 23 .477 3.18 51 39 11 35 4 3 379.0 353 191 134 7 122 121 11 1 8 1564 120 3.59 1.253 8.4 0.2 2.9 2.9 0.99
1900 28 PIT NL 15 13 .536 2.71 30 29 1 25 3 0 232.2 236 101 70 2 48 84 8 0 10 955 134 2.94 1.221 9.1 0.1 1.9 3.2 1.75
1901 29 PIT NL 14 5 .737 2.86 21 20 1 18 2 0 176.0 182 82 56 2 39 82 7 0 5 733 115 2.93 1.256 9.3 0.1 2.0 4.2 2.10
1902 30 PIT NL 15 7 .682 2.39 28 26 2 23 4 2 222.0 203 73 59 2 31 86 8 0 3 873 114 2.54 1.054 8.2 0.1 1.3 3.5 2.77
1903 31 PIT NL 25 7 .781 2.06 36 34 2 30 7 1 284.1 255 98 65 2 60 90 5 0 6 1135 159 2.90 1.108 8.1 0.1 1.9 2.8 1.50
1904 32 PIT NL 18 11 .621 2.17 34 32 2 26 1 0 253.1 224 85 61 2 54 63 5 2 2 1003 126 2.72 1.097 8.0 0.1 1.9 2.2 1.17
1905 33 PIT NL 20 5 .800 2.70 33 29 3 20 3 1 229.2 199 94 69 3 54 81 12 1 5 928 111 2.85 1.102 7.8 0.1 2.1 3.2 1.50
1906 34 PIT NL 22 7 .759 2.32 36 31 4 25 6 0 260.1 232 84 67 3 48 76 7 0 3 1011 115 2.57 1.076 8.0 0.1 1.7 2.6 1.58
1907 35 PIT NL 14 9 .609 1.66 31 24 7 17 5 0 216.2 182 70 40 3 46 65 8 0 1 848 146 2.51 1.052 7.6 0.1 1.9 2.7 1.41
1908 36 PIT NL 15 7 .682 2.10 38 20 14 14 4 2 192.2 179 60 45 1 41 28 6 0 3 767 109 2.61 1.142 8.4 0.0 1.9 1.3 0.68
1909 37 PIT NL 8 1 .889 2.83 19 4 12 2 0 2 70.0 74 30 22 0 14 23 4 0 0 286 91 2.33 1.257 9.5 0.0 1.8 3.0 1.64
1910 38 PIT NL 6 5 .545 2.76 26 8 14 4 0 2 111.0 104 45 34 2 25 33 6 0 0 432 115 2.80 1.162 8.4 0.2 2.0 2.7 1.32
13 Yrs 194 100 .660 2.47 388 299 75 241 39 13 2660.2 2449 1023 731 29 587 847 88 4 46 10662 123 2.84 1.141 8.3 0.1 2.0 2.9 1.44
162 Game Avg. 19 10 .660 2.47 38 30 7 24 4 1 263 242 101 72 3 58 84 9 0 5 1055 123 2.84 1.141 8.3 0.1 2.0 2.9 1.44
Hold your mouse over the values in the Saves, ERA, or FIP columns for additional information.

Player Value--Pitchers

WAR Explained (v2.2): 8+ MVP, 5+ A-S, 2+ Starter, 0-2 Sub, < 0 Repl
Year Age Tm Lg IP G GS R RA9 RA9opp RA9def RA9role PPFp RA9avg RAA WAA gmLI WAAadj WAR RAR waaWL% 162WL% Salary Awards
1898 26 PIT NL 33.0 5 3 10 2.73 5.03 0.07 0.00 99.0 4.91 9 0.9 1.0 -0.0 1.2 11 .686 .506
1899 27 PIT NL 379.0 51 39 191 4.54 5.22 0.07 0.00 99.0 5.10 34 3.2 1.0 -0.4 6.5 67 .564 .520
1900 28 PIT NL 232.2 30 29 101 3.91 5.21 0.28 0.00 98.0 4.83 28 2.7 1.0 -0.2 4.7 50 .590 .517
1901 29 PIT NL 176.0 21 20 82 4.19 4.50 0.30 0.00 98.0 4.11 0 0.0 1.0 -0.3 1.3 14 .501 .500
1902 30 PIT NL 222.0 28 26 73 2.96 3.77 0.38 0.00 99.0 3.36 11 1.3 1.0 -0.3 3.0 28 .546 .508
1903 31 PIT NL 284.1 36 34 98 3.10 4.65 0.31 0.00 99.0 4.30 40 4.3 1.0 -0.3 6.5 65 .618 .526
1904 32 PIT NL 253.1 34 32 85 3.02 3.85 0.10 0.00 100.0 3.75 22 2.6 1.0 -0.2 4.7 40 .577 .516
1905 33 PIT NL 229.2 33 29 94 3.68 4.06 0.28 0.00 100.0 3.78 3 0.3 1.0 -0.2 2.2 21 .511 .502
1906 34 PIT NL 260.1 36 31 84 2.90 3.50 0.15 0.00 102.0 3.42 18 2.3 1.0 -0.2 4.4 33 .563 .514
1907 35 PIT NL 216.2 31 24 70 2.91 3.31 -0.07 0.00 99.0 3.34 13 1.7 1.0 -0.2 3.5 25 .555 .511
1908 36 PIT NL 192.2 38 20 60 2.80 3.26 0.13 0.00 98.0 3.07 6 0.8 1.0 -0.1 2.4 18 .521 .505
1909 37 PIT NL 70.0 19 4 30 3.86 3.53 0.29 0.00 99.0 3.21 -5 -0.6 1.0 -0.1 -0.1 -0 .466 .496
1910 38 PIT NL 111.0 26 8 45 3.65 4.00 0.07 0.00 104.0 4.09 5 0.6 1.0 -0.1 1.4 14 .522 .504
13 Seasons 2660.2 388 299 1023 3.46 4.20 0.18 0.00 99.5 3.99 184 20.1 1.0 -2.5 41.8 388 .552 .511

Postseason Pitching

Year Age Tm Lg Series Rslt Opp W L W-L% ERA G GS GF CG SHO SV IP H R ER HR BB IBB SO HBP BK WP BF WHIP H9 HR9 BB9 SO9 SO/W
1903 31 PIT NL WS L BOS 0 2 .000 5.40 2 2 0 1 0 0 10.0 13 8 6 1 3 0 2 1 0 0 48 1.600 11.7 0.9 2.7 1.8 0.67
1 WS 0 2 .000 5.40 2 2 0 1 0 0 10.0 13 8 6 1 3 0 2 1 0 0 48 1.600 11.7 0.9 2.7 1.8 0.67

Standard Batting

More Stats

Year Age Tm Lg G PA AB R H 2B 3B HR RBI SB CS BB SO BA OBP SLG OPS OPS+ TB GDP HBP SH SF IBB Pos Awards
1898 26 PIT NL 5 14 12 2 3 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 .250 .357 .250 .607 76 3 1 0 /1
1899 27 PIT NL 51 161 146 15 33 6 4 0 18 0 8 19 .226 .271 .322 .593 62 47 1 6 1
1900 28 PIT NL 30 90 88 9 18 2 2 1 5 1 2 9 .205 .222 .307 .529 45 27 0 0 1
1901 29 PIT NL 21 79 71 10 13 1 0 0 4 1 5 15 .183 .247 .197 .444 27 14 1 2 1
1902 30 PIT NL 29 93 90 6 16 3 2 0 8 1 3 10 .178 .204 .256 .460 40 23 0 0 1/O
1903 31 PIT NL 36 123 115 11 19 0 1 0 12 0 4 18 .165 .193 .183 .376 6 21 0 4 1
1904 32 PIT NL 34 107 99 12 26 2 2 1 14 0 4 10 .263 .305 .354 .658 101 35 2 2 1
1905 33 PIT NL 33 94 88 4 9 2 1 0 5 0 4 10 .102 .141 .148 .289 -15 13 0 2 1
1906 34 PIT NL 36 102 95 9 20 1 1 0 5 0 5 12 .211 .257 .242 .500 53 23 1 1 1
1907 35 PIT NL 31 81 73 3 11 0 0 0 2 0 4 11 .151 .195 .151 .345 8 11 0 4 1
1908 36 PIT NL 38 68 61 5 9 0 1 0 3 1 4 8 .148 .212 .180 .392 26 11 1 2 1
1909 37 PIT NL 19 27 24 2 4 0 0 0 1 0 3 7 .167 .259 .167 .426 30 4 0 0 1
1910 38 PIT NL 26 35 31 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 2 8 .065 .121 .065 .186 -47 2 0 2 1
13 Yrs 389 1074 993 90 183 17 14 2 78 4 49 138 .184 .228 .236 .463 36 234 7 25
162 Game Avg. 162 447 414 37 76 7 6 1 32 2 20 57 .184 .228 .236 .463 36 97 3 10

Player Value--Batters

WAR Explained (v2.2): 8+ MVP, 5+ A-S, 2+ Starter, 0-2 Sub, < 0 Repl
Year Age Tm Lg G PA Rbat Rbaser Rdp Rfield Rpos RAA WAA Rrep RAR WAR waaWL% 162WL% oWAR dWAR oRAR Salary Pos Awards
1898 26 PIT NL 5 14 -0 0 0 0 1 1 0.1 0 1 0.1 .513 .500 0.1 0.0 1 /1
1899 27 PIT NL 51 161 -9 1 0 0 12 4 0.3 0 4 0.3 .506 .502 0.3 -0.0 4 1
1900 28 PIT NL 30 90 -7 0 0 0 7 -0 -0.1 0 -0 -0.1 .498 .500 -0.1 0.0 -0 1
1901 29 PIT NL 21 79 -7 -0 0 0 6 -1 -0.1 0 -1 -0.1 .494 .499 -0.1 -0.0 -1 1
1902 30 PIT NL 29 93 -6 0 0 0 7 0 0.0 0 0 0.0 .502 .500 0.0 -0.0 0 1/O
1903 31 PIT NL 36 123 -15 0 0 0 10 -5 -0.5 0 -5 -0.5 .486 .497 -0.5 0.0 -5 1
1904 32 PIT NL 34 107 0 0 0 0 7 7 0.8 0 7 0.8 .523 .505 0.8 0.0 7 1
1905 33 PIT NL 33 94 -12 0 0 0 7 -5 -0.5 0 -5 -0.5 .484 .497 -0.5 0.0 -5 1
1906 34 PIT NL 36 102 -5 0 0 0 7 2 0.2 0 2 0.2 .507 .502 0.2 -0.0 2 1
1907 35 PIT NL 31 81 -7 0 0 0 5 -2 -0.2 0 -2 -0.2 .492 .499 -0.2 -0.0 -2 1
1908 36 PIT NL 38 68 -5 -0 0 0 5 -0 -0.0 0 -0 -0.0 .500 .500 -0.0 0.0 -0 1
1909 37 PIT NL 19 27 -2 0 0 0 2 0 0.0 0 0 0.0 .501 .500 0.0 0.0 0 1
1910 38 PIT NL 26 35 -6 0 0 0 2 -4 -0.4 0 -4 -0.4 .484 .498 -0.4 0.0 -4 1
13 Seasons 389 1074 -81 2 0 0 76 -3 -0.4 0 -3 -0.4 .499 .500 -0.4 0.0 -3

Postseason Batting

Year Age Tm Lg Series Opp Rslt G PA AB R H 2B 3B HR RBI SB CS BB SO BA OBP SLG OPS TB GDP HBP SH SF IBB
1903 31 PIT NL WS BOS L 2 4 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000 .000 .000 .000 0 0 0 0
1 WS 2 4 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000 .000 .000 .000 0 0 0 0

Standard Fielding

More Stats

Year Tm Lg Age Pos G GS CG Inn Ch PO A E DP Fld% RF/9 RF/G lgFld% lgRF9 lgRFG G Awards
1898 PIT NL 26 P 5 33.0 8 3 5 0 0 1.000 2.18 1.60 .918 2.65 2.56
1899 PIT NL 27 P 51 379.0 116 10 100 6 2 .948 2.61 2.16 .910 2.68 2.57
1900 PIT NL 28 P 30 232.2 64 8 52 4 0 .938 2.32 2.00 .921 2.67 2.59
1901 PIT NL 29 P 21 176.0 59 3 54 2 0 .966 2.91 2.71 .934 2.75 2.72
1902 PIT NL 30 P 28 222.0 47 3 42 2 0 .957 1.82 1.61 .933 2.72 2.69
1902 PIT NL 30 OF 1 1 1 0 0 0 1.000 1.00 .940 2.00 1-0-0
1903 PIT NL 31 P 36 284.1 92 12 76 4 1 .957 2.79 2.44 .924 2.87 2.81
1904 PIT NL 32 P 34 253.1 79 11 67 1 2 .987 2.77 2.29 .940 3.03 2.95
1905 PIT NL 33 P 33 229.2 85 7 70 8 1 .906 3.02 2.33 .943 2.97 2.93
1906 PIT NL 34 P 36 260.1 66 11 52 3 1 .955 2.18 1.75 .948 3.05 2.99
1907 PIT NL 35 P 31 216.2 45 4 39 2 1 .956 1.79 1.39 .950 2.97 2.89
1908 PIT NL 36 P 38 192.2 54 8 44 2 0 .963 2.43 1.37 .953 2.99 2.98
1909 PIT NL 37 P 19 70.0 23 0 23 0 0 1.000 2.96 1.21 .940 2.83 2.84
1910 PIT NL 38 P 26 111.0 38 3 35 0 3 1.000 3.08 1.46 .945 2.82 2.80
13 Seasons P 388 2660.2 776 83 659 34 11 .956 2.51 1.91 .934 2.86 2.81
1 Season OF 1 1 1 0 0 0 1.000 1.00 .940 2.00 1-0-0
13 Seasons TOT 389 2660.2 777 84 659 34 11 .956 2.51 1.91 .934 2.86 2.81 1-0-0
Note: Complete player games played data.
Fielding stats are a combination of official records and RetroSheet records. Both are likely to have substantial errors and will not match perfectly.
View Complete Notes on Fielding Data
Leagues historically made no effort to balance team, league, and player fielding stats. Since 1990 or so, computers have made this feasible, but prior to that there are hundreds or thousands of discrepancies each year in games played (even whether a player played a position), putouts, assists, double plays and errors.
  • Pre-1938 SB & CS data for catchers is estimated from catcher assists, games started and opposition stolen bases.
  • From 1938 on SB, CS, Pickoff, & WP data for catchers and pitchers is taken from play-by-play accounts in the retrosheet files. There are several hundred games without pbp from 1938 to 1973 and for those we may not have any data.
  • CG & GS come from the retrosheet data and should be complete and pretty accurate from 1914 on.
  • Innings played (like SB and CS) come from the retrosheet play-by-play data and should be considered mostly complete from 1938 to 1973 and complete from then on.
  • Stats (PO,A,G, etc) for LF-CF-RF positions (since 1914) is taken from play-by-play or box score data as available.
  • Stats (PO,A,G,etc) for C,P,1B,2B,3B,SS,OF positions is taken from the official reported totals and may have been corrected at various times since their publication.
  • For detailed information on which games retrosheet is missing play-by-play from 1938 to 1973, please see their most wanted games list
  • For detailed information on the availability of data on this site by year, see our data coverage page

Appearances on Leader Boards, Awards, and Honors

Stats are Year-Value-Rank · Glossary

Hall of Fame
1937 BBWAA ( 0.5%)

Wins Above Replacements c a p y
1903 NL  6.1 (6th)
1904 NL  5.4 (10th)

WAR for Pitcherss c a p y
1899 NL  6.5 (9th)
1900 NL  4.7 (6th)
1903 NL  6.5 (4th)
1904 NL  4.7 (9th)
1906 NL  4.4 (10th)
Career  41.8 (157th)

Earned Run Average s c a p y
1900 NL  2.71 (4th)
1901 NL  2.86 (10th)
1903 NL  2.06 (1st)
1907 NL  1.66 (4th)
Career  2.47 (39th)

Wins s c a p y
1903 NL  25 (3rd)
1904 NL  18 (10th)
1905 NL  20 (5th)
1906 NL  22 (4th)
Career  194 (129th)

Win-Loss % s c a p y
1900 NL  .536 (9th)
1901 NL  .737 (1st)
1902 NL  .682 (6th)
1903 NL  .781 (1st)
1904 NL  .621 (10th)
1905 NL  .800 (1st)
1906 NL  .759 (3rd)
1907 NL  .609 (10th)
1908 NL  .682 (5th)
Career  .660 (17th)

Walks & Hits per IP s c a p y
1899 NL  1.253 (10th)
1900 NL  1.221 (6th)
1902 NL  1.054 (4th)
1903 NL  1.108 (3rd)
1904 NL  1.097 (9th)
1905 NL  1.102 (8th)
1906 NL  1.076 (6th)
1907 NL  1.052 (8th)
Career  1.141 (51st)

Hits per 9 IP s c a p y
1899 NL  8.383 (5th)
1900 NL  9.129 (8th)
1903 NL  8.072 (4th)
Career  8.284 (229th)

Bases On Balls per 9 IP s c a p y
1900 NL  1.857 (5th)
1902 NL  1.257 (5th)
1903 NL  1.899 (5th)
1904 NL  1.918 (8th)
1905 NL  2.116 (7th)
1906 NL  1.659 (2nd)
1907 NL  1.911 (7th)
1908 NL  1.915 (7th)
Career  1.986 (88th)

Strikeouts per 9 IP s c a p y
1899 NL  2.873 (8th)
1900 NL  3.249 (5th)
1901 NL  4.193 (9th)

Games Played s c a p y
1899 NL  51 (1st)
1903 NL  36 (8th)

Saves s c a p y
1899 NL  3 (1st)
1902 NL  2 (2nd)
1905 NL  1 (7th)
1908 NL  2 (6th)
1909 NL  2 (9th)
1910 NL  2 (9th)

Innings Pitched s c a p y
1899 NL  379.0 (1st)
1903 NL  284.3 (10th)
Career  2,660.7 (203rd)

Strikeouts s c a p y
1899 NL  121 (3rd)
1900 NL  84 (9th)

Games Started s c a p y
1899 NL  39 (5th)
1903 NL  34 (6th)

Complete Games s c a p y
1899 NL  35 (7th)
1903 NL  30 (8th)
Career  241 (94th)

Shutouts s c a p y
1899 NL  4 (2nd)
1900 NL  3 (5th)
1901 NL  2 (10th)
1902 NL  4 (7th)
1903 NL  7 (1st)
1906 NL  6 (3rd)
1907 NL  5 (8th)
Career  39 (51st)

Bases on Balls s c a p y
1899 NL  122 (3rd)

Hits s c a p y
1899 NL  353 (10th)

Strikeouts / Base On Balls s c a p y
1900 NL  1.750 (4th)
1902 NL  2.774 (3rd)
1903 NL  1.500 (10th)

Home Runs per 9 IP s c a p y
1900 NL  0.077 (1st)
1901 NL  0.102 (7th)
1903 NL  0.063 (5th)
1904 NL  0.071 (10th)
1908 NL  0.047 (8th)
Career  0.098 (31st)

Losses s c a p y
1899 NL  23 (3rd)

Earned Runs s c a p y
1899 NL  134 (10th)

Wild Pitches s c a p y
1899 NL  8 (10th)
1900 NL  10 (4th)

Hit By Pitch s c a p y
Career  88 (120th)

Batters Faced s c a p y
1899 NL  1,564 (3rd)
Career  10,662 (240th)

Games Finished s c a p y
1899 NL  11 (1st)
1908 NL  14 (2nd)
1909 NL  12 (9th)
1910 NL  14 (6th)

Adjusted ERA+ s c a p y
1900 NL  134 (4th)
1903 NL  159 (1st)
1907 NL  146 (7th)
Career  123 (84th)

Fielding Independent Pitching s c a p y
1900 NL  2.94 (3rd)
1901 NL  2.93 (9th)
1902 NL  2.54 (5th)
1903 NL  2.90 (5th)
Career  2.84 (80th)

Adj. Pitching Runs s c a p y
1900 NL  25 (5th)
1902 NL  13 (9th)
1903 NL  38 (3rd)
1904 NL  18 (8th)
1906 NL  13 (10th)
1907 NL  14 (10th)
Career  177 (105th)

Adj. Pitching Wins s c a p y
1900 NL  2.3 (5th)
1902 NL  1.4 (10th)
1903 NL  3.9 (3rd)
1904 NL  1.9 (8th)
1906 NL  1.5 (10th)
1907 NL  1.6 (10th)
Career  18.3 (105th)

Def. Games as P s c a p y
1899 NL  51 (1st)

Assists as P s c a p y
1899 NL  100 (4th)

Fielding % as P s c a p y
1901 NL  .966 (4th)
1904 NL  .987 (3rd)

Oldest s c a p y
1908 NL  born 1871-12-23 (8th)
1909 NL  born 1871-12-23 (6th)
1910 NL  born 1871-12-23 (4th)

Hall Of Fame Statistics

Player rank in (·)

Black InkPitching - 21 (91), Average HOFer ≈ 40
Gray InkPitching - 128 (137), Average HOFer ≈ 185
Hall of Fame MonitorPitching - 97 (104), Likely HOFer ≈ 100
Hall of Fame StandardsPitching - 46 (48), Average HOFer ≈ 50
JAWS Starting Pitcher (169th), 41.3 career WAR/33.8 7yr-peak WAR/37.6 JAWS
Average HOF P (out of 59) = 73.4 career WAR/50.2 7yr-peak WAR/61.8 JAWS

Transactions

The transaction information used here was obtained free of charge from and is copyrighted by RetroSheet. We attempt to update transactions throughout the season.

Other Resources & Links

Error?     Compare     Search SABR's Baseball Index     Other Links@google.com     Baseball Library     Baseball-Almanac.com     DeadBallEra Obituary     Retrosheet     SABR BioProject     The Baseball Cube     WahooSam.com     WhatIfSports: Sam Leever    

Name and misspellings: Deacon The Goshen Schoolmaster Samuel sammy Sam Goshen Deacon The Leever

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