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Phil Garner

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Philip Mason Garner
(Scrap Iron)

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[edit] Biographical Information

Phil Garner played 18 years in professional baseball, 16 in the majors, before retiring. He then coached for three years and then managed for over a decade at the big-league level. Although Clint Courtney (Browns/Senators) was baseball's original "Scrap-Iron", Garner was given the nickname and carried it throughout his career.

[edit] Youth and Amateur career

Garner grew up in Rutledge, TN, the son and grandson of Baptist ministers. To play baseball in high school, he enrolled in a school in Knoxville, TN. In college, he was a two-time pick to the all-Southeastern Conference team and had been an honorable mention All-American in 1970. He also received a Bachelor of Science Degree in General Business while at the University of Tennessee.

[edit] Draft confusion, semipro ball

When the 1970 amateur draft selections for Tennessee were listed, Garner's name was not on the list. He said "I have never been hurt so badly in my life...I just wanted to be alone." He went to the university ballpark and sat there all night, trying to figure out why he had not been selected. Then the next day, he found out he had been picked in the 8th round by the Montréal Expos. As his parents had moved to Houston, TX by then, he was listed under a Texas pick and the Tennessee newspapers hadn't caught it. Garner said "If you could get the emotional bends from coming up too fast, I would've been a very sick person."

The Expos scout sent to sign Garner kept downplaying his abilities and didn't even offer him a contract, only a plane ticket to a minor league team. He was upset about not getting offered any money and by the lack of interest shown and didn't agree to join the Expos. He then went to play semipro baseball in Liberal, KS. Expos scout Pat Patterson came to check out Garner at that point and asked him how much money he wanted. Phil asked for $30,000 and Patterson said Garner needed to show power to earn it.

That evening, Garner hit a long 3-run homer off of Burt Hooton to win the game with Patterson in attendance. The next day, Garner hit another 3-run homer, but Pat was not there and Phil never heard again from Montréal.

[edit] 1971-1974: A's minor leagues

Garner continued to play semipro baseball and in the January 1971 amateur draft was the third overall pick, taken by the Oakland Athletics. The A's showed more interest and he signed with Oakland. Garner planned to make the majors in five years, even though Sal Bando manned third for Oakland.

Phil broke in with the Burlington Bees in 1971 and hit .278/~.351/.451. In 1972, Garner was on the Birmingham Barons and batted .280/~.356/.500. The next year, he had a .289/~.379/.461 line with the Tucson Toros in his AAA debut. He scored 87 runs, drew 72 walks and reached double digits in doubles (23), triples (12) and homers (14). His 35 errors did lead Pacific Coast League third basemen though. During a September call-up to the 1973 A's after the PCL season ended, he played 9 games at third and went 0 for 5 at the plate, being used primarily as a defensive substitute. As Bando was still holding down the A's job at third base, Garner had little hope to join the team. When he got his contract for 1974 for $600/month (the same as in 1973) from Charlie Finley, he didn't sign it. As he had been a business major, he felt that he could negotiate his own terms in this era when few players had agents.

Finley didn't want to negotiate and told Garner to stay in Houston and sell insurance as the club had no use for him. Finley did send Garner a contract calling for a raise to $700/month but Phil refused to sign it. He still reported to Tucson though, and got a break in late May when Bando went down with a bruised calf for a few games.

Called up to Oakland, Garner was placed in the starting lineup by Dick Williams. Phil still refused to sign a deal and Finley told him he could go back to Houston; Garner later wrote "I had been in and out of the starting lineup in approximately twenty minutes." Reggie Jackson intervened and advocated for Garner, who then worked out a raise to $750 per month (thanks to Jackson). Finley asked Garner not to hold his business style against him, and Phil said he loved Finley as an owner.

Phil went 0 for 8 with a walk filling in for Bando and returned to Tucson. Overall, he hit .330/~.412/.541 with the Toros and again was in double figures in doubles (29), triples (10) and homers (11). He split PCL All-Star honors at third with Bill McNulty, who had hit .329 with 55 homers, 135 runs and 135 RBI in a homer haven. Garner was promoted back to Oakland by late July, but saw scant action, again primarily as a defensive replacement. He went 5 for 20 in the last couple of months of the season.

[edit] 1975-1976: A's regular

While Bando continued to hold down third, Dick Green retired and Manny Trillo was traded, opening up a job at second base for Garner, and it would be 13 years until he returned to the minors again. Phil hit .246/.296/.346 for the 1975 Athletics, good for a 83 OPS+ in a low-offense era. He tied Bando for the 1975 AL lead with 160 games played and his 21 sacrifice hits ranked second to Mark Belanger, two off of the pace. He went 0 for 5 in the 1975 ALCS. In 1976, he batted .261/.307/.400, a 110 OPS+. Garner made the 1976 All-Star Game and his 12 triples that season tied Rod Carew for second in the 1976 AL, behind only George Brett's 14. On one of the most steal-happy teams in baseball history, he swiped 35 bases in 48 tries, fifth on the club in stolen bases.

[edit] 1977-1981: Scrap Iron in the Steel City

In March of 1977, Garner was traded with Chris Batton and Tommy Helms to the Pittsburgh Pirates for Dave Giusti, Doc Medich, Doug Bair, Rick Langford, Tony Armas Sr. and Mitchell Page. Phil became a hit in Pittsburgh, where his blue-collar and gritty style won approval from the city's fans. 30 years later, he was still generally recalled in glowing terms by baseball fans in the region.

Phil says he never worried about getting into a brawl when he was with Pittsburgh, thanks to huge teammates like Willie Stargell, Dave Parker, John Candelaria and Bruce Kison.

In his first spring training game with Pittsburgh, Garner made three errors and hit a triple. When the snowbirds attending the game booed the errors but did not respond to his sliding into third for the triple, Phil walked to the stands and yelled "[W]hat's the problem here?", which got the fans cheering.

Garner initially disliked Pittsburgh, which was still heavily polluted from the steel industry and lacked straight streets due to the multitude of hills throughout the city. Garner and his wife Carol bought a house there and as they got to know the region, "we fell in love with Pittsburgh." He says that he and his wife didn't want to leave town after he eventually was traded by Pittsburgh.

Garner hit .260/.325/.441 for the 1977 Pirates with 99 runs, 35 doubles, 10 triples, 17 homers, 77 RBI and 32 steals in 41 tries. He set career highs in home runs, doubles and runs that year. He tied Greg Luzinski for 9th in the 1977 NL in runs, tied Luzinski and Ken Griffey Sr. for 10th in doubles, tied five players for fifth in triples and tied Gary Carter for 8th in extra-base hits.

In 1978, Garner split his time evenly between second base and third base (81 games at each spot) and hit .261/.345/.400 to remain around the league-average on offense. He tied 5 players for 4th in the 1978 NL with 9 triples, tied for 10th with 12 intentional walks and tied for fourth by hitting into 18 double plays. He stole 27 bases, but was caught 14 times.

Garner had a huge accomplishment in September of that season. On September 14, with Bill Robinson and Ed Ott aboard, John Milner was intentionally walked by Bob Forsch to get to Garner, who took him deep to center for a grand slam in the 7th inning. Phil's wife rarely missed a home game but hadn't been there and got mad - "How could you hit the only grand slam of your career the one night I don't come to the game?" Garner told her he would hit one the next day. On September 15, Omar Moreno, Robinson and Willie Stargell were on base in the first inning, when Garner homered off of Woodie Fryman. It was the first time in 77 years, since Jimmy Sheckard, that a National Leaguer had hit grand slams in consecutive games; Brooks Robinson had done it in the AL in 1962.

Phil had a .293/.359/.441 batting line for the 1979 Pirates and stole 17 bases in 25 tries in another well-rounded offensive campaign. He again split his time almost evenly between second and third. He was 6th in the 1979 NL with 15 intentional walks as he often batted 8th (he also hit 2nd, 6th or 7th regularly). He hit .417/.462/.833 in the 1979 NLCS. In game one of the 1979 World Series, the Orioles loaded the bases in the first with one out and John Lowenstein hit a routine grounder to second. Garner says he "moved over and picked it up, then calmly threw the ball about fifteen feet over second base", letting two runs score. He wound up setting a World Series record for second basemen with 7 double plays to overcome his early miscue. He had at least one hit in each Series game and batted an impressive .500/.571/.667 in what would be his only World Series action as a player.

Garner batted .259/.315/.358 for the 1980 Pirates as the starting second baseman and stole 32 bases while only getting caught 7 times. It had been the worst offensive season of the past five, yet it marked his second All-Star selection, and his first in the National League. Despite fading further in 1981, he would make his third and final All-Star team that year.

Phil was hitting .254/.327/.326 for the 1981 Pirates when Pittsburgh dealt him to Houston for Johnny Ray and two players to be named later.

[edit] 1981-1988: The rest of his playing career

Garner hit .239/.326/.283 for the 1981 Astros and went just 2 for 18 (with three walks) in the 1981 NL West division series. He bounced back in the 1982 season, though. He batted .274/.320/.423 that year for a 114 OPS+, his best yet in the majors. The 33-year-old veteran tied for 10th in the 1982 NL with 32 doubles and tied for fifth with 8 triples. He drove in a career-high 83 runs that year. He slipped back to a .238/.317/.362 line in 1983 while returning to third after three years at second base. He would man third base primarily for the rest of his career.

Garner had his best batting season with the 1984 Astros, hitting .278/.355/.388 for a 116 OPS+. It was the second-best OBP of his career, following 1979. His speed was gone, though, and he only stole 3 bases in 5 tries, so while it might have been his best batting season, his best offensive seasons were likely behind him.

In 1985, Scrap Iron had a .268/.317/.400 line at the plate for a solid 103 OPS+. He tied a much younger and faster Vince Coleman for fourth in the 1985 NL in triples (10), trailing speedsters Willie McGee, Tim Raines Sr. and Juan Samuel (Garner's most similar player through 2006 using the similarity scores method).

Garner hit .265/.329/.419 to remain a competent offensive force with the 1986 Astros. He went 2 for 9 with a walk and a double in the 1986 NLCS. Overall, he had hit .309/.390/.456 in 21 post-season games; except for 1979, his stats had been unimpressive, but his 1979 campaign had been so great that it makes his overall line look very good.

A free agent, Phil took a pay cut to remain with Houston. He hit only .223/.268/.348 in 43 games for the 1987 Astros and age had finally caught up with him at 38. Traded to the Los Angeles Dodgers for a player to be named later, Garner did about the same in LA - .190/.299/.270 in 70 games, often off the bench.

Garner signed with the San Francisco Giants for 1988 but started off 0 for 2 and then was sent to the Phoenix Giants, where he hit .267/~.340/.422 in 17 games in limited duty. Returning to San Francisco in September, Garner went 2 for 11 with a walk to conclude his career.

Overall, Garner had hit .260/.323/.389 in 1,860 major league games. He had a 99 OPS+ and stole 225 bases in 330 tries, making him a league-average offensive player despite manning positions in the middle and lower ends of the defensive spectrum.

[edit] Managerial career

After his playing career ended, he was a Houston Astros coach from 1989 to 1991. In 1992, he became Milwaukee Brewers skipper and has since managed the Detroit Tigers (2000-2002) and Astros, whom he led to the World Series for the first time in 2005. He was fired by the Astros on August 27, 2007, along with general manager Tim Purpura, with the team in 5th place. In all three stops during his managerial career, Garner started strong, only to see his teams fall into mediocrity shortly thereafter. In Detroit and Houston, he was fired after a season or less of listless play, but in Milwaukee, he managed the team for seven consecutive losing seasons from 1993 to 1999 before getting the axe.

Garner has been a Special Advisor for the Oakland A's since August of 2011 (as of 2013).

[edit] Sources

The Fall of the Roman Umpire by Ron Luciano, 1972-1975 and 1989 Baseball Guides, main part of the B-R site. BaseballLibrary.com was used to find out who had last hit grand slams in consecutive games before Garner

[edit] Notable Achievements

  • 3-time All-Star (1976, 1980 & 1981)
  • Won a World Series with the Pittsburgh Pirates in 1979
  • Post-season appearances: 2 (2004 & 2005 Wild Card)
  • NL Pennant: 1 (2005)


Preceded by
Tom Trebelhorn
Milwaukee Brewers Manager
1992-1999
Succeeded by
Jim Lefebvre
Preceded by
Larry Parrish
Detroit Tigers Manager
2000-2002
Succeeded by
Luis Pujols
Preceded by
Jimy Williams
Houston Astros Manager
2004-2007
Succeeded by
Cecil Cooper

[edit] Year-By-Year Managerial Record

Year Team League Record Finish Organization Playoffs Notes
1992 Milwaukee Brewers American League 92-70 2nd Milwaukee Brewers
1993 Milwaukee Brewers American League 69-93 7th Milwaukee Brewers
1994 Milwaukee Brewers American League 53-62 5th Milwaukee Brewers
1995 Milwaukee Brewers American League 65-79 4th Milwaukee Brewers
1996 Milwaukee Brewers American League 80-82 3rd Milwaukee Brewers
1997 Milwaukee Brewers American League 78-83 3rd Milwaukee Brewers
1998 Milwaukee Brewers National League 74-88 5th Milwaukee Brewers
1999 Milwaukee Brewers National League 52-60 -- Milwaukee Brewers replaced by Jim Lefebvre on August 11
2000 Detroit Tigers American League 79-83 3rd Detroit Tigers
2001 Detroit Tigers American League 66-96 4th Detroit Tigers
2002 Detroit Tigers American League 0-6 -- Detroit Tigers replaced by Luis Pujols on April 9
2004 Houston Astros National League 48-26 2nd Houston Astros Lost NLCS replaced Jimy Williams (44-44) on July 16
2005 Houston Astros National League 89-73 2nd Houston Astros Lost World Series
2006 Houston Astros National League 82-80 2nd Houston Astros
2007 Houston Astros National League 58-73 -- Houston Astros replaced by Cecil Cooper on August 28

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