Steven Norman Carlton
- Bats Left, Throws Left
- Height 6' 4", Weight 210 lb.
- School Miami-Dade Community College
- Debut April 12, 1965
- Final Game April 23, 1988
- Born December 22, 1944 in Miami, FL USA
"Carlton does not pitch to the hitter, he pitches through him. The batter hardly exists for Steve. He's playing an elevated game of catch." - Tim McCarver, Carlton's catcher with the Cardinals
Steve Carlton was a big, imposing left-hander with a good fastball and an astonishing slider ("like drinking coffee with a fork," Willie Stargell supposedly said of trying to hit Carlton's signature pitch). He was a four-time National League Cy Young Award winner, ten-time All-Star, and the last man to pitch over 300 innings in a season (304 in 1980). He won 329 games en route to the Hall of Fame, the #2 all-time southpaw and most career wins in baseball since Warren Spahn's 363.
Early career with the Cardinals
Good enough already as a 22-year-old to break into the St. Louis Cardinals' formidable World Series-bound rotation in 1967, Carlton went 14-9 with a 2.98 ERA in his first full season starting. He was a very similar 14-11 with a 2.99 ERA for the again Series-bound Cards in 1968, and made the first three of his All-Star Game appearances in his four remaining years in St. Louis.
After going 17-11 with a 2.17 ERA (good for second in the NL) in 1969, he faltered badly in 1970, slumping to 10-19. Letters from an unnamed correspondent presenting thoughtful analyses of his mental approach to the game began arriving that Carlton later credited with changing his outlook toward pitching. He rebounded strongly to win 20 games in 1971 before being traded to the Philadelphia Phillies after the season in return for the Phillies' ace, Rick Wise.
Carlton pitched on the same team as Hall of Famer Bob Gibson from 1965 to 1971. While Gibson in his prime was more dominant, Carlton showed flashes of the future greatness that would emerge in Philadelphia, squeaking past Gibson's 2.18 ERA with a 2.17 ERA in 1969 and topping Gibson 20 wins to 16 in spite of Gibson's lower ERA in 1971.
Though Wise would have two reasonably good years with St. Louis before moving on to the Boston Red Sox, the Carlton/Wise trade is generally viewed as a disaster for the Cardinals. Whereas Wise was a one-time All-Star in his two seasons in St. Louis, Carlton went on to earn seven nods en route to a record four NL Cy Young Awards in Philadelphia. His rise from star to superstardom was immediate, posting one of the greatest pitching seasons ever in 1972. Sweeping the NL Triple Crown, he finished with 27 wins, 310 strikeouts, and a 1.97 ERA, and was named the unanimous choice for the 1972 National League Cy Young Award.
He faltered in 1973 but bounced back robustly from 1974 to 1976, then won the Cy Young Award again in 1977, and after two solid years cinched it twice more in 1980 and 1982. In between, in spite of overall superior numbers (in WAR, ERA, and Win %, among others), he saw the award go to rookie sensation Fernando Valenzuela of the Los Angeles Dodgers in strike-shortened 1981 season.
Off the mound, Carlton lobbied in 1976 for the Phillies to sign his former Cardinal backstop, Tim McCarver, as his personal catcher. The pair lasted from 1976 through 1979 as a battery before Carlton resumed pitching to regular Philly catcher Bob Boone in 1980, after McCarver had retired.
During the 1970s, Carlton adopted martial arts, running, and strength conditioning regimes that were ahead of their time, including working his hand to the bottom of a large canister of rice to strengthen his wrist for throwing his trademark slider.
In spite of unevenness season-to-season Carlton was distinguished by his intense focus and willful isolation from the media circus superstardom brought. As part of it, he refused to talk to the media from 1977 until the press conference announcing his release in 1986.
In 1982, Carlton's 23 wins made him the only 20-game winner in baseball, and the first pitcher ever to win four Cy Young Awards. A good-hitting pitcher, his batting average was 14 points higher that season than that of National League home run leader Dave Kingman. He was a key part of the Phillies' first-ever team to win the World Series, in 1980, and was still a mainstay of the starting rotation when the Phillies returned to the Fall Classic in 1983. He won two games in the 1980 Series against the Kansas City Royals, but lost his only start against the Baltimore Orioles in 1983 in spite of pitching well.
Earning the all-time strikeout record
In the early 1980s Carlton was locked in a spirited duel with Nolan Ryan for the lead in the all-time strikeout list. Entering the 1983 season, three pitchers were within 100 strikeouts of Walter Johnson's record of 3,508, a mark the "Big Train" had held since topping Cy Young's 2,803 in 1921.
Closing in on the record Nolan Ryan was second, 14 K's away, Gaylord Perry third, 56 away, and Carlton fourth, 74 back. Though Ryan was the first to pass Johnson, by the end of the year Carlton's huge 275 strikeout season surpassed first Perry, then Johnson, and finally Ryan, 3,709 to 3,677, to take the overall lead. Perry, who was in his final season, was never again a factor, though he too would surpass Johnson before retiring with 3,534 strikeouts.
A two-man race developed in 1984, as Carlton and Ryan swapped the top spot back and forth before Ryan finished just a pair of whiffs ahead, 3,874-3,872. An injury-plagued and ineffective 1985 season derailed Carlton, who never again overtook Ryan. His final lead followed a September 4, 1984 start - 3,857 to 3,854. Ryan fanned 8 the next day and never looked back, ultimately retiring with an insurmountable 5,714 strikeouts to Carlton's 4,136.
Decline, retirement, and the Hall of Fame
In 1985, Carlton had a 1-8 record but a respectable 3.33 ERA. He started out 1986 4-8 with a bloated 6.18 ERA before being released by the Phillies on June 24th. Out of contention early due to the fast start of the New York Mets, the team he'd done so much for didn't even give him the courtesy of notching his 4,000th career strikeout in a Phillies uniform, releasing him just 18 shy. He signed on with the San Francisco Giants and reached an even 4,000 before retiring. However, severe financial difficulties quickly changed his mind, forcing him to sign with the Chicago White Sox later that year. He pitched respectably, with a 4-3 record and a 3.69 ERA, but was ineffective in 1987 and 1988 for the Cleveland Indians and the Minnesota Twins. The Twins reached the World Series in 1987, but did not put Carlton on their postseason roster; instead they gave the ball to rookie Les Straker as their number 3 starter that fall. He was released by the Twins on April 28, 1988, after pitching ineffectively in 4 games, then officially retired during spring training of 1989 when no team offered him a tryout.
Off the field Carlton enjoyed hunting and fishing. In retirement he kept away from baseball, living in relative isolation in Colorado.
A member of four World Series teams, three of them winners, Carlton was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame on January 12, 1984 in his first year of eligibility by the Baseball Writers Association of America. His 95.6% was behind only Tom Seaver's 98.8% and Johnny Bench's 96.4% since Hank Aaron's 97.8% in 1982, higher than Willie Mays (94.7), Stan Musial (93.2), or Ted Williams (93.4), a measure of the great esteem he was held in by those who had seen him play.
- 10-time NL All-Star (1968, 1969, 1971, 1972, 1974, 1977 & 1979-1982)
- 4-time NL Cy Young Award Winner (1972, 1977, 1980 & 1982)
- NL Pitcher's Triple Crown (1972)
- NL Gold Glove Winner (1981)
- NL ERA Leader (1972)
- 4-time NL Wins Leader (1972, 1977, 1980 & 1982)
- 2-time NL Strikeouts Leader (1981 & 1983)
- 5-time NL Innings Pitched Leader (1972, 1973, 1980, 1982 & 1983)
- 5-time NL Strikeouts Leader (1972, 1974, 1980, 1982 & 1983)
- 3-time NL Complete Games Leader (1972, 1973 & 1982)
- NL Shutouts Leader (1982)
- 15 Win Seasons: 12 (1969, 1971, 1972, 1974-1980, 1982 & 1983)
- 20 Win Seasons: 6 (1971, 1972, 1976, 1977, 1980 & 1982)
- 200 Innings Pitched Seasons: 16 (1968-1980 & 1982-1984)
- 300 Innings Pitched Seasons: 2 (1972 & 1980)
- 200 Strikeouts Seasons: 8 (1969, 1972-1974, 1979, 1980, 1982 & 1983)
- 300 Strikeouts Seasons: 1 (1972)
- Most games started, pitcher, left-handed, career, 709
- Won three World Series with the St. Louis Cardinals (1967), the Philadelphia Phillies (1980) and the Minnesota Twins (1987; he did not play in the World Series).
- Baseball Hall of Fame: Class of 1994
|NL Cy Young Award|
|Fergie Jenkins||Steve Carlton||Tom Seaver|
|Randy Jones||Steve Carlton||Gaylord Perry|
|Bruce Sutter||Steve Carlton||Fernando Valenzuela|
|Fernando Valenzuela||Steve Carlton||John Denny|
- Thomas Boswell: "Baseball's Dark Lord", in How Life Imitates the World Series, Penguin Books, New York, NY, 1982, pp. 208-212.
- Steve Bucci and Dave Brown: Drinking Coffee With a Fork: The Story of Steve Carlton and the '72 Phillies, Camino Books, Philadelphia, PA, 2011. ISBN 1933822252
- Bruce Morgan: Steve Carlton and the 1972 Phillies, McFarland, Jefferson, NC, 2012. ISBN 078646836X
- Larry Shenk: "Carlton trade 'phantastic' for Phils in '72: Lefty went on to win 27 games for a Phillies team that won only 59", mlb.com, February 22, 2017.