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Gavvy Cravath    \cruh-VATH\

Clifford Carlton Cravath (Cactus Gavvy)

Position: Rightfielder
Bats: Right, Throws: Right
Height: 5' 10", Weight: 186 lb.

Born: March 23, 1881 in Poway, CA
High School: Escondido HS (Escondido, CA) (All Transactions)
Debut: April 18, 1908 (Age 27.026)
Rookie Status: Exceeded rookie limits during 1908 season [*]
Teams (by GP): Phillies/RedSox/WhiteSox/Senators 1908-1920

Final Game: October 2, 1920 (Age 39.193)
Died: May 23, 1963 in Laguna Beach, CA
Buried: Melrose Abbey Cemetery, Anaheim, CA
View Player Bio from the SABR BioProject
    About biographical information

Fan EloRater

Fine Details  · Last updated Oct 2, 2014 4:17AM
All-Time Rank (among batters): #351. Andres Galarraga… #352. Hughie Jennings… #353. Tim Wallach… #354. GAVVY CRAVATH… #355. Lefty O'Doul… #356. Ken Griffey… #357. Ian Kinsler… 

Standard Batting

More Stats

Year Age Tm Lg G PA AB R H 2B 3B HR RBI SB CS BB SO BA OBP SLG OPS OPS+ TB GDP HBP SH SF IBB Pos Awards
1908 27 BOS AL 94 327 277 43 71 10 11 1 34 6 38 52 .256 .354 .383 .737 137 106 4 8 O/3
1909 28 TOT AL 23 77 56 7 9 0 0 1 9 3 20 12 .161 .382 .214 .596 92 12 0 1 O
1909 28 CHW AL 19 70 50 7 9 0 0 1 8 3 19 8 .180 .406 .240 .646 108 12 0 1 O
1909 28 WSH AL 4 7 6 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 4 .000 .143 .000 .143 -54 0 0 0 /O
1912 31 PHI NL 130 502 436 63 124 30 9 11 70 15 47 77 .284 .358 .470 .828 120 205 3 16 *O
1913 32 PHI NL 147 594 525 78 179 34 14 19 128 10 11 55 63 .341 .407 .568 .974 172 298 3 11 *O MVP-2
1914 33 PHI NL 149 605 499 76 149 27 8 19 100 14 83 72 .299 .402 .499 .901 161 249 3 19 *O9/7 MVP-22
1915 34 PHI NL 150 621 522 89 149 31 7 24 115 11 9 86 77 .285 .393 .510 .902 170 266 6 7 *O9
1916 35 PHI NL 137 532 448 70 127 21 8 11 70 9 64 89 .283 .379 .440 .819 147 197 5 15 *O9
1917 36 PHI NL 140 588 503 70 141 29 16 12 83 6 70 57 .280 .369 .473 .842 153 238 1 16 *9O
1918 37 PHI NL 121 486 426 43 99 27 5 8 54 7 54 46 .232 .320 .376 .696 106 160 1 8 *O9/7
1919 38 PHI NL 83 256 214 34 73 18 5 12 45 8 35 21 .341 .438 .640 1.078 213 137 2 4 O9/78
1920 39 PHI NL 46 54 45 2 13 5 0 1 11 0 0 9 12 .289 .407 .467 .874 147 21 0 0 /O79
11 Yrs 1220 4642 3951 575 1134 232 83 119 719 89 20 561 578 .287 .380 .478 .858 151 1889 28 105
162 Game Avg. 162 616 525 76 151 31 11 16 95 12 74 77 .287 .380 .478 .858 151 251 4 14
PHI (9 yrs) 1103 4238 3618 525 1054 222 72 117 676 80 20 503 514 .291 .381 .489 .871 152 1771 24 96
WSH (1 yr) 4 7 6 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 4 .000 .143 .000 .143 -54 0 0 0
BOS (1 yr) 94 327 277 43 71 10 11 1 34 6 38 52 .256 .354 .383 .737 137 106 4 8
CHW (1 yr) 19 70 50 7 9 0 0 1 8 3 19 8 .180 .406 .240 .646 108 12 0 1
NL (9 yrs) 1103 4238 3618 525 1054 222 72 117 676 80 20 503 514 .291 .381 .489 .871 152 1771 24 96
AL (2 yrs) 117 404 333 50 80 10 11 2 43 9 58 64 .240 .359 .354 .714 130 118 4 9

Player Value--Batters

WAR Explained (v2.2): 8+ MVP, 5+ A-S, 2+ Starter, 0-2 Sub, < 0 Repl
Year Age Tm Lg G PA Rbat Rbaser Rdp Rfield Rpos RAA WAA Rrep RAR WAR waaWL% 162WL% oWAR dWAR oRAR Salary Pos Awards
1908 27 BOS AL 94 327 11 -1 0 -3 -4 3 0.3 12 14 1.6 .504 .502 1.9 -0.9 17 O/3
1909 28 CHW AL 19 70 2 -0 0 0 -0 1 0.1 3 4 0.4 .507 .501 0.4 -0.1 4 $2,400 O
1909 28 WSH AL 4 7 -1 0 0 0 -0 -1 -0.1 0 -1 -0.1 .466 .499 -0.1 -0.0 -1 /O
1912 31 PHI NL 130 502 9 -1 0 2 -6 5 0.4 15 20 2.0 .504 .503 1.9 -0.4 18 *O
1913 32 PHI NL 147 594 47 -0 0 -4 -7 35 3.8 18 53 5.6 .526 .523 6.0 -1.2 57 *O MVP-2
1914 33 PHI NL 149 605 38 -1 0 -10 -8 19 2.0 19 38 3.9 .515 .513 5.2 -2.1 48 *O9/7 MVP-22
1915 34 PHI NL 150 621 43 0 0 6 -8 42 4.9 19 61 7.0 .533 .531 6.4 -0.3 55 *O9
1916 35 PHI NL 137 532 24 -1 0 -2 -7 14 1.8 16 31 3.5 .513 .511 3.7 -1.1 33 *O9
1917 36 PHI NL 140 588 31 -0 0 -2 -7 22 2.6 18 40 4.4 .519 .516 4.7 -1.2 42 *9O
1918 37 PHI NL 121 486 3 -0 0 -3 -6 -6 -0.8 15 9 0.7 .494 .495 1.1 -1.1 12 *O9/7
1919 38 PHI NL 83 256 29 -0 0 -4 -3 22 2.5 8 30 3.4 .531 .516 3.9 -0.9 34 O9/78
1920 39 PHI NL 46 54 3 0 0 -1 -0 2 0.2 2 3 0.3 .504 .501 0.5 -0.2 4 /O79
11 Seasons 1220 4642 239 -4 0 -21 -56 157 17.6 145 302 32.8 .515 .512 35.7 -9.5 323 $2,400
PHI (9 yrs) 1103 4238 228 -3 0 -18 -52 155 17.3 131 285 30.9 .516 .514 33.5 -8.5 303
WSH (1 yr) 4 7 -1 0 0 0 -0 -1 -0.1 0 -1 -0.1 .466 .499 -0.1 -0.0 -1
BOS (1 yr) 94 327 11 -1 0 -3 -4 3 0.3 12 14 1.6 .504 .502 1.9 -0.9 17
CHW (1 yr) 19 70 2 -0 0 0 -0 1 0.1 3 4 0.4 .507 .501 0.4 -0.1 4 $2,400

Postseason Batting

Year Age Tm Lg Series Opp Rslt G PA AB R H 2B 3B HR RBI SB CS BB SO BA OBP SLG OPS TB GDP HBP SH SF IBB
1915 34 PHI NL WS BOS L 5 19 16 2 2 1 1 0 1 0 0 2 6 .125 .222 .313 .535 5 1 0 1 0 0
1 WS 5 19 16 2 2 1 1 0 1 0 0 2 6 .125 .222 .313 .535 5 1 0 1 0 0

Standard Fielding

More Stats

Year Tm Lg Age Pos G GS CG Inn Ch PO A E DP Fld% RF/9 RF/G lgFld% lgRF9 lgRFG G Awards
1908 BOS AL 27 OF 77 146 128 7 11 3 .925 1.75 .954 1.84 62-0-15
1908 BOS AL 27 1B 5 8 6 0 2 0 .750 1.20 .984 11.36
1909 TOT AL 28 OF 19 38 35 1 2 0 .947 1.89 .951 1.85 0-18-1
1909 CHW AL 28 OF 18 36 34 0 2 0 .944 1.89 .951 1.85 0-18-0
1909 WSH AL 28 OF 1 2 1 1 0 0 1.000 2.00 .950 1.80 0-0-1
1912 PHI NL 31 OF 113 234 200 26 8 5 .966 2.00 .956 2.24 30-14-73
1913 PHI NL 32 OF 141 238 208 20 10 1 .958 1.62 .960 2.21 3-7-133 MVP-2
1914 PHI NL 33 OF 143 140 140 257 205 34 18 7 .930 1.67 .957 2.13 MVP-22
1914 PHI NL 33 RF 142 140 140 255 203 34 18 8 .929 1.67 .958 1.82 MVP-22
1914 PHI NL 33 LF 1 0 0 2 2 0 0 0 1.000 2.00 .955 2.20 MVP-22
1915 PHI NL 34 OF 149 149 144 276 233 28 15 2 .946 1.75 .959 2.12
1915 PHI NL 34 RF 149 149 144 276 233 28 15 2 .946 1.75 .953 1.71
1916 PHI NL 35 OF 130 130 116 206 182 17 7 2 .966 1.53 .967 2.15
1916 PHI NL 35 RF 130 130 116 206 182 17 7 2 .966 1.53 .964 1.75
1917 PHI NL 36 RF 140 139 134 239 209 17 13 4 .946 1.61 .955 1.86
1917 PHI NL 36 OF 139 139 134 239 209 17 13 3 .946 1.63 .963 2.20
1918 PHI NL 37 OF 118 118 114 218 184 19 15 3 .931 1.72 .962 2.26
1918 PHI NL 37 RF 113 113 109 213 180 18 15 2 .930 1.75 .962 1.86
1918 PHI NL 37 LF 6 5 5 6 5 1 0 1 1.000 1.00 .965 2.22
1919 PHI NL 38 OF 56 54 54 105 89 7 9 2 .914 1.71 .964 2.26
1919 PHI NL 38 RF 53 53 53 103 89 7 7 2 .932 1.81 .959 1.99
1919 PHI NL 38 LF 2 1 1 2 0 0 2 0 .000 0.00 .965 2.20
1919 PHI NL 38 CF 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 2.60
1920 PHI NL 39 OF 5 3 2 3 2 0 1 0 .667 0.40 .963 2.34
1920 PHI NL 39 LF 3 2 1 2 1 0 1 0 .500 0.33 .965 2.17
1920 PHI NL 39 RF 2 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 1.000 0.50 .960 2.10
11 Seasons OF 1090 733 704 1960 1675 176 109 28 .944 1.70 .960 2.16 107-40-951
7 Seasons (incomplete) RF 729 725 697 1293 1097 121 75 20 .942 1.67 .958 1.81
4 Seasons (incomplete) LF 12 8 7 12 8 1 3 1 .750 0.75 .963 2.20
1 Season 1B 5 8 6 0 2 0 .750 1.20 .984 11.36
1 Season (incomplete) CF 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 2.60
11 Seasons TOT 1095 733 704 1968 1681 176 111 28 .944 1.70 .960 2.20 107-40-951
Lg Pos G GS CG Inn Ch PO A E DP Fld% RF/9 RF/G lgFld% lgRF9 lgRFG G Awards
Note: Complete player games played data.
Fielding stats are a combination of official records and RetroSheet records. Both are likely to have substantial errors and will not match perfectly.
View Complete Notes on Fielding Data
Leagues historically made no effort to balance team, league, and player fielding stats. Since 1990 or so, computers have made this feasible, but prior to that there are hundreds or thousands of discrepancies each year in games played (even whether a player played a position), putouts, assists, double plays and errors.
  • Pre-1938 SB & CS data for catchers is estimated from catcher assists, games started and opposition stolen bases.
  • From 1938 on SB, CS, Pickoff, & WP data for catchers and pitchers is taken from play-by-play accounts in the retrosheet files. There are several hundred games without pbp from 1938 to 1973 and for those we may not have any data.
  • CG & GS come from the retrosheet data and should be complete and pretty accurate from 1914 on.
  • Innings played (like SB and CS) come from the retrosheet play-by-play data and should be considered mostly complete from 1938 to 1973 and complete from then on.
  • Stats (PO,A,G, etc) for LF-CF-RF positions (since 1914) is taken from play-by-play or box score data as available.
  • Stats (PO,A,G,etc) for C,P,1B,2B,3B,SS,OF positions is taken from the official reported totals and may have been corrected at various times since their publication.
  • For detailed information on which games retrosheet is missing play-by-play from 1938 to 1973, please see their most wanted games list
  • For detailed information on the availability of data on this site by year, see our data coverage page

Appearances on Leader Boards, Awards, and Honors

Stats are Year-Value-Rank · Glossary

Hall of Fame
1937 BBWAA ( 1.0%)
1938 BBWAA ( 0.8%)
1939 BBWAA ( 0.7%)
1946 Nominating Vote ( 0.5%)
1947 BBWAA ( 1.2%)

MVP (yr lg (rk, shr))
1913 NL (2, 63%)
1914 NL (22, 2%)
0.65 Career Shares (372nd)

Wins Above Replacements c a p y
1913 NL  5.6 (6th)
1915 NL  7.0 (3rd)

WAR Position Playerss c a p y
1913 NL  5.6 (1st)
1915 NL  7.0 (1st)
1917 NL  4.5 (10th)

Offensive WARs c a p y
1913 NL  6.0 (1st)
1914 NL  5.3 (3rd)
1915 NL  6.4 (1st)
1917 NL  4.7 (6th)
1919 NL  3.9 (5th)

Batting Average s c a p y
1913 NL  .341 (2nd)
1914 NL  .299 (9th)

On-Base% s c a p y
1908 AL  .354 (9th)
1913 NL  .407 (2nd)
1914 NL  .402 (3rd)
1915 NL  .393 (1st)
1916 NL  .379 (1st)
1917 NL  .369 (7th)
Career  .380 (174th)

Slugging % s c a p y
1908 AL  .383 (6th)
1912 NL  .470 (6th)
1913 NL  .568 (1st)
1914 NL  .499 (2nd)
1915 NL  .510 (1st)
1916 NL  .440 (5th)
1917 NL  .473 (2nd)
Career  .478 (198th)

On-Base Plus Slugging s c a p y
1908 AL  .737 (6th)
1913 NL  .974 (1st)
1914 NL  .901 (1st)
1915 NL  .902 (1st)
1916 NL  .819 (4th)
1917 NL  .842 (2nd)
Career  .858 (143rd)

Runs Scored s c a p y
1915 NL  89 (1st)

Hits s c a p y
1913 NL  179 (1st)

Total Bases s c a p y
1913 NL  298 (1st)
1914 NL  249 (2nd)
1915 NL  266 (1st)
1917 NL  238 (4th)

Doubles s c a p y
1913 NL  34 (4th)
1914 NL  27 (5th)
1915 NL  31 (9th)
1917 NL  29 (4th)
1918 NL  27 (2nd)

Triples s c a p y
1908 AL  11 (8th)
1913 NL  14 (4th)
1917 NL  16 (2nd)

Home Runs s c a p y
1912 NL  11 (3rd)
1913 NL  19 (1st)
1914 NL  19 (1st)
1915 NL  24 (1st)
1916 NL  11 (3rd)
1917 NL  12 (1st)
1918 NL  8 (1st)
1919 NL  12 (1st)

Runs Batted In s c a p y
1913 NL  128 (1st)
1914 NL  100 (2nd)
1915 NL  115 (1st)
1916 NL  70 (6th)
1917 NL  83 (3rd)

Bases on Balls s c a p y
1914 NL  83 (5th)
1915 NL  86 (1st)
1916 NL  64 (5th)
1917 NL  70 (3rd)
1918 NL  54 (3rd)

Strikeouts s c a p y
1912 NL  77 (4th)
1913 NL  63 (9th)
1914 NL  72 (5th)
1915 NL  77 (2nd)
1916 NL  89 (1st)
1918 NL  46 (4th)

Adjusted OPS+ s c a p y
1908 AL  137 (7th)
1913 NL  172 (1st)
1914 NL  161 (1st)
1915 NL  170 (1st)
1916 NL  147 (5th)
1917 NL  153 (3rd)
Career  151 (33rd)

Runs Created s c a p y
1913 NL  117 (1st)
1914 NL  99 (2nd)
1915 NL  101 (1st)
1916 NL  73 (10th)
1917 NL  88 (4th)

Adj. Batting Runs s c a p y
1913 NL  49 (1st)
1914 NL  41 (1st)
1915 NL  47 (1st)
1916 NL  28 (5th)
1917 NL  33 (5th)
1919 NL  32 (1st)
Career  262 (164th)

Adj. Batting Wins s c a p y
1913 NL  5.2 (1st)
1914 NL  4.5 (1st)
1915 NL  5.4 (1st)
1916 NL  3.2 (5th)
1917 NL  3.8 (5th)
1919 NL  3.5 (3rd)
Career  29.3 (128th)

Extra Base Hits s c a p y
1912 NL  50 (5th)
1913 NL  67 (1st)
1914 NL  54 (2nd)
1915 NL  62 (1st)
1916 NL  40 (10th)
1917 NL  57 (1st)
1918 NL  40 (1st)
1919 NL  35 (8th)

Times On Base s c a p y
1913 NL  237 (1st)
1914 NL  235 (3rd)
1915 NL  241 (1st)
1917 NL  212 (6th)

Offensive Win % s c a p y
1908 AL  .698 (7th)
1913 NL  .819 (1st)
1914 NL  .788 (2nd)
1915 NL  .799 (1st)
1916 NL  .741 (5th)
1917 NL  .761 (3rd)
Career  .757 (20th)

Power-Speed # s c a p y
1912 NL  12.7 (6th)
1913 NL  13.1 (3rd)
1914 NL  16.1 (3rd)
1915 NL  15.1 (2nd)
1916 NL  9.9 (10th)
1917 NL  8.0 (7th)
1918 NL  7.5 (4th)
1919 NL  9.6 (3rd)

AB per HR s c a p y
1912 NL  39.6 (1st)
1913 NL  27.6 (1st)
1914 NL  26.3 (1st)
1915 NL  21.8 (1st)
1916 NL  40.7 (2nd)
1917 NL  41.9 (1st)
1918 NL  53.3 (1st)

Def. Games as RF (s.1954) s c a p y
1914 NL  142 (3rd)
1915 NL  149 (2nd)
1916 NL  130 (4th)
1917 NL  140 (2nd)
1918 NL  113 (4th)

Putouts as RF (s.1954) s c a p y
1914 NL  203 (3rd)
1915 NL  233 (2nd)
1917 NL  209 (3rd)
1918 NL  180 (4th)

Assists as RF (s.1954) s c a p y
1914 NL  34 (1st)
1915 NL  28 (1st)
1916 NL  17 (3rd)
1917 NL  17 (3rd)
1918 NL  18 (2nd)
Career  121 (27th)

Errors Committed as RF (s.1954) s c a p y
1914 NL  18 (2nd)
1915 NL  15 (1st)
1916 NL  7 (5th)
1917 NL  13 (2nd)
1918 NL  15 (1st)
Career  75 (23rd)

Double Plays Turned as RF (s.1954) s c a p y
1914 NL  8 (3rd)
1915 NL  2 (5th)
1917 NL  4 (2nd)
Career  20 (62nd)

Assists as OF s c a p y
1912 NL  26 (1st)
1914 NL  34 (1st)
1915 NL  28 (1st)
1918 NL  19 (3rd)
Career  176 (74th)

Errors Committed as OF s c a p y
1914 NL  18 (3rd)
1915 NL  15 (3rd)
1918 NL  15 (3rd)

Double Plays Turned as OF s c a p y
1914 NL  7 (4th)

Range Factor/Game as RF (s.1954) s c a p y
1914 NL  1.67 (3rd)
1915 NL  1.75 (3rd)

Fielding % as RF (s.1954) s c a p y
1914 NL  .929 (5th)
1915 NL  .946 (5th)
1916 NL  .966 (4th)
1917 NL  .946 (3rd)
1918 NL  .930 (5th)

Fielding % as OF s c a p y
1912 NL  .966 (5th)

Oldest s c a p y
1917 NL  born 1881-03-23 (7th)
1918 NL  born 1881-03-23 (5th)
1919 NL  born 1881-03-23 (1st)
1920 NL  born 1881-03-23 (1st)

             

Hall Of Fame Statistics

Player rank in (·)

Black InkBatting - 46 (31), Average HOFer ≈ 27
Gray InkBatting - 110 (194), Average HOFer ≈ 144
Hall of Fame MonitorBatting - 50 (398), Likely HOFer ≈ 100
Hall of Fame StandardsBatting - 23 (592), Average HOFer ≈ 50
JAWS Right Field (65th), 32.8 career WAR/29.8 7yr-peak WAR/31.3 JAWS
Average HOF RF (out of 24) = 73.2 career WAR/42.9 7yr-peak WAR/58.1 JAWS

Transactions

The transaction information used here was obtained free of charge from and is copyrighted by RetroSheet. We attempt to update transactions throughout the season.

Salaries

Salaries may not be complete (especially pre-1985) and may not include some earned bonuses
Year Age Team Salary ServTm(OpnDay) Sources Notes/Other Sources
1909 28 Chicago White Sox $2,400 ? 1910 National Commission report
Career to date (may be incomplete)$2,400
Primary salary Data (about) courtesy Doug Pappas, and the Society for American Baseball Research.
Additional 1915-1969 salaries researched via Baseball Hall of Fame contract archives by Dr. Michael Haupert of UW-LaCrosse.
Salaries for mid-season call-ups or traded players may not be shown.
Salaries converted to alternate years using Consumer Price Index (CPI) data courtesy of the Minneapolis Federal Reserve Board.

Other Resources & Links

Error?     Compare     Search SABR's Baseball Index     Other Links@google.com     Baseball Library     Baseball-Almanac.com     DeadBallEra Obituary     Retrosheet     SABR BioProject     The Baseball Cube     WahooSam.com     WhatIfSports: Gavvy Cravath    

Name and misspellings: Cactus Clifford Carlton Gavvy gavy Cravath

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