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Dummy Hoy

William Ellsworth Hoy

Position: Centerfielder
Bats: Left, Throws: Right
Height: 5' 6", Weight: 160 lb.

Born: May 23, 1862 in Houcktown, OH
High School: Ohio School for the Deaf (Columbus, OH) (All Transactions)
Debut: April 20, 1888 (Age 25.333)
Rookie Status: Exceeded rookie limits during 1888 season [*]
Teams (by GP): Reds/Colonels/Senators/Nationals/Browns/... 1888-1902

Final Game: July 17, 1902 (Age 40.055)
Died: December 15, 1961 in Cincinnati, OH
Cremated
View Player Bio from the SABR BioProject
    About biographical information

Fan EloRater

Fine Details  · Last updated Sep 24, 2014 12:17AM
All-Time Rank (among batters): #342. Elmer Flick… #343. Tim Wallach… #344. Roger Maris… #345. DUMMY HOY… #346. Bobby Bonilla… #347. Felipe Alou… #348. Greg Luzinski… 

Standard Batting

More Stats

Year Age Tm Lg G PA AB R H 2B 3B HR RBI SB CS BB SO BA OBP SLG OPS OPS+ TB GDP HBP SH SF IBB Pos Awards
1888 26 WHS NL 136 583 503 77 138 10 8 2 29 82 69 48 .274 .374 .338 .712 134 170 11 *O
1889 27 WHS NL 127 588 507 98 139 11 6 0 39 35 75 30 .274 .374 .320 .694 100 162 6 *O
1890 28 BUF PL 122 595 493 107 147 17 8 1 53 39 94 36 .298 .418 .371 .790 119 183 8 *O/4
1891 29 STL AA 139 688 559 134 163 13 5 5 64 59 117 25 .292 .424 .360 .784 118 201 12 *O
1892 30 WHS NL 152 683 593 108 167 19 8 3 75 60 86 23 .282 .376 .356 .732 124 211 4 *O
1893 31 WHS NL 130 643 564 106 138 12 6 0 45 48 66 9 .245 .337 .287 .625 69 162 13 *O
1894 32 CIN NL 128 616 503 118 153 23 13 5 71 28 90 19 .304 .421 .431 .853 103 217 12 11 *O
1895 33 CIN NL 107 490 429 93 119 21 12 3 55 50 52 8 .277 .363 .403 .767 94 173 6 3 *O
1896 34 CIN NL 121 554 443 120 132 23 7 4 57 50 65 13 .298 .403 .409 .812 108 181 13 33 *O
1897 35 CIN NL 128 586 497 87 145 24 6 2 42 37 54 27 .292 .375 .376 .751 94 187 12 23 *O
1898 36 LOU NL 148 659 582 104 177 15 16 6 66 37 49 33 .304 .367 .416 .783 125 242 9 19 *O
1899 37 LOU NL 155 723 636 117 194 17 13 5 49 33 62 31 .305 .376 .396 .772 112 252 10 15 *O
1901 39 CHW AL 132 641 527 112 155 28 11 2 60 27 86 23 .294 .407 .400 .807 126 211 14 14 *O
1902 40 CIN NL 72 336 279 48 81 15 2 2 20 11 41 20 .290 .389 .380 .769 129 106 4 12 O
14 Yrs 1797 8385 7115 1429 2048 248 121 40 725 596 1006 345 .288 .386 .374 .760 110 2658 134 130
162 Game Avg. 162 756 641 129 185 22 11 4 65 54 91 31 .288 .386 .374 .760 110 240 12
CIN (5 yrs) 556 2582 2151 466 630 106 40 16 245 176 302 87 .293 .392 .402 .793 103 864 47 82
LOU (2 yrs) 303 1382 1218 221 371 32 29 11 115 70 111 64 .305 .372 .406 .777 118 494 19 34
WHS (2 yrs) 282 1326 1157 214 305 31 14 3 120 108 152 32 .264 .357 .322 .680 95 373 17
WHS (2 yrs) 263 1171 1010 175 277 21 14 2 68 117 144 78 .274 .374 .329 .703 116 332 17
STL (1 yr) 139 688 559 134 163 13 5 5 64 59 117 25 .292 .424 .360 .784 118 201 12
BUF (1 yr) 122 595 493 107 147 17 8 1 53 39 94 36 .298 .418 .371 .790 119 183 8
CHW (1 yr) 132 641 527 112 155 28 11 2 60 27 86 23 .294 .407 .400 .807 126 211 14 14
NL (11 yrs) 1404 6461 5536 1076 1583 190 97 32 548 471 709 261 .286 .377 .373 .750 107 2063 100 116
AA (1 yr) 139 688 559 134 163 13 5 5 64 59 117 25 .292 .424 .360 .784 118 201 12
AL (1 yr) 132 641 527 112 155 28 11 2 60 27 86 23 .294 .407 .400 .807 126 211 14 14
PL (1 yr) 122 595 493 107 147 17 8 1 53 39 94 36 .298 .418 .371 .790 119 183 8

Player Value--Batters

WAR Explained (v2.2): 8+ MVP, 5+ A-S, 2+ Starter, 0-2 Sub, < 0 Repl
Year Age Tm Lg G PA Rbat Rbaser Rdp Rfield Rpos RAA WAA Rrep RAR WAR waaWL% 162WL% oWAR dWAR oRAR Salary Pos Awards
1888 26 WHS NL 136 583 25 5 0 0 -7 23 2.2 19 42 4.3 .517 .514 4.5 -0.8 42 $1,800 *O
1889 27 WHS NL 127 588 10 -1 0 -9 -7 -7 -0.8 19 12 1.2 .495 .496 2.1 -1.4 21 $2,250 *O
1890 28 BUF PL 122 595 28 -1 0 -4 -7 16 1.3 13 29 2.6 .510 .507 2.7 -0.6 33 *O/4
1891 29 STL AA 139 688 26 1 0 2 -8 22 1.8 15 36 3.4 .513 .511 3.1 -0.4 34 *O
1892 30 WHS NL 152 683 24 4 0 -8 -8 12 1.0 23 35 3.4 .507 .507 4.2 -1.6 43 *O
1893 31 WHS NL 130 643 -20 3 0 -12 -7 -36 -2.9 20 -16 -0.9 .478 .482 0.0 -1.5 -4 *O
1894 32 CIN NL 128 616 11 -2 0 -1 -7 0 -0.0 20 21 2.0 .500 .500 2.1 -0.6 22 *O
1895 33 CIN NL 107 490 -3 4 0 -4 -6 -9 -0.8 16 7 0.9 .493 .496 1.2 -0.8 11 *O
1896 34 CIN NL 121 554 10 4 0 5 -6 13 1.1 18 32 2.9 .509 .507 2.5 -0.1 27 *O
1897 35 CIN NL 128 586 -3 1 0 5 -6 -4 -0.3 20 16 1.6 .498 .498 1.2 -0.1 11 *O
1898 36 LOU NL 148 659 19 0 0 -1 -7 11 1.0 22 33 3.3 .507 .506 3.4 -0.8 34 *O
1899 37 LOU NL 155 723 12 -2 0 -8 -7 -4 -0.4 23 19 2.0 .498 .498 2.7 -1.4 27 *O
1901 39 CHW AL 132 641 27 -2 0 3 -4 24 2.2 20 45 4.2 .517 .514 3.9 -0.1 42 *O
1902 40 CIN NL 72 336 11 -1 0 -2 -2 6 0.7 10 16 1.8 .510 .504 2.0 -0.5 18 O
14 Seasons 1797 8385 178 15 0 -34 -91 68 6.0 259 328 32.5 .504 .503 35.8 -10.8 362 $4,050
CIN (5 yrs) 556 2582 26 7 0 3 -29 7 0.6 85 92 9.2 .501 .501 9.0 -2.2 89
LOU (2 yrs) 303 1382 31 -1 0 -9 -14 7 0.6 45 52 5.2 .502 .502 6.2 -2.1 61
WHS (2 yrs) 282 1326 4 7 0 -20 -15 -24 -1.9 43 19 2.5 .494 .496 4.2 -3.1 39
WHS (2 yrs) 263 1171 35 4 0 -9 -14 16 1.4 39 55 5.5 .507 .506 6.6 -2.3 64 $4,050
STL (1 yr) 139 688 26 1 0 2 -8 22 1.8 15 36 3.4 .513 .511 3.1 -0.4 34
BUF (1 yr) 122 595 28 -1 0 -4 -7 16 1.3 13 29 2.6 .510 .507 2.7 -0.6 33
CHW (1 yr) 132 641 27 -2 0 3 -4 24 2.2 20 45 4.2 .517 .514 3.9 -0.1 42

Standard Fielding

More Stats

Year Tm Lg Age Pos G GS CG Inn Ch PO A E DP Fld% RF/9 RF/G lgFld% lgRF9 lgRFG G Awards
1888 WHS NL 26 OF 136 359 296 26 37 7 .897 2.37 .906 1.91 0-136-1
1889 WHS NL 27 OF 127 319 255 29 35 4 .890 2.24 .910 2.00 1-126-0
1890 BUF PL 28 OF 122 342 289 23 30 9 .912 2.56 .904 2.11 0-122-0
1890 BUF PL 28 2B 1 3 1 2 0 1 1.000 3.00 .913 5.90
1891 STL AA 29 OF 139 304 251 26 27 3 .911 1.99 .908 1.88 0-139-0
1892 WHS NL 30 OF 152 329 275 16 38 3 .884 1.91 .912 1.89 3-150-0
1893 WHS NL 31 OF 130 344 281 26 37 8 .892 2.36 .915 2.18 0-130-0
1894 CIN NL 32 OF 128 391 320 30 41 3 .895 2.73 .915 2.28 0-128-0
1895 CIN NL 33 OF 107 282 235 14 33 6 .883 2.33 .917 2.18 62-41-4
1896 CIN NL 34 OF 120 335 303 14 18 3 .946 2.64 .933 2.16 0-120-0
1897 CIN NL 35 OF 128 395 359 10 26 5 .934 2.88 .936 2.09 0-128-0
1898 LOU NL 36 OF 148 388 348 19 21 6 .946 2.48 .937 2.08 0-148-0
1899 LOU NL 37 OF 155 373 325 21 27 8 .928 2.23 .944 2.15 0-155-0
1901 CHW AL 39 OF 132 307 278 16 13 6 .958 2.23 .931 2.03 0-132-0
1902 CIN NL 40 OF 72 164 149 4 11 1 .933 2.13 .945 1.97 0-72-0
14 Seasons OF 1796 4632 3964 274 394 72 .915 2.36 .922 2.06 66-1727-5
1 Season 2B 1 3 1 2 0 1 1.000 3.00 .913 5.90
14 Seasons TOT 1797 4635 3965 276 394 73 .915 2.36 .922 2.07 66-1727-5
Note: Complete player games played data.
Fielding stats are a combination of official records and RetroSheet records. Both are likely to have substantial errors and will not match perfectly.
View Complete Notes on Fielding Data
Leagues historically made no effort to balance team, league, and player fielding stats. Since 1990 or so, computers have made this feasible, but prior to that there are hundreds or thousands of discrepancies each year in games played (even whether a player played a position), putouts, assists, double plays and errors.
  • Pre-1938 SB & CS data for catchers is estimated from catcher assists, games started and opposition stolen bases.
  • From 1938 on SB, CS, Pickoff, & WP data for catchers and pitchers is taken from play-by-play accounts in the retrosheet files. There are several hundred games without pbp from 1938 to 1973 and for those we may not have any data.
  • CG & GS come from the retrosheet data and should be complete and pretty accurate from 1914 on.
  • Innings played (like SB and CS) come from the retrosheet play-by-play data and should be considered mostly complete from 1938 to 1973 and complete from then on.
  • Stats (PO,A,G, etc) for LF-CF-RF positions (since 1914) is taken from play-by-play or box score data as available.
  • Stats (PO,A,G,etc) for C,P,1B,2B,3B,SS,OF positions is taken from the official reported totals and may have been corrected at various times since their publication.
  • For detailed information on which games retrosheet is missing play-by-play from 1938 to 1973, please see their most wanted games list
  • For detailed information on the availability of data on this site by year, see our data coverage page

Appearances on Leader Boards, Awards, and Honors

Stats are Year-Value-Rank · Glossary

WAR Position Playerss c a p y
1888 NL  4.3 (10th)
1901 AL  4.3 (8th)

Offensive WARs c a p y
1888 NL  4.5 (7th)
1891 AA  3.2 (10th)
1901 AL  3.9 (9th)

On-Base% s c a p y
1888 NL  .374 (5th)
1890 PL  .418 (8th)
1891 AA  .424 (3rd)
1901 AL  .407 (4th)
Career  .386 (124th)

Games Played s c a p y
1888 NL  136 (2nd)
1891 AA  139 (2nd)
1892 NL  152 (5th)
1899 NL  155 (1st)

At Bats s c a p y
1891 AA  559 (8th)
1893 NL  564 (7th)
1899 NL  636 (1st)

Plate Appearances s c a p y
1888 NL  583 (4th)
1891 AA  688 (1st)
1893 NL  643 (4th)
1899 NL  723 (1st)
1901 AL  641 (3rd)
Career  8,385 (206th)

Runs Scored s c a p y
1891 AA  134 (3rd)
1899 NL  117 (9th)
1901 AL  112 (4th)
Career  1,429 (82nd)

Hits s c a p y
1888 NL  138 (10th)
1891 AA  163 (9th)
1899 NL  194 (9th)

Total Bases s c a p y
1898 NL  242 (10th)

Doubles s c a p y
1901 AL  28 (5th)

Triples s c a p y
1898 NL  16 (2nd)
Career  121 (96th)

Home Runs s c a p y
1898 NL  6 (8th)

Bases on Balls s c a p y
1888 NL  69 (2nd)
1889 NL  75 (9th)
1890 PL  94 (4th)
1891 AA  117 (1st)
1892 NL  86 (5th)
1894 NL  90 (7th)
1896 NL  65 (10th)
1901 AL  86 (1st)
Career  1,006 (112th)

Stolen Bases s c a p y
1888 NL  82 (1st)
1891 AA  59 (4th)
1892 NL  60 (4th)
1893 NL  48 (6th)
1895 NL  50 (7th)
1898 NL  37 (8th)
Career  596 (19th)

Singles s c a p y
1888 NL  118 (4th)
1889 NL  122 (10th)
1890 PL  121 (10th)
1891 AA  140 (4th)
1892 NL  137 (7th)
1899 NL  159 (7th)
Career  1,639 (138th)

Adjusted OPS+ s c a p y
1888 NL  134 (10th)

Runs Created s c a p y
1901 AL  83 (9th)

Adj. Batting Runs s c a p y
1888 NL  24 (9th)
1901 AL  25 (9th)

Adj. Batting Wins s c a p y
1888 NL  2.7 (9th)
1901 AL  2.5 (9th)

Times On Base s c a p y
1888 NL  218 (4th)
1890 PL  249 (6th)
1891 AA  292 (1st)
1892 NL  257 (5th)
1899 NL  266 (9th)
1901 AL  255 (2nd)
Career  3,188 (153rd)

Hit By Pitch s c a p y
1888 NL  11 (3rd)
1889 NL  6 (9th)
1890 PL  8 (9th)
1891 AA  12 (7th)
1893 NL  13 (6th)
1894 NL  12 (7th)
1896 NL  13 (8th)
1897 NL  12 (8th)
1901 AL  14 (1st)
Career  134 (33rd)

Sacrifice Hits s c a p y
1896 NL  33 (1st)
1897 NL  23 (3rd)
1898 NL  19 (8th)
1901 AL  14 (10th)
Career  130 (243rd)

Power-Speed # s c a p y
1898 NL  10.3 (7th)

AB per SO s c a p y
1891 AA  22.4 (8th)
1892 NL  25.8 (9th)
1893 NL  62.7 (5th)
1895 NL  53.6 (4th)
Career  20.6 (110th)

Outs Made s c a p y
1891 AA  396 (10th)
1893 NL  426 (1st)
1899 NL  457 (1st)

Def. Games as OF s c a p y
1888 NL  136 (1st)
1891 AA  139 (1st)
1892 NL  152 (3rd)
1899 NL  155 (1st)
Career  1,796 (92nd)

Putouts as OF s c a p y
1888 NL  296 (2nd)
1889 NL  255 (4th)
1890 PL  289 (2nd)
1891 AA  251 (4th)
1892 NL  275 (5th)
1894 NL  320 (4th)
1896 NL  303 (4th)
1897 NL  359 (1st)
1898 NL  348 (2nd)
1901 AL  278 (5th)
Career  3,964 (75th)

Assists as OF s c a p y
1888 NL  26 (5th)
1889 NL  29 (4th)
1891 AA  26 (5th)
1894 NL  30 (2nd)
Career  274 (14th)

Errors Committed as OF s c a p y
1888 NL  37 (2nd)
1889 NL  35 (2nd)
1890 PL  30 (4th)
1891 AA  27 (3rd)
1892 NL  38 (2nd)
1893 NL  37 (3rd)
1894 NL  41 (2nd)
1895 NL  33 (4th)
1897 NL  26 (3rd)
1899 NL  27 (1st)
Career  394 (2nd)

Double Plays Turned as OF s c a p y
1888 NL  7 (2nd)
1890 PL  9 (2nd)
1893 NL  8 (3rd)
1895 NL  6 (5th)
1897 NL  5 (5th)
1898 NL  6 (5th)
1899 NL  8 (5th)
1901 AL  6 (3rd)
Career  72 (8th)

Range Factor/Game as OF s c a p y
1888 NL  2.37 (2nd)
1890 PL  2.56 (4th)
1894 NL  2.73 (5th)
1896 NL  2.64 (5th)
1897 NL  2.88 (1st)
1898 NL  2.48 (5th)

Fielding % as OF s c a p y
1901 AL  .958 (2nd)

Oldest s c a p y
1898 NL  born 1862-05-23 (7th)
1899 NL  born 1862-05-23 (4th)
1901 AL  born 1862-05-23 (1st)
1902 NL  born 1862-05-23 (2nd)

                                         

Hall Of Fame Statistics

Player rank in (·)

Black InkBatting - 8 (291), Average HOFer ≈ 27
Gray InkBatting - 60 (424), Average HOFer ≈ 144
Hall of Fame MonitorBatting - 42 (470), Likely HOFer ≈ 100
Hall of Fame StandardsBatting - 33 (249), Average HOFer ≈ 50
JAWS Center Field (78th), 32.5 career WAR/24.1 7yr-peak WAR/28.3 JAWS
Average HOF CF (out of 18) = 70.4 career WAR/44.1 7yr-peak WAR/57.2 JAWS

Transactions

The transaction information used here was obtained free of charge from and is copyrighted by RetroSheet. We attempt to update transactions throughout the season.

Salaries

Salaries may not be complete (especially pre-1985) and may not include some earned bonuses
Year Age Team Salary ServTm(OpnDay) Sources Notes/Other Sources
1888 26 Washington Nationals $1,800 ? 1890 Spalding Guide
1889 27 Washington Nationals $2,250 ? 1890 Spalding Guide
Career to date (may be incomplete)$4,050
Primary salary Data (about) courtesy Doug Pappas, and the Society for American Baseball Research.
Additional 1915-1969 salaries researched via Baseball Hall of Fame contract archives by Dr. Michael Haupert of UW-LaCrosse.
Salaries for mid-season call-ups or traded players may not be shown.
Salaries converted to alternate years using Consumer Price Index (CPI) data courtesy of the Minneapolis Federal Reserve Board.

Other Resources & Links

Error?     Compare     Search SABR's Baseball Index     Other Links@google.com     Baseball Library     Baseball-Almanac.com     DeadBallEra Obituary     Retrosheet     SABR BioProject     WahooSam.com     WhatIfSports: Dummy Hoy    

Name and misspellings: William Dummy Ellsworth Hoy

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