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Lew Burdette

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1991 Topps Archives '53 #310 Lew Burdette

Selva Lewis Burdette, Jr.

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[edit] Biographical Information

One of baseball's great pitchers of the 1950s, Lew Burdette won 15 or more games eight times during his major league career, including three World Series games in 1957. Lew Burdette was a pitcher for 22 years (1946-1967), one in college (1946); 18 in the Majors (1950-1967) and six in the minors (1947-1951 and 1967). He graduated from Nitro High School in 1944 at age 17 and entered the Armed Forces for World War II (WK). He was known as a finesse pitcher who did not throw a good fastball or strike out many hitters. Accused frequently of throwing a spitball, he was also known for his constant agitation on the mound.

[edit] As a Yankee

He then attended the University of Richmond (1946). Signed by scout Bill McCorry of the New York Yankees as an amateur free agent in 1947, he broke into Organized Baseball in 1947 at age 20 with the Norfolk Tars in the Piedmont League, going 1-1 with a 4.33 ERA. He then pitched for the Amsterdam Rugmakers in the Canadian-American League in the same year, going 9-10 with a 2.82 ERA. Teammates recall that he spent much of his time playing pinball, using much of his expendable income on that hobby. He was with the Quincy Gems in the Three-I League the next year, posting a 16-11 record and 2.02 ERA, tying Art Bohman for the league lead in wins and finishing second to David Thieke in ERA. He then toiled for the 1949 Kansas City Blues of the American Association, going just 6-7 with a 5.26 ERA.

Burdette was involved in at least one racial incident in the minor leagues when in 1949 he hit Jim Pendleton, one of the first black players in the American Association, in the head with a fastball, sending Pendleton to the hospital. He married Mary Ann Shelton on June 30, 1949 in midseason.

In 1950, Lew went 7-7 with a 4.79 ERA for Kansas City and got a late look with the Yankees.

Sent back down to the San Francisco Seals of the Pacific Coast League (PCL) in 1951 and going 14-12, 3.21 for them, he was traded by the Yankees with $50,000 to the Boston Braves for Johnny Sain on August 29, 1951.

[edit] As a Brave

He played for the Boston Braves (1951-1952). On September 26, 1951, Jackie Robinson of the Brooklyn Dodgers stole home against rookie Burdette, infuriating the Braves.

Moving west with the Braves to Milwaukee, WI in 1953, Burdette stayed with the Braves more than a decade (1953-1963). In 1953, according to Roy Campanella, Burdette knocked him down twice, and then yelled at him, "Nigger, get up and hit." On the other hand, when Campanella lay in his hospital bed after his paralysing accident, Burdette was one of the few opposing players who came to see him.

On May 12, 1954, Dodger Gil Hodges' home run in the fifth inning spoiled Burdette's bid for a no-hitter in the Braves 5–1 win. On May 31, 1956, the Chicago Cubs and the Braves kept banging on each other like rented mules, with Milwaukee coming out on top, 15–8. Burdette was the winner, while Paul Minner absorbed his 12th loss in a row to the Braves.

On August 13, 1957, Burdette hit his first two home runs to beat the Cincinnati Redlegs, 12-4. On October 3rd of that year in Game 2 of the World Series, Burdette defeated Yankee Bobby Shantz 4-2. On October 7th, Burdette won his second against New York - a brilliant 1-0 shutout - to give Milwaukee a 3-2 Series lead. On October 9th, with Warren Spahn stricken by the flu, Burdette pitched with two days rest, to achieve his third complete game and second shutout to beat New York, 5-0. The Braves won their first World Series championship since the "Miracle Braves" of 1914 beat Connie Mack's Philadelphia Athletics.

On July 10, 1958 Burdette hit two home runs to beat the Dodgers, 8-4. On October 2nd of that year, the Braves erupted for seven runs in the first inning and went on to defeat the Yankees, 13-5, in the World Series. Burdette was shaky but beat New York for the fourth consecutive time. He also chipped in with a 3-run home run. On October 6th, the Yankees finally solved Burdette, scoring six runs in the bottom of the 6th and winning, 7-0, behind the 5-hit pitching of Bob Turley. On October 8th, the Yankees won the World Series handily on Bill Skowron's three-run home run off Burdette in the eighth inning that put the game on ice, 6-2.

When Burdette posed for his 1959 Topps baseball card, he grabbed teammate Warren Spahn's glove and pretended to be a lefty. Topps missed the joke and printed the card with the error. On April 16th, 1959 Philadelphia Phillies Dave Philley, who had ended 1958 with eight consecutive pinch hits, started 1959 with a pinch-hit double in his first pinch at bat to extend his major league record. Despite Philley's new mark, Burdette and the Braves won, 7–3. Burdette allowed just six hits in beating Russ Meyer. On April 26th, Cincinnati Reds pitcher Willard Schmidt was twice hit by pitches in the third inning in an 11–10 win over the Braves. Braves pitchers Bob Rush and Burdette did the plunking. It was a first in the major leagues, but the major league mark would be tied in three years by Frank Thomas. On May 12th at Wrigley Field, Burdette lost a 3–2 lead in the ninth inning when he served up a gopher to Walt Moryn. After loading the bases, Burdette fired what he thought was strike three to pinch hitter Earl Averill. His next pitch was grand slammed by Averill for a 7–3 Cubs win. On May 26th, in a singular performance, Harvey Haddix of the Pittsburgh Pirates pitched a perfect game against Milwaukee for 12 innings, only to lose in the 13th. Burdette was his opponent and went all 13 innings for his eighth win, scattering 12 hits.

On August 18, 1960, facing just 27 batters, Burdette pitched a 1–0 no-hitter against the Phillies. Tony Gonzalez, the only Phil to reach base, was hit by a Burdette pitch in the fifth inning but erased on a double play. Burdette also scored the only run of the game. On August 23rd, following up his no hitter, Burdette fired his third shutout in a row, pitching the Braves to a 7–0 win over the Dodgers. On August 27th, after pitching 32 2/3 innings without allowing a run, Burdette gave up a Felipe Alou home run as the San Francisco Giants defeated Milwaukee, 3–1. On September 6th, Pittsburgh's All-Star shortstop Dick Groat suffered a broken wrist when hit by a Burdette pitch.

In 1961, Sammy White was catching for Milwaukee when Orlando Cepeda came to the plate (he led the league in homers and RBI that year). White went to the mound to consult with Burdette about how to pitch to Cepeda and they both agreed that whatever they had tried had been unsuccessful. White came up with the idea that they should tell Cepeda what was coming because "nothing else had worked". Burdette agreed. White crouched behind the plate and told Cepeda what was coming. Cepeda protested to the umpire that this was illegal and was told it was not. From that point on, in that game, White told Cepeda every pitch that he signalled to Burdette and he was retired easily each time.

[edit] After the Braves

On June 15, 1963 he was traded by the Braves to the St. Louis Cardinals for Gene Oliver and Bob Sadowski. On June 2, 1964 he was traded by the Cardinals to the Cubs for Glen Hobbie and on May 30, 1965 he was purchased by the Phillies from the Cubs. Released by the Phillies on October 13, 1965, he was signed as a free agent with the California Angels on November 29th.

On July 22, 1966, pitching in relief for the Angels, Burdette earned his 200th career victory. The Angels scored two runs in the top of the ninth to defeat the Yankees, 6-4. Burdette hurled the final two innings in Yankee Stadium, allowing just one hit.

He played his final major league game on July 16th, 1967 at age 40 and on September 23rd, he was released by the Angels. He had earlier returned to the minors with the Seattle Angels of the Pacific Coast League to finish the season; He ended his baseball playing career at age 40. He then was a scout for the southeastern area, Central Scouting Bureau (1968) and a coach for the Atlanta Braves (1972-1973), ending his involvement with baseball at age 46.

[edit] Summary

The Hero of the 1957 World Series with three complete game victories for the Milwaukee Braves, he was a two-time 20-game winner and a National League All-Star twice. He threw a no-hitter against the Philadelphia Phillies on August 18, 1960. He was the winning pitcher against Harvey Haddix in the "Greatest game ever lost".

Years before Mark Fidrych became famous for talking to the baseball, Burdette used the same antics to psych himself up on the mound. In the 1957 World Series, he shut out the New York Yankees twice in four days to give the Milwaukee Brewers their only World Championship. He was the first pitcher in 37 years to win three complete games in a single World Series and the first since Christy Mathewson (1#905) to throw two shutouts in a single Series. The win gave Milwaukee the world championship and earned Burdette Series MVP honors.

Hall of Fame lefty Warren Spahn and righthander Burdette gave the Braves a formidable one-two punch, with 443 victories between them in 13 seasons. Frequently accused of throwing a spitter, Burdette never bothered to refute that charge, and used the paranoia to his advantage. His constant fidgeting on the mound fed that suspicion; it didn't indicate nervousness. Besides winning 20 games in 1958 and 21 in 1959, Burdette won 19 twice and 18 once. His 2.70 ERA topped the National League in 1956. In two All-Star Games, he allowed only one run in seven innings.

Burdette had excellent control. Over a four-year stretch in which he averaged 20 wins and 280 innings per season, he walked a total of 156 batters, or 39 per year.His career average of 1.84 walks per nine innings pitched places him behind only Robin Roberts (1.73), Carl Hubbell (1.82) and Juan Marichal (1.82) among pitchers with at least 3000 innings since 1920. On the other hand, in part because he pitched in Milwaukee most of his career, and in part because he was always around the plate, Burdette gave up his share of home runs. In 1959, he led the National League when he surrendered 38 homers.

[edit] Best Years and Career Totals

In 1959, his best year in MLB, he was 21-15 with 20 complete games in 39 games started, 105 strikeouts, 38 walks and 4 shutouts in 289 2/3 innings pitched with an ERA of 4.07 and a WHIP of 1.208 in 41 games In 1948, his best year in the minors, he was 16-11 with 19 complete games, 185 strikeouts, 72 walks and 6 shutouts in 214 innings pitched with an ERA of 2.02 and a WHIP of 1.103 in 31 games

Overall in MLB, he had 185 hits, 101 runs, 27 doubles, 4 triples, 12 home runs, 75 RBI and 2 stolen bases at (.183/.216/.253) in 666 games and was 203-144 with 158 complete games in 373 games started, 1074 strikeouts, 628 walks and 33 shutouts in 3067 1/3 innings pitched with an ERA of 3.66 and a WHIP of 1.243 in 626 games Overall in the minors, he had 36 hits, 22 runs, 5 doubles, 1 triple, 1 home run, 18 RBI and 0 stolen bases at (.128/.209/.163) in 173 games and was 53-49 with 55 complete games, 528 strikeouts, 353 walks and 8 shutouts in 877 innings pitched with an ERA of 3.44 and a WHIP of 1.348 in 167 games.

Overall in the World Series, he was 4-2 with 25 strikeouts, 8 walks and 2 shutouts in 49 1/3 innings pitched with an ERA of 2.92 and a WHIP of 1.0338 in 6 games and hit a home run in the process. Overall in the All-Star games, he was 0-0 with 2 strikeouts and 1 walk in 7 innings pitched with an ERA of 1.29 in 2 games.

[edit] After Baseball

After his baseball career was over, he became a public relations specialist for an Athens, GA cable television company. Burdette also cut a record in the 1950s entitled "Three Strikes and Then You're Out". He had brown hair and blue eyes, his ancestry was French-German and his principal hobbies were hunting and fishing. He died in 2007 of lung cancer at age 80.

Burdette's grandson, Nolan Fontana, is a sophomore infielder on the University of Florida team in 2011.

[edit] Records Held

  • Tied National League record for pitchers for most times hitting two home runs in a game (2)
  • Established World Series record for most shutouts pitched in seven-game series (2), 1957
  • Tied World Series mark for most complete games, Series (3), 1957
  • Holds Series record for most home runs allowed, Series (5), 1958
  • Tied World Series record for most home runs allowed, inning (2), October 2, 1958
  • Most appearances in a season without surrendering a walk (19), 1967

[edit] Pitch Selection

1. Sinker 2. Slider 3. Change 4. Sidearm Curve 5. Spitball (outlawed)

[edit] Career Highlights

  • No-Hit Game: 8/18/1960: For MIL (N) vs. PHI (N), 1-0 at MIL. 9 innings pitched
  • 28th on the Most HR's list, 40th all-time on the FEWEST walks list, and nowhere in the top 100 K's/game
  • In 1957, Burdette became the second pitcher to throw two shutouts in a World Series, joining Christy Mathewson, who tossed three in 1905
  • Fifth best pitching combo of all time: Warren Spahn (LH) and Lew Burdette (RH), 1951-1963
  • His totals of wins, games and innings with the Braves ranked behind only Spahn and Kid Nichols in franchise history.
  • Third in Cy Young Award voting (1958)
  • 5 times in top 4 in wins (1956-1958, 1960-1961)

[edit] Notable Achievements

  • 2-time NL All-Star (1957 & 1959)
  • 1957 World Series MVP
  • NL ERA Leader (1956)
  • NL Wins Leader (1959)
  • NL Winning Percentage Leader (1958)
  • NL Innings Pitched Leader (1961)
  • NL Complete Games Leader (1960)
  • 2-time NL Shutouts Leader (1956 & 1959)
  • 15 Wins Seasons: 8 (1953, 1954 & 1956-1961)
  • 20 Wins Seasons: 2 (1958 & 1959)
  • 200 Innings Pitched Seasons: 8 (1954-1961)
  • Won a World Series with the Milwaukee Braves in 1957

[edit] Quotes

  • That winter (1959), the puckish Burdette asked for a $10,000 raise, explaining: "I'm the greatest pitcher that ever lived. The greatest game that was ever pitched in baseball wasn't good enough to beat me, so I've got to be the greatest!"
  • "I exploit the greed of all hitters"
  • "Let them think I throw it [the spitball]. That gives me an edge because it is another pitch they have to worry about."
  • "My best pitches were a sinker and slider," Burdette said. "I'd move the ball in and out. I always tried to keep it down. I was always being accused of throwing at the hitters. Early Wynn always said that he was the meanest pitcher in the American League, and I was the meanest in the National League." — Sports Collectors Digest, September 4, 1998
  • I think it was Burdette who, when asked how he knew it was time to retire, said, "They were starting to hit the dry side of the ball."
  • Teammate Gene Conley said, "Lew had ice water in his veins. Nothing bothered him, on or off the mound. He was a chatterbox out there ... He would talk to himself, to the batter, the umpire, and sometimes even to the ball."
  • Bob Prince, the former Pittsburgh Pirates announcer, would refer to him as "Nitro Lew".

[edit] Further Reading

  • Alex Kupfer: "Lew Burdette", in Gregory H. Wolf, ed.: Thar's Joy in Braveland: The 1957 Milwaukee Braves, SABR, Phoenix, AZ, 2014, pp. 39-44. ISBN 978-1933599717
  • Richard Lally: Bombers
  • Gene Schoor: Lew Burdette of the Braves, G.B. Putnam's Sons, New York, NY, 1960.
  • Sport, July 1956
  • Sports Illustrated, September 28, 1959
  • Fay Vincent: "Lew Burdette", in We Would Have Played For Nothing, Simon & Schuster, New York, 2008, pp. 183-197.

[edit] Sources

Principal sources for Lew Burdette include newspaper obituaries (OB), government records (VA,CM,CW), Sporting Life (SL), Baseball Digest, The Sporting News (TSN), The Sports Encyclopedia:Baseball 2006 by David Neft & Richard Cohen (N&C), old Who's Who in Baseballs (1953-1968) (WW), old Baseball Registers (1952-1968;1972-1973) (BR), TSN's Daguerreotypes (1968;1971;1990) (DAG), The Historical Register, The Baseball Necrology by Bill Lee (BN), Pat Doyle's Professional Ballplayer DataBase(PD), The Baseball Library (BL); various Encyclopediae including The Official Encyclopedia of Baseball by Turkin & Thompson (T&T), MacMillan Baseball Encyclopedia (Mac), Total Baseball (TB), The Bill James Historical Abstract (BJ) and The Encyclopedia of Minor League Baseball (LJ); Retrosheet (RS), The Baseball Chronology (BC), Baseball Page (BP), The Baseball Almanac (BA), Baseball Cube (B3); and The Pacific Coast League: A Statistical History, 1903-1957 by Dennis Snelling; The Historical Register, compiled by Bob Hoie & Carlos Bauer; Baseball:Biographical Encyclopedia by the Editors of [[Total Baseball]]; The New Biographical History of Baseball by Donald Dewey and Nicholas Acocella; The Neyer/James Guide to Pitchers by Bill James and Rob Neyer; The Southern Association in Baseball, 1885-1961 by Marshall D. Wright; The International League: Year-by-year Statistics, 1884-1953 by Marshall D. Wright; The American Association: Year-By-Year Statistics for the Baseball Minor League, 1902-1952 by Marshall D. Wright, Baseball's Canadian-American League by David Pietrusza, Baseball's 25 Greatest Teams by Lowell Reidenbaugh; and obituaries at deadballera.com (DBE) as well as research by Reed Howard (RH), Pat Doyle (PD) and Frank Hamilton (FH).

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