Mobile Site You Are Here >  >  >  >  >  Fielding

 

Photo of Tim Bogar


Tim Bogar

Timothy Paul Bogar

Positions: Shortstop, Third Baseman and First Baseman
Bats: Right, Throws: Right
Height: 6' 2", Weight: 198 lb.

Born: October 28, 1966 in Indianapolis, IN
High School: Buffalo Grove HS (Buffalo Grove, IL)
School: Eastern Illinois University (Charleston, IL)
Drafted
by the New York Mets in the 8th round of the 1987 amateur draft.
Signed June 5, 1987. (All Transactions)
Debut: April 21, 1993 (Age 26.175, 13,887th in MLB history)
Rookie Status: Exceeded rookie limits during 1993 season [*]
Teams (by GP): Astros/Mets/Dodgers 1993-2001

Last Game: July 1, 2001 (Age 34.246)
    About biographical information

Standard Fielding

Adv Fielding w/ run summary
Year Tm Lg Age Pos G GS CG Inn Ch PO A E DP Fld% Rtot Rtot/yr RF/9 RF/G lgFld% lgRF9 lgRFG SB CS CS% lgCS% PO Awards
1993 NYM NL 26 SS 66 60 44 507.0 289 88 193 8 34 .972 -2 -6 4.99 4.26 .965 4.69 4.66
1993 NYM NL 26 3B 7 3 1 32.2 15 4 11 0 2 1.000 -0 -4 4.13 2.14 .945 2.70 2.69
1993 NYM NL 26 2B 6 3 3 33.2 27 13 13 1 6 .963 1 36 6.95 4.33 .980 5.16 5.13
1994 NYM NL 27 3B 22 0 0 40.2 11 3 7 1 0 .909 -2 -47 2.21 0.45 .951 2.66 2.63
1994 NYM NL 27 1B 14 6 4 58.2 63 57 6 0 6 1.000 0 10 9.66 4.50 .992 9.74 9.67
1994 NYM NL 27 SS 7 5 3 48.0 40 16 24 0 9 1.000 1 25 7.50 5.71 .966 4.54 4.50
1994 NYM NL 27 2B 1 0 0 2.0 2 1 1 0 1 1.000 0 0 9.00 2.00 .980 5.40 5.20
1994 NYM NL 27 LF 1 0 0 0.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 1.90
1994 NYM NL 27 OF 1 0 0 0.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 2.20
1995 NYM NL 28 SS 27 13 9 141.2 68 20 46 2 5 .971 -4 -31 4.19 2.44 .968 4.51 4.49
1995 NYM NL 28 3B 25 9 8 115.0 40 9 29 2 4 .950 2 18 2.97 1.52 .946 2.77 2.76
1995 NYM NL 28 1B 10 6 2 49.0 52 47 5 0 6 1.000 0 10 9.55 5.20 .993 9.70 9.66
1995 NYM NL 28 2B 7 2 2 32.0 28 6 20 2 6 .929 2 67 7.31 3.71 .984 5.26 5.23
1995 NYM NL 28 LF 1 0 0 2.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.00 1.80 1.90
1995 NYM NL 28 OF 1 0 0 2.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.00 2.25 2.10
1996 NYM NL 29 1B 32 2 1 65.0 81 77 4 0 7 1.000 2 37 11.22 2.53 .992 9.62 9.56
1996 NYM NL 29 3B 25 9 3 103.1 36 13 22 1 0 .972 -1 -7 3.05 1.40 .948 2.71 2.69
1996 NYM NL 29 SS 19 6 2 62.1 34 10 24 0 6 1.000 2 48 4.91 1.79 .967 4.59 4.57
1996 NYM NL 29 2B 8 1 1 33.1 15 4 11 0 4 1.000 2 86 4.05 1.88 .981 5.08 5.06
1997 HOU NL 30 SS 80 67 46 586.1 323 103 215 5 53 .985 14 29 4.88 3.98 .973 4.58 4.54
1997 HOU NL 30 3B 14 7 4 71.0 22 7 14 1 2 .955 0 5 2.66 1.50 .946 2.66 2.64
1997 HOU NL 30 1B 1 0 0 1.0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.00 9.90 9.40
1998 HOU NL 31 SS 55 33 21 320.2 178 49 127 2 16 .989 2 9 4.94 3.20 .968 4.52 4.50
1998 HOU NL 31 2B 11 2 1 46.0 24 10 14 0 4 1.000 0 13 4.70 2.18 .982 5.09 5.06
1998 HOU NL 31 3B 11 3 1 41.2 11 4 6 1 1 .909 -0 -3 2.16 0.91 .957 2.72 2.72
1998 HOU NL 31 DH 1 0
1999 HOU NL 32 SS 90 74 67 683.1 387 123 255 9 65 .977 2 3 4.98 4.20 .967 4.42 4.39
1999 HOU NL 32 3B 12 9 6 74.2 26 6 20 0 0 1.000 2 37 3.13 2.17 .953 2.69 2.66
1999 HOU NL 32 2B 1 0 0 3.0 3 1 2 0 1 1.000 0 40 9.00 3.00 .980 5.10 5.00
2000 HOU NL 33 SS 95 82 73 729.1 374 120 243 11 55 .971 0 1 4.48 3.82 .967 4.51 4.47
2000 HOU NL 33 2B 2 0 0 6.0 4 1 2 1 1 .750 -1 -140 4.50 1.50 .982 4.95 4.90
2000 HOU NL 33 P 2 0 0 2.0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.00 1.80 1.70 0 0 0
2000 HOU NL 33 3B 1 0 0 1.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.00 2.70 2.60
2001 LAD NL 34 1B 3 0 0 9.0 9 9 0 0 1 1.000 -0 -13 9.00 3.00 .993 9.30 9.17
2001 LAD NL 34 SS 2 2 0 12.0 3 1 2 0 0 1.000 -0 -20 2.25 1.50 .967 4.50 4.40
2001 LAD NL 34 3B 1 0 0 3.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.00 2.70 2.50
9 Seasons SS 441 342 265 3090.2 1696 530 1129 37 243 .978 16 6 4.83 3.76 .968 4.54 4.50
9 Seasons 3B 118 40 23 483.0 161 46 109 6 9 .963 2 5 2.89 1.31 .949 2.71 2.68
5 Seasons 1B 60 14 7 182.2 205 190 15 0 20 1.000 3 18 10.10 3.42 .992 9.67 9.58
7 Seasons 2B 36 8 7 156.0 103 36 63 4 23 .961 5 39 5.71 2.75 .982 5.13 5.10
1 Season P 2 0 0 2.0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.00 1.80 1.70 0 0 0
2 Seasons OF 2 0 0 2.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.00 2.25 2.15
2 Seasons LF 2 0 0 2.0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.00 1.80 1.90
1 Season DH 1 0
9 Seasons TOT 659 404 302 3916.1 2165 802 1316 47 295 .978 26 8 4.87 3.21 .969 4.57 4.66 0 0 0
Lg Pos G GS CG Inn Ch PO A E DP Fld% Rtot Rtot/yr RF/9 RF/G lgFld% lgRF9 lgRFG SB CS CS% lgCS% PO Awards
Note: Complete player games played data.
Fielding stats are a combination of official records and RetroSheet records. Both are likely to have substantial errors and will not match perfectly.
View Complete Notes on Fielding Data
Leagues historically made no effort to balance team, league, and player fielding stats. Since 1990 or so, computers have made this feasible, but prior to that there are hundreds or thousands of discrepancies each year in games played (even whether a player played a position), putouts, assists, double plays and errors.
  • Pre-1938 SB & CS data for catchers is estimated from catcher assists, games started and opposition stolen bases.
  • From 1938 on SB, CS, Pickoff, & WP data for catchers and pitchers is taken from play-by-play accounts in the retrosheet files. There are several hundred games without pbp from 1938 to 1973 and for those we may not have any data.
  • CG & GS come from the retrosheet data and should be complete and pretty accurate from 1914 on.
  • Innings played (like SB and CS) come from the retrosheet play-by-play data and should be considered mostly complete from 1938 to 1973 and complete from then on.
  • Stats (PO,A,G, etc) for LF-CF-RF positions (since 1914) is taken from play-by-play or box score data as available.
  • Stats (PO,A,G,etc) for C,P,1B,2B,3B,SS,OF positions is taken from the official reported totals and may have been corrected at various times since their publication.
  • For detailed information on which games retrosheet is missing play-by-play from 1938 to 1973, please see their most wanted games list
  • For detailed information on the availability of data on this site by year, see our data coverage page

Sabermetric Fielding

Year Tm Lg Age Pos Rtot Rtot/yr Rtz Rtzhm Rtzrd Rdp Rof Rctch Rdrs Rdrs/yr Rpm Rdp Rbnt Rof Rhr RerC RsbC RsbP
1993 NYM NL 26 SS -2 -6 -2 -2 -0 0
1993 NYM NL 26 3B -0 -4 -0 -0 0 0
1993 NYM NL 26 2B 1 36 0 -0 0 1
1994 NYM NL 27 3B -2 -47 -2 0 -2 0
1994 NYM NL 27 1B 0 10 0 0 0 0
1994 NYM NL 27 SS 1 25 0 0 -0 1
1994 NYM NL 27 2B 0 0 0 0 0 0
1994 NYM NL 27 LF 0 0 0 0
1995 NYM NL 28 SS -4 -31 -3 -2 -0 -1
1995 NYM NL 28 3B 2 18 2 2 -1 0
1995 NYM NL 28 1B 0 10 0 0 0 0
1995 NYM NL 28 2B 2 67 1 0 0 1
1995 NYM NL 28 LF 0 0 0 0 0
1996 NYM NL 29 1B 2 37 2 1 1 0
1996 NYM NL 29 3B -1 -7 -1 0 -1 0
1996 NYM NL 29 SS 2 48 2 1 2 0
1996 NYM NL 29 2B 2 86 1 1 1 1
1997 HOU NL 30 SS 14 29 13 6 7 1
1997 HOU NL 30 3B 0 5 0 1 -0 0
1997 HOU NL 30 1B
1998 HOU NL 31 SS 2 9 4 7 -2 -2
1998 HOU NL 31 2B 0 13 0 0 0 0
1998 HOU NL 31 3B -0 -3 -0 1 -1 0
1999 HOU NL 32 SS 2 3 1 -0 1 1
1999 HOU NL 32 3B 2 37 2 1 1 0
1999 HOU NL 32 2B 0 40 0 0 0 0
2000 HOU NL 33 SS 0 1 -1 -2 2 1
2000 HOU NL 33 2B -1 -140 -1 -0 -0 0
2000 HOU NL 33 P
2000 HOU NL 33 3B 0 0 0 0 0
2001 LAD NL 34 1B -0 -13 -0 -0 0 0
2001 LAD NL 34 SS -0 -20 -0 -0 0 0
2001 LAD NL 34 3B 0 0 0 0 0
9 Seasons SS 16 6 15 6 10 1
9 Seasons 3B 2 5 2 5 -3 0
5 Seasons 1B 3 18 3 2 1 0
7 Seasons 2B 5 39 2 1 1 3
1 Season P
2 Seasons LF 0 0 0 0 0
9 Seasons TOT 26 8 22 13 9 4
Lg Pos Rtot Rtot/yr Rtz Rtzhm Rtzrd Rdp Rof Rctch Rdrs Rdrs/yr Rpm Rdp Rbnt Rof Rhr RerC RsbC RsbP

Appearances

Year Tm Lg Age G GS Batting Defense P C 1B 2B 3B SS LF CF RF OF DH PH PR
1993 NYM NL 26 78 66 78 76 0 0 0 6 7 66 0 0 0 0 0 4 0
1994 NYM NL 27 50 11 50 43 0 0 14 1 22 7 1 0 0 1 0 7 9
1995 NYM NL 28 78 30 78 66 0 0 10 7 25 27 1 0 0 1 0 14 8
1996 NYM NL 29 91 18 91 80 0 0 32 8 25 19 0 0 0 0 0 10 23
1997 HOU NL 30 97 74 97 93 0 0 1 0 14 80 0 0 0 0 0 4 1
1998 HOU NL 31 79 38 79 74 0 0 0 11 11 55 0 0 0 0 1 7 3
1999 HOU NL 32 106 83 106 100 0 0 0 1 12 90 0 0 0 0 0 7 2
2000 HOU NL 33 110 82 110 99 2 0 0 2 1 95 0 0 0 0 0 13 1
2001 LAD NL 34 12 2 12 6 0 0 3 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 7 0
9 Seasons 701 404 701 637 2 0 60 36 118 441 2 0 0 2 1 73 47
Appearances table is calculated solely from full RetroSheet play-by-play data available from 1973 on. A combination of RetroSheet (starting with the 1914 season) and non-RetroSheet data is used for other seasons.

Advanced Fielding -- SS*

Putouts Assists Errors Double Plays
Year Tm Lg Age PA RHB% BIP% GBIP% Fld F2O% FC Tot Cgt Frc Tag Tot 1B 2B Hm Rly Tot Cch Fld Thr ROE Tot 643 63 463 163 363 GB GBs GBr LD LDs LDf
1993 NYM NL 26 2145 62% 83% 37% 233 89% 0 88 35 39 14 192 155 29 0 4 8 0 5 3 6 35 12 3 12 2 0 31 15 16 3 1 1
1994 NYM NL 27 191 65% 79% 38% 25 100% 0 17 9 7 1 23 19 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 9 2 0 3 2 1 8 2 6 1 1 0
1995 NYM NL 28 592 56% 81% 34% 63 86% 0 20 12 4 4 45 35 9 0 2 2 0 1 1 2 5 1 1 1 0 1 4 2 2 0 0 0
1996 NYM NL 29 290 45% 78% 26% 25 100% 0 10 5 4 1 23 13 9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 2 0 2 0 0 4 2 2 2 1 1
1997 HOU NL 30 2452 57% 77% 35% 233 94% 1 103 36 51 15 214 164 40 0 2 5 0 3 2 5 53 24 1 14 4 3 47 25 21 4 0 4
1998 HOU NL 31 1340 61% 75% 34% 170 82% 2 49 22 21 6 125 95 25 2 1 2 0 2 0 2 16 6 1 5 2 0 15 7 7 1 1 0
1999 HOU NL 32 2860 58% 77% 35% 291 93% 1 123 46 61 16 255 190 59 0 6 9 0 9 0 3 65 27 0 18 5 5 57 27 29 4 1 3
2000 HOU NL 33 3249 58% 77% 28% 271 97% 2 119 50 52 17 242 185 46 0 6 11 0 7 4 9 55 21 3 12 4 9 51 24 26 2 1 0
2001 LAD NL 34 49 53% 73% 22% 3 100% 0 1 1 0 0 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
9 Seasons 13168 58% 78% 33% 1314 92% 6 530 216 239 74 1121 857 221 2 21 37 0 27 10 27 244 95 9 67 19 19 217 104 109 17 6 9
MLB Averages 58% 77% 32% 90%

Advanced Fielding -- 3B*

Putouts Assists Errors Double Plays
Year Tm Lg Age PA RHB% BIP% GBIP% Fld F2O% FC Tot Cgt Frc Tag Tot 1B 2B Hm Rly Tot Cch Fld Thr ROE Tot 543 53 GB LD LDs LDf bFld bF2O%
1993 NYM NL 26 150 75% 77% 28% 14 100% 0 4 3 1 0 11 8 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 2 0 2 0 0 0 1 100%
1994 NYM NL 27 174 57% 80% 35% 13 77% 0 3 3 0 0 7 6 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0%
1995 NYM NL 28 484 58% 83% 35% 40 90% 0 9 7 1 1 29 24 5 0 0 2 0 1 1 2 4 3 1 4 0 0 0 2 100%
1996 NYM NL 29 459 56% 79% 31% 35 86% 1 13 11 1 1 21 17 2 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 60%
1997 HOU NL 30 309 52% 71% 29% 18 94% 0 7 6 1 1 13 9 2 0 2 1 0 1 0 1 2 0 0 1 1 0 0 4 75%
1998 HOU NL 31 176 53% 73% 31% 9 78% 0 4 1 0 3 6 5 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 100%
1999 HOU NL 32 326 57% 75% 34% 29 90% 0 6 6 0 0 20 19 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 100%
2000 HOU NL 33 3 0% 33% 33% 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2001 LAD NL 34 11 64% 45% 9% 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
9 Seasons 2092 57% 77% 32% 158 89% 1 46 37 4 6 107 88 15 0 4 6 0 5 1 6 9 6 1 8 1 0 0 15 73%
MLB Averages 58% 77% 32% 87% 61%

Advanced Fielding -- 1B*

Putouts Assists Errors Double Plays
Year Tm Lg Age PA RHB% BIP% GBIP% Fld F2O% FC Tot Cgt Frc Tag 3U Tot 1B 2B Hm Rly Tot Cch Fld Thr ROE Tot 363 361 36 GB GBs LD LDs LDf bFld bF2O%
1994 NYM NL 27 249 50% 78% 30% 16 88% 0 57 6 48 2 3 6 5 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 0 0 0 6 0 0 0 0 2 50%
1995 NYM NL 28 238 58% 80% 33% 10 100% 0 47 3 43 1 3 5 3 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 0 0 0 6 0 0 0 0 0
1996 NYM NL 29 268 61% 75% 35% 19 89% 0 77 4 71 2 9 4 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 1 0 0 7 1 0 0 0 1 100%
1997 HOU NL 30 3 33% 100% 0% 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2001 LAD NL 34 42 64% 67% 31% 1 100% 0 9 0 9 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
5 Seasons 800 57% 77% 32% 46 91% 0 190 13 171 5 17 15 10 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 20 1 0 0 20 1 0 0 0 3 67%
MLB Averages 58% 77% 32% 93% 84%

Advanced Fielding -- 2B*

Putouts Assists Errors Double Plays
Year Tm Lg Age PA RHB% BIP% GBIP% Fld F2O% FC Tot Cgt Frc Tag Tot 1B 2B Hm Rly Tot Cch Fld Thr ROE Tot 643 543 463 43 GB GBs GBr LD LDs LDf
1993 NYM NL 26 138 58% 79% 40% 12 92% 0 12 1 5 6 13 11 2 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 6 3 1 1 1 6 2 4 0 0 0
1994 NYM NL 27 6 67% 50% 17% 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0
1995 NYM NL 28 128 61% 84% 45% 20 95% 0 6 2 4 0 20 17 3 0 0 2 0 0 2 1 6 2 1 3 0 6 3 3 0 0 0
1996 NYM NL 29 137 58% 76% 33% 12 92% 0 4 1 2 1 11 8 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 1 0 3 0 4 3 1 0 0 0
1998 HOU NL 31 195 73% 77% 39% 17 76% 0 10 3 7 0 14 12 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 2 1 0 0 3 0 3 1 1 0
1999 HOU NL 32 17 59% 76% 35% 1 100% 0 1 0 1 0 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0
2000 HOU NL 33 31 58% 87% 29% 3 67% 0 1 0 1 0 2 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0
7 Seasons 652 63% 79% 38% 65 88% 0 35 7 21 7 63 52 10 0 1 4 0 1 3 3 23 10 3 8 1 22 9 13 1 1 0
MLB Averages 58% 77% 32% 92%

Advanced Fielding -- LF*

Errors Assists Single w/ Runner on 1st Single w/ Runner on 2nd Double w/ Runner on 1st Flyout, <2out, Runner on 3rd Flyout, <2out, Runner on 2nd Baserunning Totals
Year Tm Lg Age Tot Cch Fld Thr ROE Tot 1B 2B 3B Hm Opp Held Kill Opp Held Kill Opp Held Kill Opp Held Kill Opp Held Kill Opp Held Held% Adv Kill Kill% Aother PA RHB% BIP% FBIP% Fld F2O%
1994 NYM NL 27 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 100% 100% 100% 0
1995 NYM NL 28 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 8 75% 63% 0% 0
2 Seasons 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 9 78% 67% 11% 0
MLB Averages 61.6% 2.6% 58% 77% 40% 47%

Advanced Fielding -- P*

Putouts Assists Errors Double Plays
Year Tm Lg Age PA BIP% GBIP% Fld F2O% FC Tot Cgt 31 Tot 1B 2B Tot Cch Fld Thr ROE Tot 163 GB LD bFld bF2O%
2000 HOU NL 33 9 78% 22% 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 Season 9 78% 22% 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
MLB Averages 77% 32% 89% 84%



* - Disclaimer & Completeness Note

* Many Detailed Statistics are based on play-by-play accounts accumulated by RetroSheet. These totals may be incomplete (3.6% of all plays from 1938 to 1973 are missing or have incomplete accounts, click link for year and team summary of data completeness) for some players prior to 1974 and even complete seasons may not match the official totals due to errors in both the official totals and the play-by-play accounts. Pre-1954 seasons have a substantial numbers of games missing play-by-play accounts and should be viewed as essentially incomplete.

Appearances on Leader Boards, Awards, and Honors

Stats are Year-Value-Rank · Glossary

Total Zone Runs as SS s c a p y
1997 NL  14 (3rd)
Career  16 (88th)

Range Factor/9Inn as SSs c a p y
1999 NL  4.98 (2nd)

Range Factor/Game as SS s c a p y
1999 NL  4.20 (5th)

             

Other Resources & Links

Error?     Compare     Search SABR's Baseball Index     Other Links@google.com     Baseball Library     Baseball-Almanac.com     Retrosheet     The Baseball Cube     WahooSam.com     WhatIfSports: Tim Bogar    

Name and misspellings: Timothy Paul Tim Bogar

Player Page Tricks and Tips

Sum any set of rows by clicking anywhere (not red or blue) on the first and last rows of your selection. We will then compute the totals for the player between and including those two seasons.
Default Setting for this feature: Turn On / Turn Off
Summation of season totals only works for the initial case when the table is in year order. On a sorted table the results may get a bit goofy.

HIGHLIGHTING: Adding a range or series of player's career seasons or career game numbers (like '#1972:batting_standard', '#1970-1980-sum:batting_standard', or '#1998,1999,2001,2002,sum:pitching_standard') onto the end of a player page url causes the seasons to the highlighted and summed. After changing address bar, reload the page to see highlighting. This will work even in links e-mailed to others. Note that for tables with multiple pages the first table is the default. If you want to create a sum for a table other than the first one, select the rows and after the summation window appears click on "permanent link" link.

The play-by-play information both shown and used to create certain data sets was obtained free of charge from and is copyrighted by RetroSheet.