Mobile Site You Are Here >  >  >  >  | AL > Standard Pitching

1916 National League Standard Pitching

Team & League Standard Pitching

Tm #P PAge RA/G W L W-L% ERA G GS GF CG tSho cSho SV IP H R ER HR BB IBB SO HBP BK WP BF ERA+ FIP WHIP H9 HR9 BB9 SO9 SO/W LOB
BRO 10 28.7 3.01 94 60 .610 2.12 156 156 60 96 22 22 9 1427.1 1201 470 336 24 372 634 38 2 34 5725 128 2.51 1.102 7.6 0.2 2.3 4.0 1.70 975
BSN 9 27.7 2.87 89 63 .586 2.19 158 158 62 97 23 21 11 1415.2 1206 453 345 24 325 644 30 2 23 5612 112 2.38 1.081 7.7 0.2 2.1 4.1 1.98 904
CHC 11 29.7 3.47 67 86 .438 2.65 156 156 84 72 17 17 13 1416.2 1265 541 417 32 365 616 39 0 37 5792 109 2.60 1.151 8.0 0.2 2.3 3.9 1.69 1013
CIN 11 25.9 3.98 60 93 .392 3.10 155 155 69 86 7 6 6 1408.0 1356 617 485 35 461 569 44 1 29 5867 84 2.91 1.290 8.7 0.2 2.9 3.6 1.23 1023
NYG 12 27.3 3.25 86 66 .566 2.60 155 155 67 88 22 22 12 1397.1 1267 503 404 41 310 638 39 2 38 5651 94 2.53 1.129 8.2 0.3 2.0 4.1 2.06 943
PHI 11 28.5 3.18 91 62 .595 2.36 154 154 57 97 25 25 9 1382.2 1238 489 362 28 295 601 45 2 34 5569 114 2.45 1.109 8.1 0.2 1.9 3.9 2.04 951
PIT 12 25.0 3.73 65 89 .422 2.76 157 157 69 88 11 10 7 1419.2 1277 586 436 24 443 596 36 7 21 5846 96 2.71 1.212 8.1 0.2 2.8 3.8 1.35 1007
STL 13 26.0 4.11 60 93 .392 3.14 153 153 95 58 13 10 15 1355.0 1331 629 473 31 445 529 42 3 29 5682 84 2.91 1.311 8.8 0.2 3.0 3.5 1.19 976
LgAvg 11 27.3 3.45 77 77 .500 2.61 156 156 70 85 10 1403 1268 536 407 30 377 603 39 2 31 5718 101 2.62 1.172 8.1 0.2 2.4 3.9 1.60 974
85 27.3 3.45 612 612 .500 2.61 1244 1244 563 682 82 11222.1 10141 4288 3258 239 3016 4827 313 19 245 45744 101 2.62 1.172 8.1 0.2 2.4 3.9 1.60 7792

Player Standard Pitching

Hide non-qualifiers for rate stats
Rk Name Age Tm W L W-L% ERA G GS GF CG SHO SV IP H R ER HR BB IBB SO HBP BK WP BF ERA+ FIP WHIP H9 HR9 BB9 SO9 SO/W
1 Babe Adams 34 PIT 2 9 .182 5.72 16 10 5 4 1 0 72.1 91 51 46 2 12 22 3 0 1 314 46 2.69 1.424 11.3 0.2 1.5 2.7 1.83
2 Pete Alexander 29 PHI 33 12 .733 1.55 48 45 3 38 16 3 389.0 323 90 67 6 50 167 10 0 3 1500 172 2.12 0.959 7.5 0.1 1.2 3.9 3.34
3 Frank Allen* 27 BSN 8 2 .800 2.07 19 14 4 7 2 1 113.0 102 32 26 1 31 63 4 0 2 464 119 2.25 1.177 8.1 0.1 2.5 5.0 2.03
4 Red Ames 33 STL 11 16 .407 2.64 45 25 18 10 2 8 228.0 225 100 67 3 57 98 5 0 9 948 99 2.44 1.237 8.9 0.1 2.3 3.9 1.72
5 Fred Anderson 30 NYG 9 13 .409 3.40 38 27 5 13 2 2 188.0 206 99 71 7 38 98 5 0 9 806 72 2.44 1.298 9.9 0.3 1.8 4.7 2.58
6 Ed Appleton 24 BRO 1 2 .333 3.06 14 3 2 1 0 1 47.0 49 25 16 1 18 14 1 0 1 205 89 3.21 1.426 9.4 0.2 3.4 2.7 0.78
7 Jesse Barnes 23 BSN 6 15 .286 2.37 33 18 13 9 3 1 163.0 154 63 43 3 37 55 5 0 2 666 104 2.65 1.172 8.5 0.2 2.0 3.0 1.49
8 Stan Baumgartner* 21 PHI 0 0 2.25 1 0 1 0 0 0 4.0 5 2 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 17 135 3.07 1.500 11.3 0.0 2.3 0.0 0.00
9 Chief Bender 32 PHI 7 7 .500 3.74 27 13 12 4 0 3 122.2 137 71 51 3 34 43 10 0 5 539 72 3.01 1.394 10.1 0.2 2.5 3.2 1.26
10 Rube Benton* 26 NYG 16 8 .667 2.87 38 29 6 15 3 2 238.2 210 84 76 5 58 115 10 0 5 960 85 2.48 1.123 7.9 0.2 2.2 4.3 1.98
11 Jim Bluejacket 28 CIN 0 1 .000 7.71 3 2 0 0 0 0 7.0 12 6 6 0 3 1 0 0 1 33 36 3.32 2.143 15.4 0.0 3.9 1.3 0.33
12 Mordecai Brown 39 CHC 2 3 .400 3.91 12 4 7 2 0 0 48.1 52 27 21 0 9 21 4 0 2 203 74 2.25 1.262 9.7 0.0 1.7 3.9 2.33
13 Leon Cadore 24 BRO 0 0 4.50 1 0 1 0 0 0 6.0 10 4 3 0 0 2 0 0 0 27 65 1.65 1.667 15.0 0.0 0.0 3.0
14 Paul Carpenter 21 PIT 0 0 1.17 5 0 5 0 0 0 7.2 8 3 1 0 4 5 0 0 0 36 242 2.58 1.565 9.4 0.0 4.7 5.9 1.25
15 Paul Carter 22 CHC 2 2 .500 2.75 8 5 3 2 0 0 36.0 26 16 11 1 17 14 0 0 1 149 106 3.32 1.194 6.5 0.3 4.3 3.5 0.82
16 George Chalmers 28 PHI 1 4 .200 3.19 12 8 3 2 0 0 53.2 49 31 19 2 19 21 2 0 2 232 85 3.19 1.267 8.2 0.3 3.2 3.5 1.11
17 Larry Cheney 30 BRO 18 12 .600 1.92 41 32 4 15 5 0 253.0 178 91 54 5 105 166 10 1 15 1043 140 2.62 1.119 6.3 0.2 3.7 5.9 1.58
18 Jack Coombs 33 BRO 13 8 .619 2.66 27 19 8 10 3 0 159.0 136 54 47 3 44 47 2 0 2 635 102 2.84 1.132 7.7 0.2 2.5 2.7 1.07
19 Wilbur Cooper* 24 PIT 12 11 .522 1.87 42 23 14 16 2 2 246.0 189 72 51 4 74 111 4 0 3 984 142 2.58 1.069 6.9 0.1 2.7 4.1 1.50
20 Murphy Currie 22 STL 0 0 1.88 6 0 5 0 0 0 14.1 7 4 3 1 9 8 0 0 1 59 144 3.99 1.116 4.4 0.6 5.7 5.0 0.89
21 Gene Dale 27 CIN 3 4 .429 5.17 17 5 8 2 0 0 69.2 80 44 40 3 33 23 2 0 0 309 50 3.72 1.622 10.3 0.4 4.3 3.0 0.70
22 Wheezer Dell 30 BRO 8 9 .471 2.26 32 16 9 9 2 1 155.0 143 52 39 2 43 76 4 0 2 623 119 2.41 1.200 8.3 0.1 2.5 4.4 1.77
23 Al Demaree 31 PHI 19 14 .576 2.62 39 35 3 25 4 1 285.0 252 99 83 4 48 130 8 1 6 1127 102 2.18 1.053 8.0 0.1 1.5 4.1 2.71
24 Bill Doak 25 STL 12 8 .600 2.63 29 26 3 11 2 0 192.0 177 76 56 5 55 82 3 0 1 788 100 2.71 1.208 8.3 0.2 2.6 3.8 1.49
25 Bill Evans 23 PIT 2 5 .286 3.00 13 7 3 3 0 0 63.0 57 27 21 2 16 21 3 0 0 253 89 2.97 1.159 8.1 0.3 2.3 3.0 1.31
Rk Name Age Tm W L W-L% ERA G GS GF CG SHO SV IP H R ER HR BB IBB SO HBP BK WP BF ERA+ FIP WHIP H9 HR9 BB9 SO9 SO/W
26 Gary Fortune 21 PHI 0 1 .000 3.60 1 1 0 0 0 0 5.0 2 2 2 0 4 3 0 0 0 21 83 3.52 1.200 3.6 0.0 7.2 5.4 0.75
27 Burleigh Grimes 22 PIT 2 3 .400 2.36 6 5 0 4 0 0 45.2 40 19 12 1 10 20 0 0 1 182 113 2.38 1.095 7.9 0.2 2.0 3.9 2.00
28 Dan Griner 28 STL 0 0 4.09 4 0 3 0 0 1 11.0 15 5 5 0 3 3 1 0 0 49 67 2.86 1.636 12.3 0.0 2.5 2.5 1.00
29 Charley Hall 31 STL 0 4 .000 5.48 10 5 4 2 0 1 42.2 45 27 26 1 14 15 0 0 1 180 48 2.90 1.383 9.5 0.2 3.0 3.2 1.07
30 Bob Harmon 28 PIT 8 11 .421 2.81 31 17 7 10 2 0 172.2 175 78 54 4 39 62 1 0 4 722 94 2.59 1.239 9.1 0.2 2.0 3.2 1.59
31 Claude Hendrix 27 CHC 8 16 .333 2.68 36 24 8 15 3 2 218.0 193 81 65 4 67 117 6 0 8 896 107 2.49 1.193 8.0 0.2 2.8 4.8 1.75
32 Carmen Hill 20 PIT 0 0 8.53 2 0 1 0 0 0 6.1 11 10 6 0 5 5 1 0 1 24 34 3.58 2.526 15.6 0.0 7.1 7.1 1.00
33 Tom Hughes 32 BSN 16 3 .842 2.35 40 13 19 7 1 5 161.0 121 46 42 2 51 97 8 0 3 633 105 2.37 1.068 6.8 0.1 2.9 5.4 1.90
34 Elmer Jacobs 23 PIT 6 10 .375 2.94 34 17 8 8 0 0 153.0 151 70 50 2 38 46 4 1 2 647 90 2.71 1.235 8.9 0.1 2.2 2.7 1.21
35 Hi Jasper 30 STL 5 6 .455 3.28 21 9 8 2 0 1 107.0 97 54 39 0 42 37 7 0 1 445 80 3.00 1.299 8.2 0.0 3.5 3.1 0.88
36 Erv Kantlehner* 23 TOT 5 15 .250 3.30 37 21 14 7 2 2 169.0 158 76 62 1 60 51 4 0 2 714 80 2.93 1.290 8.4 0.1 3.2 2.7 0.85
37 Erv Kantlehner* 23 PIT 5 15 .250 3.16 34 21 13 7 2 2 165.0 151 72 58 1 57 49 4 0 2 695 84 2.91 1.261 8.2 0.1 3.1 2.7 0.86
38 Erv Kantlehner* 23 PHI 0 0 9.00 3 0 1 0 0 0 4.0 7 4 4 0 3 2 0 0 0 19 34 3.57 2.500 15.8 0.0 6.8 4.5 0.67
39 Elmer Knetzer 30 TOT 5 14 .263 3.01 38 16 14 12 0 1 176.1 172 85 59 6 50 72 3 0 4 736 86 2.84 1.259 8.8 0.3 2.6 3.7 1.44
40 Elmer Knetzer 30 BSN 0 2 .000 7.20 2 0 1 0 0 0 5.0 11 9 4 0 2 2 0 0 1 24 38 2.72 2.600 19.8 0.0 3.6 3.6 1.00
41 Elmer Knetzer 30 CIN 5 12 .294 2.89 36 16 13 12 0 1 171.1 161 76 55 6 48 70 3 0 3 712 90 2.85 1.220 8.5 0.3 2.5 3.7 1.46
42 Jimmy Lavender 32 CHC 10 14 .417 2.82 36 25 4 9 4 2 188.0 163 76 59 3 62 91 9 0 1 770 102 2.69 1.197 7.8 0.1 3.0 4.4 1.47
43 Joe Lotz 25 STL 0 3 .000 4.28 12 3 6 1 0 0 40.0 31 20 19 1 17 18 1 0 1 161 62 3.09 1.200 7.0 0.2 3.8 4.1 1.06
44 Duster Mails* 21 BRO 0 1 .000 3.63 11 0 10 0 0 0 17.1 15 9 7 1 9 13 0 0 1 73 76 3.12 1.385 7.8 0.5 4.7 6.8 1.44
45 Al Mamaux 22 PIT 21 15 .583 2.53 45 37 5 26 1 2 310.0 264 123 87 3 136 163 9 6 3 1291 105 2.79 1.290 7.7 0.1 3.9 4.7 1.20
46 Rube Marquard* 29 BRO 13 6 .684 1.58 36 21 11 15 2 5 205.0 169 54 36 2 38 107 0 1 3 793 171 1.96 1.010 7.4 0.1 1.7 4.7 2.82
47 Christy Mathewson 35 TOT 4 4 .500 3.01 13 7 4 5 1 2 74.2 74 35 25 4 8 19 0 0 1 299 83 2.82 1.098 8.9 0.5 1.0 2.3 2.38
48 Christy Mathewson 35 NYG 3 4 .429 2.33 12 6 4 4 1 2 65.2 59 27 17 3 7 16 0 0 0 256 105 2.74 1.005 8.1 0.4 1.0 2.2 2.29
49 Christy Mathewson 35 CIN 1 0 1.000 8.00 1 1 0 1 0 0 9.0 15 8 8 1 1 3 0 0 1 43 34 3.43 1.778 15.0 1.0 1.0 3.0 3.00
50 Erskine Mayer 26 PHI 7 7 .500 3.15 28 16 8 7 2 0 140.0 148 58 49 7 33 62 4 1 3 580 85 2.87 1.293 9.5 0.5 2.1 4.0 1.88
Rk Name Age Tm W L W-L% ERA G GS GF CG SHO SV IP H R ER HR BB IBB SO HBP BK WP BF ERA+ FIP WHIP H9 HR9 BB9 SO9 SO/W
51 George McConnell 38 CHC 4 12 .250 2.57 28 21 7 8 1 0 171.1 137 66 49 8 35 82 5 0 8 682 112 2.67 1.004 7.2 0.4 1.8 4.3 2.34
52 Limb McKenry 27 CIN 1 1 .500 4.30 6 1 1 0 0 0 14.2 14 8 7 0 8 2 2 0 0 66 63 4.09 1.500 8.6 0.0 4.9 1.2 0.25
53 George McQuillan 31 PHI 1 7 .125 2.76 21 3 15 1 0 2 62.0 58 33 19 2 15 22 3 0 1 260 98 2.90 1.177 8.4 0.3 2.2 3.2 1.47
54 Lee Meadows 21 STL 12 23 .343 2.58 51 36 10 11 1 2 289.0 261 117 83 3 119 120 14 1 11 1217 101 3.00 1.315 8.1 0.1 3.7 3.7 1.01
55 Frank Miller 30 PIT 7 10 .412 2.29 30 20 7 10 2 1 173.0 135 55 44 4 49 88 7 0 3 677 116 2.57 1.064 7.0 0.2 2.5 4.6 1.80
56 Clarence Mitchell* 25 CIN 11 10 .524 3.14 29 24 5 17 1 0 194.2 211 87 68 4 45 52 10 0 3 819 83 2.90 1.315 9.8 0.2 2.1 2.4 1.16
57 Earl Moseley 28 CIN 7 10 .412 3.89 31 15 13 7 0 1 150.1 145 75 65 5 69 60 0 0 8 653 67 3.33 1.424 8.7 0.3 4.1 3.6 0.87
58 Art Nehf* 23 BSN 7 5 .583 2.01 22 13 6 6 1 0 121.0 110 40 27 1 20 36 3 0 2 484 123 2.40 1.074 8.2 0.1 1.5 2.7 1.80
59 Joe Oeschger 24 PHI 1 0 1.000 2.37 14 0 8 0 0 0 30.1 18 8 8 2 14 17 1 0 1 119 114 3.54 1.055 5.3 0.6 4.2 5.0 1.21
60 Gene Packard* 28 CHC 10 6 .625 2.78 37 16 17 5 2 5 155.1 154 60 48 4 38 36 3 0 2 663 104 2.98 1.236 8.9 0.2 2.2 2.1 0.95
61 Emilio Palmero* 21 NYG 0 3 .000 8.04 4 2 1 0 0 0 15.2 17 14 14 2 8 8 1 0 1 71 31 4.68 1.596 9.8 1.1 4.6 4.6 1.00
62 Pol Perritt 24 NYG 18 11 .621 2.62 40 29 7 17 5 2 251.0 243 82 73 11 56 115 7 0 3 1030 93 2.72 1.191 8.7 0.4 2.0 4.1 2.05
63 Scott Perry 25 CHC 2 1 .667 2.54 4 3 1 2 1 0 28.1 30 9 8 0 3 10 0 0 1 114 115 1.93 1.165 9.5 0.0 1.0 3.2 3.33
64 Jeff Pfeffer 28 BRO 25 11 .694 1.92 41 36 3 30 6 1 328.2 274 91 70 5 63 128 17 0 6 1298 141 2.47 1.025 7.5 0.1 1.7 3.5 2.03
65 George Pierce* 28 CHC 0 0 2.08 4 1 1 0 0 0 4.1 6 5 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 23 155 3.01 1.615 12.5 0.0 2.1 0.0 0.00
66 Mike Prendergast 27 CHC 6 11 .353 2.31 35 10 14 4 2 2 152.0 127 53 39 5 23 56 1 0 5 597 125 2.48 0.987 7.5 0.3 1.4 3.3 2.43
67 Pat Ragan 30 BSN 9 9 .500 2.08 28 23 4 14 3 0 182.0 143 53 42 3 47 94 0 0 1 717 119 2.27 1.044 7.1 0.1 2.3 4.6 2.00
68 Ed Reulbach 33 BSN 7 6 .538 2.47 21 11 7 6 0 0 109.1 99 38 30 1 41 47 4 1 4 450 100 2.81 1.280 8.1 0.1 3.4 3.9 1.15
69 Hank Ritter 22 NYG 1 0 1.000 0.00 3 0 1 0 0 0 5.0 3 0 0 0 0 3 1 0 1 17 1.72 0.600 5.4 0.0 0.0 5.4
70 Eppa Rixey* 25 PHI 22 10 .688 1.85 38 33 3 20 3 0 287.0 239 91 59 2 74 134 7 0 13 1155 144 2.32 1.091 7.5 0.1 2.3 4.2 1.81
71 Nap Rucker* 31 BRO 2 1 .667 1.69 9 4 4 1 0 0 37.1 34 14 7 0 7 14 1 0 0 149 162 2.21 1.098 8.2 0.0 1.7 3.4 2.00
72 Dick Rudolph 28 BSN 19 12 .613 2.16 41 38 3 27 5 3 312.0 266 93 75 7 38 133 3 1 5 1206 114 2.15 0.974 7.7 0.2 1.1 3.8 3.50
73 Slim Sallee* 31 TOT 14 9 .609 2.18 31 18 8 11 4 1 181.2 171 52 44 4 33 63 2 0 1 718 115 2.49 1.123 8.5 0.2 1.6 3.1 1.91
74 Slim Sallee* 31 STL 5 5 .500 3.47 16 7 6 4 2 1 70.0 75 28 27 2 23 28 2 0 0 292 76 2.96 1.400 9.6 0.3 3.0 3.6 1.22
75 Slim Sallee* 31 NYG 9 4 .692 1.37 15 11 2 7 2 0 111.2 96 24 17 2 10 35 0 0 1 426 178 2.19 0.949 7.7 0.2 0.8 2.8 3.50
Rk Name Age Tm W L W-L% ERA G GS GF CG SHO SV IP H R ER HR BB IBB SO HBP BK WP BF ERA+ FIP WHIP H9 HR9 BB9 SO9 SO/W
76 Rube Schauer 25 NYG 1 4 .200 2.96 19 3 11 1 0 0 45.2 44 22 15 0 16 24 2 0 2 194 83 2.45 1.314 8.7 0.0 3.2 4.7 1.50
77 Pete Schneider 20 CIN 10 19 .345 2.69 44 31 11 16 2 1 274.1 259 112 82 4 82 117 13 0 2 1137 96 2.69 1.243 8.5 0.1 2.7 3.8 1.43
78 Al Schulz* 27 CIN 8 19 .296 3.14 44 22 15 10 0 2 215.0 208 100 75 4 93 95 5 1 5 900 83 3.04 1.400 8.7 0.2 3.9 4.0 1.02
79 Ferdie Schupp* 25 NYG 9 3 .750 0.90 30 11 17 8 4 1 140.1 79 22 14 1 37 86 5 0 2 525 272 2.08 0.827 5.1 0.1 2.4 5.5 2.32
80 Jack Scott 24 PIT 0 0 10.80 1 0 1 0 0 0 5.0 5 6 6 1 3 4 0 0 1 21 27 5.12 1.600 9.0 1.8 5.4 7.2 1.33
81 Tom Seaton 28 CHC 6 6 .500 3.27 31 12 13 4 0 1 121.0 108 54 44 3 43 45 4 0 3 504 88 3.06 1.248 8.0 0.2 3.2 3.3 1.05
82 George Smith 24 NYG 1 0 1.000 2.61 9 1 6 0 0 0 20.2 14 8 6 0 6 9 1 0 3 82 96 2.46 0.968 6.1 0.0 2.6 3.9 1.50
83 Sherry Smith* 25 BRO 14 10 .583 2.34 36 25 8 15 4 1 219.0 193 76 57 5 45 67 3 0 4 879 115 2.66 1.087 7.9 0.2 1.8 2.8 1.49
84 Bob Steele* 22 STL 5 15 .250 3.41 29 21 4 7 1 0 148.0 156 74 56 6 42 67 3 1 2 619 77 2.85 1.338 9.5 0.4 2.6 4.1 1.60
85 Sailor Stroud 31 NYG 1 2 .333 2.70 10 4 3 0 0 1 46.2 47 18 14 1 9 16 1 0 2 194 91 2.55 1.200 9.1 0.2 1.7 3.1 1.78
86 Jeff Tesreau 28 NYG 18 14 .563 2.92 40 32 4 23 5 2 268.1 249 103 87 9 65 113 6 2 9 1090 83 2.70 1.170 8.4 0.3 2.2 3.8 1.74
87 Fred Toney 27 CIN 14 17 .452 2.28 41 38 2 21 3 1 300.0 247 98 76 7 78 146 8 0 6 1184 114 2.51 1.083 7.4 0.2 2.3 4.4 1.87
88 Twink Twining 22 CIN 0 0 13.50 1 0 1 0 0 0 2.0 4 3 3 1 1 0 1 0 0 11 25 11.82 2.500 18.0 4.5 4.5 0.0 0.00
89 Lefty Tyler* 26 BSN 17 9 .654 2.02 34 28 5 21 6 1 249.1 200 79 56 6 58 117 3 0 3 968 122 2.42 1.035 7.2 0.2 2.1 4.2 2.02
90 Hippo Vaughn* 28 CHC 17 15 .531 2.20 44 35 9 21 4 1 294.0 269 94 72 4 67 144 7 0 6 1191 131 2.27 1.143 8.2 0.1 2.1 4.4 2.15
91 Cy Warmoth* 23 STL 0 0 14.40 3 0 2 0 0 0 5.0 12 10 8 0 4 1 1 0 0 30 20 4.92 3.200 21.6 0.0 7.2 1.8 0.25
92 Milt Watson 26 STL 4 6 .400 3.06 18 13 5 5 2 0 103.0 109 51 35 3 33 27 4 0 1 436 86 3.25 1.379 9.5 0.3 2.9 2.4 0.82
93 Steamboat Williams 24 STL 6 7 .462 4.20 36 8 21 5 0 1 105.0 121 63 49 6 27 25 1 1 1 458 63 3.38 1.410 10.4 0.5 2.3 2.1 0.93
LgAvg per 180 IP 10 10 .495 2.62 33 20 9 11 2 1 180 163 69 52 4 48 77 5 0 4 734 100 2.63 1.174 8.2 0.2 2.4 3.8 1.59