From BR Bullpen
A sacrifice fly is a fly ball out that scores a baserunner. While typically a long fly ball to the outfield, a sacrifice fly can be recorded on any fly ball, whether fair or foul. The runner usually scores from third base, but there have been cases of runners scoring from second or even first base on a sacrifice fly; it is also possible for more than one runner to score on the play. The batter is charged with a plate appearance but not with an at bat, and is credited with an RBI for each run scored as a result. No sacrifice fly is credited if a baserunner advances one or more bases as a result of a fly ball that is caught but does not score.
The sacrifice fly is a recent statistic, dating back to 1954 in its present form, although it has always been possible for a runner to advance after a fly ball is caught for an out.
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