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Rookie of the Year Award

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Note:' This page links to the Rookie of the Year Award. For the film, click here.

The Rookie of the Year Award, often abbreviated to RoY, is given to the best rookie (first-year player) in a league. The Major League Baseball award is given to the most outstanding rookie both the American League and the National League. Most leagues have an award of this type; a common variant in single division leagues is to have separate awards for position players and pitchers.

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[edit] Award History

The first MLB award was chosen by the Chicago chapter of the Baseball Writers Association of America from 1940 to 1946. In 1947, the chapter invited all members of the BBWAA to vote. Jackie Robinson won the first award.

Originally the award was known as the J. Louis Comiskey Memorial Award, after the Chicago White Sox owner of the 1930s. In 1987, in honor of the 40th year since Jackie Robinson broke the color line, it became known as the Jackie Robinson Award.

Only two players have been named Rookie of the Year and MVP in the same year; Fred Lynn in 1975 and Ichiro Suzuki in 2001, both in the American League.

[edit] Rookie Qualification

Currently a player is considered to be a rookie, and thus eligible for the award, if the player has accumulated in prior major league seasons:

It was not until the late 1950s that whom was a rookie was defined and the criteria has changed twice. During the 1960s, players were not considered rookies if they had more than 75 at bats or 45 innings pitched in previous seasons or were on the active roster at any time from May 15 to September 1. The current criteria were established in the 1970s.

Two BBWAA members who cover each MLB club vote for their respective league award. No voter may vote for more than three players. The votes and their placement are tallied for each player are tallied and a point system is used to determine the award winner. Each first place vote is worth five points, each second place vote is worth three points, and each third place vote is worth one point. The player with the highest point total is the Rookie of the Year.

[edit] “Rookie” Controversies

In recent years, the award has come under fire as it has been given to Japanese players who, while having no major league experience, played for many years in Nippon Professional Baseball. Hideo Nomo, Kazuhiro Sasaki, and Ichiro Suzuki had all played at least five years in Japan before transferring to major league clubs and subsequently won the award. This has caused some writers to refuse to put Japanese players on their ballots and others to call for an age or playing experience restriction (much like the NHL). This was the case again when Jose Abreu, a veteran of Cuban and international baseball, won the award, although the fact that he was a unanimous winner meant that no writer had held his past experience against him.

On the other hand, the first winner of the award (Robinson) had played in the Negro Leagues as did the first five winners of the National League's award: Don Newcombe, Sam Jethroe, Willie Mays, Joe Black, Jim Gilliam.

[edit] Award Winners

BOLD indicates unanimous selection

[edit] Chicago BBWAA Award (1940-1946)

Year Player Team (League) Position
1940 Lou Boudreau Cleveland Indians (AL) SS
1941 Pete Reiser Brooklyn Dodgers (NL) OF
1942 Johnny Beazley St. Louis Cardinals (NL) P
1943 Billy Johnson New York Yankees (AL) 3B
1944 Bill Voiselle New York Giants (NL) P
1945 Dave Ferriss Boston Red Sox (AL) P
1946 Eddie Waitkus Chicago Cubs (NL) 1B

[edit] Single Award (1947-1948)

Year
voting totals
Player Team (League) Position
1947
MLB
Jackie Robinson Brooklyn Dodgers (NL) 1B
1948
MLB
Alvin Dark Boston Braves (NL) SS

[edit] League Awards (1949-present)

Year
voting totals
American League National League
Player Team Position Player Team Position
1949
AL NL
Roy Sievers St. Louis Browns OF Don Newcombe Brooklyn Dodgers P
1950
AL NL
Walt Dropo Boston Red Sox 1B Sam Jethroe Boston Braves OF
1951
AL NL
Gil McDougald New York Yankees 3B Willie Mays New York Giants OF
1952
AL NL
Harry Byrd Philadelphia Athletics P Joe Black Brooklyn Dodgers P
1953
AL NL
Harvey Kuenn Detroit Tigers SS Jim Gilliam Brooklyn Dodgers 2B
1954
AL NL
Bob Grim New York Yankees P Wally Moon St. Louis Cardinals OF
1955
AL NL
Herb Score Cleveland Indians P Bill Virdon St. Louis Cardinals OF
1956
AL NL
Luis Aparicio Chicago White Sox SS Frank Robinson Cincinnati Redlegs OF
1957
AL NL
Tony Kubek New York Yankees SS Jack Sanford Philadelphia Phillies P
1958
AL NL
Albie Pearson Washington Senators OF Orlando Cepeda San Francisco Giants 1B
1959
AL NL
Bob Allison Washington Senators OF Willie McCovey San Francisco Giants 1B
1960
AL NL
Ron Hansen Baltimore Orioles SS Frank Howard Los Angeles Dodgers OF
1961
AL NL
Don Schwall Boston Red Sox P Billy Williams Chicago Cubs OF
1962
AL NL
Tom Tresh New York Yankees SS Ken Hubbs Chicago Cubs 2B
1963
AL NL
Gary Peters Chicago White Sox P Pete Rose Cincinnati Reds 2B
1964
AL NL
Tony Oliva Minnesota Twins OF Dick Allen Philadelphia Phillies 3B
1965
AL NL
Curt Blefary Baltimore Orioles OF Jim Lefebvre Los Angeles Dodgers 2B
1966
AL NL
Tommie Agee Chicago White Sox OF Tommy Helms Cincinnati Reds 2B
1967
AL NL
Rod Carew Minnesota Twins 2B Tom Seaver New York Mets P
1968
AL NL
Stan Bahnsen New York Yankees P Johnny Bench Cincinnati Reds C
1969
AL NL
Lou Piniella Kansas City Royals OF Ted Sizemore Los Angeles Dodgers 2B
1970
AL NL
Thurman Munson New York Yankees C Carl Morton Montreal Expos P
1971
AL NL
Chris Chambliss Cleveland Indians 1B Earl Williams Atlanta Braves C
1972
AL NL
Carlton Fisk Boston Red Sox C Jon Matlack New York Mets P
1973
AL NL
Al Bumbry Baltimore Orioles OF Gary Matthews San Francisco Giants OF
1974
AL NL
Mike Hargrove Texas Rangers 1B Bake McBride St. Louis Cardinals OF
1975
AL NL
Fred Lynn Boston Red Sox OF John Montefusco San Francisco Giants P
1976
AL NL
Mark Fidrych Detroit Tigers P Butch Metzger
Pat Zachry
San Diego Padres
Cincinnati Reds
P
P
1977
AL NL
Eddie Murray Baltimore Orioles DH Andre Dawson Montreal Expos OF
1978
AL NL
Lou Whitaker Detroit Tigers 2B Bob Horner Atlanta Braves 3B
1979
AL NL
John Castino
Alfredo Griffin
Minnesota Twins
Toronto Blue Jays
3B
SS
Rick Sutcliffe Los Angeles Dodgers P
1980
AL NL
Joe Charboneau Cleveland Indians OF Steve Howe Los Angeles Dodgers P
1981
AL NL
Dave Righetti New York Yankees P Fernando Valenzuela Los Angeles Dodgers P
1982
AL NL
Cal Ripken Jr. Baltimore Orioles SS Steve Sax Los Angeles Dodgers 2B
1983
AL NL
Ron Kittle Chicago White Sox OF Darryl Strawberry New York Mets OF
1984
AL NL
Alvin Davis Seattle Mariners 1B Dwight Gooden New York Mets P
1985
AL NL
Ozzie Guillen Chicago White Sox SS Vince Coleman St. Louis Cardinals OF
1986
AL NL
Jose Canseco Oakland Athletics OF Todd Worrell St. Louis Cardinals P
1987
AL NL
Mark McGwire Oakland Athletics 1B Benito Santiago San Diego Padres C
1988
AL NL
Walt Weiss Oakland Athletics SS Chris Sabo Cincinnati Reds 3B
1989
AL NL
Gregg Olson Baltimore Orioles P Jerome Walton Chicago Cubs OF
1990
AL NL
Sandy Alomar Jr. Cleveland Indians C David Justice Atlanta Braves OF
1991
AL NL
Chuck Knoblauch Minnesota Twins 2B Jeff Bagwell Houston Astros 1B
1992
AL NL
Pat Listach Milwaukee Brewers SS Eric Karros Los Angeles Dodgers 1B
1993
AL NL
Tim Salmon California Angels OF Mike Piazza Los Angeles Dodgers C
1994
AL NL
Bob Hamelin Kansas City Royals DH Raul Mondesi Los Angeles Dodgers OF
1995
AL NL
Marty Cordova Minnesota Twins OF Hideo Nomo Los Angeles Dodgers P
1996
AL NL
Derek Jeter New York Yankees SS Todd Hollandsworth Los Angeles Dodgers OF
1997
AL NL
Nomar Garciaparra Boston Red Sox SS Scott Rolen Philadelphia Phillies 3B
1998
AL NL
Ben Grieve Oakland Athletics OF Kerry Wood Chicago Cubs P
1999
AL NL
Carlos Beltran Kansas City Royals OF Scott Williamson Cincinnati Reds P
2000
AL NL
Kazuhiro Sasaki Seattle Mariners P Rafael Furcal Atlanta Braves SS
2001
AL NL
Ichiro Suzuki Seattle Mariners OF Albert Pujols St. Louis Cardinals OF
2002
AL NL
Eric Hinske Toronto Blue Jays 3B Jason Jennings Colorado Rockies P
2003
AL NL
Angel Berroa Kansas City Royals SS Dontrelle Willis Florida Marlins P
2004
AL NL
Bobby Crosby Oakland Athletics SS Jason Bay Pittsburgh Pirates OF
2005
AL NL
Huston Street Oakland Athletics P Ryan Howard Philadelphia Phillies 1B
2006
AL NL
Justin Verlander Detroit Tigers P Hanley Ramírez Florida Marlins SS
2007
AL NL
Dustin Pedroia Boston Red Sox 2B Ryan Braun Milwaukee Brewers 3B
2008
AL NL
Evan Longoria Tampa Bay Rays 3B Geovany Soto Chicago Cubs C
2009
AL NL
Andrew Bailey Oakland Athletics RP Chris Coghlan Florida Marlins OF
2010
AL NL
Neftali Feliz Texas Rangers RP Buster Posey San Francisco Giants C
2011
AL NL
Jeremy Hellickson Tampa Bay Rays SP Craig Kimbrel Atlanta Braves RP
2012
AL NL
Mike Trout Los Angeles Angels OF Bryce Harper Washington Nationals OF
2013
AL NL
Wil Myers Tampa Bay Rays OF Jose Fernandez Miami Marlins P
2014
AL NL
Jose Abreu Chicago White Sox 1B Jacob deGrom New York Mets P

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