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Home run

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A home run is a four-base hit clearing the bases. Every runner scores including the batter. A home run usually is hit out of the park, beyond the outfield fence, but it is also possible to hit an inside-the-park home run.

There are a variety of ways to set records with home runs. The major league record for the most home runs in a single game is four (held by 16 players - see list below). The major league record for the most consecutive games in which a home run has been hit by a player is eight (held by Ken Griffey Jr., Dale Long, and Don Mattingly). The major league record for the most home runs in a single season is 73 (Barry Bonds). The major league record for the most home runs in a single season in the American League is 61 (Roger Maris). The major league record for most seasons as the season home run champ is 12, held by Babe Ruth. The modern major league record for fewest home runs in a season by the league leader is seven (held by several players). The major league record for most home runs in a season by a pitcher is nine (Wes Ferrell). The major league record for most home runs in a season by a pinch hitter is seven (Craig Wilson and Dave Hansen). The major league record for the most home runs in a single season against a single opponent is fourteen (Lou Gehrig, 14, against the Cleveland Indians, 1936).

Contents

[edit] All-Time Leaders

All Time Leaders
Span Player Total Notes
Career Barry Bonds 762
Season Barry Bonds 73 2001
Game 16 - see below
Negro League Career Mule Suttles 237
Negro League Season Willie Wells 27
Negro League Season Mule Suttles 27
NPB Career Sadaharu Oh 868
NPB Season Wladimir Balentien 60+
NPB Game Yoshiyuki Iwamoto 4
NPB Game Sadaharu Oh 4
NPB Game Tony Solaita 4
NPB Game Nigel Wilson 4
NPB Game Atsuya Furuta 4
Minor League Career Hector Espino 484
Minor League Season Joe Bauman 72
Minor League Game Nig Clarke 8
Cuban Season Alfredo Despaigne 36 2011-2012
Cuban Game Leonel Moa 4
Cuban Game Alberto Díaz 4
Cuban Game Omar Linares 4
KBO Career Seung-yeop Lee 358+
KBO Season Seung-yeop Lee 56
CPBL Season Tilson Brito 33
Hoofdklasse Career Marcel Joost
Hoofdklasse Season Jacky Jakoba 24
Serie A1 Season Donald Mazzilli 33
AAGPBL Career Eleanor Callow 55
AAGPBL Season Joanne Weaver 29
AAGPBL Game Many 2

[edit] Four home runs in one game

Player Date League Team Opponent Score Notes
Bobby Lowe May 30, 1894 National League Boston Beaneaters Cincinnati Reds 20-11 two in 3rd inning
Ed Delahanty July 13, 1896 National League Philadelphia Phillies Chicago Colts 8-9 first time in defeat
Lou Gehrig June 3, 1932 American League New York Yankees Philadelphia Athletics 20-13
Chuck Klein July 10, 1936 National League Philadelphia Phillies Pittsburgh Pirates 9-6 10 innings
Pat Seerey July 18, 1948 American League Chicago White Sox Philadelphia Athletics 12-11 11 innings
Gil Hodges August 31, 1950 National League Brooklyn Dodgers Boston Braves 19-3 also hit a single
Joe Adcock July 31, 1954 National League Milwaukee Braves Brooklyn Dodgers 15-7 also hit a double
Rocky Colavito June 10, 1959 American League Cleveland Indians Baltimore Orioles 11-8
Willie Mays April 30, 1961 National League San Francisco Giants Milwaukee Braves 14-4
Mike Schmidt April 17, 1976 National League Philadelphia Phillies Chicago Cubs 18-16 10 innings; also hit a single
Bob Horner July 6, 1986 National League Atlanta Braves Montreal Expos 8-11 second time in defeat
Mark Whiten September 7, 1993 National League St. Louis Cardinals Cincinnati Reds 15-2 includes a grand slam
Mike Cameron May 2, 2002 American League Seattle Mariners Chicago White Sox 15-4 two in 1st inning
Shawn Green May 23, 2002 National League Los Angeles Dodgers Milwaukee Brewers 16-3 also hit a single and a double
Carlos Delgado September 25, 2003 American League Toronto Blue Jays Tampa Bay Devil Rays 10-8
Josh Hamilton May 8, 2012 American League Texas Rangers Baltimore Orioles 10-3 also hit a double

[edit] Other terms

There are many slang terms for home run, including homer, dinger, tater, round tripper, four bagger, circuit clout, and moon shot. A home run hit with the bases loaded is known as a grand slam.

[edit] Further Reading

  • Christopher D. Green: "Baseball's First Power Surge: Home Runs in the Late 19th-Century Major Leagues", The Baseball Research Journal, SABR, Volume 40, Number 2 (Fall 2011), pp. 99-103.
  • Bill Jenkinson: Baseball's Ultimate Power: Ranking the All-Time Greatest Distance Home Run Hitters, Lyons Press, Guilford, CT, 2010. ISBN 1599215446
  • Bob McConnell and David Vincent: SABR Presents the Home Run Encyclopedia: The Who, What, and Where of Every Home Run Hit Since 1876, SABR, Macmillan, New York, NY, 1996. ISBN 002860816X
  • Christian Trudeau: "Out of Here: Home Runs in Canada", The Baseball Research Journal, SABR, Volume 40, Number 2 (Fall 2011), pp. 73-78.
  • David Vincent: Home Run: the Definitive History of Baseball's Ultimate Weapon, Potomac Books, Inc., Dulles, VA, 2007.
  • David Vincent: Home Run's Most Wanted: The Top 10 Book of Monumental Dingers, Prodigious Swingers, and Everything Long-Ball, Potomac Books, Inc., Dulles, VA, 2009.
  • David Vincent: "Pitchers Dig the Long ball (At Least When They Are Hitting)", The Baseball Research Journal, SABR, Volume 41, Number 1 (Spring 2012), pp. 7-11.

[edit] See Also

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