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Candy Cummings

William Arthur Cummings

Positions: Pitcher and Outfielder
Bats: Right, Throws: Right
Height: 5' 9", Weight: 120 lb.

Born: October 18, 1848 in Ware, MA (All Transactions)
Debut: April 22, 1872 (Age 23.187)
Rookie Status: Exceeded rookie limits during 1872 season [*]
Teams (by GP): DarkBlues/Mutuals/Whites/Canaries/Reds 1872-1877

Final Game: August 18, 1877 (Age 28.304)
Died: May 16, 1924 in Toledo, OH
Buried: Aspen Grove Cemetery, Ware, MA
Inducted into the Hall of Fame by Old Timers Committee as Pioneer/Executive in 1939.
   View Candy Cummings Page at the Baseball Hall of Fame (plaque, photos, videos).

View Player Bio from the SABR BioProject
    About biographical information


Fan EloRater

Fine Details  · Last updated Oct 23, 2014 3:17PM
All-Time Rank (among pitchers): #307. General Crowder… #308. Frank Killen… #309. Guy Hecker… #310. CANDY CUMMINGS… #311. Jake Weimer… #312. Mike Torrez… #313. Claude Hendrix… 

Standard Pitching

More Stats

Year Age Tm Lg W L W-L% ERA G GS GF CG SHO SV IP H R ER HR BB IBB SO HBP BK WP BF ERA+ FIP WHIP H9 HR9 BB9 SO9 SO/W Awards
1872 23 NYU NA 33 20 .623 3.01 55 55 0 53 3 0 497.0 604 347 166 2 31 45 0 15 2251 108 3.49 1.278 10.9 0.0 0.6 0.8 1.45
1873 24 BAL NA 28 14 .667 2.80 42 42 0 42 1 0 382.0 475 292 119 4 33 34 0 10 1768 124 3.32 1.330 11.2 0.1 0.8 0.8 1.03
1874 25 PHI NA 28 26 .519 1.96 54 54 1 52 3 0 483.0 616 386 105 4 18 61 0 3 2246 112 2.03 1.313 11.5 0.1 0.3 1.1 3.39
1875 26 HAR NA 35 12 .745 1.60 48 47 1 46 7 0 416.0 397 184 74 0 4 82 0 17 1696 146 1.87 0.964 8.6 0.0 0.1 1.8 20.50
1876 27 HAR NL 16 8 .667 1.67 24 24 0 24 5 0 216.0 215 97 40 0 14 26 0 7 913 144 2.19 1.060 9.0 0.0 0.6 1.1 1.86
1877 28 CIN NL 5 14 .263 4.34 19 19 0 16 0 0 155.2 219 144 75 2 13 11 0 15 709 62 3.12 1.490 12.7 0.1 0.8 0.6 0.85
6 Yrs 145 94 .607 2.42 242 241 2 233 19 0 2149.2 2526 1450 579 12 113 259 0 67 9583 113 2.66 1.228 10.6 0.1 0.5 1.1 2.29
162 Game Avg. 20 13 .607 2.42 34 34 0 33 3 0 303 356 204 82 2 16 36 0 9 1349 113 2.66 1.228 10.6 0.1 0.5 1.1 2.29
CIN (1 yr) 5 14 .263 4.34 19 19 0 16 0 0 155.2 219 144 75 2 13 11 0 15 709 62 3.12 1.490 12.7 0.1 0.8 0.6 0.85
PHI (1 yr) 28 26 .519 1.96 54 54 1 52 3 0 483.0 616 386 105 4 18 61 0 3 2246 112 2.03 1.313 11.5 0.1 0.3 1.1 3.39
NYU (1 yr) 33 20 .623 3.01 55 55 0 53 3 0 497.0 604 347 166 2 31 45 0 15 2251 108 3.49 1.278 10.9 0.0 0.6 0.8 1.45
HAR (1 yr) 35 12 .745 1.60 48 47 1 46 7 0 416.0 397 184 74 0 4 82 0 17 1696 146 1.87 0.964 8.6 0.0 0.1 1.8 20.50
HAR (1 yr) 16 8 .667 1.67 24 24 0 24 5 0 216.0 215 97 40 0 14 26 0 7 913 144 2.19 1.060 9.0 0.0 0.6 1.1 1.86
BAL (1 yr) 28 14 .667 2.80 42 42 0 42 1 0 382.0 475 292 119 4 33 34 0 10 1768 124 3.32 1.330 11.2 0.1 0.8 0.8 1.03
NA (4 yrs) 124 72 .633 2.35 199 198 2 193 14 0 1778.0 2092 1209 464 10 86 222 0 45 7961 119 2.68 1.225 10.6 0.1 0.4 1.1 2.58
NL (2 yrs) 21 22 .488 2.78 43 43 0 40 5 0 371.2 434 241 115 2 27 37 0 22 1622 90 2.58 1.240 10.5 0.0 0.7 0.9 1.37
Hold your mouse over the values in the Saves, ERA, or FIP columns for additional information.

Player Value--Pitchers

WAR Explained (v2.2): 8+ MVP, 5+ A-S, 2+ Starter, 0-2 Sub, < 0 Repl
Year Age Tm Lg IP G GS R RA9 RA9opp RA9def RA9role PPFp RA9avg RAA WAA gmLI WAAadj WAR RAR waaWL% 162WL% Salary Awards
1872 23 NYU NA 497.0 55 55 347 6.28 9.25 0.63 0.00 92.0 7.93 82 5.4 -1.2 8.7 185 .599 .534
1873 24 BAL NA 382.0 42 42 292 6.88 8.61 0.27 0.00 102.0 8.50 72 4.9 -0.7 7.8 139 .617 .530 $1,800
1874 25 PHI NA 483.0 54 54 386 7.19 7.37 -0.41 0.00 101.0 7.86 34 2.5 -0.5 6.6 110 .547 .516
1875 26 HAR NA 416.0 48 47 184 3.98 6.09 0.40 0.00 105.0 5.97 99 9.5 1.0 -0.8 12.6 142 .698 .559
1876 27 HAR NL 216.0 24 24 97 4.04 5.85 0.76 0.00 106.0 5.39 28 2.7 -0.3 4.3 58 .611 .516
1877 28 CIN NL 155.2 19 19 144 8.33 5.79 -0.98 0.00 94.0 6.36 -33 -2.7 -0.2 -1.4 -17 .359 .483
6 Seasons 2149.2 242 241 1450 6.07 7.51 0.19 0.00 99.9 7.27 282 22.4 1.0 -3.7 38.5 617 .593 .528 $1,800
CIN (1 yr) 155.2 19 19 144 8.33 5.79 -0.98 0.00 94.0 6.36 -33 -2.7 -0.2 -1.4 -17 .359 .483
PHI (1 yr) 483.0 54 54 386 7.19 7.37 -0.41 0.00 101.0 7.86 34 2.5 -0.5 6.6 110 .547 .516
NYU (1 yr) 497.0 55 55 347 6.28 9.25 0.63 0.00 92.0 7.93 82 5.4 -1.2 8.7 185 .599 .534
HAR (1 yr) 416.0 48 47 184 3.98 6.09 0.40 0.00 105.0 5.97 99 9.5 1.0 -0.8 12.6 142 .698 .559
HAR (1 yr) 216.0 24 24 97 4.04 5.85 0.76 0.00 106.0 5.39 28 2.7 -0.3 4.3 58 .611 .516
BAL (1 yr) 382.0 42 42 292 6.88 8.61 0.27 0.00 102.0 8.50 72 4.9 -0.7 7.8 139 .617 .530 $1,800

Standard Batting

More Stats

Year Age Tm Lg G PA AB R H 2B 3B HR RBI SB CS BB SO BA OBP SLG OPS OPS+ TB GDP HBP SH SF IBB Pos Awards
1872 23 NYU NA 55 253 249 37 52 9 3 0 26 0 1 4 14 .209 .221 .269 .490 56 67 2 *1/O
1873 24 BAL NA 42 197 192 30 48 5 0 0 36 1 0 5 5 .250 .269 .276 .545 61 53 1 *1
1874 25 PHI NA 54 231 231 32 52 4 2 0 19 1 1 0 12 .225 .225 .260 .485 54 60 1 *1/O
1875 26 HAR NA 53 224 221 30 44 7 2 0 15 1 0 3 11 .199 .210 .249 .459 54 55 0 *1/O
1876 27 HAR NL 24 105 105 14 17 3 0 0 7 0 3 .162 .162 .190 .352 13 20 1
1877 28 CIN NL 19 74 70 6 14 1 2 0 4 4 6 .200 .243 .271 .515 70 19 1/O
6 Yrs 247 1084 1068 149 227 29 9 0 107 3 2 16 51 .213 .224 .257 .481 53 274 4
162 Game Avg. 162 711 700 98 149 19 6 0 70 10 33 .213 .224 .257 .481 53 180
CIN (1 yr) 19 74 70 6 14 1 2 0 4 4 6 .200 .243 .271 .515 70 19
PHI (1 yr) 54 231 231 32 52 4 2 0 19 1 1 0 12 .225 .225 .260 .485 54 60 1
NYU (1 yr) 55 253 249 37 52 9 3 0 26 0 1 4 14 .209 .221 .269 .490 56 67 2
HAR (1 yr) 53 224 221 30 44 7 2 0 15 1 0 3 11 .199 .210 .249 .459 54 55 0
HAR (1 yr) 24 105 105 14 17 3 0 0 7 0 3 .162 .162 .190 .352 13 20
BAL (1 yr) 42 197 192 30 48 5 0 0 36 1 0 5 5 .250 .269 .276 .545 61 53 1
NA (4 yrs) 204 905 893 129 196 25 7 0 96 3 2 12 42 .219 .230 .263 .493 56 235 4
NL (2 yrs) 43 179 175 20 31 4 2 0 11 4 9 .177 .196 .223 .418 36 39

Player Value--Batters

WAR Explained (v2.2): 8+ MVP, 5+ A-S, 2+ Starter, 0-2 Sub, < 0 Repl
Year Age Tm Lg G PA Rbat Rbaser Rdp Rfield Rpos RAA WAA Rrep RAR WAR waaWL% 162WL% oWAR dWAR oRAR Salary Pos Awards
1872 23 NYU NA 55 253 -15 -0 0 0 7 -7 -0.5 0 -7 -0.5 .491 .497 -0.5 -0.0 -7 *1/O
1873 24 BAL NA 42 197 -11 1 0 0 13 3 0.1 0 3 0.1 .504 .501 0.2 -0.0 3 $1,800 *1
1874 25 PHI NA 54 231 -15 -0 0 0 11 -5 -0.4 0 -5 -0.4 .494 .498 -0.3 -0.0 -5 *1/O
1875 26 HAR NA 53 224 -12 0 0 -1 6 -7 -0.6 0 -7 -0.6 .489 .496 -0.5 -0.1 -6 *1/O
1876 27 HAR NL 24 105 -11 0 0 0 2 -9 -0.8 0 -9 -0.8 .467 .495 -0.8 -0.0 -9 1
1877 28 CIN NL 19 74 -2 0 0 0 3 1 0.1 0 1 0.1 .507 .501 0.1 -0.0 1 1/O
6 Seasons 247 1084 -65 1 0 -1 42 -24 -2.1 0 -24 -2.1 .492 .498 -1.8 -0.2 -23 $1,800
CIN (1 yr) 19 74 -2 0 0 0 3 1 0.1 0 1 0.1 .507 .501 0.1 -0.0 1
PHI (1 yr) 54 231 -15 -0 0 0 11 -5 -0.4 0 -5 -0.4 .494 .498 -0.3 -0.0 -5
NYU (1 yr) 55 253 -15 -0 0 0 7 -7 -0.5 0 -7 -0.5 .491 .497 -0.5 -0.0 -7
HAR (1 yr) 53 224 -12 0 0 -1 6 -7 -0.6 0 -7 -0.6 .489 .496 -0.5 -0.1 -6
HAR (1 yr) 24 105 -11 0 0 0 2 -9 -0.8 0 -9 -0.8 .467 .495 -0.8 -0.0 -9
BAL (1 yr) 42 197 -11 1 0 0 13 3 0.1 0 3 0.1 .504 .501 0.2 -0.0 3 $1,800

Standard Fielding

More Stats

Year Tm Lg Age Pos G GS CG Inn Ch PO A E DP Fld% RF/9 RF/G lgFld% lgRF9 lgRFG G Awards
1872 NYU NA 23 P 55 497.0 90 21 61 8 3 .911 1.48 1.49 .814 2.02 2.01
1872 NYU NA 23 OF 2 2 0 0 2 0 .000 0.00 .820 1.95 1-0-1
1873 BAL NA 24 P 42 382.0 74 20 42 12 2 .838 1.46 1.48 .806 1.94 1.94
1874 PHI NA 25 P 54 483.0 112 16 73 23 0 .795 1.66 1.65 .810 2.17 2.16
1874 PHI NA 25 OF 1 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 2.00 0-0-1
1875 HAR NA 26 P 48 416.0 124 28 85 11 5 .911 2.44 2.35 .865 2.59 2.58
1875 HAR NA 26 OF 6 7 4 0 3 0 .571 0.67 .819 1.88 2-4-0
1876 HAR NL 27 P 24 216.0 38 9 27 2 0 .947 1.50 1.50 .874 2.08 2.10
1877 CIN NL 28 P 19 155.2 40 6 31 3 0 .925 2.14 1.95 .915 2.10 2.10
1877 CIN NL 28 OF 3 7 5 1 1 0 .857 2.00 .831 1.87 0-1-2
6 Seasons P 242 2149.2 478 100 319 59 10 .877 1.75 1.73 .838 2.16 2.16
4 Seasons OF 12 16 9 1 6 0 .625 0.83 .824 1.90 3-5-4
6 Seasons TOT 254 2149.2 494 109 320 65 10 .868 1.75 1.69 .838 2.16 2.15 3-5-4
Note: Complete player games played data.
Fielding stats are a combination of official records and RetroSheet records. Both are likely to have substantial errors and will not match perfectly.
View Complete Notes on Fielding Data
Leagues historically made no effort to balance team, league, and player fielding stats. Since 1990 or so, computers have made this feasible, but prior to that there are hundreds or thousands of discrepancies each year in games played (even whether a player played a position), putouts, assists, double plays and errors.
  • Pre-1938 SB & CS data for catchers is estimated from catcher assists, games started and opposition stolen bases.
  • From 1938 on SB, CS, Pickoff, & WP data for catchers and pitchers is taken from play-by-play accounts in the retrosheet files. There are several hundred games without pbp from 1938 to 1973 and for those we may not have any data.
  • CG & GS come from the retrosheet data and should be complete and pretty accurate from 1914 on.
  • Innings played (like SB and CS) come from the retrosheet play-by-play data and should be considered mostly complete from 1938 to 1973 and complete from then on.
  • Stats (PO,A,G, etc) for LF-CF-RF positions (since 1914) is taken from play-by-play or box score data as available.
  • Stats (PO,A,G,etc) for C,P,1B,2B,3B,SS,OF positions is taken from the official reported totals and may have been corrected at various times since their publication.
  • For detailed information on which games retrosheet is missing play-by-play from 1938 to 1973, please see their most wanted games list
  • For detailed information on the availability of data on this site by year, see our data coverage page

Appearances on Leader Boards, Awards, and Honors

Stats are Year-Value-Rank · Glossary

Hall of Fame
1936 Veterans ()
1939 Old Timers (inducted)
Selected to HOF in 1939
by Old Timers Committee

Wins Above Replacements c a p y
1872 NA  8.1 (2nd)
1873 NA  7.9 (3rd)
1874 NA  6.2 (3rd)
1875 NA  11.9 (2nd)
1876 NL  3.5 (9th)

WAR for Pitcherss c a p y
1872 NA  8.7 (2nd)
1873 NA  7.8 (3rd)
1874 NA  6.6 (4th)
1875 NA  12.6 (2nd)
1876 NL  4.3 (5th)
Career  38.5 (183rd)

Earned Run Average s c a p y
1872 NA  3.01 (5th)
1873 NA  2.80 (3rd)
1874 NA  1.96 (4th)
1875 NA  1.60 (6th)
1876 NL  1.67 (3rd)
1877 NL  4.34 (10th)
Career  2.42 (31st)

Wins s c a p y
1872 NA  33 (2nd)
1873 NA  28 (4th)
1874 NA  28 (4th)
1875 NA  35 (3rd)
1876 NL  16 (7th)
1877 NL  5 (8th)

Win-Loss % s c a p y
1872 NA  .623 (4th)
1873 NA  .667 (3rd)
1874 NA  .519 (4th)
1875 NA  .745 (4th)
1876 NL  .667 (6th)
1877 NL  .263 (9th)
Career  .607 (99th)

Walks & Hits per IP s c a p y
1872 NA  1.278 (5th)
1873 NA  1.330 (4th)
1874 NA  1.313 (5th)
1875 NA  0.964 (4th)
1876 NL  1.060 (4th)
1877 NL  1.490 (9th)
Career  1.228 (211th)

Hits per 9 IP s c a p y
1872 NA  10.938 (6th)
1873 NA  11.191 (4th)
1874 NA  11.478 (7th)
1875 NA  8.589 (4th)
1876 NL  8.958 (4th)
1877 NL  12.662 (10th)

Bases On Balls per 9 IP s c a p y
1872 NA  0.561 (6th)
1873 NA  0.778 (6th)
1874 NA  0.335 (3rd)
1875 NA  0.087 (1st)
1876 NL  0.583 (8th)
1877 NL  0.752 (3rd)
Career  0.473 (1st)

Strikeouts per 9 IP s c a p y
1872 NA  0.815 (5th)
1873 NA  0.801 (4th)
1874 NA  1.137 (2nd)
1875 NA  1.774 (3rd)
1876 NL  1.083 (7th)
1877 NL  0.636 (10th)

Games Played s c a p y
1872 NA  55 (1st)
1873 NA  42 (6th)
1874 NA  54 (6th)
1875 NA  48 (6th)
1877 NL  19 (7th)

Innings Pitched s c a p y
1872 NA  497.0 (1st)
1873 NA  382.0 (6th)
1874 NA  483.0 (6th)
1875 NA  416.0 (6th)
1877 NL  155.7 (7th)

Strikeouts s c a p y
1872 NA  45 (2nd)
1873 NA  34 (3rd)
1874 NA  61 (2nd)
1875 NA  82 (1st)
1876 NL  26 (8th)
1877 NL  11 (10th)

Games Started s c a p y
1872 NA  55 (1st)
1873 NA  42 (6th)
1874 NA  54 (6th)
1875 NA  47 (6th)
1876 NL  24 (9th)
1877 NL  19 (7th)

Complete Games s c a p y
1872 NA  53 (1st)
1873 NA  42 (5th)
1874 NA  52 (6th)
1875 NA  46 (6th)
1876 NL  24 (8th)
1877 NL  16 (7th)
Career  233 (97th)

Shutouts s c a p y
1872 NA  3 (1st)
1873 NA  1 (3rd)
1874 NA  3 (3rd)
1875 NA  7 (1st)
1876 NL  5 (4th)

Home Runs s c a p y
1872 NA  2 (9th)
1873 NA  4 (6th)
1874 NA  4 (3rd)
1877 NL  2 (4th)

Bases on Balls s c a p y
1872 NA  31 (2nd)
1873 NA  33 (6th)
1874 NA  18 (6th)
1876 NL  14 (10th)
1877 NL  13 (8th)

Hits s c a p y
1872 NA  604 (1st)
1873 NA  475 (6th)
1874 NA  616 (4th)
1875 NA  397 (6th)
1877 NL  219 (6th)
Career  2,526 (223rd)

Strikeouts / Base On Balls s c a p y
1872 NA  1.452 (5th)
1873 NA  1.030 (4th)
1874 NA  3.389 (2nd)
1875 NA  20.500 (1st)
1876 NL  1.857 (6th)
1877 NL  0.846 (10th)
Career  2.292 (175th)

Home Runs per 9 IP s c a p y
1872 NA  0.036 (3rd)
1873 NA  0.094 (5th)
1874 NA  0.075 (7th)
1875 NA  0.000 (1st)
1876 NL  0.000 (1st)
1877 NL  0.116 (10th)
Career  0.050 (4th)

Losses s c a p y
1872 NA  20 (2nd)
1873 NA  14 (7th)
1874 NA  26 (3rd)
1877 NL  14 (6th)

Earned Runs s c a p y
1872 NA  166 (2nd)
1873 NA  119 (7th)
1874 NA  105 (5th)
1875 NA  74 (8th)
1877 NL  75 (6th)

Wild Pitches s c a p y
1872 NA  15 (5th)
1873 NA  10 (5th)
1874 NA  3 (9th)
1875 NA  17 (6th)
1876 NL  7 (8th)
1877 NL  15 (7th)

Batters Faced s c a p y
1872 NA  2,251 (1st)
1873 NA  1,768 (6th)
1874 NA  2,246 (5th)
1875 NA  1,696 (6th)
1877 NL  709 (7th)

Games Finished s c a p y
1874 NA  1 (7th)

Adjusted ERA+ s c a p y
1872 NA  108 (6th)
1873 NA  124 (3rd)
1874 NA  112 (3rd)
1875 NA  146 (4th)
1876 NL  144 (3rd)
Career  113 (246th)

Fielding Independent Pitching s c a p y
1872 NA  3.49 (2nd)
1873 NA  3.32 (5th)
1874 NA  2.03 (2nd)
1875 NA  1.87 (1st)
1876 NL  2.19 (4th)
Career  2.66 (42nd)

Adj. Pitching Runs s c a p y
1872 NA  32 (2nd)
1873 NA  32 (3rd)
1874 NA  9 (4th)
1875 NA  36 (2nd)
1876 NL  18 (5th)
Career  98 (245th)

Adj. Pitching Wins s c a p y
1872 NA  2.3 (2nd)
1873 NA  2.3 (3rd)
1874 NA  0.7 (4th)
1875 NA  3.2 (2nd)
1876 NL  1.6 (5th)

Games Played s c a p y
1872 NA  55 (6th)

Strikeouts s c a p y
1872 NA  14 (1st)
1874 NA  12 (4th)
1875 NA  11 (10th)

Double Plays Grounded Into s c a p y
1872 NA  2 (7th)

Outs Made s c a p y
1872 NA  200 (5th)

Def. Games as P s c a p y
1872 NA  55 (1st)

Putouts as P s c a p y
1872 NA  21 (3rd)
1873 NA  20 (5th)

Assists as P s c a p y
1872 NA  61 (3rd)
1874 NA  73 (5th)

Errors Committed as P s c a p y
1874 NA  23 (5th)
Career  59 (70th)

Range Factor/9Inn as Ps c a p y
1877 NL  2.14 (4th)

Range Factor/Game as P s c a p y
1877 NL  1.95 (4th)

Fielding % as P s c a p y
1872 NA  .911 (1st)
1873 NA  .838 (4th)
1875 NA  .911 (5th)
1876 NL  .947 (4th)

                                         

Hall Of Fame Statistics

Player rank in (·)

Black InkPitching - 15 (153), Average HOFer ≈ 40
Gray InkBatting - 1 (2441), Average HOFer ≈ 144
Pitching - 157 (89), Average HOFer ≈ 185
Hall of Fame MonitorPitching - 88 (137), Likely HOFer ≈ 100
Hall of Fame StandardsBatting - 1 (2996), Average HOFer ≈ 50
Pitching - 33 (121), Average HOFer ≈ 50
JAWS Starting Pitcher (184th), 36.4 career WAR/36.4 7yr-peak WAR/36.4 JAWS
Average HOF P (out of 59) = 73.4 career WAR/50.2 7yr-peak WAR/61.8 JAWS

Transactions

The transaction information used here was obtained free of charge from and is copyrighted by RetroSheet. We attempt to update transactions throughout the season.

Salaries

Salaries may not be complete (especially pre-1985) and may not include some earned bonuses
Year Age Team Salary ServTm(OpnDay) Sources Notes/Other Sources
1873 24 Baltimore Canaries $1,800 ? Preston Orem 161
Career to date (may be incomplete)$1,800
Primary salary Data (about) courtesy Doug Pappas, and the Society for American Baseball Research.
Additional 1915-1969 salaries researched via Baseball Hall of Fame contract archives by Dr. Michael Haupert of UW-LaCrosse.
Salaries for mid-season call-ups or traded players may not be shown.
Salaries converted to alternate years using Consumer Price Index (CPI) data courtesy of the Minneapolis Federal Reserve Board.

Name Translations

Note this is done in a automated way, so we apologize for any errors, & please report any suggested corrections
French: Candy Cummings statistiques
Japanese: キャンディ・カミングス 統計
sh: Candy Cummings

Other Resources & Links

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Name and misspellings: William Arthur Candy Cummings

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