Mark David Melancon
- Bats Right, Throws Right
- Height 6' 2", Weight 215 lb.
- School University of Arizona
- High School Golden High School
- Debut April 26, 2009
Mark Melancon was drafted by the New York Yankees in the 9th round of the 2006 amateur draft. He was signed by scout Andy Stankiewicz for $600,000. After 2 weeks with the Staten Island Yankees, Melancon had Tommy John surgery and missed 2007.
The Boston Red Sox acquired Melancon in a trade with the Houston Astros before the 2012 season, as they completely revamped their bullpen that off-season. When a late spring training injury sidelined presumptive closer Andrew Bailey, he had a chance to step into the breach, but had a nightmarish time instead. On April 5th, he gave up a 9th-inning run to the Detroit Tigers while getting only one out to be charged with the loss on opening day. In his second outing on April 8th, he gave up 3 runs in two-thirds of an inning in the 11th and was charged with both a blown save and a loss against those same Tigers. He gave up another run in an inning of work in a blow-out win over the Tampa Bay Rays on April 13th, then on April 17th, the roof caved in completely as he allowed 6 runs to the Texas Rangers without recording a single out in an 18-3 beatdown. That put his ERA for the year at an ungodly 49.50 and he was sent down to the AAA Pawtucket Red Sox after the game to right himself. He recovered somewhat, eventually pitching 41 games for the Sox, with a record of 0-2, 6.20 and 1 save. At Pawtucket, he had no record, but 11 saves and a minute 0.83 ERA in 21 games. However, it was clear that his future was not in Boston, and on December 26th, he was traded to the Pittsburgh Pirates along with Ivan DeJesus Jr., Stolmy Pimentel and Jerry Sands in return for Joel Hanrahan and Brock Holt.
Melancon underwent a career renaissance with the Pirates in 2013, being used as the set-up man for closer Jason Grilli. Over his first 24 appearances, he gave up only 2 runs on 18 hits in 24 innings for an 0.75 ERA. Even more impressive, he had at that point struck out 25 batters while walking only one opponent! In his next outing on May 22nd, he picked up his first save of the year when he pitched a scoreless 9th inning following a brilliant seven-inning start by Francisco Liriano and another scoreless frame by Tony Watson to preserve the Pirates' 1-0 win over the Chicago Cubs. He was named to the All-Star team for the first time as a replacement for injured teammate Jeff Locke, a remarkable turnaround from his previous season and a rare All-Star selection for a setup man. He took over the closer's role for a time when Jason Grilli was out but began struggling with a couple blown saves after Grilli returned and Melancon resumed his setup role. He finished the season with a record of 3-2, 1.39 and 16 saves. After allowing only one regular-season home run in 2013, he was victimized by Carlos Beltran in Game 3 of the NLDS. He gave credit for his turnaround to catcher Russell Martin, who encouraged him to use his cutter more regularly, instead of relying solely on a four-seam fastball and a curve.
Melancon moved to the closer's role full-time in 2014, as Jason Grilli struggled with injuries and inconsistency and was eventually traded away. Mark made 72 appearances outr of the bullpen, with a record of 3-5, 1.90 and notched 33 saves. He gave up only 51 hits and 11 walks in 71 innings while striking out 71 batters. The Bucs returned to the postseason, and Melancon pitched a scoreless in the Wild Card Game against the San Francisco Giants, but by that point the Pirates were already losing the game and his efforts were not enough to reverse the final outcome. He got off to a very strong start in 2015 despite struggles with velocity in spring training and the first month of the season, especially after the Pirates began to hand him a lot of late-game leads starting in May. By recording his 23rd save in a 3-2 win over the Chicago White Sox on June 18th, he joined Glen Perkins of the Minnesota Twins atop the major league's leaderboard for the category. He was named to the All-Star team for the second time and set a Pirates team record by converting 35 straight save opportunities before being charged with a blown save against the Arizona Diamondbacks on August 18th. He ended the season with a league-leading 51 saves and was named the winner of the Trevor Hoffman Award given to the top reliever in the circuit.
Melancon was having another excellent season for the Pirates in 2016 as he was named to the All-Star team for the third straight year. On July 30th, he had pitched 45 games with a record of 1-1, a minute 1.51 ERA and 30 saves when he was traded to the Washington Nationals in return for Ps Felipe Rivero and Taylor Hearn. He was slated to take over as closer for Jonathan Papelbon, who had struggled badly of late. The move was a bit of a surprise, as the Pirates were still not out of the postseason race, and Mark was one of the best and most reliable performers on the team. In any case, the Nationals did not hesitate at all about who would close: Melancon got all the opportunities while Papelbon was relegated to the back of the bullpen, coming out only in lost causes, then being released on August 13th. Melancon was now "the man", who would need to get them past the first round of the postseason. In 30 games for Washington, he accumulated 17 saves to give him 47 for the season. His ERA was 1.82, putting him at 1.64 for the year. He made four scoreless appearances in the NLDS against the Los Angeles Dodgers, earning the save in Game 2, but the Nats were eliminated in five games. After the season, he became a free agent. On December 5th, he signed a four-year deal with the San Francisco Giants for $62 million.
His last name is pronounced "Muh-LAN-son"; it is of Acadian origin (i.e. from the French-speaking areas of Canada's Maritime provinces), where it is usually spelled Melanson or Melançon, although the cedilla was presumably dropped at some point in his family's travails. After the 2013 season, he went to South Africa to conduct baseball clinics for African youth on behalf of Major League Baseball. He had had a first experience of this type a couple of years earlier when taking a cruise to New Zealand and having MLB arrange for him to conduct a baseball clinic at his request. He later served as a MLB Ambassador in China, Taiwan and Australia as well.
He is the brother-in-law of J.B. Shuck.
- 3-time NL All-Star (2013, 2015 & 2016)
- Trevor Hoffman Award Winner (2015)
- NL Saves Leader (2015)
- 30 Saves Seasons: 3 (2014-2016)
- 40 Saves Seasons: 2 (2015 & 2016)
- 50 Saves Seasons: 1 (2015)
- Won a World Series with the New York Yankees in 2009 (he did not play in the World Series)
- Griffin Adams: "Mark Melancon doesn't feel pressure as Nationals closer", USA Today Sports, August 19, 2016. 
- Chris Haft: "Giants find their closer, give Melancon 4-year deal: Free agent gets $62 million to shore up SF's top need", mlb.com, December 6, 2016. 
- Matt Kelly: "5 reasons Melancon is in high demand", mlb.com, November 23, 2016. 
- Jorge L. Ortiz: "Giants reach 4-year deal with closer Mark Melancon", USA Today Sports, December 5, 2016. 
- Jorge L. Ortiz: "Giants relieved to turn ninth inning over to Mark Melancon", USA Today Sports, February 14, 2017. 
- Meggie Zahneis: "Melancon finds off-the-field calling a world away: Pirates closer ran baseball clinic in South Africa as part of MLB ambassadorship", mlb.com, November 18, 2014.