From BR Bullpen
Leonys Martín Tápanes
- Bats Left, Throws Right
- Height 6' 1", Weight 180 lb.
 Biographical Information
Leonys Martín became a star in his third season in Cuba in 2007-2008, hitting .398/.497/.564, just behind Yoandy Garlobo for the league lead in average. He tied for second in the league in triples (9) and was 6th in steals (13). He failed to make the post-season All-Star team as Alexei Bell, Alfredo Despaigne and Yoandry Urgelles were picked as the outfielders. He made Cuba's roster for the 2009 World Baseball Classic. As a backup outfielder in the Classic, he was 2 for 7 with 3 runs. He had previously played for Cuba in the 2006 World Junior Championship.
Martín hit .311/.491/.492 in 2008-2009. He tied Yoennis Cespedes for 4th in runs (83) and tied Alexei Bell for 2nd in steals (17). He was also 5th with 78 walks. He made the All-Star team as a utility man.
In the 2009 World Port Tournament, Leonys hit .310/.356/.476 and had one assist from right field. His 7 RBI tied Ariel Borrero, Rolando Meriño and Eriel Sánchez for second in the tourney, behind Yoelvis Fiss. His four doubles tied Sidney de Jong and Borrero for second behind Sánchez. His 20 total bases were 4th and his 13 hits 5th. He also tied Meriño and Fiss for 5th in runs (7). He was 9th in average and 7th in slugging. In 2009-2010, he hit .326/.438/.497 with 82 runs in 82 games. He tied Jose Dariel Abreu for 6th in runs, stole 30 bases (second to Marino Luis) and was caught stealing 13 times.
Martín defected from Cuba in 2010 and established residence in Mexico, thereby being able to avoid the Major League's First-year player draft. He worked out for the Texas Rangers in extended spring training in Surprise, AZ in April 2011 among rumors that he was about to sign a $15.5 million contract with them. The contract was formally announced on May 4th, as Rangers GM Jon Daniels described the centerfielder as an "impact player" who could be in the major league team's line-up before the end of the year. The Rangers designated pitcher Ramon Aguero for assignment to make room for him on their major league roster. He was assigned to the AA Frisco Rough Riders at first, making his debut as the team's starting centerfielder on May 12th; another top prospect, Engel Beltre, was moved away from CF to a corner outfield spot to make room for Martín. In his debut, he went 3-for-5 in a 10-7 victory over the Corpus Christi Hooks, including a pair of doubles. He was then moved to the AAA Round Rock Express after a month, and also made a short stay with the AZL Rangers while rehabbing for an injury. For the year, Martín hit .295/.362/.421 in 73 minor league games, with 4 homers, 53 runs scored and 19 stolen bases.
It took Martin less than a year to reach the major leagues. On August 30th, he was called up to the majors when the Rangers placed Nelson Cruz on the disabled list with a strained hamstring, although for the time being Endy Chavez, like Martín a fast lefthanded batter able to play all outfield positions, was slated to fill in as the starter for the injured Cruz. He made his debut against the Boston Red Sox on September 2nd and singled off Tim Wakefield in his first at-bat as a pinch-hitter for Josh Hamilton in the 8th inning. He then took over for Hamilton in center field. He went 3 for 8 in 8 games in his first taste of the majors, then returned to Round Rock to begin the 2012 season. He was hitting .344 with 9 doubles, 5 homers and 22 RBI in 31 games when he was called-up to Texas on June 15th after Hamilton was temporarily laid down with a stomach virus. He played 24 games for Texas, hitting only .174, although he did rack up 5 doubles and 2 triples in 46 at-bats. At Round Rock, he only played 55 games in all, hitting a sparkling .359/.422/.610 with 18 doubles and 12 homers.
In spring training of 2013, Martín beat out Julio Borbon for an outfield job, and began the season in a platoon with right-handed batter Craig Gentry. He moved to right field and to the lead-off spot when RF Nelson Cruz was suspended for the remainder of the season on August 5th for his role in the Biogenesis scandal. Martin proved to be an inspired choice for the role, as he stole 3 bases in back-to-back games on August 6-7th, becoming the first player in team history to do so. That came in the midst of a streak of 9 wins in 10 games that moved Texas back into a first-place tie with the Oakland Athletics. Martin ended the year with a .260 average, 66 runs scored, 8 homers, 49 RBIs and 36 stolen bases in 147 games but the Rangers failed to make the postseason. The team then collapsed under the weight of various injuries in 2014, but Leonys was one of the few players to take his spot every day, playing 155 games and hitting .274 with 68 runs, 7 homers, 40 RBIs and 31 steals. The numbers looked superficially good, but as in the previous season, his lack of on-base skills and limited power (he hit only 13 doubles in 2014) led to a below-average OPS+ of 92. Texas bounced back in 2015, but Leonys lost his starting job to rookie Delino DeShields Jr. as he hit only .219 in 95 games and his OPS+ fell all the way to 55. He was not used in the postseason and on November 16th, he was traded to the Seattle Mariners, along with P Anthony Bass, in return for P Tom Wilhelmsen, OF James Jones, and a player to be named (Patrick Kivlehan).
Like many other Cuban players who defected around the same time, Martin had to deal with some unsavory characters to leave the island. The person who arranged his defection, Bart Hernandez, was indicted in February 2016 on federal human smuggling and conspiracy charges for his role in assisting Martin in his quest to leave the island. Hernandez's role in the defections of Jose Abreu and Dalier Hinojosa was also cited in the indictment. He faced a jail sentence of up to twenty years for his role. While Hernandez was also working legitimately as a player agent, he was an associate of criminal figures such as Eliezer Lazo and Joel Martinez Hernandez. Lazo was sentenced to fourteen years for human trafficking and was also serving a sentence for Medicare fraud in which Martinez Hernandez was implicated as well. The two had held Martin and his family hostage to extort large sum of money from him while he was attempting to negotiate a major league contract, prompting to file suit a few years later.
 Further Reading
- Jeff Passan: "MLB agent Bart Hernandez arrested for human trafficking", Yahoo! Sports, February 19, 2016. 
- Jesse Sanchez: "Agent Hernandez indicted for Martin smuggling", mlb.com, February 19, 2016.